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Full text of "Gospel sonnets : or, spiritual songs .."









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ITU'S j 



FROM THE LIBRARY OF 

REV. LOUIS FITZGERALD BENSON, D. D. 

BEQUEATHED BY HIM TO 

THE LIBRARY OF 

PRINCETON THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY 



PMniad 



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Gospel 



Sonnets. 









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GOSPEL SONNE 

OR, 

gPIMTITAjL so:XG§r' 



IN SIX PARTS. 

T. THE BELIEVER'S ESPOUSALS. 

II. THE BELIEVER'S JOINTURE. 
III. THE BELIEVER'S RIDDLE. 
IV. THE BELIEVER'S LODGING. 

\ . THE BELIEVER'S SOLILOQUY. 
VI. THE BELIEVER'S PRINCIPLES, 

CONCERNING 

CREATION AND REDEMPTION— LAW AND GOSPEL— 

"JUSTIFICATION AND SAN CTIFICATION— FAITH AND SENSE— 

HEAVEN AND EARTH, 

THE TWENTY-FIFTH EDITION: 
In which the Scriptures are more fully extended, 

AND TO WHICH IS NOW PREFIXED, 

IKE ORIGINAL EN GUSH PREFACE AT FULL LENGTH. 



By the late Reverend RALPH ERSKINE, 
Minister of the Gospel at Dunfermline* 



TO WHICH IS ADDEIVj 

'SCLUE ACCOl NT OF THE AUTHOR'S Lii E AND WRITING >. 



LONDON* 

PRINTED FOR W. BAYNES, 54, PAT LRNOSTEIt-ROW. 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 



http://archive.org/details/gossorsOOersk 



ADVERTISEMENT BY THE PUBLISHER. 

"ipOETICAL compositions, it will readily be ad- 
mitted are of a very ancient original : and very 
early specimens of this kind of writing are yet to be 
found on record, both in sacred * and profane history; 
•—Writings in poesy have many peculiar excellencies 
in them, and particular advantages attending them: 
and when men, endued with poetical talents, em- 
ploy them on subjects of real importance, the 
sparkling and flowery images, the magnificent and 
lofty expressions, and the striking figures and rhe- 
torical embellishments, add such a native grandeur, 
dignity, and majesty to the subject, that the mind is 
not only truly elevated, the attention gained, the 
affections moved, and devotion excited ; but the 
memory is gradually prepared to retain and be 
benefited by them, on account of the beautiful and 
elegant manner in which the various topics are 
elucidated. 

No subject is more interesting, or can be a fitter 
theme for these vested with a poetical genius, than 
those of an evangelical nature, either directly 
founded upon some particular portion of sacred writ, 
or drawn from it by just and necessary consequence. 
No writings, for justness of sentiment and sublimity 
pf style can equal or compare with these of divme 
inspiration: and though the mysteries of Christi- 
anity, and the wonders of our holy religion, stand in 
no need of gay trimmings and poetical embellish- 
ments to set them off; yet such is the superior 
excellency of inspired poesy, that the brightest and 
most elevated description of a mortal pen must vail 
to it; and therefore says a celebrated writer, " If 
an) would attempt to be master of true eloquence, 
and aim at a proper elevation of style, let him read, 
v iih unremitting diligence, the ancient prophets, 

* Sec the Song of Moses at the Red Sea, Exod. >:v. i — 21. This Song 
most ancient and sublime piece of poetry in the world; the i « 

mem of it- idea- is beautiful — and the sirain°pf 
pi tv \vhieh breathes through thi [ ulv evangelical, 

V 2 



IV PRErACE, 

the inspired evangelists and apostles: for their 
writings are an abundant source of ail the riches 
and ornament of speech." 

It hath been now a long and just complaint that 
poesy, which is of a divine original, should h ive been 
so much debased to the worst of purposes, in deco- 
rating vice and profaneness ; and that men, endued 
with such a happy talent, should so much employ 
it in furnishing out theatrical entertainments, or 
upon ludicrous and profane trifles. How happy 
would it have been for the world, what an ornament 
to Christianity, and advantage to the church ; and 
how honouring. to themselves, as well as beneficial 
to the interests of religion, had they employed it on 
evangelical and divine subjects, in pointing out the 
beauties of creation, the bounty of provided e, the 
depth of redeeming love and grace, and the excel- 
lency and sweetness of true religion and practical 
godliness. 

The Rev. Mr. Erskine, author of the following 
poems, was happy in employing his poetical talent 
to the best of purposes: the subjects he made choice 
of to handle, were of the utmost importance for 
mankind to know; his manner of treating themtruly 
evangelical ; and the spirit that breathes through 
them heavenly and divine; tending to warm the 
heart, excite to genuine devotion, and to inspire the 
mind with just and proper sentiments of God and 
true religion. 

The sentiments of Dr. Bradbury, relative to our 
author's poetical talent, are very just. " Mr. 
ErskineV poems," says he, " are greatly to be 
esteemed, for the sweetness of the verse, the dispo- 
sition of the subjects, the elegancy of the com- 
position, and, above all, for that which animates 
the whole, the savour of divine and experimental 
knowledge*." 

P Pee his preface to some of Mr. Erskine's $ermons ; printed in L.- 1 



PfeEFtXED TO THE FOUUTH LONDON EDITION, 17a*. 



ft E A D F. R , 

nnilHRE having boon several impressions of tin- 
-*- book at Edinburgh, anc! some of them without 
my knowledge, and very incorrect; I was the more 
easily induced to yield to the earnest desire of such 
as urged me to allow its being reprinted at London. 
Yet being unwilling it should be published there', 
under all the disadvantages of a homely Scottish 
rhyme, which I never expected was to spread so 
far, and make such a public appearance in the world ; 
therefore as I reckoned myself very much obliged to 
the gentleman, who inclined to be the publisher, 
that he did not adventure to reprint any of the for- 
mer copies, without acquainting me of his design, 
and desiring to know, if I had any corrections or 
or amendments to make upon it; so if it now come 
abroad (as I hope it does) to more advantage than 
formerly, it is much owing to his kindness and 
civility in craving my consent, and giving mean 
opportunity (which I have taken for some months) of 
putting into such order, as any spare hour, amidst 
my other weighty work, would allow. 

I do not intend, by any corrections I have made 
upon this book, to act the part of the lofty poet, nor 
to affect what is called the sublime; I know such 
is the deficiency of my poetical genius, though it 
had been cultivated by art and application, which 
I never had time for; that I never thought myself 
capable of any production of this sort, fitted for 
pleasing the critical palate of a learned age, or gra- 
tifying those of a polite education. And therefore 
these lines were never framed with that design, but 
merely for the benefit of vulgar capacities, and of 
the common sort of people, that make up the gene- 

A 3 



VI PREFACE. 

rality of Christian congregations; hoping they 

lit tend eithfirto the instruction of the ignorant 

and illiterate, to whom the Gospel is much hid : or 

to the edification of the serious and exercised, to 

whom the Gospel, even in its most simple dress, is 
a joyful sound. 

Yet judging it possible also, these lines may con- 
tribute to rectify some mistakes about the Gospel, 
that may take place, even among those that are 
superior to others in many parts of literature; and 
not knowing into whose hands these sonnets might 
fall, I have endeavoured in this edition to make such 
corrections and amendments, which I hope will 
render them still obvious to the vulgar, and not 
altogether nauseous to the learned. And therefore 
as I have attempted to purge them from a great 
Diany expressions, which I thought were more mean 
and flat, than could well agree with the taste of the 
intelligent ; so I have made many of the lines to run 
more smoothly than formerly, and intermixed many 
phras *s that are more poetical ; for which end, ere I 
wrote out this edition, I have glanced here and 
there at the writings of some that I know are at 
pr< sent famous for poesy; but I own the life and 
spirit of that art in them is more amiable to me, 
than imitable b\ me ; and that neither my time nor 
talent can allow me to follow them. Though I 
Hdpe the following lines are not the worse that I 
have observed how far these lofty performances of 
theirs do exceed the eilortsof an uncultivated genius, 
and how much their vigour and vivacity may be 
wanting, even where some of their phrases or meta- 
phors are adopted. 

However it the subject matter of the following 
Km 8 shall commend itself to the hearts of the seri- 
ous, and the hook, through the blessing of God tend 
to spread the tight and knowledge of the Gospel of 
Christ, and to draw immortal souls to him, my 
principal design therein is gained. Though I hare 



PREFACE, v j i 

made many editions, yet I have fra paired nothing 

of the matter contained m the former edition. Many, 

most, of the lines stand as they were bef 
and though they should not be capable to satisfy 
those of a refined taste, yet 1 shall be easy, If they 
be clearly intelligible to all, and justly offensive to 
none. Meantime I heartily wish that those readers, 
chiefly affect politeness of language and lofty 
strains, would endeavour, if these lines cannot 
tify their fancy, to improve them to the benefit of 
their souls; for if the latter can be reached, they 
will the more easily dispense with the former. 

The former editions had a great many sections 
without any title, except what was general in the 
beginning of the chapter. This defect I have here 
supplied with such titles to every section, as give a 
view of the main subject-matter thereof; on the 
account of which, together with the amendments, 
enlargements, and additions here made, I hope the 
book may be more acceptable and adapted for edi- 
fication than formerly; though I own the former 
editions have met with a more kind reception 
among serious Christians than ever I expected; 
which has also prompted me to put it now into the 
best order, that my time and other affairs would 
allow; in the throng whereof I was urged exceed- 
ingly again and again, to hasten it forward. And 
perhaps it is better, ttiat I have not had occasion to 
bestow upon it all the time and pains I could have 
wished, since it is probable, in attempting to make 
it more unexceptionable and agreeable to those of 
a critical eye, 1 might readily have made it less 
intelligible and serviceable to others, for whom it 
was principally designed. 

The first part of this book is chiefly, and in the 
first piace to be attended to, as th 
ground-work of the rest, and containing the great 
end and design of the Gospel, with reference unto 
samers, which is to divorce them from the law, 

A ± 



VU1 PREFACE. 

and betroth them unto Christ, that being dead to 
the law by the both/ of Christ, they may be marled to 
another, even to him who is raisi dfrom tlie dead, that 
they may being forth fruit unto Cod. Rom. vii. 4. Then 
has a Gospel-minister gained his great point among 
his people, when he can say with the apostle, 2 Cor. 
xi. ( J. 1 have espoused you to one Husband, that I may 
present you as a chaste virgin to Christ. Here then is 
the ground-work of all true practical religion and 
holiness for till men be dead to the law, they cannot 
live unto God, Gal. ii. 19. And till they be married 
to Christ, they cannot bring forth fruit unto God, 
as we see in the above-cited Rom. vii. 4. And ex- 
cept they be in Christ by the truth of faith, and 
abide in him by a life of faith, they cannot bring 
forth fruit acceptable unto God, John xv. 4, 5. Let 
t'i( reader then, that would be wise unto salvation, 
Sfti ! would wish to be happy in a match toali eternity, 
or jo iiitu red jfor, another world, that would live godly 
liiisi Jesus here, die in him, and live for ever 
with him hereafter, make it his chief care to have 
'• acquaintance with the great gospel-match, 
sc- before him in the first part of this book. I do. 
not expect any other part of the book will be read 
profitably, or comfortably, by those tha thave no 
due concern about this leading point. 

The Gospel-comforts treated of in the second part 
will have no hue relish, but with those that are 
espoused unto Christ, and to whom only God's 
strong consolations belong, Ileb. vi. IS. 

TheGospel mysteries treated in the third part 
will have no beauty but in the eyes of Christ's bride, 
or believers, lo v. bom it is given to know the mys- 
ieries of the kingdom of heaven, while to others it 
is not given, Malt. xiii. II. And to whose enlight- 
ened minds, great is the mystery of godliness, I. 
Tivi. iii. 16. Cod maiijfested ,in thejlesh, <Sr. Those 
that, laugh at the mysteries of the Gospel, under, 
the notion of mystical divinity, and make theta 



PHEFA^E. IX 

matter of sport and ridicule, have reason to fear, 
lest they be joining hands with profane 'mockers 
whose bands shall be made strong. W& may know 
that us divine mysteries are treated, so is the Gos- 
pel, unless we have forgot that to preach the Gos- 
pel is to speak the wisdom of God in a mystery, 1 
Cor. li. 6. 

A sjaifci, Gospel ordinances that are commended in 
the fourth part of this book under the title of the 
Believers Lodging, will not be amiable but to 
those, who, being acquainted with Christ, and 
espoused to him, do love the habitation of his house, 
and the place where his honour dwells, Psalm 
xxvi. 8. and where they see his power and glory. 
Psalm Ixiii. C. 

Gospel-exercise and heart-w r ork, w^hereof some 
pieces are touched in the fifth part, and in the close' 
of the fourth, will have but little place but among 
those sods, that are betrotlied unto Christ, whose 
heait-sauctm ing, sin-conquering, and soul-com- 
forting presence is their lite, and whose great con- 
cern in his absence is, O that I knew where I might 
find him ! Job xxiii. S. 

Finally, Gospel truths and principles spoke of in 
the sixth and last part of the book, will be truly 
received and entertained by none, but those that arc 
the bride, the Lamb' sic if e, the woman clothed with th£ 
sun, having the moon under her feet, and upon 
her head the crown of twelve .stars, Rev. xii. 1. Such 
• the truth as it is in Jesus, Eph. iv. 21. and 
c the love of the truth that they maybe saved. 
2 Thess, ii. 10. Those therefore will read the 
other parrs of this book to most edification and com- 
fort, who are savingly acquainted with that spiritual 
marriage-relation to Christ, which is the subject of 
the first part. 

borne chapters of the sixth part of these sonnets * 
are calculated mainly for pointing but the difference 
between law aad Gospel, justification and suncufr*-" 
Ao 



& PREFACE. 

cation, faith and sense; which I have the more 
largely insisted upon, because I apprehend, that the 
more people have their minds spiritually and evan- 
gelically enlightened; so as to have just and dis- 
tinct apprehension of these subjects, the more will 
the life of holiness and comfort take place in them; 
and the life of glorious liberty and freedom both 
from the power of corruption, and the prevalency 
of mental confusion, discouragement, and despon- 
dency, as our Lord Jesus says, John viii. 32. Ye 
shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you 
free. Many Christians are kept in great bondage, 
partly by legal doctrine, and partly by their own 
legal dispositions, both much owing to dark and 
confused apprehensions of these weighty points; 
and particularly of the difference between the cove- 
nant of works, and that of grace, or between the 
law and the Gospel. 

I shall only further advertise the reader, lest he 
al ledge any inconsistency between the subject spoke 
of, part. 6. chap. 4. sect. 2. concerning faith, its 
being the very opposite of doubts and fears ; and 
sect. 6. of that same chapter, concerning faith 
building upon sense, that there is no real odds, if 
you consider that in some verses of the former sec- 
tion, farth is spoken of in the abstract, and in its 
own nature, and thus it is opposite to, and excludes 
all unbelieving doubts: but the latter speaks of it 
in the concrete, and as itis attended with the woeful 
mixture of contrary principles. Thus when a 
believer is in scripture defined as such abstractly, 
and with reference to his new nature or regenerate 
part, it is said he sinneth not, yea cannot sin, 1 John 
iii. t), 9. but when he is viewed in a compounded 
sense, to assert he has no sin, is to contradict God 
and his truth, 1 John i. 8, 10. 

It is (it here to acquaint the Reader, that in the 
third part of the book, that conies under the name 
i/f Riddles, or mysteries; and part sixth, chap. ii. 



PREFACE. XI 

sect. 1. intitled, The Relievers Principles concerning 
ike mysteries of the law and gospel : I have in this 

edition more fully confirmed by scripture-texts, 
cited at the bottom of the page, for the benefit of 
those that are weak in knowledge, and unacquainted 
with the scripture. I have directed them bya letter 
of the alphabet, at every branch of the sentence 
thfct is either seemingly or really opposite to the 
other, unto some scriptural text, one or more; for 
evincing the truth thereof: by which means the 
weakest that is willing, may come to understand 
the most difficult paradox, or mystery, mentioned 
in this work; at least so far as to see that every part 
of it is founded on the word of God, either directly, 
or by plain and necessary consequence. 

So that you may easily go over all the paradoxes*, 
riddles, or mysteries, contained in this book, and 
iind them evidently confirmed by the scriptures of 
truth, the word of God. This might be no unpro- 
fitable exercise, but tend to lead you into the true 
knowledge of the Gospel, to which mysteries are so? 
essential, that it is designed by them, and called the 
wisdom of God in a mystery, 1 Cor. 11. 7. and the 
knowledge of which is so essential to Christianity,, 
and so absolutely necessary to salvation, that the 
same apostle declares, that if our Gospel be hid, it is 
hid to than that are lost? in whom the god of this- 
world hath blinded the minds of them which believe 
not, lest the light of the glorious Gospel of Christ, tok* 
is the image of God, should shine unto them. 2 Cor, 
vi. 3. 

But, if you search the scriptures for yourselves* 
you will see many more proofs for every point than 
I have adduced, and perhaps many much more ap- 
posite ; ior these only are set down at the bottom of 
the pai;e that first occurred to me: y t, I suppose* 
though sometimes but one, and sometiim-3 morp* 
scriptures are pointed our, they are such as Bufticfc- 
«ntly. confirm the positions they, relate to. 
A. ft. 



CXIl PREFACE. 

other scriptures might have been adduced in plenty*, 
I shall give one instance in the paradox following, 
viz. That every believer, while in this world, \sboth 
a devil and a saint. The latter clause is what none 
Will deny, namely, That every true believer is a 
saint; for further proof of which, you might see 
Acts xv. a. and xxvi. 18, &c. But because the iirst 
clause may seem more harsh, it may by scripture 
be also further evinced two ways: 1st, In respect 
of the daily commission of sin he has to challenge 
himself with : for the scripture says* Eccles* vii. 20. 
There is not a just man upon earth that doeth good 
and sinneth not. And with this compare 1 John iiu 
S. He that committeth sin, is of tJie devil. Hence it 
is plain, there is not a just man upon earth, but 
.may, in respect to the commission of sin, be called 
a devil. 2dly, In respect to prevalent temptations, 
by which he may be hurried into those things that 
savour not of God, but of men\ on which account 
Christ says to Peter, Matt. xvi. 23. Get thee behind 
•mc, Satan. And if Christ calls Peter a devil, whom 
lie had described as a saint of the first magnitude, 
ver. 17. one divinely blessed and enlightened ; what 
occasion may every believer have to call himself a 
devil ! Yea, it is a part of his faith and sanctity, to 
see and acknowledge, with shame before the Lord, 
his own devilish and desperately wicked heart and 
nature; which a blind, self-conceited world are 
ignorant of, being neither acquainted with them- 
selves, nor with God and his word. However, so it 
is, that the more any shall search the scripture, the 
more, I hope, will they discern, not only by the 
texts I have quoted, but from many others also, the 
truth and evidence of every part of this book, how- 
ever mysterious some passages of it may seem to 
many. 

1 bid far from thinking these lines will be pleas- 
ing to every one that shall read them, since the 
fciould and frame ot many of them is far from picas- 



PREFACE Xlll 

;i ] U myself, only I am not ashamed of the subje, t. 
The title 1 have given to the book is a short in i< a- 
tion of my own judgment about it: foi on the one 
band, when 1 considered the manner, wherein much 
of it is written, and how far true poesy is in my 
opinion superior thereto, 1 thought it presumption 
in me to give it any lotty. title, and that it was 
enough if it passed under the name of SoBnetfi : \ i r, 
on the other hand, the matter contained therein be- 
.■meralU go great .evangelical mysteries, as are 
not below the study of elect angels in heaven, 1 
Pet. i. \ L 2. far less below the considt : ration of the 
most intelligent minds and elevated thoughts of 
nun, under whatever denomination on earth; I 
thought I might presume to distinguish them from 
all idle and profane scribbles under that name, by 
the high adjunct and epithet of Gospel Sonnets. 

Reader, it is a matter of small moment, either to 
me or to yourself, what your thoughts >hall be of 
this \)( rformance, or the author thereof; but it is a 
matter of vast consequence what shall be your 
thought, estimate, and valuation of the truth here 
presented to sour view, it the applause of the 
learned had been the author's scope in this book, 
perhaps he had never suffered it to see the light; 
let him therefore decrease, as he shall and ought, 
but let Christ and his truth increase. The time is 
hastening, wherein you and I shall stand before his 
awful tribunal, and I expect to see or meet with 
few of you, that are, or shall be, the readers, until 
that day which shall declare every mans work, if it 
be wood, hay, and stubbie, or gold, silver, and pre- 
cious stones, that he builds upon the foundation, 
which is the Lord himself; tor other foundation 
can no man lay, than that is laid, which is Jesus 
Christ, 1 Cor. ni. 11, 12, . S. It will therefore be 
your wisdom in the view of that great day of ac- 
counts, and i woulo beseech you by the coming of 
our i-ord Jesus Chust, and by our gathering toge- 



XIV PREFACE. 

ther unto him, 2 Thess. ii. I. that in reading these 
lines, vouwou id seriously consider and see; if they i an 
any way contribute, either to your first building, or 
further progress upon that sure foundation Cod has 
laid in Zion ; that so you arid I both meeting by 
faith here, in tins true and only center of spiritual 
rest, we ma\ then meet together joy fuHy, and adore 
him for all the means of edification, that ever he 
was plea ed to lay in our way. 

I hope the main design of this book is what I 
take to be the main scope of the Gospel itself, 
namely to exclude all self-confidence, and stain the 
pride of man, to bring in self-denial, and exalt the 
glory of Christ, to extol his ri Jiteousness, by which 
he has magnified the law, and made it honourable,. 
to exhibit such a way of salvation to sinners, as shall 
most advance the honour of all the divine perfec- 
tions, which shine most brightly in the face and 
person of Jesus Christ; and to bring men to such a 
true and lively faith of the free grace and mercy of 
God in Christ, as will be the only solid root and 
spring of true peace, heart-holiness, and practical 
godliness, according to these and the like scriptures, 
Rom. v. I. Acts xv. 9. Tit. ii. 11, 12. and iii. 5, 6, 
7, S. With reference to these subjects of everlast- 
ing moment and eternal consequence, it is certainly 
safest for you to choose that side, that favours sal- 
vation, not of the free-will of man, nor of works, 
but of the free-will of God, and of grace; and that 
part, that depresses self and self-righteousness to the 
lowest, and exalts Christ and his righteousness to- 
the highest; that so you may not have your mind 
and opinion to change, perhaps too late, when you 
come to die, or appear before the awful tribunal of 
an infinitely just and holy God, whose impartial 
trial nothing will stand, that wants his own divine 
»stamp. Hence the immediate views of death and 
judgment have made many opposers of the doctrine 1 
of grace in their lives, own it as the best divinity in 



PREFACE 

their last agonies, and turn with Bellarmine from 
the merit ot works in man, to the mercy of God in 
Christ. That the following lines may be blessed of 
God for the spiritual profit and edification of many, 
and for advam ing a life of faith, holiness, and com- 
fort in all serious readers, is the earnest prayer of 
him, who desires to account it his honour to be, 

A servant of Jesus Christ, 

And of your faith in him, 

EL E- 



LIFE OF TTIE AUTHOR. 



HP.HE Rev. Mr, Ralph ,? i^kine was honourably 
-*- descended; his father, the Rev Mr. • ■. v 
Ers&) e, being on of the thirtv-r.huv children of 
Ralph I ftsitiNE, of Shietfield, a family ofconsi- 
derable repute and long standing in the county of 
Mersfe, originally defecencled from the ancient house 
of Mar 

Our Author, and his brother, the Rev. Mr. !-\nr.Ni> 
zer Erbk^ne, late minister of the Gospel at Stir- 
ling, were two children of the said R**v. Mr. Henky 
Er.skfne, who was some time minister of the Gos- 
pel at Cornwall, afterwards at Chirnside *, a man 
eminent in his day, and justly distinguished for his 
piety and firm attachment to Presbyterian princi- 
ples: for his stedfast adherence to which, lie was 
subjected to many considerable hardships in the 
latter part of the last century, during the persecut- 
ing period of Charles II. and James VII. See 
Calamy's Life of Baxter. 

Our Author was born at Monilaws, in the county . 
of Northumberland, the 15th of March, 1(58.3, and 
baptized at Chirnside, on the 5th of April said year, 
by the Rev. Mr. William Violand. 

He gave pretty early proofs of a great genius, 
and several instances of a pious disposition, and 
solid way of reflecting on matters. On tins ac- 
count he was, by his parents, early destined for the 
ministry; accordingly they gave him a regular and 
liberal education, in order to qualify him for that 
important work. 

When he had acquired a competent degree of 

* Cornwall is in the shire of NorthumberbnJ ; Chirnside lies about five 
miles from Berwick wpon Twved, on the Scots side. 



Lli'E OF THE AUTIIOH. SVH 

grammatical learning* and other introductory parte 
of education, he went to the university of Edin- 
burgh, to complete his studies; where he went 

through the ordinary courses of erudition, making 
a considerable progress in all the different branches 
of literature: for he soon became a fine Grecian; 
an excellent logician, and an accomplished scholar. 
Having acquired a competent measure of know- 
ledge, in these various branches of erudition, he 
gave himself up to the study of divinity, his now 
darling and beloved theme; in which he made great 
progress, as this present production doth abun- 
dantly evidence. 

The ordinary course of studies being gone through, 
at the College of Edinburgh, with success; he was, 
in the providence of God,, called forth to appear 
in a public character; and being well reported of, 
by all who knew him, for a conversation becoming 
the Gospel, he was accordingly cailed, upon trial, 
by the presbytery of Dunfermline; and having 
passed through. the usual pieces, to the entire satis- 
faction of the presbytery, he was by them licensed 
to preach, as a probationer, on the 8th of June, 
1700. In which capacity he exercised the talents 
which the Lord had graciously conferred on him, 
both in vacancies and settled congregations^ to 
the great satisfaction of both ministers and people* 
After this, Providence soon opened another door for 
him ; and he got an unanimous call from the pa- 
rishioners of Dunfermline, on the 1st of May, 1711, 
to exercise his ministerial talents and abilities 
amongst them. Being approved by the presbytery, 
they set him apart to the oflice of the holy ministry, 
in the collegiate charge of Dunfermline, on the 7tb 
of August, 1711. 

I uder the public character of a minister of the 
Gospel, having now a pastoral relation to a parti- 
cular flock, in the church universal, he seemed rf< 
mined not to know any thing sace Jesus ( 



XVill LIFE OF THE AUTHOR. 

him crucified. He was instant in season and out of 
season, in all parts of his ministerial labours, and 
gave himself wholly thereunto; exhorting the peo- 
ple under his trust, from house to house, in the way 
of family visitation; examining them more pub- 
licly upon the principles of the Gospel ; visiting the 
sick, when called; and preaching the everlasting 
Gospel, in which he had a very pleasant and edify- 
ing gift, labouring, by turns, with his colleague, 
every Sabbath and Thursday, through the year ; and 
afterwards, when he had no assistant for several 
years before his death, he officiated alone, punctu- 
ally, both on Sabbath and week-days. 

He was blessed with a rich and fertile gift, a& 
appears in the agreeable and entertaining diversity, 
wherewith his heads of doctrine are every where 
adorned. The poetical genius, with which he was 
happily endowed, contributed not a little to the 
embellishment of his discourses, with a variety of 
pertinent epithets and striking metaphors. 

His gift of preaching was both instructing and 
searching. Few outshone him in the nervous and 
convincing manner, whereby he confirmed the truth 
of the doctrines he insisted on; and fewer still in 
the warm address, in which he enforced the prac- 
tice and power of them. 

He peculiarly excelled in the ample and free 
manner of exalting Christ, teaching them to rest 
on him alone for their salvation, as freely and fully 
exhibited unto them in the Gospel. On all which 
accounts he was justly esteemed, and much follow- 
ed, as one of the most popular and powerful preach- 
ers of his day. — During his time, sacramental solem- 
nities, at Dunfermline, were very much crowded ; 
numbers of people, from several parts of the king- 
dom, resorting unto them; the Lord being pleased 
to countenance these com munions, with signal evi- 
dences of his gracious presence and influence, to the 
sweet refreshment of many drooping souls. 



LITE OF THE AUTHOR. X;X 

It will easily appear to the judicious and experi- 
enced reader, in perusing this book, that he had a 
singular faculty in describing the plague of the 
hi art, and the diversified circumstances of tempted 
and exercised souls; it seems as if they bad com- 
municated their several doubts and cases unto him ; 
while, in the mean time, he was only unfolding the 
inward experience of his own soul, it being no more 
than what he himself felt of the workings of cor- 
ruption and unbelief, against the powerful influence 
of the Holy Spirit, in oppoition thereunto; which 
cannot but agree with the same experience in others; 
for, as in uatcr,face answereth face, so doth the heart 
of man to man. 

This eminent servant of Christ, being early exer- 
cised in godliness even from his youth, became, by 
grace, a scribe well instructed unto the kingdom of 
heaven, whom our Lord compares to an householder 9 
which bringeth forth out of his treasure, things new 
and old: old truths, newlj experienced, and old 
experiences, newly confirmed in him, so that it 
may be said, that there are few perplexities or temp- 
tations whic » the saints are exercised with, that 
were not in some measure or other solved and eluci- 
dated by him. 

At the importunity of many of his acquaintance, 
ministers and people, he published a number of his 
sermons, on the most interesting subjects, which 
were well relished by truly godly souls. They, 
with several others, were collected together, after 
his death, and published along with his poems, in 
two volumes folio in the years 1764 and l?(io ; and, 
since that time, reprinted in ten volumes octavo. 
But the Sonnets have by far exceeded all his other 
works, as is evident by the number of editions they 
have gone through, and this being the twenty-fifth. 

The words of the late justly celebrated and pious 
Mr. Hervey are truly expressive of the high esteem 
he had for Mr. Lrskine's works: " Was I to read. 



XX- LITE OF THE AUTHOR. 

with a single view to the edification of my heart, 
in true faith, solid comfort, and evangelical holi* 
ness; 1 would have recourse to Mr. Erskine, for 
my guide, my companion, and my own familiar 
friend." 

Dr. Bradbury speaks of hFs works thus t " these,'' 
saith lie, " have no need of my recommendation; 
the reader will find in them a faithful adherence 
to the design of the Gospel, a clear defence of those 
doctrines that are the pillar and ground of truth, 
a large compass of thought, a strong force of 
argument, and a happy flow of words, which are 
both judicious and familiar; and they have been 
greatly blessed to the edification of many, espe* 
daily the poor of the Rock" 

To proceed: he was not only esteemed a judici- 
ous divine, but also considered as a good poet. His 
talents was employed chiefly on divine subjects-, 
having no relish and taste for any others. In his 
younger years, at his leisure hours, he composed 
the Gospel Sonnets. The usefulness of this poetical 
compendium of the Gospel, for promoting the life 
of faith in the soul, holiness and happiness -in the 
heart, will be experienced by many of the saints of 
God, to the latest posterity. 

About the year 1738, he sent into the world his 
poetical paraphrase upon the whole book of the 
Song of Solomon : which indeed is an evangelical 
comment, done in a strain adapted to the JSew- 
Testament dispensation, upon that allegorical or 
figurative part of holy writ. — That performance has 
been acceptable, and undergone some editions. 

By the above poetical essays and some smaller 
performances, our Author's abilities as a poet came 
to be known ; and induced the reverend synod, of 
which he was a member, to importune him to em- 
ploy his vacant hours, in turning the poetical pas- 
sages of sacred writ into common metre, of the 
same kind with the Psalms of David. These requi- 



XIFE OF THE AUTHOR. XXL 

sitions he ill part complied with, and his produc- 
tions made t u ir app arance^ under the title of 
Scripture Songs, selected from several pasaages iu 
the Old and \e\v IVstament, which nave under- 
gone some editions, but are not esteemed equal 
wit i the Sonnets* 

Our Author, besides his sermons and poems, pub- 
lished several tract*, on some points of controversy, 
in which he displayed his abilities as a writer, 
particularly ari elaborate treatise, intitled, Faith no 
7; or, a Treatise of Mental Images: a book 
singularly valuable, for the clear and perspicuous 
manner :n winch he bath handled and established 
that, important point, every way worthy of our 
Author. It reflected great honour on him, by giv- 
o display of his abilities, as a divine and philoso- 
pher, and shewed how capable he was of handling 
v.v.y point, wheti he set himself to it, even in a most 
abstract way of reasoning: this book effectually 
silenced all his opponents; and stands to this day 
unanswered. 

As a faithful servant of Jesus Christ, he laboured 
successfully in the work of the ministry, and conti- 
nued publicly useful in his Master's work, till within 
a few days of his departure; for he preached in his 
own pulpit on Sabbath the 29th of October, 1752, 
and was afterwards seized, at the end of the same 
■ th, viz. October, 1752, with a nervous fever 
(wherein, nevertheless, he enjoyed the exercise of 
his judgment and senses ) ; it lasted only for a few 
days, and was then the hasty messenger to free him 
from the incumbrances of a mortal body, and lead- 
Big him to the regions of eternal felicity; for, on 
the eighth day of the fever, he fell asleep in the 
Lord, being Monday, November (i, 17-V2, in the 
08th year of his age, after having laboured unwea- 
:y and successfully in the work of the ministry, 
among his flock in Dunfermline, for the space of 
forty-two years. 



Xxtt LIFE OF THE AUTHOR, 

Mr. Erskine, as an author and divine, affords room 
for large commendations, were ^ve disposed to give 
them ; and his complete character is truly great, and 
his disposition exceedingly amiable. — If lie is con- 
sidered as to his natural endowments, he possessed 
many excellent qualities; having a good tempt r, a 
deal head, a rich invention, a lively imagination, 
and a great memory, if tie is viewed as to his ac- 
quired abilities, he was well acquainted with all the 
useful branches of literature, necessary to adorn the 
scholar and the minister. If he is considered as to 
his office, he was a great and judicious divine, a 
pious evangelical preacher, and an able casuist. In 
short, he was not only a learned man, an able divine, 
an affectionate familiar friend, and a social com- 
panion, but that which exceeds it all, he was made 
rich in the grace of Christ. 

By his death, the church lost a great light, a he- 
roic champion for the truth, and a bold contender 
for the faith ; — the congregation he laboured among 
lost an able faithful minister; — his family and rela- 
tives, a true friend ;— and his acquaintance and inti- 
mates, a sympathising companion. 

Mr. Erskiaie was twice married ; first to Margaret 
Dewar, a daughter of the Laird of Lassodie; which 
commenced the 15th of July, 1714. She lived with 
him about sixteen years, during which time she bore 
ten children, five sons and five daughters. Three 
of these sons were ministers in the association, viz. 
the Rev. Messrs. Henry, John, and James; the first 
ordained minister at Falkirk, the second at Lesslie, 
and the third at Stirling. All of them died in the 
prime of life, even after they had given the world 
just ground to conceive high expectations of their 
usefulness in the church. — His second marriage was 
with Margaret Simson, a daughter of Mr. Siftoson, 
writer to the Signet at Edinburgh, which took place 
February 84, L732 : she bore him four sons, and sur- 
vived him soiii( j , few years. 



LIFE OF THE AUTHOR, Xllll 

It appears from what our author has published, 
that lie was an able, close, and < lear reasoner : and 
could handle a subject in a masterly manner. His 
style was ofa medium, between the lofty and simple, 
being natural, unaffected, manly, and scriptural : and 
free from meanness and lowuess: though indeed he 
studied much to adapt himself to the capacity of ids 
auditory. There centered in him gravity, without 
dulness; and smartness without frothiness; not 
choosing to come to his hearers, with the inticing 
words of mans wisdom ; but to preach ttie truths of 
the everlasting Gospel in their genuine purity and 
naked simplicity. He was possessed with excellent 
talents for the pulpit; having a pleasant voice, free 
of any disagreeable tone or false pathos: and every 
unprejudiced person will readily grant, who has a 
relish for substantial matter, and for that doctrine 
which is according to godliness, delivered in an un- 
affected manner, that he was an agreeable, as well 
as a faithful, judicious, evangelical preacher. 

As to his ministrations in general, it will be rea- 
ddy acknowledged, that he was an able minister of 
tbe New Testament. He madd choice of the most 
interesting subjects to preach upon; and it was his 
peculiar delight to preach Christ crucified, and to 
exalt the doctrine of free grace, through his imputed 
righteousness ; rightly dividing the word of truth ; 
and skilfully parcelling out to every one their por- 
tion in due season. He was not a flat, dull, lazy, 
insipid preacher; but delivered his sermons with 
pathetic zeal, fervor, and affection. He was a sou 
of thunder, when he made known the terrors of the 
Lord to hypocrites, false and carnal professors ; and 
had the tongue of the learned to speak a word of 
consolation to those who were weary and heavy 
laden; inviting them to trust in the name of the 
Lord Jesus Christ, and to stay themselves on him as 
tue God of their salvation. 
His miniitry was very trying and searching; he 



fcXl* LITE OF THE AUTHOIT. 

had a peculiar wny of addressing himself to fire 
conscience; could easily delineate the soul, and re- 
pit sent the sinner in his native colours. Being a close 
and hard student to hisof! age, he took a great deal 
of pains in the com position of his sermons, and 
digested them well. When he preached occasionally 
in other places, abroad from his fixed charge, his 
ministrations were very acceptable, and often left a 
deep impression on the minus of the bearers* He 
was a wise, prudent, iearned,, and accomplished 
minister; well understood, constantly inculcated, 
and strenuously defended the truth as it is in Jesus. 
In short he had the testimony of those who had a 
true relish for the glorious Gospel of the ever blessed 
Redeemer. 

His conversation was simple, savoury, and refresh- 
ing, yet warm and edifying. Every one, who had 
opportunity to mark his actions, could attest, that 
he lived up to the truths he preached. He desired 
and affected to be of that party only who were for 
advancing the glory of his exalted Lord ; pleading 
for the sufficiency of divine grace ; and for debasing 
the creature. To which Lord and t Saviour be g 
for ever. Amen. 



CONTENTS. 



PART I. 

THE BELIEVER'S ESPOUSALS. 

Preface, - page 1 

Chap. L A general account of man's fall in 
Adam, and the remedy provided in Christ ; 
and a particular account of man's being natu- 
rally wedded to the law as a covenant of works 2 
Sect. 1. The fall of Adam --"-•- 2 

Sect. 2. Redemption through Christ - 3 

Sect. 3. Mans Legal disposition 6 

Sect. 4. Mans strict attachment to legal terms, or 
to the law as a condition of life - - 7 

Sect. 5. Men's vain attempt to seek life by Christ's 
righteousness, joined with their own; and legal hopes 
natural to ail - - - - 9 

Chap. II. The manner of a sinner's divorce from 
the law in a work of humiliation, and of his 
marriage to the Lord Jesus Christ; or, The 
way how a sinner comes to be a believer 13 

Sect. I. Of a law-work, and the workings of legal 
pride under it - - - - 13. 

Sect. 2. Conviction of sin and wrath carried on 
more deeply and effectually on the heart - l6 

Sect. 3. The deeply tuimbied soul relieved, with 
some saving discoveries of Christ the Redeemer 19 

Sect. 4. The workings of the Spirit of faith, in 
separating the heart from all self-righteousness, and 
drawing out its consent to, and desire after Christ 
alone and wholly - - - -- 2 V 

Sect. 5. Faith's view of the freedom of grace, cor- 
dial renunciation of ail its own ragged n^nteousne^s, 
and formal acceptance of and clobiug with the person 
ef glorious Christ - - -- 24 * 

b 



XXVI CONTENTS. 

Chap. III. The fruits of the believer's marriage 
with Christ, particularly gospel-holiness, and 
obedience to the law as a rule - 27 

Sect. 1. The sweet solemnity of the marriage now 
over, and the sad effects of the remains of a legal spirit 27 

Sect. 2. Faith's discoveries over sin and Satan, 
throng- 1 new and further discoveries of Christ, making 
believers more fruitful in holiness, than all other pre- 
tenders to works '■>■•'* - - 2J) 

Sect. H. True saving faith magnifying the law, 
both as a eoveuant and rule. False faith unfruitful 
and raining - - - 31 

Sect. 4. The believer only, being married to Christ, 
is justified and sanctified; and the more gospel-free- 
tlorn from the law as a covenant, the more holy con- 
formity to it as a rule - - 34 

Sect. 5. Gospel-grace giving no liberty to sin, but 
to holy service and pure obedience - - 57 

Chap. IV. A caution to all against a legal spirit, 
especially to those that have a profession 
without power, and learning without grace 5S 

Chap. V. Arguments and encouragements to 
gospel-ministers to avoid a legal strain of 
doctrine, and endeavour the sinner's match 
with Christ by gospel-means - 41 

Seet. I. A legal spirit the root of damnable errors 41 

Sect. 2. A legal strain of doctrine discovered and 
discarded - - - 43 

Sect. 3". The hurtfulness of not preaching Christ, 
and distinguishing duly between law and gospel 44 

I Sect. 4. Damnable pride and self-righteousness, so 
natural to all men, has little need to be encouraged 
by legal preaching 46 

Sect. 5. The gospel of divine grace the only means 
of converting sinners: and therefore should be preach- 
ed most clearly, fully, and freely - 41} 

Chap. VI. An exhortation to all that are out of 
Christ, in order to their closing the match 



CONTENTS. XXVll 

with him; containing also motives and direc- 
tions - - - - 53 
Sect. 1. Conviction offered to sinners, especially 
sucl) as are wedded strictly to the law, or self-righto- 
ous ; that they may see their need of Christ's righte- 
OU^K J \> - - - - 53 

Sect. 2. Direction given with reference to the right 
use of the means, that we rest not on these instead of 
Christ the glorious Husband, in whom alone our help 
lies - - - - 5G 

Sect. 3. A call to believe in Jesus Christ, with some 
hints at the act and object of faith - - GO 

Sect. 4. An advice to sinners to apply to the sove- 
reign mercy of God, as it is discovered through Christ, 
to the highest honour of justice and other divine attri- 
butes, in order to further their faith in him unto salva- 
tion - 63 

Sect. 5. The terrible doom of unbelievers that reject 
the ^o.^pel-match, the ottered Saviour and salvation 6Q 



PART II. 

THE BELIEVER^ JOINTURE. 

Chap. T. Containing the Privileges of the Be- 
liever that is espoused to Christ, by faith of 
divine operation 72 

Sect. 1. The believer's perfect beauty, free accept- 
ance, and full security, through the imputation of 
Christ's perfect righteousness, though imparted grace 
be imperfect - 72 

Sect. 2. Christ the believer's friend, prophet, priest, 
king, defence, guide, guard, help, and healer 74 

Sect, 3. Christ the believer's wonderful physician, 
and wealthy friend - 76 

Sect. 4. The believer's safety under the covert of 
Christ's atoning blood, and powerful intercession 7S 

Sefct. 5. The believer's faith and hope encouraged 
even in the darkest nights of desertion aud distrebs 80 

b 2 



XXVlli CONTENTS. 

Sect. 6. Benefits accruing to believers, from the 
offices, names, natures, and sufferings of Christ 82 

Sect. 7- Christ's sufferings further improved, and 
believers called to live by faith, both when they have 
and want sensible influences - 85 

Sect. 8. Christ the believer's enriching treasure 87 

Sect. 9* Christ the believer's adorning garment 88 

Sect. 10. Christ the believer's sweet nourishment 89 

Chap. II. Containing marks and characters of 
believers in Christ; together with some far- 
ther privileges and grounds of comfort to saints 90 

Sect. 1. Doubting believers called to examine 
themselves by marks drawn from their love to him 
and his presence, their view of his glory, and their 
being emptied of self-righteousness, &c. - 90 

Sect. $. Believers described from their faith acting 
by divine aid, and fleeing quite out of themselves to 
Jesus Christ - Q3 

Sect. 3. Believers characterized by the objects and 
purity of their desire, delight, joy, hatred, and love, 
discovering they have the Spirit of Christ 95 

Sect. 4. Believers in Christ affect his counsel, 
word, ordinances, appearance, full enjoyment in 
heaven, and sweet presence here - - 97 

Sect. 5. The true believer's humility, dependence, 
zeal, growth, admiration of free grace, and know- 
ledge of Christ's voice - 99 

Sect. 6; True believer's are willing to be tried and 
examined. Also comforts arising to them from 
Christ's ready supply, real sympathy, and relieving 
names suiting their need - - 101 

Sect. 7. The believer's experience of Christ's com- 
fortable presence, or of former comforts, to be im- 
proved for his encouragement and support under 
hidings - - - ^ ] "104 

Sect. 8. Comfort to believers from the stability of 
the promise, notwithstanding heavy chastisements for 

..,„../ 107 

Sect. 9. Comfort to believer's from Christ's rela- 
tions, his dying love, his glory in heaven, to which 



CONTENTS. XXIX 

he will lead them through death, and supply them 
with all necessaries by the way - 109 

Seet. 10. Comfort to believers from the text, Thy 
Maker is thy Husband, inverted thus, Thy Husband 
is thy Maker ; and the conclusion of this subject 1 1 1 



PART III. 

THE BELIEVER'S RIDDLE; OR, THE MYSTERY 
OF FAITH. 

The Preface, shewing the use and design of the 

Riddle, and how all fatal errors proceed from 

ignorance of such mysteries- - 114 

Sect. 1. The mystery of the saint's pedigree, and 
especially of their relation to Christ's wonderful person 118 

Sect. 2, The mystery of the saint's life, state, and- 
frame - - - 124 

Sect. 3. Mysteries about the saints' work, and 
warfare, sins, sorrows, and joys . . 131 

Sect. 4. Mysteries in faith's extractions, way and 
walk, prayers and answers, heights and depths, fear . 
and love - - - 136 

Sect. 5. Mysteries about flesh and spirit, liberty 
and bondage, life and death - - 14G 

Sect. 6. The mystery of free justification through 
Christ's obedience and satisfaction - 149 

Seet. 7. The mystery of God the justifier; and 
faith justifying him, both in his justifying and con- 
demning; or, soul-justification and self-condemnation. 155 

Sect. 8. The mystery of sanctification, imperfect 
in this life ; or, the believer doing all, and doing 
nothing - - - .l6l 

Sect. 9» The mystery of various names given to 
saints ; or, the flesh and spirit described from in- 
animate things, vegetables, and sensitives - lGG 

Seet. 10. The mystery of the saints old and new 
man further described, and the means of their spiritual 
life - -1 • m . 17L 



XXX CONTENTS. 

Sect. 11. The mystery of Christ, his names, na- 
tures, and offices - - 177 

Sect. 12. The mystery of the believer's mixed state 
further enlarged, and his getting good out of evil 183- 

Sect. 13. The mystery of the saint's adversaries 
and adversities - - - 187 

Sect. 14. The mystery of the believer's pardon and 
security from revenging wrath, notwithstanding his 
sin's desert - - - - 192 

Sect. 15, The mystery of faith and sight 108 

Sect. !6. The mystery of faith and works 200 

Of ewarls of grace and debt - - 204 

The conclusion - 207 



PART IV. 

THE BELIYER'S LODGING. 

A paraphrase upon Psalm Ixxxiv. - 208 

A fourfold exercise for the believer in his lodging 
by the holy law ; or, the ten commandments 215 

2. The unholy heart the reverse of God's law 215 

3. The glorious gospel of Christ the remedy 21 () 

4. The prayer of faith exemplified - 21t> 

PART V. 

THE BELIEVERS SOLILOQUY; ESPECIALLY IX 
TIMES OF DESERTION, TEMPTATION, AFFLIC- 
TION, &C. 

Sect. I. The deserted believer louring for perfeet 
freedom from sip - - 21^ 

Sect. 2. The deserted believer's prayer under 
com plaints of unbelief, darkness, deadness, and 
hardness - - 220 

Sect. 3. The believer wading through depths of 
desertion and corruption - - 223 

Sect* 1. The believer's complaint of sin, sorrow, 
and want of love - - 22-5 



CONTENTS. XXXI 

Sect, 5. The deserted .soul's prayer for the Lord's 
gracious and sin-subduing pretence - 227 

Sect. 6. The song- of heaven desired by saints on 
earth - - - 229 



PART VI. 

THE BELIEVER'S PRINCIPLES. 

Chap. I. Concerning creation and redemption; 
or, some of the first principles of the oracles 
of God - 232 

Sect. 1. Of creation. The first chapter of Genesis 
compendised. The sum of creation - 232 

Sect. 2. Of redemption. The mystery of the Re- 
deemer's incarnation ; or, God manifested in the flesh. 
The sum of redemption - - 234 

Sect. 3. The Redeemer's works; or, Christ all in 
all, and our complete redemption. A gospei cate- 
chism for young- Christians - - 235 

Sect. 4. Faith and works both excluded from the 
matter of justification before God, that redemption 
may appear to be only in Christ - 240 

Chap. II. Concerning the law and the gospel 213 

Sect. 1. The mystery of law and gospel 243 

Sect. 2. The difference between tne law and tne 
gospel - - - 254 

Sect. 3. The harmony between the law and the 
gospel - - - 258 

Sect. 4. The proper place and station of the law 
and the gospel, in four paragraphs - 262 

Paragraph 1. The place and station of law and 
gospei in general - 262 

Para. 2. The place and station of law and gospel 
in particular - - 263 

Para. 3. The gospel no new law ; but a joyful 
sound of grace and mercy - - 268 

Para. 4. The gospel further described, as a bundle 
of good news and gracious promises - 270 



XXXIX CONTENTS. 

Chap. III. Concerning justification and sancti- 
fication, their difference and harmony 273 

Sect. 1. The difference between justification and 
sanctification, or righteousness imputed and grace 
imparted, in upwards of thirty particulars - 273 

Sect. 2. The harmony between justification and 
sanctification - - - 2/8 

Chap. IV. Concerning faith and sense. 280 

Sect. 1. Faith and sense natural compared and 

distinguished - 280 

Sect. 2. Faith and sense spiritual compared and 

distinguished - - - 283 

Sect. 3. The harmony and discord between faith 

and sense - - - - 285 

Sect. 4. The valour and victories of faith 286 

Sect. 5. The heights and depths of sense - 288 

Sect. 6. Faith and frames compared, or faith 

building upon sense discovered - - 290 

Chap. V. Concerning heaven and earth 293 

Sect. 1. The work and contention of heaven 293 

Sect. 2. I a th despicable, heaven desirable 296 

Meditation on smoaking - - 299 

Ditto, Part 2. - - - - 300 



GOSFJEIa SONNETS. 



PART I. 

THE BELIEVER'S ESPOUSALS. 

•• Thy Maker it thy Husband. Is a. liv. o. 

PREFACE. 

IT ARK, dying mortal, if the Sonnet prove 
A song of living and immortal love, 
'Tis then thy grand concern the theme to know, 
If life and immortality be so. 
Are eyes to read, or ears to hear, a trust ? 
Shall both in death becramm'd anon with dust? 
Then trifle not to please thine ear and eye, 
But read thou, hear thou, for eternity. 
Pursue not shadows wing'd, but be thy chase, 
The God of glory on the field of grace: 
The mighty hunter's name is lost and vain, 
That runs not this substantial prize to gain. 
These humble lines assume no high pretence, 
To please thy fancy, or allure thy sense : 
But aim, if everlasting life's thy chase, 
To clear thy mind, and warm thy heart through 
grace. 
A marriage so mysterious I proclaim, 
Betwixt two parties of such diii'rent fame, 
That human tongues may blush their names to tell. 
To wit, the Prince of heaven, the heir of hell! 
But, on so vast a subject, who can find 
Words suiting the conceptions of his mind ? 
Or, if our language with our thought could vie, 
What mortal thought call raise itself so high? 
When words and thoughts both fail, may faith 

and pray'r 
Ascend by climbing up the scripture stair : 
From sacred writ these strange espousals may 
Be explicated in the following way. 
B 



GOSPEL BONNETS. 



CHAP. I. 



A general Account of MansVall in Adam, and the 
Remedy provided in Christ; and a particular 
Account of Mans being naturally wedded to the 
Law, as a Covenant of Works. 

SECT. I. 
The fall of Adam. 

(f\h\) Adam once a heav'n of pleasure found, 
While be with perfect innocence was crowa'd; 

His wing'd affections to his God could move 
In raptures of desire, and strains of love. 
Man standing spotless, pure and innocent, 
Could well the law of works with works content ; 
Though then (nor since) it could demand no less 
Than personal and perfect righteousness: 
These unto sinless man were easy terms, 
Though now beyond the reach of withered arn>s. 
The legal cov'uant then upon the field, 
Perfection sought, man could perfection yield : 
Rich had he, and his progeny, remained, 
Had he primeval innocence maintain'd : 
His life had been a rest without annoy, 
A scene of bliss, a paradise of joy. 
But subtle Satan, in the serpent hid, 
Proposing fair the fruit that God forbid, 
Man soon seduc'd by hell's alluring art, 
Did, disobedient, from the rule depart, 
Devour'd the bait, and by his bold offence 
Fell from his blissful state of innocence 3 . 
Prostrate he lost his God, his life, his crown, 
From all his glory tumbled headlong down, 
Plung'd in a deep abyss of sin and woe, 
SVhere void of heart to will, or hand to do 

* Gen. iii. i— 6. 



THE BELIEVER 9 ESPOUSALS. o 

For's own relief he can't command a thought, 
The total sum of what he can is naught. 
He's ahle only now t' increase his tin all ; 
lie can destroy himself, and this is all. 
But can the hellish brat Heav'u's law fulfil, 
Whose precepts high surmount his strength and 

skill 
Can filthy dross produce a golden beam ? 
Or poison'd springs a salutif'rous stream ? 
Can carnal minds, fierce enmity's wide maw, 
Be duly subject to the divine law ? 
Nay, now its direful threat'nings must take place 
On all the disobedient human race, 
Who do by guilt Omnipotence provoke, 
Obnoxious stand to his uplifted stroke. 
They must ingulf themselves in endless woes; 
Who to the living God are deadly foes; 
Who natively his holy will gainsay, 
Must to his awful justice fall a prey. 
In vain do mankind now expect, in vain 
By legal deeds immortal life to gain : 
Nay, death is threaten'd, threats must have their 

due, 
Or souls that sin must die b , as God is true. 

SECT. II. 

Redemption through Christ. 

The second Adam, sovereign Lord of all, 
Did, by his Father's authorizing call, 
From bosom of eternal love descend, 
To save the guilty race that him otlend ; 
To treat an everlasting peace with those, 
Who were and ever would have been his foes. 
His errand, never ending life to give 
To them, whose malice would not let him live; 
To make a match with rebels, and espouse 
The brat which at his love her spite avows. 

b Ezek. xviii.4. 

B 2 



4 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

Himself he humbled to depress her pride, 
And make his mortal foe his loving bride. 
But ere the marriage can be solemnized, 
All lets must be remov'd, all parties pleas' d ; 
Law-righteousness requir'd, must be procur'd ; 
Law-vengeance threaten'd, must be full endur'd ; 
Stern justice must have credit by the match ; 
Sweet mercy by the heart the bride must catch. 

Poor bankrupt ! all her debt mustfirst be paid ; 
Her former husband in the grave be laid : 
Her present lover must be at the cost 
To save and ransom to the uttermost ; 
If all these things this suitor kind can do, 
Then he may win her, and her blessing too. 
Hard terms indeed; while death's the first demand; 
But love is strong as death , and will not stand 
To carry on the suit and make it good, 
Though at the dearest rate of wounds and blood ; 
The burden's heavy, but the back is broad, 
The glorious lover is the mighty God d . 
Kind bowels yearning in tli' eternal Son, 
He left his Father's court, his heavenly throne, 
Aside he threw his most divine array, 
And wrapt his Godhead in a veil of clay; 
Angelic armies, who in glory crown'd, 
With joyful harps his awful throne surround, 
Down to the chrystal frontier of the sky 45 , 
To see the Saviour born, did eager fly : 
And ever since behold with wonder fresh 
Their Sov' reign and our Saviour wrapt in flesh: 
Who in this garb did mighty love display, 
Restoring what he never took away f , 
To God his glory, to the iaw its due, 
To heav'n its honour, to the earth its hue ; 
Toman a righteousness divine, complete, 
A royal robe to suit the nuptial vi\ 

c Sons; viii. 6. d Isa. e Luke ii. 9—14. 

f Psalm brix. 4. 



THE BELIEVERS ESPOUSALS. • 

Be in her favours, whom be lovM so well, 

At once did purchase beav'n and vanquish hell. 

Oh ! unexampled love; so vast, so strong, 
s " great, so high, sodeep, so broad, so long ! 
Can finite thought this ocean huge explore, 

I ntonscious of a bottom or a shore : 

I I is lore admits no parallel, for why ? 

At c))>> great draught of love he drank hell dry. 
No drop of wrathful gall he left behind ; 
No dreg to witness that he was unkind. 

sword of &wful justice piere'd his side, 
That mercy thence might gush upon the bride. 
The meritorious labours of his life, 
And glorious conquests of his dying strife; 
Her debt of doing, sutfering, both canceli'd, 
And broke the bars his lawful captive held. 

Down to the ground the hellish hosts he threw, 
Then mounting high the trump of triumph blew, 
Attended will] a bright seraphic band, 
Sat down enthron'd sublime on God's right hand ; 
Where glorious choirs their various harps employ. 
To sound his praises with confed'rate joy. 
There he, the bride's strong Intercessor, sits, 
And thence the blessings of his blood transmits, 
Sprinkling all o'er the flaming throne of God, 
Pleads for her pardon his atoning blood; 
Sends down his holy co-eternal Dove, 
To show the wonders of incarnate love, 
To woo and win the bride's reluctant heart, 
And pierce it with his kiudiy-kiiiihg dart; 
By gospel light to manifest that now 
She has no further with the law to do : 
That her new Lord has loos'd the federal tie 
That once hard bound her, or to do or die; 
'J hat precepts, threats, no single mite can crave ; 
Thus for her former spouse he digg'd a grave ; 
The law fast to his cross did nail and pin, -^ 

Then bury'd the defunct his tomb within, > 

That he the lonely widow to himself might win. J 



6 GOSPEL SONNET*. 

SECT. III. 
Mans legal Disposition. 

But, after ail the bride's so malecontent, -j 
No argument, save pow'r, is prevalent > 

To bow her will, and gain her heart's consent. J 
The glorious prince's suit she disapproves, 
The law, her old primordial husband, loves; 
Hopeful in its embraces life to have, 
Though dead, and bury'd in her suitors grave; 
Unable to give life, as once before ; 
Unfit to be a husband any more. 
Yet proudly she the new address disdains, 
And all the blest Redeemer's love and pains; 
Though now his head, that cruel thornsdid wound, 
Is with immortal glory circled round; 
Archangels at his awful footstool bow, 
And drawing love sits smiling on his brow. 

Though down he sends, in gospel-tidings good, 
Epistles of his love, sign'd with his biood: 
Yet lordly she the royal suit rejects, 
Eternal life by legal works affects: 
In vain the living seeks among the deads, 
Sues quick'ning comforts in a killing head. 
Her dead and bury'd husband hasher heart, 
Which cannot death remove, nor life impart. 

Thus all revolting Adam's blinded race 
In their first spouse their hope and comfort place. 
They natively expect, if guilt them press, 
Salvation by a home-bred righteousness: 
They look lor favour in Jehovah's eyes, 
By careful doing all that in them lies. 
'Tis still their primary attempt to draw 
Their life and comfort from the vet' ran law; 
They flee not to the hope the gospel gives; 
To trust a promise bare, their minds aggi ' 
Which judge the man that does, the mai 
lives. 

6 Luke x>:vi, 5. 



1 m »» , 

;ives; -| 

jgneves, I 
nan tha t [ 



THE BBL1ETERS ESPOUSALS* V 

As native as they draw their vital breath, 
Their food recourse is to the legal path. 
Why,' says old nature, in law-wedded man, 
Won't heaven be pleased, if I do all I can? 
[f I conform my walk to nature's light 
And strive intent to practice what is right ? 
Thus wont 1 by the God of heaven be bless'd, 
And win his favour, if I do my best? 
Good God ! [he erics) when press'd with debt 
and thrall, 
1 Have patience with me, and I'll pay tl e* ali h .' 
Upon their ail, their best, they're fondly mad, 
Though yet their all is naught, their best is bad. 
Proud man his can-do's mightily exalts, 
Yet are his brightest works but splendid faults. 
A sinner may have shows of good, but still 
The best he can, ev'n at his best, is ill. 
Can heav'n or divine favour e'er be win 
By those that are a mass of hell and sin? 
The righteous law does numerous w 7 oes denounce 
Against the wretched soul that fails but once ; 
What heaps of curses on their heads it rears, 
That have amass'd the guilt of num'rous years ! 

SECT. IV. 

Man's strict Attachment to legal Terms, or to the Law 
as a Condition of LtJ'e. 

S i v,on what terms then heav'n appeas'cl will be? 

Why, sure perfection is the least degree. 
Yea, more! full satisfaction must be giv'n 
For trespass done against the laws of heav'n. 
These are the terms : what mortal back so broad, 
But must for ever sink beneath the load ? 
A ransom must he found, or die they must, 
Sure, ev'n as justice infinite is just. 

But, says the legal, proud, self-righteous heart 3 
Which cannot with her ancient consort part, 

h Mart, xviii. 26. 

B 4 



8 



GOSPEL SONNETS. 



* What! wont the goodness of the God of hcav'n 
' Admit of smalls when greater can't be giv'n ? 

* He knows our fall diminished all our funds, 

ont he accept of pennies now for pounds ? 
4 Sincere endeavours for perfection take, 

* Or terms more possible for mankind make ?' 
Ah ! poor divinity and jargon loose ; 

Such hay and straw will never build the house. 
Mistake not here, proud mortal, don't mistake, 
God changes not, nor other terms will make. 
Will divine faithfulness itself deny, 

tlich swore solemnly man shall do, or die? 
"W iil God most true extend to us, forsooth, 
His goodness, to the damage of his truth ? 
Will spotless holiness be baffled thus? 
Or awful justice be unjust for us ? 
Shall faithfulness be faithless for our sake, 
And he his threats, as we his precepts, break? 
Will our great Creditor deny himself; 
And for full payment take our filthy pelf? 
Dispense with justice, to let mercy vent ? 
And stain his royal crown with 'minish'd rent? 
In worthy thought;.© let no mortal clod 
Hold such base notions of a glorious God. 

HeavVs holy cov'nant, made for human race, 
Consists, or whole of works, or whole of grace. 
II works will take the field, then works must be 
} ; or ever perfect to the last degree : 
Will God dispense with less? Nay, sure he wont 
With ragged toll his royal law affront. 
Can rags, that Sinai's flames will soon dispatch, 
E'er prove the fiery law's adequate match ? 
Vain man must be divore'd, and choose to take 
Another husband or a burning lake. 

We find the divine volume no where teach 
New legal terms within our mortal reach. 
Some make, though m the sacred page unknown 
Sincerity assume perfection 1 * throne; 



THE BELIEVERS ESPOUSALS. 9 

But who will boast this base usurper's sway, -> 
Save ministers of darkness, tiiat display > 

Invented night to stifle scripture day? J 

The naturalists sincerity is naught, 
That of the gracious is divinely taught; 
Which teaching keeps their graces, if sincere, 
Within the limits of the gospel-sphere, 
Where vaunting, none created graces sing, 
Nor boast of streams, but of the Lord the spring. 
Sincerity's the soul of ev'ry grace, 
The quality of all the ransom'd race: 
Of promis'd favour 'tis a fruit, a clause: 
But no procuring term, no moving cause. 

How unadvis'd the legal mind confounds 
The marks of divine favour with the grounds, 
And qualities of covenanted friends 
With the condition of the covenant blends? 
Thus holding gospel truths with legal arms, 
.Mistakes new-cov'nant fruits for fecTral terms. 
The joyful sound no change of terms allows, 
But change of persons, or another spouse. 
The nature same that sinn'd must do and die; 
Xo milder terms in gospel offers lie. 
Tor grace no other law-abatement shows, 
But how law-debtors may restore its dues; 
Restore, yea, through a surety in their place, 
With double interest and a better grace. 
Here we of no new terms of life are told, 
But of a husband to fulfil the old; 
With him alone by faith w 7 e're caifd to wed, 
And let no rival brink the marriage-bed. 

SECT. V. 

Man's rain Attempt to seek Life hy Christ's Right** 
outness, joined with their own ; and legal ilupts 
natural to all. 

But still the bride reluctant disallows 
The junior suit, and hugs the senior spouse. 
B 5 



If) GOSPEL SONNET?. 

Such the old selfish folly of her mind, 
So bent to lick the dust and grasp the wind, 
A Hedging works and duties of her own 
May for her criminal offence atone; 
She will her antic dirty robe provide, 
Which vain she hopes will all pollutions hide. 
The filthy rags that saints away have flung, 
She holding, wraps and rolls herself in dung. 
Thus maugre all the light the gospel gives, 
Unto her natural consort fondly cleaves. 
Though mercy set the royal match in view, 
She's loth to bid her ancient mate adieu. 
When light of scripture, reason, common sense, 
Can hardly mortify her vain pretence 
To legal righteousness; yet, if at last 
Her conscience rous'd begins to stand aghast, 
Press' d with the dread of hell, she'll rashly patch, 
And halve a bargain with the proffer' d match; 
In hopes his help, together with her own, 
Will turn to peaceful smiles the wrathful frown. 
Though grace the rising Sun delightful sings, 
With full salvation in his golden wings, 
And righteousness complete; the faithless soul, 
Receiving half the light, rejects the whole : 
Revolves the sacred page, but reads purblind 
The gospel-message with a legal mind. 
Mendream their state, uh ! too, too slightly viewed 
Needs only be amended not renewed; 
Scorn to be wholly debtors unto grace, 
Hopeful their works may meliorate tbek case. 
They fancy present prayers and future pains 
Wili for their former failings make amends: 
IV) legal yokes they bow their servile necks, -j 
Anu, .v <1 foul slips their false repose perplex, ? 
Think Jesus' merits make up all defects. J 

They patch his glorious robe with lilthy rags, 
And burn but incense to their proper drag*": 



THE RELIEVED S ESPOU5.AIA 



11 



) 



Disdain to use his righteousness alone, 
But as an aiding stirr'p to mount their own ; 
Thus in Christ's room his rival self enthrone 
And vainly would, dressM up in legal trim, 
Divide salvation 'tween themselves and him. 

But know, vain man, that to his share must fall 
The glory of the whole or none at all. 
In him all wisdom's hidden treasures lie* # 
Ami ail the fulness of the Deitv k . 
This store alone, immense and never spent, 
Might poor insolvent debtors well content; 
But to neii-pnsun justly heav'n will doom 
Proiiii fools that on their petty stock presume. 

r J iie soirist couch that gilded nature knows, 
Can give the waken'd conscience no repose. 
When God arraigns, what mortal pow'rean stand 
Beneath the terror of his lifted hand? 
Our safety lies beyond the nat'ral line, 
Beneath a purple covert all divine. 

let how isprecio is Christ, the way, despis'd, 
And high the way of lite by doing priz'd! 
But can its vot'nes all its levy show? 
They prize it most, who least its burden know : 
Who by the law in part would save his soul, 
Becomes a debtor to fulfil the whole 1 . 
Its pris'ner he remains, and without bai » 
'J ill ev'ry mite he paid ; and if lie fail, 
(As ^ure he must, since, by our sinful breach* 
Perfection far surmounts all mortal reach,) 
Then curs' d tor ever must his soul remain, 
And all trie folk of God must say, Amen m . 
Why, seeking that the law should help afford, 
In honouring the law, lie slights its Lord, 
Who gives bis law-fulfilling righteousness 
To be the naked sinner's peifect dress, 
In which he might with spotless beauty shine 
15efore the face of majesty divine : 

1 CoU ii. 3. k Col. ii. 9. l Gal. v. 3. ro Dcut. Axvii. 16. 



J'J GOSPEL SONNETS. 

Yet, lo! the sinner works with mighty pains 
A garment of his own to hide his stains ; 
Ungrateful ! overlooks the gifts of God, 
The robe wrought by his hand, dy'd in his blood ! 

In vain the Son of God this web did weave, 
Could our vile rags sufficient .shelter give : 
In vain he ev'ry thread of it did draw, 
Could sinners be o'ermantled by the law. 
Can men's salvation on their works be built, 
Whose fairest actions nothing are but guilt? 
Or can the law suppress th'avenging flame, 
When now its only office is to damn? 
Did life come by the law in part or whole, 
Blest Jesus dy'd in vain to save a soul. 
Those then who life by legal means expect, 
To them is Christ become of noeflect"; 
Because their legal mixtures do in fact 
Wisdom's grand project plainly counteract. 
How close proud carnal reasonings combine, 
To frustrate sov'reign grace's great design? 
Man's heart by nature weds the law alone, 
Nor will another paramour enthrone. 

True many seem by course of life profane, 
No favour for the law to entertain ; 
But break the bands, and cast the cords away, 
That would their raging lusts and passions stay. 
Yet ev'n this reigning madness may declare, 
How strictly wedded to the law they are; 
lor now, (however rich they seem'd before) 
Hopeless to pay law-debt, 
Like desp'rate debtors mad, 

in more. 

Despair of success shews their strong desires, 
Till legal hopes are parch'd in lustful fires. 
' Let's give,' say they, 'our lawless will free scope, 
* And live at random, for there is no hope .' 
The law, that can't them help, they stab with hate, 
Vet scorn to beg, or court another mate. 

n Gal. ii. 21. v. 2, 4. . ° Jcr xvlii. 12. 



rne law xuey aic ; 

they seem'd before) ^ 

t, they give it o'er, 

ad, still run themselves | 



THE BELIEVER 8 ESPOUSALS. 13 

Here lusts most opposite their hearts divide, 
Their beastly passion, and their bankrupt pride. 
In passion they their native mate deface, 
In pride disdain to be oblig'd to grace. 
Hence plainly, as a rule 'gainst law they live, 
Yet closeiy to it as a covenant cleave. 
Thus legal pride lies hid beneath the patch, 
And strong aversion to the gospel-match. 

CHAP. II. 

The Manner of a Shiner's Divorccfrom the Law in 
a Work of Humiliation, and of his Marriage to 
the Lord Jesus Christ; or, the Way how a Sinner 
comes to be a Be/iecer. 

SECT. I. 

Of a Law-work, and the JVorhings of legal Pride 
under it, 

<SIO proud's the bride, so backwardly disposal; 
^ How then shall e'er the happy match be clos'd ? 
Kind grace the tumults of her heart must quell, 
And draw her heav'nward by the gates of hell. 
The bridegroom's Father makes, hy's holy Sp'rit, 
His stern command with her stilt conscience meet; 
To dash tier pride, and shew her utmost need, 
Pursues for double debt with awful dread. 
He makes her former husband's frightful ghost 
Appear and damn her, as a bankrupt lost; 
With curses, threats, and Sinai thunder-claps, 
Her lofty tow'r of legal boasting saps. 
These humbling storms, in high or low degrees, 
HeavVs Majesty will measure as he please; 
But still he makes the fiery law at least 
Pronounce its awful sentence in her breast, 



14 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

Till through the law p convict of being lost, 
She hopeless to the law gives up the ghost: 
Which now in rigour comes full debt to crave, 
And in close prison cast; but not to save. 
For now 'tis weak, and can't (through our default) 
Its greatest votaries to life exalt. 
But well it can command with fire and flame, 
And to the lowest pit of ruin damn. 
Thus doth it, by commission from above, 
Deal with the bride, when Heav'n would courtlier 
Lo! now she startles at the Sinai trump, [love. 
Which throws her soul into a dismal dump; 
Conscious another husband she must have, 
Else die for ever in destruction's grave. 
While hi conviction's jail she's thus inctos'd, 
Glad news are heard, the royal Mate's propos'd. 
And now the scornful bride's inverted stil- 
ls racking tear, he scorn to match with her. 
She dreads his fnry and despairs that he 
Will evei wed so vile a wretch as she. 
And here the legal humour stirs again 
To her prodigious loss, and grievous pain: 
For when the L'nnce presents himself to be 
Her husband, then she deems; All! is not he 
Too fair a match for such a filthy bride? 
Unconscious that the thought bewrays her pride, 
Ev'n pride of merit, pride of righteousness, 
Expecting Heav'n should iove her for her dress; 
Unmindful liow the tail her face did stain, 
And made her but a black unlovely swain; 
Her whole primeval beauty quite defae'd, 
And to the rank of fiends her form debas'd; 
Without disfigur'd and dehi'd within, 
Uncapable of any thing but sin. 
Heav'n courts not any for their comely face, -j 
But for the glorious praise of sov'reign grace, > 
Else ne'er had courted one of Adam's race, J 

p Gal. ii. 19. 



ilIE BELIEVERS ESPOUSALS. 15 

Which all as children of corruption be 
Heirs rightful of immortal misery. 

Yet here the bride employs her foolish wit, 
For this bright match her ugly form to fit; 
To daub her features o'er with legal paint, 
That with a grace she may herself present: 
Hopeful the Prince with credit might her wed, 
If once some comely qualities she had. 
In humble pride, her haughty spirit flags; 
She cannot think of coining all in rags. 
Were she a humble, faithful penitent, 
She dreams he'd then contract with full content: 
Base varlet! thinks she'd be a match for turn, 
Did she but deck herself in handsome trim. 
Ah! foolish thoughts! in legal deeps that plod; 
Ah ! sorry notions of a sovereign Go;l ! 
Will God expose his great his glorious Son, 
For our vile baggage to be sold and won? 
Should sinful modesty the match decime, 
Until its garb be brisk and superfine; 
Aias! when should we see the marnage-day ? 
The happy bargain must flee up for ay. 
Presumptuou> souls, in surly modesty, 
Hait-saviours of themselves would fondly be. 
Then hopeful th' other half their due will fall, 
Disdain to be in Jesus' debt for ail. 
Vainly they first would wash themselves, and then 
Address the Fountain to be wash'd more clean ; 
First heal themselves, and then expect the balm: 
Ah! many slightly cure their sudden qualm. 
They heal their conscience with a tear or pray'r; 
And seek no other Christ, but perish there. 

O sinner! search the house, and see the thief\ 
That spoils thy Saviour's crown, thy soul's relief, f 
The hid, but heiuous sin of unbelief. J 

Who can possess a quality that's good, 
'Fill first he come to Jesus' cleansing blood? 
The pow'r that draws the bride, will also shew 
UnU her by the way her hellish hue, 



16 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

As void of ev'iy virtue to commend, 

And full of ev'ry vice that will offend. 

Till sovereign grace the sullen bride shall catch, 

She'll never fit herself for such a match. 

Most qualify'd they are m heav'n to dwell, 
Who see themselves most qualify'd for hell; 
And, ere the bride can drink salvation's cup, 
Kind Heav'n must reach to hell and lift her up : 
For no decorum e'er about her found, 
Is she belovYI ; but on a nobler ground. 
Jehovah's love is, like his nature, free, 
Nor must his creature challenge his decree; 
But low at sov'reign grace's iootstool creep, 
Whose ways are search less, and his judgments 
Yet grace's suit meets with resistance rude [deep. 
From haughty souls; for lack of innate good 
To recommend them. Thus the backward bride 
Affronts her suitor with her modest pride ; 
Black hatred for his ofler'd love repays, 
Pride under mask of modesty displays : 
In part would save herself; hence, saucy soul ! 
Rejects the matchless Mate would save m whole. 

SECT. II. 

Conviction of Sin and Wrath, carried on more deeply 
and effectually in the Heart, 

So proudly forward is the bride, and now 
Stern Heav'n begins to stare with cloudier brow ; 
Law-curses come with more condemning pow'r, 
To scorch her conscience with a fiery show'r. 
And more refulgent flashes darted m ; 
For by the law the knowledge is of sin r . 
Black Sinai thund'ring louder than before, 
Does awful in her lofty bosom roar, 
lleav'n's furious storms now rise from ev'ry airth% 
In ways more terrible to shake the earth 1 , 

r Rom. iii. 20. s Wind or Quarter. * La. ii. 17, 19. 



THE BELIEVER'S ESPOUSALS. I? 

Till haughtiness of men be sunk thereby. 
That Christ alone may be exalted high. 

Now stable earth seems from her centre to$t, 
Atnl lofty mountains in the ocean lost. 
Hard rocks of flint, and haughty hills of pride, 
Are torn in pieces by the roaring tide. 
Each flash of new conviction's lucid rays, 
Heart-errors, undiscern'd till now, displays; 
Wrath's massy cloud upon the conscience breaks, 
And thus menacing Heav'h in thunder^peaks: 
4 Black wretch, thou madly under foot hast trode 
1 Th' authority of a commanding God; 
1 Thou, like thy kindred that in Adam fell, -j 
1 Art but a law-renversing lump of hell, > 

6 And there by law and justice doom'd to dwell/ J 
Xo\V, now, the daunted bride her state bewaiis, 
And downward furls her self-exalting sails ; 
With pungent fear, and piercing terror, brought 
To mortify her lofty legal thought. 
Why? the commandment comes, sin is reviv'd , 
That lay so hid,, while to the law she liv'd ; 
Infinite majesty in God is seen, 
And infinite malignity in sin; 
That to its expiation must amount 
A sacrifice of infinite account. 
Justice its dire severity displays, 
The law its vast dimensions open lays. 
She sees for this broad standard nothing meet, 
Save an obedience sinless and complete. 
Her cobweb righteousness, once in lenown, 
Is with a happy vengeance now swept down. 

She who of daily faults could once but prate, 
Sees now her sinful, miserable state: 
Her heart, where once she thought some good to 
The devil's cab'net filfd with trash of hell, [dwell, 
Her boasted features now unmasked bare, 
Her vaunted hopes are plung'd in deep despair. 
• Rom. ?ir. 9. 



IS 



GOSPEL SONNETS. 



Her haunted shelter-house in by-past years, 

Comes tumbling- down about her frighted ears. 

Her former rotten faith, love, penitence, 

She sees a bowing wall, a tott'ring fence : 

Excellencies of thought, of word, and deed, 

All swimming, drowning in a sea of dread. 

11 or beauty now deformity she deems, 

Her heart much blacker than the devil seems, 

With ready lips she can herself declare 

The vilest ever breath'd in vital air. 

Her former hopes, as refuges of lies, 

Jtre swept away, and all her boasting dies. 

She once imagin'd Heav'n would be unjust 

To damn so many lumps of human dust 

Forrn'd by himself; but now she owns it true, 

Damnation surely is the sinner's due: 

Yea, now applauds the law'sjust doom so well, 

r l hat justly she condemns herself to hell; 

Does herein divine equity acquit, 

Herself adjudging to the lowest pit. 

Her language, ' Oh! if God condemn, I must 

* From bottom of my soul declare him just. 

* But if his great salvation me embrace, 

* How loudly will I sing surprising grace! 

* If from the pit he to the throne me raise, 

* I'll rival angels in his endless praise. 

* If hell-deserving me to heav'n he bring, 

1 No heart so glad, no tongue so loud shall sing. 
' If wisdom has not laid the saving plan, 
1 I nothing have to claim, I nothing can. 
1 My works but sin, my merit death I see ; 

* Oh! mercy, mercy, mercy! pity me.' 

Thus all self-justifying pleas are dropp'd, 
Most guilty she becomes, her mouth is stopped.* 
Pungent remorse does her past conduct blame, 
And flush her conscious cheek with spreading 
Her self-conceited heart is self-convict, [shame. 
With barbed arrows of compunction prick'd : 



the Believer's espousals. 19 

Wonders how justice spares her vital breath, 
How patient Heav'n adjourns the day of wrath: 
How pliant earth does not with open jaws 
Devour her, Korah-Iike, for equal cause; 
How yawning hell, that gapes for such a prey, 
Is frustrate with a further hour's delay. 
She that could once her mighty works exalt, 
And boast devotion frarn'd without a fault, 
Extol her nat'ral pow'rs, is now brought down, 
Her former madness, not her pow'rs, to own. 
Her present beggar'd state, most void of grace, 
Unable e'en to wail her woful case, 
Quite pow'rless to believe, repent, or pray; 
Thus pride of duties flies and dies away. 
She, like a harden'd wretch, a stupid stone, 
Lies in the dust, and cries, Undone, Undone. 

SECT. III. 

The deeply humbled Soul relieved with some saving Dis* 
cover ies of Christ the Redeemer. 

Whcn thus the wounded bride perceives full 
Herself the vilest sinner out of hell, [well 

The blackest monster in the universe; 
Pensive if clouds of woe shall e'er disperse: 
When in her breast Heav'n's wrath so fiercely 

glows, 
'Twixt fear and guilt her bones have no repose, 
When flowing billows of amazing dread 
Swell to a deluge o'er her sinking head ; 
When nothing in her heart is found to dwell, 
But horrid atheism, enmity, and hell; 
When endless death and ruin seems at hand, 
And vet she cannot for her soul command 
A sigh to ease it, or a gracious thought, 
Tho' heav'n could at this petty rate be bought; 
When darkness and confusion overcloud, 
And unto black despair temptations crowd ; 



90 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

"When wholly without strength to move or stir, 
And not a star by night appears to her; 
But she, while to the brim her troubles flow, 
brands, trembling on the utmost brink of woe. 

Ah! weary case! But, lo ! in this sad plight 
The sun arises with surprising light. 
The darkest midnight is his usual time 
Of rising and appearing in his prime. 
To shew the hills from whence salvation springs, 
And chase the gloomy shades with golden wings, 
The glorious husband now unveils his face, 
And shews his glory full of truth and grace*; 
Presents unto the bride, in that dark hour, 
Himself a Saviour, both by price and pow'r: 
A mighty helper to redeem the lost, 
Relieve and ransom to the uttermost 7 ; 
To seek the vagrant sheep to deserts driv'n, 
And save from lowest hell to highest heav'n. 
Her doleful case he sees, his bowels move, 
And make her time of need his time of love 2 . 
He shews, to prove himself her mighty shield, 
His name is JESUS, by his Father seal'd a : 
A name with attributes engrav'd within, 
To save from ev'ry attribute of sin. 

With wisdom, sin's great folly to expose; 
And righteousness, its chain of guilt to loose; 
Sanctification, to subdue its sway; 
Redemption, all its woeful brood to slay b . 
Each golden letter of his glorious name 
Bears full deliv'rance, both from sin and shame. 
Yea, not privation bare from sin and woe, -j 
But thence all positive salvations flow, * 

To make her wise, just, holy, happy too. J 

He now appears a match exactly meet 
To make her ev'ry way in him complete, 

* John i. 14. y Hcb, vii. 25. z Ezck. xvi. 6, S. 

a Matt. i. 21. b 1 Cor. i. 30. 



THE BELIEVER'S ESPOUSALS. 21 

In whom the fulness of the Godhead dwells , 
That she* may boast in him and nothing else. 
In gospel-lines she now perceives the dawn 
Of Jesus' love with bloody pencil drawn; 
How God in him is infinitely pleas'd, 
And HeavVs avenging fury whole appeas'd : 
Law-precepts magnify'd by her belov'd, 
And ev'ry let to stop the match remov'd. 
Now, in her view, the prison-gates break ope # 
Wide to the walls tlies up the door of hope; 
And now she sees, with pleasure unexprees'dj 
Tor shatter' d barks, a happy shore of rest. 

SECT. IV. 

The Working of the Spirit of Faith, in separating tlte 
Heart from all St If-righteousn^ss, and drawing out its 
Consent to, and Desire after Christ alone and wholly* 

The bride at Sinai little understood, 
How these law-humblings were designed for 

good, 
T' enhance the value of her husband's blood. 
The tow'r of tott'ring pride thus batter down, 
Makes way for Christ alone to wear the crown. 
Conviction's arrows piercM her heart that so 
The blood from his piere'd heart, to her's might 

flow. 
The law's sharp plough tears up the fallow ground, 
Where not a grain of grace was to be found, 
Till straight, perhaps, behind the plough is sown, 
The hidden seed of faith as yet unknown. 

Hence now the once reluctant bride's hiclinM 
To give the gospel an assenting mind, 
Dispos'd to take, would grace the powT impart, 
HeavVs offer with a free consenting heart. 
His Spirit in the gospel-chariot rides, ^ 

And shows his loving heart to draw the bride's ; j> 
Tho' oft in clouds his drawing powV he hides. J 

f Col. ii. 9, io. 



22 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

His love in gracious offers to her bears, 
In kindly answers to her doubts and fears, 
Resolving all objections more or less, 
From former sins, or present worthlessness. 
Persuades her mind ofs conjugal consent, 
And then impow'rs her heart to say, Content. 
Content to be divorced from the law, 
No more the yoke of legal terms to draw: 
Content that he dissolve the former match, 
And to himself alone her heart attach : 
Content to join with Christ at any rate, 
And wed him as her everlasting mate: 
Content that he should ever wear the bays, 
And of her whole salvation have the praise : 
Content that he should rise, though she should fall, 
And to be nothing, that he may be all : 
Content that he, because she nought can do, 
Do for her all her work, and in her too. 
Here she a peremptory mind displays, 
That he do all the work, get all the praise. 
And now she is, which ne'er till now took place, 
Content entirely to be sav'd by grace. 
She owns that her damnation just would be, 
And therefore her salvation must be free; 
That nothing being hers but sin and thrall, 
She must be debtor unto grace for all. 

Hence comes she to him in her naked case, 
To be invested with his righteousness. 
She comes, as guilty, to a pardon free ; 
As vile and filthy, to a cleansing sea : 
As poor and empty, to the richest stock ; 
As weak and feeble, to the strongest rock : 
As perishing, unto a shield from thrall ; 
As worse than nothing to an all in all. 
She, as a blinded mole, an ign'rant fool, 
Comes for instruction to the Prophet's school. 
She, with a hell-deserving conscious breast, 
Flees for atonement to the worthy Priest. 



THE BELIEVER'S ESPOUSALS. 23 

She, as a slave to sin and Satan, wings 

Her flight for help unto the King of kings. 

She al I her maladies and plagues bring forth 

To this Physician of eternal worth. 

She spreads before his throne her filthy sore ; 

And lays her broken bones down at his door. 

No mite she has to buy a crumb of bliss, 

And therefore comes impoverished, as she is. 

By sin and Satan of all good bereft, 

Conies e'en as bare as they her soul have left. 

To sense, as free of holiness within, 

As Christ, the spotless Lamb, was free of sin. 

She comes by faith, true ; but it shews her want, 

And brings her as a sinner not a saint ; 

A wretched sinner flying for her good 

To justifying, sanctifying blood. 

Strong faith no strength, nor pow'r of acting, 

vaunts, 
But acts in sense of weakness and of wants. 
Drained now of every thing that men may call ^ 
Terms and conditions of relief from thrall : ^ 
Except this one that Jesus be her all. J 

When to the bride he gives espousing faith, 
It finds her under sin, and guilt, and wrath, 
And makes her as a plagued wretch to fall 
At Jesus' footstool for the cure of all. 
Her whole salvation now in him she seeks, 
And musing thus perhaps in secret speaks: 

1 Lo ! all my burden's may in him be eas'd ; 
' The justice I offended he has pleas'd; 
1 The bHss that I have forfeit he procur'd; 
' The curse that I deserved he endur'd ; 
i The law that I have broken he obey'd; 
■ The debt that I contracted he has paid : 
* And though a match unfit for him I be, 
1 I find him ev'ry way most fit for me. 

4 Sweet Lord, I think, wouldst tnou thyself 
impart, 
- I'd welcome thee with open hand and heart. 



24 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

* But thou that sav'stby price must save by pow'r; 

■ O send thy Spirit in a tiery show'r, 

4 Thiscold and frozen heart of mine to thaw, 
4 That nought, save cords of burning love, can 

draw. 
c O draw me, Lord, then will I run to thee, 
c And glad into thy glowing bosom flee. 

* I own myself a mass of sin and hell, 

* A brat that can do nothing but rebel ; 

1 But, didst thou not as sacred pages shew d , 
' (When rising up to spoil the hellish crew, 
' That had by thousands, sinners captive made, 

* And hadst in conqu'ringchains them captive led) 
6 Get donatives, not for thy proper gain, 

4 But royal bounties for rebellious men, 

* Gifts, graces, and the Spirit without bounds, 

c For God's new house with man on firmer grounds, 

■ O then let me a rebel now come speed, 
' Thy holy Spirit is the gift I need. 

* His precious graces too, the glorious grant, 
< Thou kindly promised, and I greatly want. 

6 Thou art exalted to the highest place, 

% To give repentance, faith, and ev'ry grace% 

* O Giver of spiritual life and breath, 
c The author and the finisher of faith f ; 

* Thou husband-like must ev'ry thing provide, 

* If e'er the like of me become thy bride.' 

sect. v. 

Faith's View of the Freedom of (*race, cordial Renuncia- 
tion of all its own ragged Righteousness, and formal 
Acceptance of and closing with the Person of glorious 
t'hrist. 
The bride with open eyes that once were dim, 

Sees now her whole salvation lies in him ; 

The prince, who is not in dispensing nice, 

But freely gives without her pains or price; 

d Psal. lxviii. 18. ■ Acts v. 31. f Hcb. xii. 2. 



THE BELIEVERS ESPOUSALS. 95 

This magnifies the wond< r in Ik r eye, 
A .\'!io not a farthing has wherewith to buy; 
For now bar humbled mind can disavc w 
Her boasted beauty and assuming broi 
With conscious eye discern her emoutu 
With candid lips her poverty confess. 
1 glory to the Lor I, that grace is free, 
1 Else never would it light on guilty me. 

* I nothing have with me to be its once, 

* But hellish blackness, enmity and vice.' 
In former times she durst, presuming, come 
To grace's market with a pettj sum 
Ofduties, prayers, tears, a boasted set, 
Expecting Heav'n would thus be in her debt. 
These were the price, at least she did suppose 
She'd be the welcomer because of those : 

But now she sees the vileness of her voirue,- 
The dung that close doth < v'ry duty clog; 
The sin that doth her holiness reprove, 
The enmity that close attends her love: 
The great heart hardness of her penitence, 
The stupid dulness of her vaunted reuse; 
The unbelief of former blazed faith, 
The utter nothingness of all she hath. 
The blackness of her beauty she can see, 
The pompous pride of strain'd humility, 
The naughtiness of all her tears and pray Vs, 
And now renounces all as worthless wares; 
And 6 doing nothing to commend herself, 
But what might damn her, her embezzled pelf; 
At sovereign grace's feet does prostrate fail, 
Content to be in Jesus' debt for all. 
Her noised virtues vanish out of sight, 
As starry tapers at meridian light; 
While sweetly, humbly, she beholds at length 
Christ, as her only righteousness and strength. 
He with the view throws down his loving dart, 
Imprest with power into her tender heart. 
C 



26 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

The deeper that the law's fierce dart was thrown, 
The deeper now the dart of love goes down : 
Hence, sweetly pain'd, her cries to heav'n doflee ; 

* O none but Jesus, none but Christ, for me : 
< O glorious Christ, O beauty beauty rare, 

€ Ten thousand thousand heav'ns are not so fair. 
f In him at once all beauties meet and shine, 
( The white and ruddy, human and divine. 
' As in his lovy, he's in his high abode, 

* The brightest image of the unseen God. 

* How justly do the harpers sing above, 

* His doing, dying, rising, reigning love! 

c How justly does he when his work is done, 
€ Possess the centre of his Father's throne ? 
6 How justly do his awful throne before 
6 Seraphic armies prostrate him adore : 

* That's both by nature and donation crownM, 
9 With all the grandeur of the godhead round 1 . 

' But wilt thou, Lord, in very deed come dwell 

* With me that was a burning brand of hell? 

* With me so justly reckon'd worse and less 
'Than insect, mite, or atom can express? 

« Wilt thou debase thy high imperial form, 

* To match with such a mortal, crawling worm? 
4 Yea, sure thine errand to our earthly coast, 

* Was in deep love to seek and save the lost g ; 

c And since thou deign'st the like of me towed, 
' O come and make my heart thy marriage-bed* 

* Fair Jesus, wilt thou marry filthy me? 
1 Amen, amen, amen ; so let it be.' 

6 Luke a'ix. i«. 



THL I5ELIEVLI* 5 ESPOUSALS. 
CHAP. III. 

The Fruits of the Believer s Marriage with Christ f 
particularly Gospel-holiness and Obedience to 
the Law as a Rule. 

SECT. I. 

The sweet Solemnity of the Marriage now over, and the 
sad Effects of the Remains of a legal Spirit. 

nPHE match is made, with little din 'tis done, 
But with great pow'r, unequal prizes won. 
The Lamb has fairly won his woithless bride; 
She her great Lord, and all his store beside. 
He made the poorest bargain, tho' most wise; 
And she, the fool, has won the worthy prize. 

Deep floods of everlasting love and grace, 
That under ground ran an eternal space, 
Now rise aloft 'bove banks of sin and hell, 
And o'er the tops of massy mountains swell. 
In streams of blood are tow'rs of guilt o'erflowi), 
Down with the rapid purple current thrown. 

The bride now as her all can Jesus own, 
And prostrate at his footstool cast her crown, 
Disclaiming all her former groundless hope, 
While in the dark her soul did weary grope. 
Down tumble all the hills of self-conceit, 
In him alone she sees herself complete; 
Does his fair person with fond arms embrace, 
And all her hopes on his full merit place ; 
Discard her former mate, and henceforth draw 
No hope, no expectation from the law. 

Though thus her new-created nature soar?, 
And lives aloft on Jesus' heav'nly stores ; 
Yet, apt to stray, her old adult' rous heart 
Oft takes her old renounced husband's part : 
A legal covenant is so deep ingrain'd, 
Upon the human nature lapsM and stain'd, 
C g 



G-OSPEL SONNETS. 

That, till her spirit mount the purest clime, 
She's never totally divore'd in time. 
Hid in her corrupt part's proud bosom, lurks 
borne hope of life still, by the law of works. 

Hence flow the following evils more or less ^ 
Preferring oft her partial holy dress V 

Before her husband's perfect righteousness. J 

Hence joying more in grace already giv'n 
Than in her head and stock that's all in heav'n. 
Hence grieving more the want of frames and grace, 
Than of himself the spring of all solace. 

Hence guilt her soul imprisons, lusts prevail, -* 
While to the law her rents insolvent fail, 
And yet her faithless heart rejects her husband's j 
bail. J 

Hence foul disorders rise, and racking fears, 
While doubtful of his clearing past arrears; 
Vain dreaming, since her own obedience fails, 
His likewise little for her help avails. 

Hence duties are a task, while all in view 
Is heavy yokes of laws, or old or new: 
Whereas, were once her legal bias broke, 
She'd find her Lord's commands an easy yoke. 
No galling precepts on her neck he lays, 
For any debt commands, save what he pays 
By promis'd aid ; but, lo! the grievous law, 
Demanding brick, wont aid her with a straw. 

Hence also fretful, grudging, discontent 14 , ^ 
Crav'd by the law, finding her treasure spent, ^ 
And doubting if her Lord will pay the rent. j 

Hence pride -of duties too, does often swell, 
Presuming she perform'd so very well. 

Hence pride of graces, and inherent worth, 
Springs from her corrupt legal bias forth ; 
And boasting more a present withering frame, 
Than her exalted Lord's unfading name. 

Hence many tails and plunges in the mire, 
As many new conversions do require; 

* Rom. vii. 8. 



THE BELIEVER'S ESPOUSALS, 

i atise her faithless heart sad follies breed, 
Much lewd departure from her living head, 
Who, to i< prove her aggravated crimes, 
Leaves Ikt abandoned to herself at tunes; 
That, falling into frightful deeps, she may 
From sad experience learn more stress to lay, 
Not on her native efforts, but at length 
On Christ alone, her righteousness and strength; 
Conscious, while in her works she seeks repose, 
iler legal spirit breeds her many woes. 

SECT. II. 

Faith's Victories over Sin and Satan, through new and 
farther Discoveries of Christ, making Believers more 
fruitful in Holiness than all other Pretenders to Works. 

The gospel- path leads heav'nward; hence the fray 
Hell pow'rs still push the bride the legal way. 
So hot the water, her life's a troubled flood, 
A field of battle, and a scence of blood. 
But he that once commence! the work in her, 
Whose working fingers drop the sweetest myrrh, 
Will still advance it by alluring force, 
And from her ancient mate, more clean divorce : 
Since 'tis her antiquated spouse the law, 
The strength of sin and hell did on her draw. 
Piece-meal she finds hell's mighty force abate, 
By new recruits from her almighty Mate. 
Fresh armour sent from grace's magazine, 
Makes her proclaim eternal war with sin. 
The shield of faith, dyed in the surety's blood, 
Drowns fiery darts, as in a crimson flood. 
The Captain's ruddy banner, lifted high, 
Makes hell rfetire, and all the furies fly. 
Yea, of his glofy ev'ry recent glance 
Makes sin decay, and holiness advance. 
In kindness therefore does her heav'nly Lord" 
Renew'd discov'ries of his love afford, 
C 3 



30 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

That her enamour' d soul may with the view 
Be cast into his holy mould anew: 
For when he manifests his glorious grace, 
The charming favour of his smiling face, 
Into Ins image fair transforms her soul 1 , 
And watts her upward to the heav'nly pole, 
From glory unto glory by degrees, 
Till vision and fruition shall suffice. 
And thus in holy beauty Jesus' bride 
Shines far beyond the painted sons of pride, 
Vain merit-vouchers, and their subtle apes, 
In all their vast refm'd, delusive shapes. 

No lawful child is ere the marriage born ; 
Though therefore virtues feign* d their life adorn. 
The fruit they bear is but a spurious brood, 
Before this happy marriage be made good. 
And 'tis not strange; for, from a corrupt tree 
No fruit divinely good produced can be k . 
But lo! the bride, graft in the living root, 
Brings forth most precious aromatic fruit. 
When her new heart and her new Husband meet, 
Her fruitful womb is like a heap of wheat, 
Beset with fragrant lilies round about 1 , 
All divine graces in a comely rout, 
Burning within, and shining bright without. 
And thus the bride, as sacred Scripture saith, 
When dead unto the law through Jesus'death m , 
And match'd with him, bears to her God and Lord 
Acccepted fruit with incense pure decor'd. 
Freed from law debt, and bless d with gospel ease. 
Her work is now her dearest Lord to please, 
By living on him as her ample stock, 
And leaning to him as her potent rock. 
The fruit that each law-wedded mortal brings 
To self accresces, as from self it springs; 
So base a rise must have a base recourse, 
The stream can mount no higher than its source, 

* 2 Cor. iii.iS. k Mat. vii. 17, 18. 1 CaiU.vii. 2. ,n Rota.vii.4. 



} 



THE RELIEVER'S ESPOUSALS. 

But Jesus can his* bride's sweet fruit commend. 
As brought from bim the root, to him the end. 
She does by such an offspring him avow 
To be her Alpha and Omega too. 
The work and warfare be begins, he crowns, 
Though maugre various conflicts, upsand downs. 
Thus through the darksome veil she makes her way 
Until the morning-dawn of glory's day. 

SECT. III. 

True saving Faith Magnifying the Laiv, both as a Cove- 
nant, and a Rule. False Faith unfruitful and ruining* 

Proud nature may reject this gospel-theme, 
And curse it as an Antinomian scheme. 
Let slander bark, let envy grin and fight* 
The curse that is socauselesss shall not light". 
If they that fain would make by holy force 
'Twixt sinners and the law a clean divorce, 
And court the Lamb a virgin chaste to wife, 
Be charg'd as foes to holiness of life, 
Well may they suffer gladly on this score; 
Apostles great were so malign'd before. 
Do we make void the law through faith ? nay why. 
We do it more fulfil and magnify 
Than fiery seraphs can with holiest flash; 
Avaut, vain legalists, unworthy trash; 

When as a cov'nant stern the law commands, 
Faith puts her Lamb's obedience in its hands; 
And when its threats gush out a fiery flood, 
Faith stops the current with her victim's blood. 
The law can crave no more, yet craves no less, 
Than active, passive, perfect righteousness. 
Yet here is ail, yea, more than its demand, 
All render'd to it by a divine hand. 
Mankind is-bound law-service still to pay, 
Yea, angel-kind is also bound t' obey. 

R IVoY.xxvi. 2. ° Rom. ill. zi> 

c 4 



32 



COSP^EL SONNETS. 



It may by human and angelic blaze 
Have honour, but in finite partial ways. 
These natures have its lustre once dtfac'd, 
'Twill be by part of both for ay disgnac'd, 
^ et, had they all olx^equious stood and true, 
They'd giv<n the law no more than homage due ; 
But faith gives* t honour yet. more great, more odd, 
The high the humble service of its God. 

Again to view the holy law's command, 
As lodged in a Mediator's hand ; 
Faith gives it honour, as a rule of life, 
And makes the bride the Lamb's obedient wife. 
Due homage to the law those never did, 
To wlium th' obedience pure of faith is hid. 
Faith works by love*, and purifies the heart r , 
And truth advances in the inward part ; 
On carnal hearts impresses divine stamps, 
And sully'd lives inverts to shining lamps. 
From Abram's seed that are most strong in faith, 
The law most honour, God most glory hath. 
But. due respect to neither can be found, -^ 

Where unbelief ne'er got a mortal wound, j> 

To still the virtue-vaunter's empty sound. J 
Good works he boasts, a path he never trod, 
Who is not yet the workmanship of God s , 
In Jesus thereunto created new; 
Nois'd works that spring not hence are but a shew. 
True faith, that's of a noble divine race, 
Is still a holy sanctifying grace ; 
And greater honour to the law does share, 
Than boasters all that breathe the vital air. 
Ev'n heathen morals vastly may outshine 
The works that flow not from a faith divine. 

Pretensions high to faith a number have, 
But, ah ! it is a faith that cannot save : 
"We trust, say they, in Christ, we hope in God: 
Nor blush to blaze their rotten faith abroad. 

p E|>h. ii. 10. r Gal. v. 9» ' Bp!l. ii. 9. 



THE BELIEVER'S ESPOUSALS. 33 

Nor try tlie trust of which they make a shew, 
If of a saving or a damning hue. 
They own their sins ar ill ; true, but 'tis sad, 
They never thought their faith and hope were bad. 
How evideut'8 their home-bred nat'ral blaze, 
Who dream they have believ'd weH all their days; 
\\ . ik - er felt their unbelief, nor knew 
The oeed ofpow'r their nature to renew? 
Blind souls that boast of faith yet live in sin, 
May hence conclude their faith is to begin; 
Or know they snail, by such an airy faith, 
Believe themselves io everlasting wrath. 

Faith that nor lea is to good, nor keeps from ill, 
Will never had to heav'n, nor keep from hell. 
The body, without breath, is dead 1 ; no less 
Is faith without the works of holiness", 
How rare is saving faith, when earth is cramm'd 
With such as will believe, and yet be damn'd; 
Believe the gospel, yet with dread and awe 
Have never truly first btiiev'd the law? 
That matters shall be well, they hope too soon, 
Who never yet have seen they were undone. 
Can of salvation their belief be true, 
Wiio never yet belrev'd damnation due? 
Can these of endless life have solid faith, 
Who never fear'd law-threats ol endless death ? 
Nay, sail'd they han't yet to the healing shore, 
Who never fell their sinful, woeful sore. 

Imaginary faith is but a blind. 
That bears no fruit but of a deadly kind: 
Nor can from such a wild unwholesome root, - 
The least production rise of living fruit. 
But saving faith can such an offspring breed, . 
Her native product is a holy seed. 
The fairest issues of the vital breath, 
Spring from the fei tile womb of heav'n- born faith ; 

: Jamts ii. *6. u Tair.cs ii. 17, 20 t 

c 5 ' 



34 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

Yet boasts she nothing of her own, but brings 
Auxiliaries from the King of kings, 
Who graves his royal law in rocky hearts, 
And gracious aid in soft'ning show'rs imparts: 
This gives prolific virtue to the faith, 
Inspir'd at first by his almighty breath. 
Hence, fetching all her succours from abroad, 
She still employs this mighty pow'rof God : 
Drain'd clean of native pow'rs and legal aims, 
No strength but in and from Jehovah's claims ; 
\nd thus her service to the law o'ertops 
The tow'ringzeal of Pharasaic fops. 

SECT. IV. 

The Believer only, being married to Christ, is justified 
and sanctified : and the more Gospel Freedom from 
the Late as a Covenant, the more holy Conformity to 
ii ris a Rule. 

Thus doth the Husband, by his Father's will, 
Both for and in his bride the law fulfil : 
For her as 'tis a covenant; and then 
In her, as 'tis a rule of life to men. 
First, all law-debt he most completely pays, 
Then, of law-duties, all the charge defrays; 
Does first assume her guilt, and loose her chains ; 
And then, with living water, wash her stains; 
Her fund restore, and then her form repair, 
And make his fill thy bride a beauty fair; 
His perfect righteousness most freely grant, 
And then his holy image deep implant: 
into her heart his precious seed indrop, 
Which in his time will yield a glorious crop. 
But, by alternate turns, his plants he brings 
Through robbing winters and repairing springs, 
lit uce, pining oft, they sutler sad decays, 
J$y dint of shady nights and stormy days, 
Lut blest with sap, and influence from above, 
The) live and grow anew in faith and love; 



THE BELIEVER'S ESPOUSALS. 35 

Until transplanted to the higher soil 
Where furies tread no more, nor foxes spoil. 

While Christ the living root remains on high. 
The noble plant of grace can never die ; 
Nature decays, and so will ail the fruit 
That merely rises on a mortal root. 
Their works, however splendid, are but dead, 
That from a living fountain don't proceed; 
Their fairest fruit is but a garnish'd shrine, 
That are not grafted in the glorious Vine. 
Devoutest hypocrites are rank'd in rolls 
Of painted puppets, not of living souls. 

Xo offspring but o f Christ's fair bride is good : . 
This happy marriage has a holy brood. 
Let sinners learn this mystery to read, -j 

We bear to glorious Christ no precious seed, > 
Till through the law, we to the law be dead*. J 
No true obedience to the law but fore VI, 
Can any yield, tiii from the law 7 divorced. 
Nor to it, as a rule, is homage giv'n. 
Till from it, as a cov'nant, men be driv'n. 
Yea more, till once they this divorce attain, . 
Divorce from sin they but attempt in vain ; 
The cursed yoke of sin they basely draw, 
Till once unyoked from the cursing law. 
Sin's full dominion keeps its native place, 
While men are under law, not under grace 7 . 
For mighty hills of enmity wont move, 
Till touch'd by conqu'ring grace and mighty love, 

Were but the gospel-secret understood, 
How God can pardon where he sees no good ; 
How grace and mercy free, that can't be bought, 
Reign through a righteousness already wrought; 
Were woeful reigning unbelief depoe'd, 
Mysterious grace to blinded minds disclosM ; 
Did heay'n with gospel-news its pow'r convey, 1 
And thinners hear a faithful God but say, ^ 

4 2so more law-debt remains for you to pay; J 

* Cal.ii. 19. > Rom.vi. 14* 



30 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

■ Lo, by the loving Surety all's discharged, 
Their hearts behov'd with love to be enlarg'd. 
Love, the succinct fulfilling of the law*, 
Were then the easy yoke they'd sweetly draw ; 
Love would constrain and to his service move, 
Who left them nothing else to do but love. 

Slight now his loving precepts if they can ; 
No, no; his conqu'ring kindness leads the van. 
When everlasting love exerts the sway, 
They judge themselves morekiudly bound t'obey. 
Bound by redeeming grace, in stricter sense 
Thau ever Adam was in innocence. 

Why now, they are not bound, as formerly, 
To do and live, nor yet to do or die ; 
Both life and death are put in Jesus' hands, 
Who urges neither in his kind commands, 
In ot servile work, their life and heav'n to win, 
Nor slavish labour, death and hell to shun. 
Their aims are purer, since they understood, 
Their heav'n was bought, their hell was quench'd 

blood. 
The oars of gospel-service now they steer, 
Without or legal hope or slavish fear. 

The bride in sweet security can dwell, 
Nor bound to purchase heav'n, nor vanquish hell : 
But bound for him the race of love to run, 
Whose love to her left none of these undone; 
She's bound to be the Lamb's obedient wife 
And in his strength to serve him during life; 

j iorify his loving name for ay, 
Who left her not a single mite to pay 
Of legal debt, but wrote for her at large 
in characters of blood, a lull discharge. 

, en forth no servile task her labours prove, 
But grateful fruits of reverential iove. 

-' RoRi. xiii. to. 



THE BELIEVERS ESPOUSALS. 37 

SECT. V. 

Gospel-grace giving no Liberty nor Freedom to Sin, but 
to holy Service and pure Obedience* 

The glorious Husband's love can't lead the wife 
To whoredom, or licentiousness of lite : 
Nay, nay; she finds his wannest love within, 
The hottest lire to melt her heart for sin. 
His kind embrace is still the strongest cord 
To bind her to the service of her Lord. 
The more her faith insures this love of his, 
The more his law her delectation is. 
Some dream, they might, who this assurance win, 
Take latitude and liberty to sin. 
Ah! such bewray their ignorance, and prove -j 
They want the lively sense of drawing lov^, I 
And how its sweet constraining force can move. J 
The ark of grace came never in to dwell, 
But Dagon-lusts before it headlong fell. 

Men baseiy can unto lasciviousness 
Abuse the doctrine, not the work of grace. 
Huggers of divine love in vice's path, 
Have but the fancy of it, not the faith. 
They never soar'd aloft on grace's wing, 
That knew not grace to be a holy thing : 
When regnant she the pow'rs of hell appals, 
And sin's dominion in the ruin falls. 

Curs'd is the crew whose antinomian dress 
Makes grace a cover to their idleness. 
The bride of Christ will sure be very loth 
To make his love a pillow for her sloth. 
Why, mayn't she sin the more that grace abounds? 
Oh, God forbid ! the very thought confounds. 
When dead unto the law, sne's dead to sin ; 
How can she any longer live therein"? 
To neither of them is she now a slave, 
But shares the conquest of the great, the brave, 

1 Rom. vi, i; 2t 



38 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

The mighty General, her victorious Head, 
Who broke the double chain to free the bride. 

Hence, prompted now with gratitude and love, 
Her cheerful feet in swift obedience move. 
More strong the cords of love to duty draw, 
Than hell, and ad the curses of the law. 
When with seraphic love the breast's inspir d, 
By that are all the other graces tir'd; 
These kindling round, the burning heart and frame 
In life and walk send forth a holy flame. 



CHAP. IV; 

A Caution to all against a legal Spirit; especially 
to those that hare a Profession without Power, 
and learning without Grace. 

^W"HY, says the haughty heart of legalists, 

Bound to the law of works by nat'ral twists, 
c Why such ado about a law-divorce? [worse? 
' Men's lives are bad, and would you have them 
1 Such antinomian stuff with laboured toil 
' Would human beauty's native lustre spoil. 
' What wickedness beneath the cov'ring lurks, 

* That lewdly would divorce us all from works? 
■ Why such a stir about the law and grace? 

* We know that merit cannot now take place. 

1 And what needs more?' Weil, to let slander drop., 
Be merit for a little here the scope. 

Ah! many learn to lisp in gospel-terms, 
Who yet embrace the law with legal arms. 
By wholesome education some are taught 
To own that human merit now is naught; 
Who faintly but renounce proud merit's name, 
And cleave refin'dly to the Popish scheme; 
For graceful works ex) ecting divine bliss, 
And, when they fail, trust Christ for what's amiss. 
Thus to his righteousness profess to flee, 
let by it still would their own saviours, be. 



THE BELIEVERS BUQUSA.LS. 3£ 

They seem, to works of merit bloody foes, 
Yet seek salvation as it were 5 by those. 
Blind Gentiles found, who did not seek nor know; 
But Isra'l lost it whole, who Bought it bo. 

Let all that love to wear the legal dress, 
Know that as sin, so bastard righteousness 
Has slain its thousands, who in tow'ring pride 
The righteousness of Jesus Christ deride 
A robe divinely wrought, divinely won ; 
Yet cast by men, for rags that are their own. 
But some to legal works seem whole deny'd, 
Yet would by gospel-works be justify'd, 
By faith, repentance, love, and other such: -i 
These dreamers being righteous overmuch, > 
Like Uzza, give the ark a wrongful touch. J 
By legal deeds, however gospelizVl, 
Can e'er tremendous justice be appeas'd? 
Or sinners justify'd before that God, 
Whose law is perfect, and exceeding broad? 
Nay, faith itself, that leading gospel-grace, 
Holds as a work no justifying place : 
Just Heav'n to man for righteousness imputes 
Not faith itself, or in its acts or fruits, 
But Jesus 1 meritorious life and death, 
Faith's proper object, all the honour hath. 
From this doth faith derive its glorious fame, 
Its great renown and justifying name; 
Receiving all things but deserving nought; 
By faith all 's begg'd and taken, nothing bought. 
Its highest name is from the wedding vote, 
So instrumental in the marriage-knot. 

Jehovah lends the bride, in that blest hour, 
Til' exceeding greatness of his mighty pow'r c ; 
Which sweetly does her heart-consent command. 
To reach the wealthy prince her naked hand. 
For close to his embrace she'd never stir, 
If first his loving arms embrac'd not her: 
J Rom. fab 3Zt c Ephes. vii. 16. 



40 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

But this he does by kindly gradual chase, 
Of rousing, raising, teaching, drawing grace. 
He sh< \vs her in his sweetest love address, 
His glory, as the Sun of .righteousness ; 
At which all dying ; lories ( nth adorn, 
Shrink like the sir k moon at the w hoiesome morn. 
This glorious Sun arising with a graces, 
Dark shade of creature-righteousness to chase, 
Faith now disclaims itself, ana all tiie train -\ 
Of virtues formerly accounted gam; > 

And counts them dutfg*,with holy meek disdain. J 
For now appears the height, the depth immense 
Of divine bounty and benevolence; 
Amazing mercy! ignorant ol bounds! 
Which most enlarged faculties confounds. 
How vain, how void now seem the vulgar charms, 
The monarch's pomp of courts, and pride of arms ? 
The boasted beauties of the human kind, 
The pow'rs of body, and the gifts of mind? 
Lo! in the grandeur of linmanuei's train, 
All's swallow'd up, as rivers in the main. 
He's seen, when gospel-light and sight is giv'n, 
Encompass'd round with all the pomp of heav'n. 
The soul, now taught of God, sees human 
schools 
Make Christless rabbi's only lit'rate fools; 
And that, till divine teaching pow'rful draw, 
No learning will divorce them from the law 7 . 
Mere argument may clear the head, and force 
A verbal, not a cordial clean divorce; 
Hence many, taught the wholesome terms of art, 
Have gospel-heads, but still a legal heart. 
Till sov'reign grace and pow'r the sinner catch, 
He takes not Jesus for his only match. 
Nay, works complete! ah! true, however odd, 
Dead works are rivals with the living God. 
Till Heaven's preventing mercy clear the sight, 
Confound the pride with supemat'ral light; 

d Phil, iii, 7, 8. 



the believer's ESPOUSALS. 41 

No haughty soul 6f human kind is brought 
To mortify her self-exalting thought. 

\ I i bo'tu s1 ( Keaturj - in day-tents that lodge, 
Be their lives scann'd by the dreadful Jud 

How shall they e'er his awful search endure, 
Biibre Whose purest eyes heav'n is not pure? 
How must their black indictment be. enlargNi, 
When by him angels are with folly charg'd? 
"What human worth shall stand, when he shall 
O may his glory stain the pride of man! [scan? 
How wondrous are the tracks of divine grace! 
How search less are his ways, how vast tlf abyss! 
Let haughty reason stoop, and fear to leap; 
Angelic plummets cannot sound the deep. 
With scorn he turns his eyes from haughty kings, 
With pleasure looks on low and worthless things; 
Deep are his judgments, sovereign is his will, 
Let ev'ry mortal worm be dumb, be still. 
In vain proud reason swells beyond its bound; -i 
God and his counsels are a gulf profound, > 

An ocean, wherein all our thoughts are drown'd. J. 



CHAP. V. 



Arguments and Encouragements to Gospel Minis-' 
/ r$ to avoid a legal Strain of Doctrine, and 
endeavour the Sinners Match with Christ by 
Gospel-means 

SECT. I. 

A legal Spirit the Root of damnable Errors. 

^V"E heralds great, that blow in name of God, 
The silver trump of gospel-grace abroad ; 
And sound, by warrant from the great I AM, 
The nuptial treaty with the worthy Lamb: 



' 



KOSPEL SONNETS. 



Might ye but stoop th' unpolish'd muse to brook. 
And from a shrub an wholesome berry pluck ; 
Wd take encouragement from what is said* i 
By gospel-means to make the marriage-bed, !> 
And to your glorious Lord a virgin chaste to wed* J 

The more proud nature bears a legal sway, 
The more should preachers bend the gospel way* 
Oft in the church arise destructive schisms 
From anti-evangelic aphorisms ; 
A legal spirit may be justly nam'd 
The fertile womb of ev'ry error damn'd. 

Hence Pop'ry, so connat'ral since the fall, 
Makes legal works, like saviours, merit all ; 
Yea, more than merit on their shouider loads, 
To supererogate like demi-gods. 
Hence proud Socmians seat their reason high* 
'Bove ev'ry precious gospel-mystery, 
Its divine Author stab, and without fear, 
The purple covert of his chariot tear. 

With these run Arian monsters in a line, 
All gospel-truth at once to undermine ! 
To darken and delete, like hellish foes* 
The brightest colour of the Sharon Rose. 
At best its human red they but decry, 
That blot the divine white, the native dye. 

Hence dare Arminians too, with brazen face, 
Give man's free-will the throne of God's free 
Whose self-exalting tenets clearly shew [grace; 
Great ignorance of law and gospel too. 

Hence i\eonomians spring, as sundry call 
The new law-makers to redress our fall. 
The law of w 7 or.ks into repentance, faith, 
Is changed, as their Baxterian-bible saith. 
Shaping the gospel to an easy law, 
They build their tott'ring house with hay and 

straw ; 
Yet hide, like Rachel's idols in the stuff, 
Their legal hands within a gospel mufti. 



Tin: believer's espousals. fS 

Yea, hence springs Antinomian vile refuse, 
Whose gross abettors gospel grace abuse : 
Unskilled how grace's silken latchet binds 
Her captives to the law, with willing minds. 

SECT. IT. 

A legal Strain of Doctrine discovered and discarded. 

No wonder Paul the legal spirit curse, 
Of fatal errors such a feeding nurse. 
He, in Jehovah's great tremendous name, 
Condemns perverters of the gospel-scheme. 
He damn'd the sophist rude, the babbling priest 
Would venture to corrupt it in the least; 
Yea, curs' d the heav'nly angel down to hell, 
That daring would another gospel tell e . [pense 
Which crime is charg'd on these that dare dis- 
The self-same gospel in another sense. 

Christ is not preach'd in truth, but in disguise, 
If his fright glory half absconded lies; 
When gospel soldiers that divide the word, 
Scarce brandish any but the legal sword. 
While Christ the author of the law they press, 
More than the end of it for righteousness; 
Christ as a seeker of our service trace, 
More than a giver of enabling grace. 
The King commanding holiness they show, 
More than the Prince exalted to bestow; 
Yea, more on Christ the sin-revenger dwell, 
Than Christ Redeemer both from sin and hell. 

With legal spade the gospel-field he delves, 
Who thus drives sinners in unto themselves; 
Halving the truth that should be all reveaTd, 
The sweetest part of Christ is oft conceafd. 
"We bid men turn from sin, but seldom say, 
Behold the Lamb that takes all sin away f ! 
Christ, by the gospel rightly understood, 
Not only treats a peace, but makes it good 

c Gai. i. 7,8. f John i. io. 



4*4 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

Those suitors, therefore, of the hride, who hope, 
By force, to drag her with the legal rope ; 
Nor use the drawing cord of conquering grace, 
Pursue with flaming zeal a fruitless chase* 
In vain lame doings urge, with solemn awe, 
To bribe the fury of the fiery law : 
With equal success to the fool that aims, 
B}" paper walls to bound devouring flames. 

The law's but mock'd by their most graceful 
That wed not first the law-fulfilling Head ; [deed, 
It values neither how they wrought nor wept, 
That slight the ark wherein alone 'tis kept. 
Yet legalists, DO, DO, with ardour press, •* 
And with prepost'rous zeal and warm address, > 
Would seem the greatest friends to holiness: J 
But vainly (could such opposites accord) 
Respect the law, and yet reject the Lord, 
They shew not Jesus as the way to bliss, 
But, Judas-like, betray him with a kiss 
Of boasted works, or mere profession puft, 
Law T -boasters, proving but law-breakers oft. 

SECT. III. 

The Hnrtfulness of not preaching Christ, and distin- 
guishing duly between Law and Gospel. 

H ell cares not how crude holiness be preach'd, 
If sinners match with Christ be never reach'd; 
Knowing their holiness is but a sham, 
Who ne'er are married to the holy Lamb. 
Let words have never such a pious shew, 
And blaze aloft in rude professor's view, 
With sacred aromatics richly spie'd, 
If they but drown in silence glorious Christ: 
Or if he may some vacant room supply, 
Make him a subject only by the bye; 
They mar true holiness with tickling chat, 
To breed a bastard Pharisaic brat. 



THE BELIEVER S ESPOTTSALS. 4S" 

They woefully the gospel message broke, 
Make fearful havoc of the Master's flock ; 

V< t please tlu-msi Ives, and the blind multitude, 
By whom tne gospel's little understood. 

Rude sods, perhaps, imagine little odds 
Between tie legal and the gospel roads: 
But vainly men attempt to blend the two; 
Th< y differ more than Christ and Moses do. 
Moses, evangelizing in a shade, 
By types the news of light approaching spread : 
B it from the law of works, by him proclaim'd, 
No ray of gospel-grace or mercy gleam'd. 
B\ uaturefa light, the law to ail is known, 
But lightsome news of gospel-grace to none. 
I .\'.' doing cov'nant now, in part or whole, 
Is strong to dama, but weak to save a soul. 
It hurts, and cannot help, but as it tends 
Through mercy, to subserve some gospel-ends, 
Law-thunder roughly to the gospel tames, 
The gospel mildly to the law reclaims. 
The fiery law, as 'tis a covenant, 
Schools men to see the gospel-aid they want; 
Then gospel-aid does sweetly them incline, 
Back to the law, as 'tis a rule divine. 
Heav'n's healing work is oft commenced with 

wounds, 
Terror begins what loving-kindness crowms. 
Preachers may therefore press the fiery law, 
To strike theChristless man with dreadful awe: 
Law threats which for his sins to hell depress, 
Yea, damn him for his rotten righteousness; 
That while he views the law exceeding broad, 
He fain may wed the righteousness of God. 

But, ah! to press law-works as terms of life, 
"Was ne'er the way to court the Lamb a wife. 
To urge conditions in the legal frame, 
Is to renew the vain old cov'nant game. 
The law is good, when lawfully 'tis ns'd*, 
But most destructive when it is abus\l. 



4G GOSPEL S0NNET3. 

They set no duties in their proper sphere, 
Who duly law and gospel don't sever; 
But under massy chains let sinners lie, 
As tributaries, or to DO or DIE. 
Nor make the law a squaring rule of life, 
But in the gospel-throat a bloody knife, 

SECT. IV. 

JDamnable Pride and Self-righteousness , so natural to 
all :\len, has little Need to be encouraged by legal 
Preaching. 

The legal path proud nature loves so well, 
(Though yet 'tis but the cleanest road to hell) 
That lo ! e'en these that take the foulest ways, 
Whose lewdness no controuling bridle stays, 
If but their drowsy conscience raise its voice, 
'Twill speak the law of works, their native choice, 
And echo to the rousing sound; c Ah, true! 

* I cannot hope to live unless I DO.' 

No conscious breast of mortal kind can trace 
The myst'ry deep of being sav'd by grace. 
Of this, nor is the nat'ral conscience skill'd, 
Nor will admit it when it is reveal'd ; 
But pushes at the gospel like a ram, 
As proxy for the law, against the Lamb. 
The proud self-righteous Pharisaic strain 
Is, ' Blest be God, I'm not like other men ; 

* I read and pray, give alms, I mourn and fast h , 

* And therefore hope I'll get to heav'n at last : 

* For, though from ev'ry sin I be not free, 

4 Great multitudes of men are worse than me. 

* I'm none of those that swear, cheat, drink, and 

whore.' 
Thus on the law he builds his Babel tow'r. 

Yea, ev'n the vilest cursed debauchee -j 

Will make the law of works his very plea; > 

* Why, (says the rake) what take you me to be? J 

" . Tim. i. .3, h Lcfcc xviii. n ; xa. 



THE BELIEVERS ESPOUSALS. 47 

c A Turk or i nfidel ; (you lie) I can't -^ 

' Be term'd so base, but by a sycophant; > 

c Only I hate to act the whining saint. J 

c I am a Christian true; and therefore bode, 

* It shall be well with me, I hope in God. 
' An't I an honest man? yea, I dety 

1 The tongue that dare assert black to mine eye.' 
Perhaps, when the reprover turns his back, 
He'll vend the viler wares o' 's open'd pack, 
And with his fellows, in a strain more big, 

* Bid damn the base, uncharitable whig. 

* These scoundrel hypocrites (he'll proudly say) 

* Think none shall ever merit heav'n but they, 

* And yet we may compete with them; for see, 
c The best have blemishes as well as we. 

f We have as good a heart (we trust) as these, 
, Tho' not their vain superfluous shew and blaze, 

* Bigotted zealots, whose foul crimes are hid, 

* Would damn us all to hell ; but God forbid. 

* Whatever such a whining sect profess, 
1 'Tis but a nice, morose, affected dress. 

* And though we don't pretend so much as they, 

* We hope to compass heav'n a shorter way ; 

* We seek God's mercy, and are all along 

4 Most free of malice, and do no man wrong. 

* But whims fantastic shan't our heads annoy, 
' That would our social liberties destroy. 

* Sure, right religion never was design'd 

' To mar the native mirth of human kind. 

* How weak are those that would be thought non- 

such ! 

* How mad, that would be righteous o'ermuch ! 

* We have sufficient, though we be not cramm'd; 
4 We'll therefore hope the best, let them be 

damn'd.' 
Ah, horrid talk ! yet so the legal strain 
Lards e'en the language of the most profane. 
Thus dev'lish pride o'erlooks a thousand faults, 
And on a legal ground itself exalts. 



48 GOSPEL SONNET^ 

This DO and LIVE, though doing pow'r be lost, 
In ev'ry mortal is proud nature's boast. 
How doi j s a vain conceit of goodness swell, 
And feed false hope, amidst the shades of hell? 
Shall we, who should by gospel-methods draw, 
Send sinners to their nat'ral spouse the law; 
And harp upon the doing string to such, 
Who ignorantly dream they do so much? 
Why, thus, instead of courting Christ a bride, 
We harden rebels in their native pride. 

Much rather ought we in God's "name to place 
His great artill'ry straight against their face ; 
And throw hot Sinai thunder-bolts around, 
To burn their tow'ring hopes down to the ground ; 
To make the pillars of their pride to shake, 
And damn their doings to the burning lake ; 
To curse the doers unto endless thrall, 
That never did continue to do all 1 ; 
To scorch their conscience with the flaming air, 
And sink their haughty hopes in deep despair: 
Denouncing Ebal's black revenging doom, 
To blast their expectation in the bloom ; 
Till once vain hope of life by works give place 
Unto a solid hope of life by grace. 
The vig'rous use of means is safely urg'd, 
When pressing calls from legal dregs are purg'd; 
But most unsafely in a fed'ral dress, 
Confounding terms of life with means of grace. 
Oh! dang'rous is th' attempt proud flesh to please, 
Or send a sinner to the law for ease; 
Who rather needs to feel its piercing dart, 
Till dreadful pangs invade his trembling heart > 
And thither should be only sent for flames 
Of fire to burn his rotten hopes and claims; 
That thus disarmed, he gladly may embrace, 
And grasp with eagerness the news of grace* 

\ Gal. iii« ict 



THE BELIEYBR's ESPOUSALS* 49 



SECT. V. 

Gospel of dirine Gface, the only Means of converting 

Sinners ; and should be preached therefore most clearly* 
fully, and freely. 

They ought, who royal grace's herald be, 
To trumpet loud salvation, full and free; 
Nor safely can to humour mortal pride, 
In silence evangelic myst'ries hide. 
What heav'n is pleas' d to give, dare we refuse? 
Or underground conceal, lest men abuse? 
Suppress the gospel-flow'r, upon pretence 
That some vile spiders may suck poison thence? 
Christ is a stumbling block k , shall we neglect 
To preach him, lest the blind should break their neck? 
That high he's for the fall of many set, 
As well as for the rise 1 , must prove no let. 
Xo grain of precious truth must be supprest, 
Though reprobates shouldto their ruin wrest. 
Shall heav'n's corruscant lamp be dimm'd, that pays 
Its daily tribute down in golden rays, 
Because some blinded with the blazing gleams, 
Share not the pleasure of the light'ning beams? 
Let those be harden'd, petrify'd, and harm'd, 
The rest are mollify'd and kindly warm'd. 
A various savour" 1 flowers in grace's field, 
Of life to some, of death to other's yield. 
Must then the rose be veil'd, the lily hid, 
Their fragrant savour stifled ? God forbid ! 

The revelation of the gospel-flower 
Is still the organ fam'd, of saving pow'r; 
.Most justly then are legal minds condemned, 
That of the glorious gospel are asham'd: 
Tor this ihe divine arm, and only this, 
The pow'r of God unto salvation is. 

* i Cor i. 23. l L«keii.34« n 1 Cjr.ii.iC* 

u 



50 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

For therein is reveaTd, to screen from wrath* 
The righteousness of God from faith to faith*. 

The happy change in guilty sinners case, 
They owe to free displays of sovereign grace ; 
Whose joyful tidings of amazing love, 
The ministration of the Spirit prove. 
The glorious vent the gospel-news express, 
Of God's free grace, thro' Christ's full righteousness, 
Is heav'n's gay chariot .where the Spirit bides, 
And in his conquering pow'r triumphant rides. 
The gospel-field is still the Spirit's soil, 
r rhe golden pipe that bears the holy oil ; 
The orb where he outshines the radiant sun, 
The silver channel where his graces run. 
Within the gospel-banks, his flowing tide 
Of lightning, quickening motions, sweetly glide. 
Received ye the Spirit, scripture saith , 
By legal works, or by the word of faith ? 
If by the gospel only, then let none 
Dare to be wiser than the wisest One. 

We must, who freely get, as freely give 
The vital w r ord that makes the dead to live. 
For ev'n to sinners dead within our reach, 
We, in his living name, may most successful preach. 

The Spirit and the scripture both agree 
Jointly, (says Christ) to testify of me p . 
The preacher then will from his text decline, 
That scorns to harmonize with this design. 
Press moral duties to the last degree ; 
Why not? but mind, lest we successful be, 
No light, no hope, no strength for duties spring, 
Where Jesus is not Prophet, Priest, and King. 
No light to see the way unless he teach, -\ 

No joyful hope, save in his blood, we reach" > 

No strength, unless his royal arm he stretch. J 

Then, from our leading scope, how gross we fall,-) 
If, like his name, in ev'ry gospel-call, > 

We make not him the First, the Last, the All ! J 

■ Rom.i, 26, 27. ° Gal. iii. 2. p John xv. 26. r John v. 39. 



THE BELIEVER^ ESPOUSALS. 51 

Our office is to bear the radiant torch 
Of gospel-light into thedark'ned porch 
Of human understandings, and display 

The joyful dawn of everlasting clay; 
To draw the golden chariot of free grace, 
The darkened shades with shining rays to chase, 
Till heav'n's bright lamp on circling wheels be huri*d 9 
Willi sparkling grandeur round the dusky world; 
And thus to bring in dying mortals sight, 
New life and immortality to light 8 . 
We're charg'd to preach the gospel unconhVd, 
Toev'ry creature 1 of the human kind ; 
To call, with tenders of salvation free, 
All corners of the earth to come and see u : 
And ev'ry sinner must excuseless make, 
By urging rich and poor to come and take*. 
Ho, ev'ry one that thirsts 7 , is grace's call 
Direct, to needy sinners, great and small ; 
Not meaning those alone, whose holy thirst 
Denominates their souls already blest. 
If only those were call'd, then none but saints; 
x ^or would the gospel suit the sinner's wants. 
Bui here the call does signally import, 
Sinneio, and thirsty souls of ev'ry sort ; 
Vnd mainly to their door the message brings, 
Who yet are thirsting after empty things; 
Who spend their means no living bread to buy, 
And pains for that which cannot satisfy. 
Such thirsty sinners here invited are, 
Who vainly spend their money, thought and care, 
On passing shades, vile lusts, and trash so base, 
As yield immortal souls no true solace. 
The call directs them, as they would be blest, 
To choose a purer object of their thirst. 
All are invited by the joyful sound, 
To drink who need, as does the parched ground, 

1 2 Tim. i. io. : Mark xvi. 15. ■ I>a.xlv. 22. 

John i. 39. 46. * Rev. xxii. 17. > Iia. lv. 1,2, 

D '3 



52 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

Whose wide-mouth'd clefts speak to the brazen fiky 
Its passive thirst, without an active cry. 

The gospel-preacher then, with holy skill, 
Must offer Christ, to whosoever will ; 
To sinners of all sorts that can be naitt'd ; 
The blind, the lame, the poor, the halt, the maim'd 2 ; 
Not daring to restrict th' extensive call, 
But op'niog wide the net to catch 'em all. 
No soul must be excluded that will come, 
Nor right of access be oonfin'd to some. 
Though none will come till conscious of their want, 
Yet right to come they have by sovereign grant ; 
Such right to Christ, his promise, and his grace, 
That all aredamn'd who hear and don't embrace. 
So freely is th' unbounded call dispensed, 
We therein findev'n sinners unconvinc'd, 
Who know not they are naked, blind, and poor a , ") 
Counsel I'd to buy or beg at Jesus' door, [store. J> 
And take the glorious robe, eye-salve, and golden- J 
This prize they are oblig'd by faith to win, 
Else unbelief would never be their sin. 
Yea, gospel-offers but a sham we make, 
If each description has not right to take. 

Be gospel-heralds fortify 'd from this, 
To trumpet grace, howe'er the serpent hiss. 
Did hell's malicious mouth in dreadful shape 
'Gainst innocence itself malignant gape? 
Then sacred truth's devoted voucher's mky 
For dire reproach their measures constant lay. 
With cruel calumny of old commenced, 
This sect will ev'ry where be spoke against b ; 
While to and fro he runs the earth across, 
'Whose name is Adelpiion kategoros c . 
In spite of hell be then our constant strife 
To win the glorious Lamb a virgin wife. 

7 Lukcxiv. 21. a Rev. iii. 17, 18. b Acts xxviii. 2Z« 

L Or, the accuser of the brethren. 



THE BELIEVERS ESPOUSALS, DO 



CHAP. VI. 

An Exhortation to all that are out of Christ; in 
order to their closing the Match with him: con- 
tabling also Motives and Directions, 

TREAD Ell, into thine hands these lines are giv'n, 

But not without the providence of heav'n ; 
Or to advance thy bliss, it" thou art wise, 
Or aggravate thy woe, if thou despise. 
For thee, for thee, perhaps, th' omniscient ken 
Has form'd the counsel here, and led the pen. 

The writer then does thy attention plead, 
In his great name that gave thee eyes to read. 

sect. r. 

Conviction offered to Shiners, especially such as are wedded 
sh icily V> the Law, or self-righteous, thai they may see 
the Need of Christ's Righteousness* 

If never yet thou didst fair Jesus wed, 
Nor yield thy heart to be Ins marriage-bed, 
But hitherto art wedded to the law, 
Which never could thy chain'd affections draw 
From brutish lusts, and soriid iover's charms ; 
Lo! thou art yet in Satan's folded arms. 
Heifs pow'r invisible, thy soul retains 
His captive slave, lock'd up in massy chains. 
O ! sinner then, as tnou regard'st thy life, ■% 

Seek, set iv with ardent care and earnest strife, I 
To be tlie glorious Lamb's bethrothed wife. J 

For base co-rivals never let him lose 
Thy heart, his bed of conjugal repose. 
Wed Christ alone, and with severe remorse, 
From other mates, pursue a clean divorce ; 
Fox they thy ruin seek by fraud or force. 
D 3 



} 



54 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

As lurking serpents in the shady bow'rs 
Conceal their malice under spreading ilow'rs; 
So thy deceitful lusts, with cruel spite, 
Hide ghastly danger under gay delight. 

Art thou a legal zealot, soft or rude, 
Renounce thy nat'rai and acquired good. 
As base deceitful lusts may work thy smart, 
So may deceitful frames upon thy heart : 
Seeming good motions may in some be found, 
Much joy in hearing, like the stony ground* ; 
JVIuch sorrow too in praying, as appears 
In Esau's careful suit with rueful tears 6 . 
Touching the law, they blameless may appear 5 , 
From spurious views most specious virtues bear : 
Nor merely be devout in men's esteem, 
But prove to be sincerely, what they seem; 
Friends to the holy law in heart and life, 
Suers of heay'n with utmost legal strife; 
Yet si ill, with innate pride so rankly spic'd. 
Converted but to duties not to Christ; 
That publicans and harlots heav'n obtain 5 
Before a crew so righteous and so vain. 
Sooner will those shake off their vicious dress, 
Than these blind zealots will their righteousness, 
Whojudge they have (which fortifies their pride) 
The law of God itself upon their side. 
Old nature, new brush'd up with legal pains, 
Such strict attachment to the law retains; 
No means, no motives can to Jesus draw 
Vain souls so doubly wedded to the law. 

But wouldst the glorious Prince in marriage have? 
Know that thy nat'ral husband cannot save. 
Thy best essays to pay the legal rent, 
Can never in the least the law content. 
Didst thou in pray'rs employ the morning-light, 
In tears and groans the watches of the night, 

« Lukcviii. 13. c Hcb.jui. 17. f Phil«iiL> B Mat.xxi. Jl 



THE BELIEVERS ESPOUSALS. ?0 

thy whole life in close devotion o'er? 
Tis nothing to the law still craving more. 
There's no proportion 'twixt its high commands, ") 

And puny works from thy polluted hands* J 

Perfection is the least, that it demands. J 

Wouldst enter into life, then keep the law h ; 
But keep it perfectly without a flaw. 
It wont have less, nor will abate at last 
A drop of vengeance for the sin that's past. 
Tell, sinful mortal, is thy stock so large, 
As duly can defray this double charge ? 
1 Why these are mere impossibles/ (say'st thou.) 
Yea, truly so they arc; and therefore now r , 
That down thy legal confidence may fall, 
The law's black doom home to thy bosom call. 

* Lo! I (the divine law) demand no less 

' Than perfect everlasting righteousness; 

' But thou hast fail'd, and lost thy strength to DO : 

* Therefore I doom thee to eternal woe; 
1 In prison close to be shut up for ay, 

' Ere I be baffled with thy partial pay. 

* Thou always didst and dost my precepts break, 
' I therefore curse thee to the burning lake. 

1 In God, the great Lawgiver's glorious name, 
' I judge thy soul to everlasting shame.' 
No flesh can by the law be justiued 1 ; 
Yet darest thou thy legal duties plead? 
As Paul appeal' d to Caesar, wilt thou so. ^ 

Unto the law? then to itshalt thou go, V 

And find it doom thee to eternal woe. J 

What! would ye have us plunge in deep despair? 
Amen : yea, God himself would have you there. 
His will it is that you despair of life, 
And safety by the law, or legal strife; 
That cleanly thence divore'd at any rate, 
His fairest Son may have a faithful mate. 

' Mat* xxi. 17. L Rom. iii. 20. 

D 4 



^>0 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

Till this law-sentence pass within your breast, 
You'll never wed the law-discharging Priest. 
You'll pride net heav'n till he through hell you draw; 
Nor love the gospel till you know the law. 

Know then, the divine law most perfect, cares 
For none of thy imperfect legal wares; 
Dooms thee to vengeance for thy sinful state, 
As well as sinful actions, small or great. 
If any sin can be accounted small, 
To hell it dooms thy soul for one and all. 
For sins of nature, practice, heart, and way, 
Damnation-rent it summons thee to pay. 
Yea, not; for sin alone, which is thy shame, 
But for thy boasted service too, so lame, 
The law adjudges thee and hell to meet, 
Because thy righteousness is incomplete. 
As tow' ring flames burn up the withered flags, 
So will the fiery law thy filthy rags. 

SECT. II. 

Direction given, vbith Reference to the fight Use of the 

Means, that we rest nut on these instead of Christ, the 
g lor ions Husband, in w/iom our Help lies. 

Adam, where art thou k ? soul whereartthou now? 
Oh ! art thou saying, -sir, what shall I do J ? 
I dare not use that proud self-raising strain ; 
Go help yourself, and God will help you then. 
Nay, rather know, O Isr'el, that thou hast 
Destroy'd thyself, and canst not in the least 
From sin nor wrath thyself the captive free; 
Thy help (says Jesus) only lies in me m . 
Heav'n's oracles direct to him alone; 
Full help is laid upon this mighty One. 
In him, in him complete salvation dwells! 
He's God the helper, and there is none else". 
Fig-lea es wont hide thee from the fiery show'r, 
'Tis he alone that saves by price and pow'r. 

k Gen. in. 9. ■ Mark x.17. m Hos. xJii. 9. n I>a. xlv. ::. 



THE BELIEVER'S ESPOUSALS. 57 

Must we do nothing then (will mockers say) 
But rest in sloth till heav'o the help convey? 
Prs v, stop ;i little, sinner, dont abuse 
Cod's awful word, that charges thee to use 
Mean . ordinances, which he's pleas'd to place, 
As precious channels of his pow'rful grace. 
ILi stless improve all these, until from heav'n 
The whole salvation needful thus be given. 
Wait in this path, according to his call, 
On him whose pow'r alone afiecteth all. 
Wou'ldst thou him wed, in duties wait, I say : 
But marry not thy duties by the way. 
Thou'lt woefully come short of saving grace, 
If duties only be thy resting place. 
Nay, go a little further through them all, 
To him whose office is to save from thrall. 
Thus in a gospel-manner hopeful wait, 
Striving to enter by the narrow gate : 
So strait and narrow, that it wont admit 
The bunch upon thy back to enter it. 
Xot only bulky lusts may cease to press, 
But ev'n the bunch of boasted righteousness, 

iiv, asm the sacred page we see, 
Shall strive to enter, but unable be r : 
Because, mistaking this new way of life, 
They push a legal, not a gospel strife: 
As if their duties did Jehovah bind, 
Because 'tis written, Seek and ye shall find*. . 
Perverted scripture does their error fence, 
They read the letter, but neglect the sense. 
While to tbe word no gospel gloss they give, 
Their seek and find's the same with do and live. 
Hence wouid they a connection native place 
Between their moral pains and saving grace : 
Their natural poor essa\s they judge, wont miss 
Injustice, to infer eternal bliss. 

• Songiii, i, 4. p Mat, yii. 13, T4. r Luke jdii. 24. s Mat. vli. 7. 

D 5 



58 COSPEL SONNETS. 

Thus commentaries on the word they make, 
Which to thei.1* rum are a grand mistake : 
For, through the legal bias in their breast, 
They scripture to their own destruction wrest. 
"Why, if we seek we get, they gather hence : 
Which is not truth, save in the scripture-sense. 
There, Jesus deals with friends, and elsewhere saith, 
Those seekers only speed that ask in faith*-. 
The pray'r of the wicked is abhorr'd, 
As an abomination to the Lord". 
Their suits are sins, but their neglect's no less, 
Which can't their guilt diminish, but increase. 
They ought, like beggars, lie in grace's way; 
Hence Peter taught the sorcerer to pray*: 
Tor though mere natural men's address or pray'rs 
Can no acceptance gain, as works of theirs, 
Nor have as their performance, any sway, 
Yet as a divine ordinance they may. 
But spotless truth has bound itself to grant 
The suit of none but the believing saint. 
In Jesus persons once accepted, do 
Acceptance find, in him, for duties too. 
For he, whose Son they do in marriage take, 
Is bound to hear them for their husband's sake* 

But, let no Christless soul at pray'r appear, 
\ s if Jehovah were oblig'd to hear : 
But use the means, because a sov' reign God 
May come with alms, in this his wonted road.. 
I ' wills thee to frequent kind wisdom's gate, 
To read, hear, meditate, to pray and wait; 
Thy spirit then be on these duties bent. 
As gospel means, but not as legal rent. 
From these don't thy salvation hope nor claim. 
But from Jehovah in the use of them. 
f i be beggar's spirit never was so dull, 
Y\ hile waiting at the gate call'd Beautiful, 

u PrcT.iv, o. xxY-ii. 9. x AoswiL 2.2.* 



THE BELIEVER'S ESPOUSALS, 59 

To hope for succour at the temple gate, 
At which he daily did so careful wait; 
But from the rich and charitable sort, 
Who to the temple daily made resort. 

Means, ordinances, are the comely gate, 
At which kind heav'n has bid us constant wait: 
Not that from these we have our alms, but from 
The lib'ral God, who there is wont to come. 
If either we these means shall dare neglect, 
Or yet from these th' enriching bliss expect, 
We from the glory of the King defalk, 
Who in the galleries is wont to walk; 
We move not regular in duties road, 
But base, invert them to an idol-god. 

Seek then, if gospel-means you would essay, 
Through grace to use them in a gospel-way: 
Not deeming that your duties are the price 
Of divine favour, or of paradise : 
Nor that your best effort* employed in these 
Are fit exploits your awful Judge to please. 
Why, thus you basely idolize your trash, 
And make it with the blood of Jesus clash. 
You'd buy the blessing with your vile refuse, 
And so his precious righteousness abu> . 
What: buy his gifts with filthy lumber? nay; "| 
Whoever offers this must hear him say, r 

1 Thy money perish with thy soul for ay y .' J 

Duties are means, which to the marriage-bed 
Should chastely lead us like a chamber-maid ; 
But if with her instead of Christ we match, 

not our safety but our ruin batch. 
To Caesar, what is Caesar's sliouM be giv'n; 
But Caesar must not have what's due to hcav'n ; 
So duties should have duty's room, 'tis true, 
But nothing of the glorious Husband's due. 
While means the debt of close attendance crave ; 
Our whole dependance God alone must have. 

> Acts viii. io. 

D (j 



£0 CxOSPEL SONNETS. 

If duties, tears, our conscience pacify, 

They with the blood of Christ presume to vie. 

Means are his vassals; shall we without grudge 

Discard the master, and espouse the drudge? 

The hypocrite, the legalist does sin, 

To live on duties, not on Christ therein. 

He only feeds on empty dishes, plates, 

Who dotes on means, but at the manna frets. 

Let never means content thy soul at all, 

"Without the Husband, who is All in AU Z . 

Cry daily for the happy marriage hour; 

To thee belongs the means, to him the pow'r. 

SECT. III. 

A Call to believe in Jesus Christ, with some Hints at the 
Act and Object of Faith. 

Friend, is the question on thy heart engrav'd, 
What shall I do to be for ever sav'd* ? 
Lo! here's a living rock to build upon; 
Believe in Jesus b ; and on him alone 
For righteousness and strength, thine anchor drop, 
Renouncing all thy former legal hope. 
■ Relieve! (say vou) I can no more believe, 
1 Than keep the law of works, the DO and LIVE.' 
True : and it Were fh) mercy, didst thou see 
Thine utter want of all ability. 
X< \v cov'n'dU! graces he alone can grant, 
Whom God has giv'n to be the covenant ; 
Ev'n Jesus, whom the sacred letters call 
Faith's object, author, finisher, and all: 
In him alone, not in thy act of faith, 
Thy soul believing full salvation hath. 

In tins new cov'nant judge not faith to hold 
The room of perfect doing in the old. 
Faith is not giv'n to be the fed'ral price 
Of other blessings, or of paradise : 

z Col.iii. 3. ■ Acts xvi 30. b Vcr. 31. c Isa. xlii. 6. 



THE BELIEVERS ESPOUSALS, Oi 

But Ileav'n by giving tins, strikes out a door 
At which is carried id still more and more. 
No sinner must upon liis faith lay stress, 
As if it were a perfect righteousness. 
God ne'er assign'd unto it such a place ; 
'Tis but at best a bankrupt begging -race. 
Its object makes its tame to fly abroad, 
So close it grips the righteousness of God; 
Which righteousness receiv'd, is (without strife) 
The true condition of eternal life. 

But still, say you, pow'r to believe I miss. 
You may; but know you what believing is? 

1 lies not in your building up a tow I 
Of some great action, by your proper pow'r; 
For Heav'n well knows, that by the killing fall, 
Xo pow'r, no will remains in man at all 
For acts divinely good; till sov'reign grace 
By pow'rfui drawing virtue, turn the chase. 
Hence none believe in Jesus as they ought, -^ 

'Till once they first believe they can do nought, > 
Nor are sufficient e'en to form a thought , J 

They're conscious, in the right believing hour, 
Of human weakness, and of divine pow'r. 
Faith acts not in the sense of strength, and might, 
But in the sense of weakness acts outright. 
It is (no boasting arm of pow'r, or length) 
But weakness acting on almighty strength d . 
It is the pow'rless, helpless sinner's Bight 
Into the open arras of saving might: 
'Tis an employing Jesus, to do all 
That can within salvation's compass fall; 
To be the agent kind in ev'ry thing- 
Belonging to a prophet, priest, and king; 
To teach, to pardon, sanctify, and save, 
And nothing to the creature's pow'r to leave. 
Faith makes us joyfully content, that he 
Our Head, our Husband, and our All should be; 

J 2 Cor. iii. 5. d 2 Cor. xii. 9. 



iH GOSPEL SONNETS* 

Our righteousness and strength, our stock and store, 
Our fund for food and raiment, grace and glore. 
It makes the creature down to nothing fall, 
Content that Christ aione be all in all. 

The plan of grace is taith's delightful view 
"With which it closes, both as good and true; 
Unto the truth, the mind's assent is full, 
Unto the good, a free consenting will. 
The Holy Spirit here the agent chief, 
Creates this faith, and dashes unbelief. 
That very God who calls us to believe, 
The very faith he seeks, must also give. 
Why calls he then? say you. Pray, man, be wise; 
Why did he call dead Lazarus to rise ? 
Because the orders in their bosom bear 
Almighty pow'r, to make the carcase hear. 

But Heav'n may not this mighty powV display. 
Most true: Yet still thou art obliged t' obey. 
But God is not at all oblig'd to stretch 
His saving arm to such a sinful wretch. 
All who within salvation-rolls have place, 
Are sav'd by a prerogative of grace ; 
But vessels all that shall with wrath be cramm'd, 
Are by an act of holy justice damn'd. 
Take then, dear soul, as from a friendly heart, 
The counsel which the following lines impart. . 

SECT. IV. 

An Advice to Sinners, to apply to the sovereign Mercy of 
God, as it is discovered through Christy to the highest 
Honour of Justice, and other divine Attributes, in order 
to further their J'aith in him unto Salvation. 

Go, friend, and at Jehovah's footstool bow; 
Thou know'st not what a sov'reign God may do. 
Confess, if he commiserate thy case, 
'Twill be an act of pow'rful sovereign grace, . 
Sequestrate carefully some solemn hours, 
To shew thy grand concern in secret pow'rs. 



THE CELIEVLKb ESPOUSALS. 03 

Then in th' ensuing strain to God impart, 
And pour into his bosom all thy heart. 

* O glorious, gracious, pow'rful, sov'ivign Lord, 

* Thy help unto a sinful worm allbrd ; 

4 Who from my wretched birth to this sad hour 

4 Have still been destitute of will and pow'r 

\ To close with glorious Christ; yea, fill' d with spite -j 

* At thy fair darling, and thy saints delight, > 
4 Resisting all his grace with all my might. J 
4 Come, Lord, and sap my enmity's strong tow'r ; 

4 O haste the marriage-day, the day of pow'r: 
1 That sweetly, by resistless grace inclin'd, 

* My once reluctant, be a willing mind. 

4 Thou spak'st to being ev'ry thing we see, 

* When thy almighty word said, Let it be. 

* Nothings to beings in a moment pass: 

* Let there be light, thou saidst; and so it was*. 
4 A powerful word like this, a mighty call, 

4 Must say, Let there be faith, and then it shall. 
4 Thou seek'st my faith and flight from sin and guilt; 

* Give what thou seek'st, Lord; then seek what thou 

* What good can issue from a root so ill ! [wilt. 
4 This heart of mine's a wicked lump of hell ; 

* 'Twill all thy common motions still resist, 
4 Unless with special drawing virtue blest. 

' Thou call'st but with the call thy pow'r convey ;-j 

* Command me to believe, and I'll obey, i 

* Nor any more thy gracious call gainsay. J 
4 Command, O Lord, effectually command, *} 
4 And grant I be not able to withstand; > 
4 Then, pow'riess 1 will stretch the wither' d hand. J 

' I to thy favour can pretend no claim, 
4 But what is borrowed from thy glorious name; 

* Which though most justly thou mayst glorify, 
4 In damning such a guilty wretch as I, 

4 A faggot fitted for the burning fire 

* Of thine incensed everlasting ire: 

J Gen, L 3. 



64 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

• Yet, Lord, since now I hear thy glorious Son, 

• In favour of a race that was undone, 

■ Did in thy name, by thy authority, 

1 Once to the full stern justice satisfy ; 

c And paid more glorious tribute t hereunto 

• Than hell and ail its torments e'er can do. 

' Since my salvation through his blood can raise ^ 

1 A revenu to justice highest praise, S 

■ Higher than rents, which hell tor ever pays: J 
••These to tremendous justice never bring 

6 A satisfaction equal and condign. 

c But Jesus, our once dying God, performs 

' Whatnever could by ever-dying worms: 

• Since thus thy threatening law is honour' d more 
' Than e'er my sins affronted it before : 

• Since justice stern may greater glory win, 
1 Bj^ justifying in thy darling Son, 

% Than by condemning e'en the rebel me; 

• To this device of wisdom, lo ! I flee. 

' Let justice, Lord, according to thy will, 

• Be gionfv'd with glory great and full ; 

c Not now in hell where justice' petty pay 

• Is but extorted parcels mine'd for ay: 

• But giorify'd in Christ, who down has told 

• The total sum at once in liquid gold. 

• In lowest hell low praise is only won, 

• But justice has the highest in thy Son ; 

• The Sun of righteousness that set in red, 

' To shew the glorious morning would succeed. 

• In him then save thou me from sin and shame,. 
4 And to the highest glorify thy name. 

• Since this bright scene thy glories all express, 
' And grace as empress reigns, thro' righteousness; 
' Since mercy fair runs in a crimson flood, 
' And vents through justice-satisfying blood: 
1 >\ot only then lor mercy's sake J sue, 

• But for the glory of thy justice too. 



THE BELIEVERS ESPOUSALS. ^5 



4 And hihv each letter of thy name divine -j 

- in fair Jesus' face the brightest shine, f 

4 This glorious Husband be for ever mine. J 

4 On this strong argument, so sweet, so blest, 
4 With thy allowance, Lord, I must insist. 
4 Great God, since thou allow'st unworthy me 
1 To make thy glorious name my humble plea; 
1 Xo glory worthy of it wilt thou gain, 
1 By casting me into the burning main. 
1 My feeble back can never suit the load, 

* That speaks thy name a sin-avenging God: 

1 Scarce would that name seem a consuming fire 

* Upon a worm unworthy of thine ire. 

4 But see the worthy Lamb, thy chosen Priest, 

* Witti justice burning-glass against his breast, 

* Contracting all the beams of'venging wrath, 
4 As in their centre, till he burn to death. 

4 Vengeance can never be so much proclaimed, 

1 By scattered beams, among the millions damn'd, 

€ Then, Lord, in him me to the utmost save, 

4 And thou shalt glory to the highest have : 

4 Glory to wisdom that contrived so well ! 

4 Glory to powY, that bore and bury'd hell! 

4 Glory to holiness, which sin defae'd 

4 With sinless service, now divinely grae'd ! 

4 Glory to justice sword, that flaming stood, 

' Now drunk to pleasure with atoning blood! 

4 Glory to truth, that now in scarlet clad, 

4 Hath seal'd both threats and promises with red! 

4 Glory to mercy, now in purple streams, 

4 So sweetly gliding through the divine flames 

4 Of other once offended, now exalted names! 

1 Each attribute conspires, with joint embrace; 

4 To shew its sparkling rays in Jesus' face ; 

4 And thus to deck the crown of matchless grace. 

4 But to thy name in hell ne'er can accrue 

4 The thousandth part of this great revenue! 






GOSPEL SONNETS. - 

4 O ravishing contrivance! light that blinds 
1 Cherubic gazers, and seraphic minds. 

■ They pry into the deep, and love to learn 

* W hat yet should vast!) more be my concern, 

* Lord, once my hope most reasonless could dream 

■ Of heav'n, without regard to thy great name : 

* But here is laid my lasting hope to found, 

* A highly rational, a divine ground. 

1 ,r f is reasonable, I expect thou'lt take 
1 The way that will most for thine honour make. 
* Is this the plan ? Lord, let me build my claim 

* To life, on this high glory of thy name. 

* Nor let my faithless heart or think, or say, 

* That all this glory shall be thrown away 

* In my perdition; which will never raise 

* To thy great name so vast a rent of praise. 
c O then a rebel into favour take: 

c Lord, shield and save me for thy glory's sake. 
c My endless ruin is not worth the cost, 
1 That so much glory be for ever lost. 

* Til of the greatest sinner bear the shame, 

c To bring tbe greatest honour to thj name. 
1 Small loss, though I should perish endless days, 
c But thousand pities grace should lose the praise, 
6 O hear, Jehovah, get the glory then, 
€ And to my supplication say, Amen.' 



sect. v. 

The terrible Doom of Unbelievers, ami Rejecters of Christ, 
or Despisers of the Gospel. 

Thus, sinner, into Jesus' bosom flee, 
Then there is hope in Isra'i sure for thee. 
Slight not the call, as running by in rhinie, 
Lest thou repent for ay, if not id time. 
'Tis most unlawful to conttmn and shun 
All wholesome counsels that in metre run. 



THE BEL1EVEA*S ESPOUSALS. 07 

Since the prime fountains of the sacred writ 

Much heav'nly truth in holy rhimes transmit. 

It this don't please, yet hence it is no crime 

To verify the word, and preach in rhime. 

But in whatever mould the doctrine lies, 1 

Some erring minds will gospel-truth despise r 

Without remede, till Heav'n anoint their eyes. J 

These lines pretend no conquering art nor skill, 
But shew, in weak attempts, a strong good-will 
To mortify all native legal pride, 
And court the Lamb of God a virgin bride. 
If he thy conjunct match be never giv'n, 
Thoifrt doom'd to hell, as sure as God's in heav'n. 
If gospel-grace and goodness don't thee draw, 
Thou art condemn'd already by the law. 
Yea, hence damnation deep will doubly brace, 
If still thy heart contemn redeeming grace. 
No argument from fear or hope will move, 
Or draw thy heart, if not the bond of love: 
Nor flowing joys, nor flaming terrors chase 
To Christ the hav'm without the gales of grace. 
O slighter thea of grace's joyful sounds 
Thou'rt over to the wrathful ocean bound 
Anon, thou'lt sink into the gulf of woes, 
Whene'er thy wasting hours are at a close: 
Thy false old legal hope will then be lost, 
And with thy wretched soul give up the ghost. 
Then farewell God and Christ, and grace and glore, 
Undone thou art, undone for evermore; 
Tor ever sinking underneath the load 
And pressure of a sin-revenging God. 

The sacred awful text asserts, To fall 
Into his living hands is fearful thrall ; 
When no more sacrifice for sin remains , 
But ever-living wrath, and lasting chains ; 
Heav'n still upholding life in dreadful death, 
Still throwing down hot thunderbolts of wrath. 

e Heb. x. 29, 31. 



68 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

As full of terror, and, as manifold 

As finite vessels of his wrath can hold. 

Then, then we may suppose the wretch tocr, 
4 Oh! if this damning God would let me die, ^> 

* And not torment me to eternity! J 
4 Why from the silent womb of stupid earth, 

* Did Heav'n awake, and push me into birth? 

* Curs'd be the day that ever gave me life; 

1 Curs'd be the cruel parents, man and wife, 

4 Means of my being, instruments of woe; 

4 For now I'm damn'd, I'm damn'd, and always so ! 

c Curs'd be the day that ever made me hear 

4 The gospel-call that brought salvation near. 

* The endless sound of slighted mercy's bell 

* Has, in mine ears, the most tormenting knell 
c Of otter' d grace, I vain repent the loss, 

' The joyful sound with horror recognosce. 

* The hollow vault reverberates the sound ; l 

* This killing echo strikes the deepest wound, > 
c And with too late remorse does now confound. J 

* Into the dungeon of despair I'm lock'd, 

' Th' once open'd door of hope for ever block'd: 

* Hopeless, 1 sink into the dark abyss, 
4 Banish'd for ever from eternal bliss. 

* In boiling waves of vengeance must I lie ? 

1 O could I curse this dreadful God, and die! 

* Infinite years in torment shall I spend, 
c And -never, never, never at an end! 

4 Ah! must I live in torturing despair 
1 As many years as atoms in the air? 

* When these are spent, as many thousands more 
1 As grains of sand that crowd the ebbing shore? 
4 When these are done, as many yet behind 

4 As leaves of forest shaken with the wind? 
4 When these are gone, as many to ensue 

* As steins of grass on hills and dales that grew? 
4 When these run out, as many on the march 

1 As starry lamps that gild the spangled arch.? 



THE BELTCVEr's ESPOUSALS. G9 

c When these expire, as many millions more 

1 As moments in the millions past before? 

1 When all these doleful years are spent in pain, 

c And multiplv'd by myriads again, 

1 Till numbers drown the thought; could I suppose, 

1 That then my wretched years were at a close, 

4 This would afford some ease : But, ah! I shiver 

c To think upon the dreadful sound, for ever! 

* The burning gulf, where I blaspheming lie, 
' Is time no more, but vast eternity. 

c The growing torment I endure for sin, 
1 Through ages all, is always to begin. 

* How did I but a grain of pleasure sow, 
' To reap an harvest of immortal woe? 

* Bound to the bottom of the burning main, 

* Gnawing my chains, I wish for death in vain. 
g .lust doom! since I that bear th' eternal load, 
c Contemn'd the death of an eternal God. 

' Oh! if the God that curs'd me to the lash, 

* Would bless me back to nothing with a dash! 
' But hopeless I the just avenger hate, 

4 Blaspheme the wrathful God, and curse my fate.' 

To these this word of terror I direct, 
Who now the great salvation dare neglect f : 
To all the Christ-despising multitude, 
That trample on the great Redeemer's blood; 
That see no beauty in his'glorious face, 
But slight his offers, and refuse his grace. 
A messenger of wrath to none I am, 
But those that hate to wed the worthy Ltmb. 
For though the smallest sins, if small can be, 
Will plunge the Christless soul in misery, 
Yet lo ! the greatest that to mortals cleave, 
Shan't damn the souls in Jesus, that believe ; 
Because they on the very method fall 
That well can make amends to God for all. 
Whereas proud souls, through unbelief, wont let 
The glorious God a reparation get 
f Hcb, iL i. 



70 COSPEL SONNETS. 

Of all his honour, in his darling Son, 
For all the great dishonours they have done. 
A faithless soul the glorious God bereaves 
Of all the satisfaction that he craves; 
Hence under divine hottest fury lies, 
And with a double vengeance justly dies. 
The blackest part of Tophet is their place, 
Who slight the tenders of redeeming grace. 

That sacrilegious monster, Unbelief, 
So harden'd 'gainst remorse and pious grief, 
Robs God of all the glory of his names, 
And ev'ry divine attribute defames. 
It loudly calls the truth of God a lie ; 
The God of truth a liar g : Horrid cry ! 
Doubts and denies his precious word of grace, 
Spits venom in the royal Suitor's face. 
This monster cannot cease all sin to hatch, 
Because it proudly mars the happy match. 
As each law-wedded soul is join'd to sin, 
And destitute of holiness within ; 
So all that wed the law, must wed the curse, 
Which rent they scorn to pay with Christ's full purst\ 
They clear may read their dreadful doom in brief, 
Whose fester'd sore is final unbelief: 
Though to the law their life exactly fram'd, -j 

For zealous acts and passions too were fam'd ; > 
Yet, lo! He that believes not, shall be damn , d h . J 

But now 'tis proper, on the other side, 
With words of comfort to address the bride. 
She in her glorious Husband does possess 
Adorning grace, acquitting righteousness: 
And hence to her pertain the golden mines 
Of comfort, open'd in the following line*. 

■ John v. 10. * John ili. i?. 



GOSFEJL SONNETS, 

PART II. 

THE BELIEVER'S JOINTURE. 

* Tty Make? is tl-j Husband'' Isaiah liv. 5. 



N. B. The following lines being primarily intended 
for the use and edification of piously-exercised 
souls, and especially those of a more common 
and ordinary capacity, the author thought fit, 
through the whole of this second part of the book, 
to continue, as in the former editions, to repeat 
that part of the text, Thy Husband, in the last 
line of every verse : because, however it tended to 
limit him, and restrict his liberty of words in the 
composition, yet having ground to judge, that 
this appropriating compellation, still resumed, has 
rendered these lines formerly, the more savoury 
to some exercised Christians, to whom the name 
of Christ (particularly as their Head and Hus- 
band) is as ointment poured forth : he therefore 
chose rather to subject himself to that restriction, 
than to withhold what may tend to the satisfac- 
tion and comfort of those to whom Christ is all 
in all; and to whom his name, as their Husband, 
so many various ways applied, will be no nause- 
ous repetition, 



72 GOSFEL SONNETS, 



CHAP. I. 

Containing the Privileges of the Believer that is 
espoused to Christ by Faith of divine operation. 

SECT. I. 

The Believer s perfect Beauty, free Acceptance, and full 
Security, through the Imputation of Christ's perfect 
Righteousness, though imparted Grace be imperfect. 

£b HAPPY soul, Jehovah's bride, 

The Lamb's beloved spouse; 
Strong consolation's flowing tide, 
Thy Husband thee allows. 

In thee, though like thy father's race, 

By nature black as hell ; 
Yet now so beautify'd by grace, 

Thy Husband loves to dwell. 

Fair as the moon thy robes appear, 

While graces are in dress: 
Clear as the sun 1 , while found to wear 

Thy Husband's righteousness. 

Thy moon-like graces, changing much, 

Have here and there a spot; 
Thy sun-like glory is not such, 

Thy Husband changes not. 

Thy white and ruddy vesture fair 

Outvies the rosy leaf; 
For 'mong ten thousand beauties rare 

Thy Husband is the chief. 

Cloth'd with the sun, thy robes of light 

The morning rays outshine; 
The lamps of beav'n are not so bright, 

Thy Husband decks thee line. 

1 Song vi. 3. 



THL BELIEVERS JOINTURE. 73 

Though hellish smoke thy duties stain, 

A ml sin deforms thee quite ; 
Thy Surety's merit makes thee clean, 

Thy Husband's beauty white. 
Thy pray'rs and tears, nor pure, nor good, 

But vile and loathsome seem; 
Yet gain, by dipping in his blood, 

Thy Husband's high esteem. 
No fear thou starve, though wants be great, 

In him thou art complete : 
Thy hungry soul may hopeful wait, 

Thy Husband gives thee meat. 
Thy money, merit, pow'r, and pelf, 

were squander'd by thy fall; 
Yet having nothing in thyself, 

Thy Husband is thy all. 
Law-precepts, threats, may both beset 

To crave of thee their due ; 
But justice for thy double debt, 

Thy Husband did pursue. 
Though justice stern as much belong, 

As mercy to a God ; 
Yet justice suffer' d here no wrong, 

Thy Husband's back was broad. 
He bore the load of wrath alone, 

That mercy might take vent; 
Heav'n's pointed arrows all upon 

Thy Husband's heart were spent. 
No partial pay could justice still, 

No farthing was retrench'd; 
Vengeance exacted all, until 
Thy Husband all advanc'd. 
He paid in liquid golden red 

Each mite the law requir'd, 
Till with a loud "Fix finished*, 
Thy Husband's breath expir'd. 

K John xix. 30. 



74 GOSPEL SONNETS* 

No process more the law can tent; 

Thou stand'st within its verge, 
And mayst at pleasure now present 

Thy Husband's full discharge. 
Though new contracted guilt beget 

New fears of divine ire; 
Yet fear thou not, though drown'd in debt, 

Thy Husband is the payer. 
God might in rigour thee indite 

Of highest crimes and flaws ; 
But on thy head no curse can light, 

Thy Husband is the cause. 

SECT. II. 

Christ the Believer s Friend, Prophet, Priest, Kij, 
Defence, Guide, Guard, Help, and Healer* 

Dear, soul, when all the human race 

Lay welt'ring in their gore, 
Vast numbers, in that dismal case, 

Thy Husband passed o'er. 
But, pray, why did he thousands pass, 

And set his heart on thee? 
The deep, the searchless reason was, 

Thy Husband's love is free. 
The forms of favour, names of grace 

And olfices of love, 
He bears for thee, with open face, 

Thy Husband's kindness prove. 
'Gainst darkness black, and error blind, 

Thou hast a Sun and Shield 1 : 
And to reveal the Father's mind, 

Thy Husband's Prophet seal'd. 
He likewise to procure thy peace, 

And save from sin's arrest, 
Resign' d himself a sacrifice; 

Thy Husband is thy Priest. 

1 Psalm Uurv. 1 (« 



thl believer's jointure. 73 

And that he might thy will subject, 
And sweetly captive bring ; 

Thy sins subdue, his throne erect, 
Thy Husband is thy King. 

Though iuhdVous and assaulting foes 

Thy joyful peace may mar; 
And thou a thousand battles lose, 

Thy Husband wins the war. 

Hell's forces, which thy mind appal, 

His arm can soon dispatch ; 
How strong soe'er, yet for them all, 

Thy Husband's more than match. 

Though secret lusts, with hid contest, 

By heavy groans reveal'd, 
And devils rage ; yet, do their best 

Thy Husband keeps the field. 

When in desertion's ev'ning dark, 

Thy steps are apt to slide, 
His conduct seek, his counsel mark; 

Thy Husband is thy guide. 

In doubts, renouncing self-conceit, 

His word and Spirit prize : 
He never counsel I'd wrong as yet, 

Thy Husband is so wise. 

When weak, thy refuge seest at hand, 

Yet cannot run the length : 
'Tis present poicr to understand 

Thy Husband is thy strength. 

When shaking storms annoy thy heart, 

His words command a calm ; 
When bleeding wounds, to ease thy smart, 

Thy Husband's blood is balm. 

Trust creatures not, to help thy thrall 

Nor to assuage thy grief: 
Use means, but look beyond them all, 

Thy husband's thy relief. 
E 9 



T<3 GOSPEL SONXETS. 

If Heav'n prescribe a bitter drug, 

Fret not with froward will : 
This carriage may thy cure- prorogue; 

Thy Husband wants not -skill. 

He sees the sore, -be knows the cure 

Will most adapted be; 
'Tis then most reasonable, sure, 

Thy Husband choose for thee. 

Friendship is in his chastisements, 

And favour in his frowns; 
Thence judge not that in heavy plaints, 

Thy Husband thee disowns. 

The deeper his sharp lancet go 

In ripping up thy wound, 
The more thy healing shall unto 

Thy Husband's praise redound. 

SECT. III. 

Christ the , Believer s wonderful Physician, . and wealthy 
Friend. 

Kind Jesus empties whom he'll fill, 

Casts down whom he will raise ; 
He quickens whom he seems to kill; 

Thy Husband thus gets praise. 

When awful rods are in his hand, 

There's mercy in his mind; 
When clouds upon his brow do stand, 

Thy Husband's heart is kind. 

In various changes to and fro, 

He'll ever constant prove ; 
Nor can his kindness come and go, 

Thy Husband's name is Love. 

His friends, in most afflicted lot 

His favour most have felt; 
:For -when they're try'd in furnace hot 

Thy Husband's bowels melt. 



THE RELIEVERS JOINTURE. 

When he his bride or wounds or heals, 

Heart-kindness does him move; 
And wraps in frown*, as well as smiles, 

Thy Husband's lasting love. 
In !s hand iio cure could ever fail, 

Though of a hopeless state; 
He can in desp'rate cases Ileal, 

Thy Husband's art's so great. 

The medicine he didprepare, 
Can't fail to work for good ; 

O balsam pow'rful, precious, rare, 
Thy Husband's sacred blood : 

Which freely from his broached breast 
Gush'd out like pent-up fire. 

His cures are best, his wages least, 
Thy Husband takes no hire. 

Thou hast no worth, no might, no good, 

His favour to procure : 
But see his store, his pow'r his blood! 

Thy Husband's never poor. 

Himself he humbled wond'rously 

Once to the lowest pitch, 
That bankrupts through his poverty 

Thy Husband might enrich. 

His treasure is more excellent 

Than hills of Ophir gold : 
In telling stores were ages spent, 

Thy Husband's can't be told. 

All things that fly on wings of fame, 
Compar'd with this are dross; 

Thy searchless riches in his name 
Thy Husband doth engross. 

The great Im marvel, (Jod-man, 

Includes such store divine, 
Angels and saints will never scan 

Thy Husband's golden mine: 
E 3 



78 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

He's full of grace and truth* indeed, 

Of spirit', merit, might; 
Of all the wealth that bankrupts need, 

Thy Husband's heir by right. 
Though Heav'n's bis throne , he came from thence, 

To seek and save the lost?; 
Whatever be the vast expence, 

Thy Husband's at the cost. 
Pleas'd to expend each drop of blood 

That tilTd his royal veins, 
He frank the sacred victim stood; 

Thy Husband spar'd no pains. 
His cost immense was in thy place, 

Thy freedom cost his thrall; 
Thy glory cost him deep disgrace, 

Thy Husband paid for all. 

SECT. IV, 

The Believer s Safety under the Covert of Christ's atoning 
Blood, and powerful Intercession. 

When Heav'n proclaim'd hot war and wrath. 

And sin increased the strife; 
By rich obedience unto death, 

Thy Husband bought thy life. 

The charges could not be abridiAL 

But on these noble terms; 
Which all that prize, are hugg'd amidst 

Thy Husband's folded arms. 

When law condemns, and justice too 

To prison would thee hale; 
As sureties kind for bankrupts do 

Thy Husband oilers bail. 

God on these terms is reconciled 

And thou his heart hast^won ; 
In Christ thou art his favour' d child, 

Thy Husband is his son. 

* John i. i^. " John iii. 34. ° I?a. lxvi. 1. p Luke.\ix« 10. 



THE BEfclEVEA'S JOINTURE. 

Vindictive wrath is whole appeas'd, 
Thou need'st not. then be mov'd; 
In Jesus always he's well pteas'd, 

Thy Husband's his lkiov\i r . 
What can be laid unto thy charge, 

When God does not condemn? 
Bills of complaint, though foes enlarge, 

Thy Husband answers them. 
When fear thy guilty mind confounds, 

Full comfort this may yield, 
Thy ransom-bill with blood and wounds 

Thy Husband kind has seafd. 
His promise is the fair extract 
Thou hast at hand to shew ; 
Stern justice can no more exact, 

Thy Husband paid its due. 
No terms he left thee to fulfil, 

No clog to mar thy faith ; 
His bond is sign'd, his latter will 
Thy Husband seal'd by death. 
The great condition of the band, 

Of promise and of bliss, 
Is wrought by him, and brought to hand, 

Thy Husband's righteousness. 
When therefore pres.^d in time of need, 

To sue the promised good, 
Thou hast no more to do but plead 

Thy Husband's sealing blood. 
This can thee more to God commend, 

And cloudy wrath dispel, 
Than e'er thy sinning could offend ; 

Thy Husband vanquished hell. 
When vengeance seems, for broken laws, 

To light on thee with dread ; 

Let Christ be umpire of thy cause 

Thy Husband well can plead. 

r Mat.iii. 17. 

L 4. 



80 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

lie pleads his righteousness, that brought 

All rents the law could crave; 
Whate'er its precepts, threatening?, sought, 

Thy Husband fully gave. 
Did holiness in precepts stand, 

And for perfection call, 
J ustice in threat'nings death demand ? 

Thy Husband gave it all. 
His blood the fiery law did quench, 

Its summons need not scare ; 
Tho't cite thee to Heav'n's awful bench, 

Thy Husband's at the bar. 
This Advocate has much to say, 

His clients need not fear; 
For God the Father hears him ay, 

Thy Husband hath his ear. 
A cause faiPd never in his hand, 

So strong his pleading is; 
His Father grants his whole demand, 

Thy Husband's will is his. 
Hell-forces all may rendezvous, 

Accusers may combine; 
Yet fear thou not, who art his spouse, 

Thy Husband's cause is thine. 
By solemn oath Jehovah did 

His priesthood ratify ! 
Let earth and hell then counterplead, 

Thy Husband gains the plea, 

SECT. V. 

The Believer s Faith and Hope encouraged y even in the 
darkest Sight of Desertion and Distress* 

Tjie cunning serpent may accuse, 

But never shall succeed ; 
The God of peace will Satan bruise, 

Thy Husband broke his head". 

9 Rom. xvi. 2o. 



THE BELIEY r Elt's JOINTURE. 81 

Hell-furies threaten to devour, 
Like lions robb'd of whelps: 
But, lo ! in ev'ry per'lous hour 
Thy Husband always helps. 
That feeble faith may never fail, 

Thine advocate has pray'd ; 
Though winnowing' tempest may assail, 

Thy Husband's near to aid. 
Though grievous trials grow apace. 

And put thee to a stand ; 
Thou may'st rejoice, in ev'ry case 
Tby Husband's help's at hand, 
Trust, though, when in desertion dark 

No twinkling star by night, 
No transient ray, no glim'ring spark; 

Thy Husband is thy light. 
His beams anon the clouds will rent, 

And through the vapours run ; 
For of the brightest firnament 

Thy Husband is the Sun. 
Without the Sun who mourning go, 

And scarce the way can find, 
He brings through paths they do not know 1 ; 

Thy Husband leads the blind. 
Through tire and water he with skill 

Brings to a wealthy laud ; 
Rude flames and roaring Hoods, be still, 

Thy Husband can com ma nil. 
When sin disorders heavy brings, 

That press thy soul with weight ; 
Then mind how many crooked tilings 

Thy Husband has made straight. 
Still look to him with longing eyes, 

Though both thine eyes should -fail } 
Cry, and at length, though not thy cries* 
Thy Husband shall prevail* 

1 Ia.xlii. x6. 

Ed 



S2 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

Still hope for favour at his hand, 

Though favour don't appear ; 
When help seems most aloof to stand, 

Thy Husband's then most near. 
In cases hopeless-like, faint hopes 

May fail, and fears annoy ; 
But most when striptof earthly props, 

Thy Husband thou'lt enjoy. 
If providence the promise thwart, 

And yet thy humbled mind 
'Gainst hope believes in hope 11 , thou art 

Thy Husband's dearest friend. 
Art thou a weakling, poor and faint, 

In jeopardy each hour? 
Let not thy weakness move thy plaint. 

Thy Husband has the pow'r. 
Dread not the foes that foil'd thee long, 

Will ruin thee at length: 
When thou art weak, then art thou strong; 

Thy Husband is thy strength. 
When foes are mighty, many too, 

Don't fear nor quit the field ; 
? Tis not with thee they have to do, 

Thy Husband is thy shield, 
Tis hard to fight against an host, 

Or strive against the stream ; 
But, lo! when all seems to be lost, 
Thy Husband will redeem. 

SECT. VI. 

Benefits accruing to Believers from the Offices, j\amcS; 
Natures, and Sufferings of Christ, 

Art thou by lusts a captive led, 

Which breeds thy deepest grief ? 
To ransom captives is his trade, 

Thy Husband's thy relief. 

■ Rom, vi. 1 8. 



THE BELIEVER'S JOINTURE. 8$ 

His precious name is Jesus, why ? 

Because he saves from sin x ; 
Red motion right he won't deny, 

Thy Husband's near of kin. 
His wounds have sav'd thee once from woes, 

His blood from vengeance screen'd; 
When heav'n, and earth, and hell were foes, 

Thy Husband was a friend : 
And will thy Captain now look on, 

And see thee trampled down? 
When 10! thy Champion has the throne, 

Thy Husband wears the crown. 
Yield not, though cunning Satan bribe, . 

Or like a lion roar; 
The Lion strong of Judah's tribe, 

Thy Husband goes before. 
And that he never will forsake 7 , 

His credit fair he pawn'd ; 
In hottest broils then courage take, 

Thy Husband's at thy hand. 
No storm needs drive thee to a strait, 

Wiio dost his aid invoke : 
Fierce winds may blow, proud waves may beat. 

Thy Husband is a rock. 
Renounce thine own ability, 

Lean to his promis'd might: 
The strength of Israel cannot lie, 

Thy Husband's pow'r is plight. 
An awful truth does here present, 

Whoever think it odd ; 
In him thou art omnipotent, 

Thy Husband is a God 
Jehovah's strength is in thy Head, 

Which faith may boldly scan; 
God in thy nature does reside, 

Thy Husband is a man. 

■ M*i. i. ii. > Hcb.xiii. C« 

E 6 



$4 OOSPEl SONNETS* 

Thy flesh is his, his Spirit thine ; 

And that you both are one, 
One body, spirit, temple, vine, 

Thy Husband deigns to own. 

Kind he assum'd thy flesh and blood, 

This union to pursue; 
And without shame his brotherhood 

Thy Husband does avow. 

He bore the cross, thy crown to win, 

His blood he freely spilt; 
The holy one, assuming sin, 

Thy Husband bore the guilt. 

Lo ! what a blessM exchange is this ! 

What wisdom shines therein ; 
That thou might'st be made righteousness 

Thy Husband was made sin\ 

The God of joy a man of grief, 

Thy sorrows to discuss : 
Pure innocence hang'd as a thief: 

Thy Husband lov'd thee thus. 

Bright beauty had his visage marr'd, 

His comely form abus'd : 
True rest was from all rest debarred, 

Thy Husband's heel was bruisVl. 

The God of blessings was a curse, 

The Lord of lords* a drudge, 
The heir of all things poor in purse: 

Thy Husband did not grudge. 

The Judge of all condemned was, 

The God immortal slain: 
No favour, in thy woeful cause, 

Thy Husband did obtain. 

* 2 Cor. v. 21 a 



hie believer's jointure. 8j 

SECT. YII. 

Christ's Sufferings farther improved; and Believers called 
to lice by Faith, both when they have, and want sensible 
Influences* 

Loud praises sing, without surcease, 

To him that frankly came, 
And gave his soul a sacrifice ; 

Thy Husband was the Lamb. 
"What vvaken'd vengeance could denounce, 

All round him did beset ; 
And never left his soul, till once 

Thy Husband paid the debt. 

And though new debt thou still contract, 

And run in deep arrears; 
Yet all thy burdens on his back 

Thy Husband always bears. 

Thy Judge will ne'er demand of thee 

Two payments for one debt ; 
Thee with one victim wholly free 

Thy Husband kindly set. 

That no grim vengeance might thee meet, 

Thy Husband met with all ; 
And, that thy soul might drink the sweet, 

Thy Husband drank the gall. 

Full breasts of joy he loves t' extend, 

Like to a kindly nurse ; 
And, that thy bliss might full be gaiu'd^ 

Thy Husband was a curse. 
Thy sins he glu'd unto the tree, 

His blood this virtue hath; 
For, that thy heart to sin might die, 

Thy Husband suffer'd death. 

To purchase fully all thy good, 

All evil him befel ; 
To win thy heav'n with streams of blood, 

Thy Husband quenched hell. 



8S GOSPEL SONNETS. 

That this kind Days-man in one band 
Might God and man betroth, 

He on both parties lays his hand, 
Thy Husband pleases both. 

The blood that couid stem justice please, 

And law-demands fuiril, 
Can aiso guilty conscience ease; 

Thy Husband cle.rs the bill. 

Thy high* st glory is obtained 

By his abasement deep; 
And, that tin tears might all be drain'd, 

Thy Husband chose to weep. 

His bondage all thy freedom bought, 

He stoop'd so lowly down : 
His grappling all thy grandeur brought, 

Thy Husband's cross, thy crown. 

'Tis by his shock thy sceptre sways, 

His warfare ends thy strife; 
His poverty thy wealth conveys, 

Thy Husband's death's thy life. 

Do mortal damps invade thy heart, 

And deadness seize thee sore? 
Rejoice in this, that life t' impart 

Thy Husband has in store. 

And when new life imparted seems 

Established as a rock, 
Boast in the Fountain, not the streams; 

Thy Husband is thy stock. 
The streams may take a various turn, 

The Fountain never moves: 
Cease then, o'er failing streams to mourn, 

r l 'by Husband thus thee proves. 

That glad thou mny'st, when drops are g0H%, 

Joy in the spacious sea: 
When incomes fell, then still upon 

Thy Husband keep thine eye. 



THE BELIEVER: 9 JOINTURE. $?J 

But can't thou look, nor moan thy strait, 

So dark's the dismal hour? 
Yet, as thou'rt able, cry, and wait 

Thy Husband's day of pow'r. 

Tell him, though sin prolong the term, 

Yet love can scarce delay : 
Thy want, his promise, all affirm, 

Thy Husband must not stay. 

SECT. VIII. 
Christ the Believer's enriching Treasure. 
Kind Jesus lives, thy life to be 
Who mak'st him thy refuge; 
And when he comes, thou'lt joy to see, 
Thy Husband shall be judge, 

Should passing troubles thee annoy, 

Without, within, or both? 
Since endless life thou'lt then enjoy, 

Thy Husband pledg'd his truth. 

What! won't he ev'n in time impart 

That's for thy real good? 
He gave his love, he gave his heart, 

Thy Husband gave his blood. 

He gives himself, and what should more? 

What can he then refuse ? 
If this won't please thee, ah ! how sore 

Thy Husband dost abuse ! 

Earth's fruit, heav'n's dew he won't deny, 

Wliose eyes thy need behold : 
Nought under or above the sky 

Thy Husband will withhold. 

Dost losses grieve? Since all is thine, 

What loss can thee befal? 
All things for good to thee combine % 

Thy Husband orders all. 

* Rom. viii. 28. 



88 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

Thou'rt not put off with barren leaves, 

Or dung of earthly pelf, 
More wealth than heav'n and earth he gives. 

Thy Husband's thine himself. 

Thou hast enough to stay thy plaint; 

Else thou complain'st of ease ; 
For, having all, don't speak of want, 

Thy Husband may suffice. 

From this thy store, believing, take 

Wealth to the utmos' pitch: 
The gold of Ophir cannot make, 

Thy Husband makes thee rich. 

Some, flving gains acquire by pains, 

And some r>y plund'ring toil; 
Such treasure fades, but th»ne remains* 

Thj/ Husband's cannot spoil. 

SECT. IX. 
Christ the Believer s adorning Garment. 

Yea, thou excell'st in. rich attire 

The lamp that lights the globe: 
Thy sparkling garment heav'ns admire* 

Thy Husband is thy robe. 
This raiment never waxes old, 

'Tis always new and clean: 
From summer-heat, and winter-cold, 

Thy Husband can thee screen. 

All who the name of worthies bore, 

Since Adam was- undrest, 
No worth acquired, but as they wore 

Thy Husband's purple vest. 

This linen fine can beautify 

The soul with sin begirt; 
O bless his name, that e'er on thee 

Thy Husband spread his j^kirt. 



THE BELIEVER^ JOINTURE. 8^ 

Are (fang-hills decked with fiow'ry glore, 

Which Solomon's outvie ? 
Sure thine is infinitely more, 

Thy Husband decks the sky. 

Thy hands could never work the dress, 

By grace alone thou rt gay; 
Grace vents and reigns through righteousness, 

Thy Husband's bright array. 

To spin thy robe no mare dost need 

Than lilies toil for theirs; 
Out of his bowels ev'ry thread 

Thy Husband thine prepares. 

sect. x. 
Christ the Believer s stveet Nourishment* 

Thy food, conform to thine array, 

Is heav'nly and divine ; 
On pastures green, where angels play, 

Thy Husband feeds thee fine. 

Angelic food may make thee fair, 

And look with cheerful face; 
The bread of life, the double share* 

Thy Husband's love and grace. 

What can he give or thou desire, 

More than his flesh and blood? 
Let angels wonder, saints admire, 

Thy Husband is thy food. 

His flesh the incarnation bears, 

From whence thy feeding flows; 
His blood the satisfaction clears; 

Thy Husband both bestows. 

Th* incarnate God a sacrifice 

To turn the wrathful tide, 
Is food for faith ; that may suffice 

Thy Husband's guilty brick 



90 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

This strengthening food may sit and fence 

For work and war to come; 
Till through the crowd, some moments hence. 

Thy Husband bring thee home: 

Where plenteous feasting will succeed 

To scanty feeding here: 
And joyful at the table-head 

Thy Husband fair appear. 

The crumbs to banquets will give place, 

And drops to rivers new : 
While heart and eye will, face to face, 

Thy Husband ever view. 



Containing the Marks and Characters of the Believer 
in Christ ; together with some farther Privileges 
and Grounds of Comfort to the Saints. 

SECT. I. 

Doubting Believers called to examine, hy Marks drawnfrom 
their love to him and his Presence, their View of his Glory, 
and their being emptied of Self-righteousness, fyc. 

Good news! but, says the drooping bride, 

Ah! what's all this to me? 
Thou doubt'st thy right, when shadows hide 

Thy Husband's face from thee. 

Through sin and guilt thy spirit faints, 

And trembling fears thy fate ; 
But harbour not thy groundless plaints, 

Thy, Husband's advent wait. 

Thou sobb'st " O were I sure he's mine, 

This would give gladd'ning ease;" 
And sav'st, Though wants and woes combine. 

Thy Husband would thee please. 



THE BELIEVER^ JOINTURE. 91 

But up and down, and seldom clear, 

Iticlos'd with hellish routs; 
Vet yield thou not, nor foster fear: 

Thy Husband hates thy doubts. 
Thy cries and tears may slighted seem, 

And barr'd from present ease ; 
Yet blame thyself, but never dream 

Thy Husband's ill to please. 
Thy jealous unbelieving heart 

btill droops, and knows not why; 
Then prove thyself to ease thy smart, 

Thy Husband bids thee try. 
The following questions put to thee, 

As scripture-marks, may tell 
And shew, whatever thy failings be, 

Thy Husband loves thee well. 

MARKS. 

Art thou content when he's away? 

Can earth allay thy pants? 
If conscience witness, won't it say, 

Thy Husband's all thou wants? 
When he is near, (though in a cross) 

And thee with comfort feeds; 
Dost thou not count the earth as dross, 

Thy Husband all thou needs? 
In duties art thou pleas'd or pain'd, 

When far he's out of view ? 
And finding him, think'st all regained, 

Thy Husband always new? 
Though once thou thought'st, while Sinai mist 

And darkness compass'd thee, 
Thou wast undone; and glorious Christ 

Thy Husband ne'er would be. 
Yet know'st thou not a fairer place, 

Of which it may he told, 
That there the glory of his grace 

Thy Husband did unfold ? 



92 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

Where heav'nly beams inflam'd thy soul,. 

And love's seraphic art, 
With hallelujahs did extol 

Thy Husband in thy heart. 

Couldst then. have wish'd all Adam's race 
Had join'd with thee to gaze; 

That viewing fond his comely face, 
Thy Husband might get praise? 

Art thou disjoined from other lords? 

Divorc'd from fed'ral laws ? 
While, with most loving gospel cords. 

Thy Husband kindly draws? 

A'n't thou enlighten'd now to see 
Thy righteousness is naught 

But rags b , that cannot cover thee? 
Thy Husband so has taught. 

Dost see thy best performances 

Deserve but hell indeed? 
And hence art led, renouncing these, 

Thy Husband's blood to plead ? 

When strengthened boldly to address 

That gracious throne of his, 
Dost find, thy strength and righteousness 

Thy Husband only is? 

Canst thou thy most exalted frame 
Renounce, as withering grass, 

And firmly hold thine only claim, 
Thy Husband's worthiness? 

Canst pray with utmost holy pith c , 
And yet renounce thy good ? 

And wash not with thy tears, but with 
Thy Husband's precious blood? 

* U*. lxiy. 6. c Vigour or strcfegtfca 



THE BELIEVERS JOLVTUftE. 93 

SECT. II. 

Believen described^ from their Faith acting by divine Aid y 
and fleeing quite out of tliein^eUea to (JltrisU 

Can nothing less thy conscience ease, 

And please thy heart; no less 
Than that which justice satisfies, 

Thy Husband's righteousness? 

Dost see thy works so stain'd with sin, 
That thou through grace art mov'd 

To seek acceptance only in 
Thy Husband, the belov'd ? 

Dost thou remind, that once a-day 

Free grace did strengthen thee, 
To gift thy guilty soul away, 

Thy Husband's bride to be ? 

Or dost thou mind the day of.pow'r, 

Wherein he broke thy pride, 
And gain'd thy heart? O happy hour! 

Thy Husband caught the bride! 

He did thy enmity subdue, 

Thy bondage sad recal, 
Made thee to choose, and close pursue 

Thy Husband as thy all. 

What rest, and peace, and joy ensu'd 

Upon this noble choice? 
Thy heart, with flow'rs of pleasure strew'd, 

Thy Husband made rejoice. 

Dost know thou ne'er couldst him embrace, 

Till he embraced thee? 
Nor ever see him, till his face 

Thy Husband open'd free? 

And findest to this very hour, 

That this is stilHbe charm ; 
Thou canst do nothing, till with pow*r 

Thy Husband -shew his arm ? 



94 GOSPEL SONNETS, 

Canst thou do nought by nature, art. 

Or any strength of thine, 
Until thy wicked froward heart 

Thy Husband shall incline? 
But art thou, though without a wing 

Of pow'r aloft to flee, 
Yet able to do ev'ry thing, 

Thy Husband strengthening thee? 
Dost not alone at duties fork b , 

But foreign aid enjoy ? 
And still in ev'ry piece of work 

Thy Husband's strength employ? 
Thy motion heav'nly is indeed, 

While thou by faith dost move, 
And still in ev'ry time of need 

Thy Husband's grace improve. 
No common nat'ral faith can shew 

Its divine brood like this: 
Whose object, author, feeder too, 

Thy Husband only is. 
Dost thou by faith on him rely? 

On him, not on thy faith ? 
If faith shall with its object vie, 

Thy Husband's set beneath. 
Their hands receiving faculty 

Poor beggars never view ; 
But hold the royal gift in eye: 

Thy Husband so wilt thou. 
Faith, like a gazing eye, ne'er waits 

To boast its seeing pow'rs ; 
Its object views, itself forgets, 

Thy Husband it adores. 
It humbly still itself denies, 

Nor brags its acts at all ; 
Drop pluDg'd into its object lies, 
Thy Husband is its all. 

h Labour, wrestle, or toil. 



THE IIELIEVEJl's JOINTURE. 93 

v 

Xo strength but his it lias, and vaunts, 

So store but his can show : 
Hence nothing has, yet nothing wants, 

Thy Husband trains it so. 
Faith, of its own, no might can shew, 

Else would itself destroy ; 
But will for all it. has to do, 

Thy Husband still employ. 
Self-saviours none could ever be 

By faith, or grace of theirs : 
Their fruitless toil, so high that flee, 

Thy Husband's praise impairs. 
The seemingly devoutest deed, 

That would with shameless brow 
His saving trade take o'er his head 

Thy Husband won't allow. 
Dost therefore thou to him alone 

Commit thy sinful soul? 
Knowing of thy salvation 

Thy Husband is the whole ? 

SECT. III. 

Believers characterised by the Objects and Purity of their 
Desire, Delight, Joy, Hatred^ and Love, discovering 
they have the Spirit •.//' Christ. 

Dost thou his Spirit's conduct wait? 

And whencompar'd to this, 
All worldly wisdom under-rate? 

Thy Husband waits to bless. 
Tak'st thou his Spirit for thy guide 

Through Baca's valley dry, 
Whose streams of influences glide 

Thy Husband's garden by? 
In digging wells here by his pow'r 

Dost find it not in vain, 
While here a drop, and there a show'r 

Thv Husband makes to rain ? 



9Q GOSPEL SONNETS. 

Hence dost thou through each weary case 
From strength to strength go on, 

From faith to faith, while grace for grace 
Thy Husband gives anon ? 

The good, the gracious work begun, 

And furthered by his strength, 
Shall prosperous, though with wrestling, win 

Thy Husband's crown at length. 

Sin's pow'r and presence, canst thou own, 

Is thy most grievous smart, 
That makes thee sob, and weep alone ? 

Thy Husband knows thy heart. 

Does love to him make thee distaste 
Thy lusts, with all their charms ? 

And most them loath'st, when most thou hast 
Thy Husband in thine arms! 

Are cords of love the sweetest ties 

To bind thee duty-ways ? 
And best thou servst when most thou spies 

Thy Husband's beauteous rays ? 

Didst ever thou thy pardon read 
In tears of untold joy ? 
; When mercy made thy heart to bleed, 
Thy Husband was not coy. 

Do pardons sweetly melt thy heart, 

A nd most imbitter sin ? 
And make thee long with dross to part, 

Thy Husband's throne to win? 

When he arises lust to kill, 

Corruptions to destroy, 
Does gladness then thy spirit fill? 

Thy Husband is thy joy. 

Dost thou his person fair embrace 

Beyond his blessings all ? 
Sure then, thou boldly mayst, through grace, 

Thy Husband Jesus call. 



TFIE BELIEVER^ JOINTV. {fj 

What company dost thou prefer ? 

What friends above the rest? 
Of all relations every where, 

Thy Husband is the best. 
Whom in the earth or heav'n dost thou 

Most ardently desire? 
Is love's ascending spark unto 

Thy Husband set on fire ? 

Hast thou a hatred to his foes, 

And dost their course decline? 
Lov'st thou his saints, and dar'si suppose 

Thy Husband's friends are thine ? 

Dost thou their talk and walk esteem, 

When most divinely grave? 
And savour'st best when most they seem 

Thy Husband's Sp'rit to have? 

SECT. IV. 

Believer* in GhrLti affect Wis Counsel, Word, Ordinances, 

Appearand ", full Enjoyment in Heaven, and sweet 
Presence here. 

Where go'st thou first, when in a strait, 

Or when with grief opprest ? 
Fleest thou to Uini? O happy gate! 

Thy Husband is thy rest. 

His counsel seek'st thou still prepared, 

Nor canst without him live ? 
Wisdom to guide, and strength to guard, 

Thy Husband hath to give. 

Canst thou produce no pleasant pawi, 

Or token of his love? 
Won't signets, bracelets, from his hand, 

Thy Husband's kindness prove? 
Mind'st when he sent his healing word, 

Which darting from on high, 
Did light, and life, and joy atford? 

Thy Husband then was nigh, 
F 



9S GOSPEL SONNET3. 

Canst thou the promise sweet forget, 

He dropt into thy heart? 
Such glad'ning pow'r, and love with it, 

Thy Husband did impart. 

Dost thou affect his dwelling-place, 

And mak'st it thy repair ; 
Because thine eyes have seen, through grace* 

Thy Husband's glory there? 

Dost love his great appearing day, 

And thereon muse with joy; 
"When dusky shades will fly away, 

Thy Husband death destroys ? 

Dost long to see his glorious face 

Within the higher orb, 
Where humid sorrows losing place, 

Thy Husband's rays absorb ? 

Longest to be free of ev'ry fault, 

To bid all sin adieu ? 
And mount the hill, where glad thou shall 

Thy Husband's glory view ? 

Life where it lives, love where it loves* 

Will most desire to be : 
Such love-sick longing plainly proves 

Thy Husband's love to thee. 

What is it best can ease thy plaint^ 
Spread morning o'er thine ev'n? 

Is his approach thy heart's content, 
Thy Husband's presence hcav'n ? 

And whendeny'd this sweet relief, 

Canst thou assert full well, 
His hiding is thy greatest grief, 

Thy Husband'6 absence hell? 

Let thy experience be disclos'd: 

If conscience answer Yea 
To all the queries here propos'd, 

Thy Husband's thine for ay. 



THE BELIEVER'* JOINTURE. !» 

Pertain these characters to thee ? 

Then, soul, begin and praise 
His glorious worthy name, for he 

Thy Husband is always. 

sect. v. 

The true Believer s Humility, Delude nee, Zeal, Groivth, 
Admiration of free Grace, and Knowledge of Christ'*- 
Voice. 

Perhaps a saint may sigh and say, 

" I fear I'm yet to learn 
M These marks of marriage love." Yet stay, 

Thy Husband's bowels yearn. 

Though darkness may thy light obscure, 

And storms surmount thy calms, 
Day yield to night, and thou be poor, 

Thy Husband yet has alms. 

Dost see thyself an empty brat, 

A poor unworthy thing, 
With heart upon the dust laid flat? 

Thy Husband there does reigm 

Art in thine own esteem a beast, 

And dost thyself abhor ? 
The more thou hast of self-distaste, 

Thy Husband loves the more. 

Can hell breed no such wicked elf, 

As thou, in thine own sight? 
Thou'st got, to see thy filthy self, 

Thy Husband's purest light. 

Canst find no names so black, so vile, 

With which thou wouldst compart, 
But call'st thyself a lump of hell ? 

Thy Husband calls thee fair. 
When his kind visits make thee see 

He's precious, thou art vile; 
Then mark the hand of God with ther, 

'I hy Husband gives a smile. 
F <J 



100 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

He knows what visits suit thy state 5 
And though most rare they be, 

It sets thee well on him to wait, 
Thy Husband waits on thee. 

Dost see thou art both poor and'weak, 
And he both full and strong? 

O don't his kind delays mistake, 
Thy Husband comes ere long. 

Though during Sina's stormy day, 
Thou dread'st the dismal blast, 

And fear' si thou art a cast-away, 
Thy Husband comes at last. 

The glorious Sun will rise ap^ce, 
And spread his healing wings, 

In sparkling pomp of sovereign grace, 
Thy Husband gladness brings. 

Canst thou, whatever should come of thee, 

Yet w r ish his Zion well, 
.And joy in her prosperity? 

Thy Husband loves thy zeal. 

Dost thou admire his love to some, 
Though thou shouldst never share? 

Mercy to thee will also come, 
Thy Husband hath to spare. 

Poor soul: dost grieve for want of grace, 

And weep for want of love, 
And Jesus seek'st! O hopeful case ! 

Thy Husband lives above. 

Regretting much thy falling short, 

Dost after more aspire? 
There's hope in Israel for thy sort, 

Thy Husband's thy desire 
Art thou well pleas'd that sov'reign grace^ 

Through Christ, exalted be? 
This frame denotes no hopeless case, 

Thy Husband's pleas'd with thee. 



I11E CKI 3 JOIN rURB« J L 

e to be the footstool low, 
On which his throne might rise, 
its pompftus gijace around to show ? 
Thy Husband does thee prize 

If but a glance of his fair face 

Can cheer thee more than wine; 
Thou in his loving heart hast place, 

Thy Husband place in thine. 
Dost- make his blood thy daily bath ? 

His word and oath thy stay? 
His law of love thy lightsome path? 

Thy Husband is thy way. 

All things within earth's spacious womb 

Dost count but loss and dung, 
For one one sweet word in season from 

Thy Husband's learned tongue? 

Skill to discern and know his voice, 

From words of wit and art, 
Will clearly prove thou art his choice, 

Thy Husband thine in heart. 

The pompous words that fops admire, 

May vagrant fancy feast; 
But with seraphic harmless fire 

Thy Husband's burn the breast. 

SECT. VI. 

True Believers are ici/ling to be tried and examined. 
Comforts arising to them from Christ's ready Supply, 
real Sympathy, and relieving Names, suiting their Needs. 

Dost thou upon thy trait' rous heart 

Stiil keep a jealous eye ? 
Most willing that thine inward part 

Thy Husband strictly try? 
The thieving crowd will hate the light, 

Lest stolen etfects be shown ; 
But truth desires what's wrong or right 
Thy Husband would make known. 
F 3 



108 GOSPEL SCNKET3. 

Dost then his trying word await, 

His searching doctrine lover 
lend, lest thou eir through self deceit, 

Thy Husband would thee prove? 
Does oft thy mind with inward smart 

Bewail thy unbelief? 
And conscious sue, from plagues of heart ? 

Thy Husband for relief? 
Why doubt'sthis love? and yet, behold, 

With him thou wouldst not part 
For thousand thousand earths of gold ; 

Thy Husband has thy heart. 
Though darkness, deadness, unbelief, 

May al! thy soul attend; 
Liirht, life, and faith's mature relief, 

Thy Husband has to send. 
Of wants annoying, why complain? 

Supply arises hence; 
What gifts he has received for men% 

Thy Husband will dispense. 
He got them in's exalted state 

For rebels, such as thou ; 
All then that's needful, good, or great, 

Thy Husband will allow. 
Thy wants he sees, thy cries he hears; 

And, marking all thy moans, 
He in his bottle keeps thy tears. 

Thy Husband notes thy groans, 
All thine infirmities him touch, 

They strike his feeling heart; 
His kindly sympathy is such, 

Thy Husband finds the smart. 
Whatever touches thee affects 

The apple of his eye; 
Whatever harm he therefore checks, 

Thy Husband's aid is nigh. 

c Fsal. kviii. iS. 



THE BELIEVERS JOIMUHE, 

s are spar'd, thy need i^ such, 
Ue slays them but in part : 
He can do all, and will (\o much, 
Thy Husband acts by art. 

He often for the saddest hour 

Reserves the sweetest aid : 
See how such banners heretofore 

Thy Husband has display'd. 

Mind where he vouched his good-will, 

Sometimes at Hermon f mount. 
In Jordan land, at Mizar-hill ; 

Thy Husband keeps the count. 

At sundry times, and divers ways. 

To suit thy various frames, 
Hast seen like rising golden rays, 

Thy Husband's various names? 

When guilty conscience ghastly star'd, 

jEHOVAH-T5lDKENU g , 

The Lord thy righteousness appeared, 
Thy Husband in thy view. 

When in thy straits, or wants extreme, 

Help fail'd on ev'ry side, 
Jahotah-jireh* was his name, 

Thy Husband did provide. 

When thy long absent Lord didst moan, 

And to his courts repair ; 
Then was Jehovah-shammah 1 known 

Thy Husband present there. 

When thy assaulting foes appeared, 

In robes of terror clad, 
Jehovah-nissi* then was rear'd, 

Thy Husband's banner spread. 

When furies arm'd with fright'mtig guilt, 
Dunn'd war without surcease; 

f Psal. xlii. 6. g Jcr.xxiii. 6. h Gen. xxii. 14. 

1 Ezek. xlviii. 35. k Exod. xvii. 15. 

F 4 



104 GOSPEL SONNHTJs 

Jehovah-shalom 1 then was built, 
Thy Husband sent thee peace. 

When thy diseases death proclaimed, 

And creature-balsams fa»l\i, 
Jehovah-rophi™ then was built; 

Thy Husband kindly heal'd. 

Thus as thy various needs require, 

In various modes like these, 
The help that suits thy heart's desire, 

Thy Husband's name conveys. 
To th' little flock, as cases vary, 

The great Jehovah shews 
Himself a little sanctuary", 

Thy Husband gives thee views. 

SECT. VII. 

Tlie Believer s Experience of Christ's comfortable Pre- 
tence, or of former Comforts to he improved for his En- 
couragement and Support under Darkness and Hidings, 

Dost mind the place, the spot of land, 

Where Jesus did thee meet? 
And how he got thy heart and hand ? 

Thy Husband then was sweet. 

Dost mind the garden, chamber, bank, 

A vale of vision seem'd ? 
Thy joy was full, thy heart was frank, 

Thy Husband much esteem'd. 

Let thy experience sweet declare, 

If able to remind ; 
A Bochim here, a Bethel there, 

Thy Husband made thee find. 

Was such a corner, such a place, 

A paradise to thee, 
A Peniel, where face to face, 

Thy Husband fair didst see? 

1 Jutf&es vi. 24. w Exod.xv, *6. ■ Ea .. 



THE BELIEVER'S JOINTURE. 105 

There did he clear thy cloudy cause, 

Thy doubts and liars destroy ; 
And on thy spirit Sea I'd he was, 

Thy Husband with great joy, 

Could'st thou have said it boldly then, 

And seal'd it with thy blood? 
Yea, welcome death with pleasure, when 

Thy Husband by thee stood? 

That earth again should thee insnare, 

O how thy heart was pain'd! 
For all its lading glory there 

Thy Husband's beauty stain'd. . 

The thoughts of living more in sin 

Were then like hell to thee; 
The life of heav'n did thus begin, 

Thy Husband set thee free. 

Whatever thou found'st him at thy best, 

He's at thy worst the same, 
And in his love will ever rest, 

Tiny Husband holds his claim. 

Let faith these visits keep in store, 

Though sense the pleasure miss; 
The God of Bethel, as before, 

Thy Husband always is. 

In measYing his approaches kind, 

A nd timing his descents; 
In free and sov'reign ways thou'lt find 

Thy Husband thee prevents. 

Prescribe not to him in thy heart, 

He's infinitely wise. 
How oft he throws his loving dart, 

Thy Husband does surprise. 
Perhaps a sudden gale thee blest, 

While walking in thy road ; 
Or on a journey e'er thou wist, 

Thy Husband look'd thee brOad> 
F 5 



10g GOSPEL SONNETS. 

Thus was the Eunuch fam'd (his stage 

A riding on the way, 
As he revolv'd the sacred page ) 

Thy Husband's happy prey. 
In hearing, reading, singing, pray'r, 

When darkness compass'd thee, 
Thou found'st, or ere thou wast aware, 

Thy Husband's lightening free. 
Of heav'nly gales don't meanly think : 

For, though thy soul complains, 
They're but a short and passing blink; 

Thy Husband's love remains. 
Think not, though breezes haste away, 

Thoudest his favour lose; 
But learn to know his sov'reign way, 

Thy Husband comes and goes. 
Don't say he's gone for ever, though 

His visits he adjourn ; 
For vet a little while, and lo, 

Thy Husband will return. 
In worship social and retir'd, 

Dost thou his absence wail? 
Wait at his shore, and be notfear'd, 

Thy Husband's ship's a-sail. 
Yea though in duties sense may miss 

Thy soul's beloved One; 
Yet do not faint, fur never is 

Thy Husband wholly gone. 
Though Satan, sin, earth, hell, at once 

Would thee of joy bereave: 
Mind what he said, he won't renounce, 

Thy Husband will not leave. 
Though foes assail, and friendship fail, 

Thou hast a friend at court: 
The gates of hell shall ne'er prevail, 
Thy Husband is thy fort. 

e .Acts viii. 2.7^39. 



THE BELIEVER'S JOINTURE. 107 

SECT. VIII. 

Comfort to Believers from the Stability of the Promise, 
notwithstanding heavy Chastisements fur Sin. 

Take well howe'er kind Wisdom may 

Dispose thy present lot ; 
Thouyii heav'n and eartn should pass away, 

Thy Husband's love will not. 
All needful help he will afford, 

Thou hast his vow and oath; 
And once to violate his word 

Thy Husband will be loth, 
To fire and floods with thee he'll down, 

His promise this insures, 
Whose credit cannot burn nor drown ; 

Thy Husband's truth endures. 
Dost thou no more his word believe, , 

As mortal man's, forsooth? 
O do not thus his Spirit grieve, 

Thy Husband is the Truth. 
Though thou both wicked art and weak, 

His word he'll never rue ; 
Though heav'n and earth should bend and break, 

Thy Husband will be true. 
I'll never leave thee p , is his vow; 

If truth has said the word. 
While Truth is truth, this word is true^ 

Thy Husband is the Lord, 
Thy covenant of duties may 

Prove daily most unsure: 
His covenant of grace for ay 

Thy Husband does secure. 
Dost thou to him thy promise break, 

And fear he'll break to thee? 
Nay, not thy thousand crimes can make 

Thy Husband once to lie. 
p Heb.xiii.5. 
F 6 



108 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

He visit will thy sins with strokes, 

And lift his heavy hand; 
But never once his word revokes, 

Thy Husband's truth will stand. 

Then dream not he is changed in love, 
When thou art chang'd in frame ; 

Thou may'st by turns unnumber'd move, 
Thy Husband's ay the same. 

He for thy follies may thee bind 

With cords of great distress ; 
To make thee moan thy sins, and mind 

Thy Husband's holiness. 

By wounds, he makes thee seek his cure ; 

By frowns his favour prize; 
By falls affrighting, stand more sure; 

Thy Husband is so wise. 

Proud Peter in the dirt of vice 

Fell down exceeding low ; 
His tow'ring pride, by tumbling thrice, [ 

Thy Husband cured so. 

Before he suffer pride that swells, 
He'll drag thee through the mire 

Of sins, temptations, little hells; 
Thy Husband saves by fire. 

He in affliction's mortar may 
Squeeze out old Adam's juice, 

Till thou return to him, and say, 
Thy Husband is thy choice. 

Fierce billows may thy vessel toss, 

And crosses cursfcs seem ; 
But that the curse has tied the cross, 

Thy Husband bids thee deem. 
Conclude not he in wrath disowns, 

When trouble thee sunouuds; 
These are ii is favourable frowns, 

Thy Husband's healing wounds. 



the believer's jointure. 109 

Yea, when he gives the deepest lash, 

Love leads the wounding hand: 
His stroke, when sin has got a dash, 

Thy Husband will remand. 



SECT IX. 

Comfort to Believers* in Christ's Relations, in his dying 
Lore, his Glory in Heaven, to which he will lead them 
through Death, and supply with all Necessaries by the 
Way. 

Behold the patrimony broad 

That falls to thee by line; 
In him thou art an heir of God, 

Thy Husband's Father's thine. 

He is of relatives a store, 

Thy Friend, will help in thrall: 
Thy Brother much, thy Father more, 

Thy Husband most of all. 

All these he does amass and share, 

In ways that most excel: 
'Mong all the husbands ever were, 

Thy Husband bears the bell. 

Whence run the streams of all thy good, 

But from his pierced side? 
With liquid gold of precious blood 

Thy Husband bought his bride. 

His blood abundant value bore, 

To make his purchase broad, 
'Twas fair divinity in gore, 

Thy Husband is thy God. 

Who purchased at the highest price, 

Be crown'd with highest praise; 
For in the highest paradise 

Thy Husband wears the bays, 



110 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

He is of Heav'n the. cornel}' rose, 

His beauty makes it fair; 
Heav'n were but hell, oowldsc thou suppose 

Thy Husband were not there. 

He thither did in pomp ascend, 

His spouse along to bring : 
That Hallelujahs without end 

Thy Husband's bride may sing. 

Ev'n tin re with Kim for ever fix'd, 

His giory s-ialt thou see; 
And nought but death is now betwixt 

Thy Husband's throne and thee. 

He'il order death, that porter rude, 

To ope the gates or brass ; 
For, lo! with characters of blood 

Thy Husband wrote thy pass. 

At Jordan deep then be not scar'd, 
Though dismal-like and broad ; 

Thy sun will guide, thy shield will guard, 
Thy Husband pav'd the road. 

He'll lead thee safe, and bring thee home, 

And stiil let blessings fall 
Of grace while here, till glory come: 

Thy Husband's bound for all. 

His store can answer ev'ry bill, 
Thy food and raiment's bought; 

Be at his will, thou'lt have thy fill, 
Thy Husband wants for nought. 

What can thy soul conceive it lacks? 

His store, his pow'r is thine : 
His lib'ral heart to lib'ral acts 

Thy Husband does incline. 

Though on thy hand, that has no might, 

He should thy task enlarge; 
Nor work nor warfare needs thee fright,' 

Tby Husband bears the charge. 



THE BELIEVER'S JOINTURE. Ill 

Thou wouldst (if left) thyself undo, 

So apt to foil and stray ; 
But he uplifts and leads thee too; 

Thy Husband knows the way. 

SECT. x. 

Comfort to Believers from the Text, Thy Maker u thy 
Husband, inverted thus, Thy Husband is thy Maker; 

and the Conclusion of this Subject. 

Of light and life, of grace and glore, 

In Christ thou art partaker. 
Rejoice in him for evermore, 

Thy Husband is thy Maker. 
He made thee, yea made thee his bride, 

Nor heeds thine ugly patch ; 
To what he made he'll still abide, 

Thy Husband made the match. 
He made all; yea, he made all thine, 

All to thee shall be giv'n. 
Who can thy kingdom undermine? 

Thy Husband made the heav'n. 
What earthly thing can thee annoy: 

He made the earth to be ; 
The waters cannot thee destroy, 

Thy Husband made the sea. 
Don't fear the flaming element 

Thee hurt with burning ire; 
Or that the scorching heat torment: 

Thy Husband made the fire. 
Infectious streams shall ne'er destroy, 

While he is pleas'd to spare; 
Thou shalt thy vital breath enjoy, 

Thy Husband made the air. 
The sun that guides the golden day, 

The moon that rules the night/ 
The starry frame, the milky way, 

Thy Husband made for light. 



112 GOSPEL SONxVETS. 

The bird that wings its airy path, 

The iish that cuts the tlood, 
The creeping crowd that swarms beneath, 

Thy Husband made tor good. 

The grazing herd, the beasts of prey, 

The creatures great and small 
For thy behoof their tribute pay, 

Thy Husband made them all. 

Thine' s Paul, Apollos, life, and death, 

Things present, things to be; 
An4 every thing that being hath, 

Thy Husband made for thee. 

In Tophet of the damn'd's resort 

Thy soul shall never dwell, 
Nor needs from thence imagine hurt, 

Thy Husband formed hell. 

Satan with instruments of his, 

May rage, yet dread no evil : 
So far as he a creature is, 

Thy Husband made the devil. 

His black temptations may afflict, 

His fiery darts annoy ; 
But all his works, and hellish tricks, 

Thy Husband will destroy. 

Let armies strong of earthly gods 

Combine with hellish ghosts, 
They live, or languish at his nods; 

Thy Husband's Lord of hosts. 
What can thee hurt? whom dost thou fea 

All things are at his call. 
Thy Maker is thy Husband dear, 

Thy Husband all in all. 
What dost thou seek ? what dost thou wain f 

He'll thy desires fulfil; 
He gave himself, what won't he grant: 

Thy Husband's at thy will. 



THE BELIEVERS JOINTURE. Hi 

more thou dost of him desire, 
The more he loves to give : 
High let thy mounting arms aspire, 
Thy Husband gives thee leave. 

The less thou seek'st, the less thou dost 

His bounty set on high ; 
But highest seekers here do most 

Thy Husband glorify. 

Wouldst thou have grace? Well; but 'tis meet 

He should more glory gain. 
Would'st thou have Father, Son, and Sp'rit? 

Thy Husband says, Amen. 

He'll kindly act the lib'ral God, 

Devising lib'ral thing* ; 
With royal gifts his subjects load; 

Thy Husband's King of kings. 

No earthly monarchs have such store 

As thou hast ev'n in hand ; 
But, O how infinitely more 

Thy Husband gives on band ! 
Thou hast indeed the better part, 

The part will fail thee never: 
Thy Husband's hand, thy Husband's heart* 

Thy Husband's all for ever. 

4 



End of the Poem upon Isaiah liv. i>, 



COSFEJL SONNETS* 

PART III. 

THE BELIEVER'S RIDDLE; 

0R 9 THE MYSTERY OF FAITH. 

PREFACE. 

SHEWING THE USE AND DESIGN OF THE RIDDLE. 

"JD> EADER, the following enigmatic song 

Does not to wisest nat'ralists belong: 
Their wisdom is but folly on this head ; 
They here may ruminate, but cannot read. 
For tho' they glance the words, the meaning chokes. 
They read the lines, but not the paradox. 
The subject will, howe'er the phrase be blunt, 
Their most acute intelligence surmount, 
If with the nat'ral and acquired sight 
They share not divine evangelic light. 

Great wits may rouse their fancies, rack their 
And after all their labour lose their pains; [brains, 
Their wisest comments were but witless chat, 
Unapt to frame an explication pat. 
No unregen'rate mortal's best engines 
Can right unriddle these few rugged lines; 
Nor any proper notions thereof reach, 
Though sublimated to the highest stretch. 
Masters of reason, plodding men of sense, 
Who scorn to mortify their vain pretence. 
In this mysterious deep might plod their fill; 
It overtops the top of ail their skill. 
The more they vainly huff, and scorn to read^ 
The more it does their foolish wit exceed. 




ue\ ;i man so account of us, as of the ministers ofChrisI 
and stewards of the mysteries <>t' God . LCoriCh: tVer I 



*v1 






'■i* 



TilE BELIEVERS RIDDLE. 115 

Those sinners that are sanctify VI in part, 
May read this riddle truly in their heart. 
Yea, weakest saints may feel its truest sense, 
Both in their sad and sweet experience. 
Don't overlook it with a rambling view, 
And rash suppose it neither good nor true. 
Let Heaven's pure oracles the truth decide; 
Renounce it, if it can't that test abide. 
Noble Bereans soon the sense may hit, 
Who sound the divine depth of sacred writ, 
Not by what airy carnal reason saith, 
But by the golden line of heaven-spun faith. 

Let not the naughty phrase make you disprove 
The weighty matter which deserves your love. 
High strains would spoil the riddle's grand intent, 
To teach the weakest, most illiterate saint, 
That Mauanalm is his proper name; 
In whom two struggling hosts make bloody game. 
That such may know, whose knowledge is but rude t 
How good consists with ill, and ill with good. 
That saints be neither at their worst nor best, 
Too much exalted, or too much deprest. 

This paradox is fitted to disclose 
The skill of Zion's friends above her foes; 
To difference by light that Heaven transmits, 
Some happy fools from miserable wits, 
And thus (if bless'd) it may in some degree 
Make fools their wit, and wits their folly see. 
Slight not the riddle then like jargon vile, 
Because not garnish'd with a pompous style. 
Could th' author act the lofty poet's part 
Who make their sonnets soar on wings of art, 
He on this theme had blush'd to use his skill, 
And either dipt his wings, or broke his quill. 

Why, this enigma climbs such divine heights 
As scorn to be adorn'd with human flights, 
These gaudy strains would lovely truth disgrace, 
purest paint deforms a comely face. 



11(5 GOSPEL SOiNNLT?, 

HeavVs mysteries are 'bove art's ornamenr, 
Immensely brighter than its brightest paint. 
No tow' ring lit'rator could e'er outwit 
The plainest diction fetched from sacred writ \ 
By winch mere blazing 1 het'ric is outdone, 
As twinkling stars are by the radiant sun. 
The soaring orators, who can with ease 
Strain the quintessence of hyperboles, 
And clothe the barest theme with purest dress, 
Might here expatiate much, yet say the less, 
If wi' th' majestical simplicity 
Of scripture orat'ry they disagree. 

These lines pretend not to aftect the sky, 
Content among inglorious shades to lie, 
Provided sacred truth be fitly clad, 
Or glorious shine ev'n through the dusky shade. 
Mark then, though you should miss the gilded strain,, 
If they a store of golden truth contain: 
Nor under-rate a jewel rare and prime, 
Though wrapt up in the rags of homely rhime. 

Though haughty Deists hardly stoop to say, 
That nature's night has need of scripture day : 
Yet gospel-light alone will cleariy shew 
How ev'ry sentence here is just and true, 
Expel the shades that may the mind involve, 
And soon the seeming contradiction solve. 
All fatal errors in the world proceed 
From want of skill, such mysteries to read, 
Vain men the double branch of truth divide. 
Hold by the one, and slight the other side. 

Hence proud A rminians cannot reconcile 
Freedom of grace with freedom of the will. 
The blinded Papist won't discern nor see 
How works are good unless they justify. 
Thus legalists distinguish not the odds 
Between their home-bred righteousness and God's,- 
Antinomists the saints perfection plead. 
Nor duiv sever 'tween Ihcm and their Head* 



Tur. relieyer's riddle. 117 

Socinians won't these seeming odds agree, 
How heav'n is bought, and yet salvation free. 
Bold Arians hate to reconcile or scan, 
How Christ is truly God and truly man : 
Holding the one part of ImmanueTs name, 
The otner part outrageously blaspheme. 
The sound in faith no part of truth controul : 
Heretics own the half, but not the whole. 

Keep then the sacred myst'ry still entire; 
To both the sides of truth do favour bear, 
Not quitting one to hold the other branch; 
But passing judgment on an equal bench; 
The Riddle has two feet, and were but one 
Cut off, truth falling to the ground were gone. • 
Tis all a contradiction, yet all true, 
And happy truth, if verify'd in you. 

Go forward then to read the lines, but stay 
read the riddle also by the way. 

* Prov.-i. j, to 7. 



THE RIDDLE. 



SECT. I. 

The Mystery of the Saints' Pedigree, and especially oftltcfc 
Relation to Christ's wonderful Person 

IX/TY life's a maze of seeming traps 5 , 
■*■ A scene of mercies and mishaps c ; 
A heap of jarring to and froes d , 
A field of joys, a flood of woes e . 

I'm in mine own and others eyes, 

A labyrinth of mysteries f . 

I'm something that from nothing came g , 

Yet sure it is, I nothing am*. 

h Joshua xxii. 13. And Joshua said, Know for a certainty, that tne 
Lord your God will no more drive out any of these nations from before you ; 
but they shall be snares and traps unto you, and scourges in your sides, and 
thorns in your eyes, Sec, Psalm exxiv. 7. Our soul is escaped as a bird out 
of the snare of the fowlers ; the snare is broken, and we are escaped. 

c Or miseries, Lam. iii. 19. Remembering mine affliction and my misery, 
the wormwood and the gall. Ver. 22. It is of the Lord's mercies that we 
are not consumed, because his compassions fail not. Psalm ci. 1. I will 
sing of mercy and judgment : unto thee, O Lord, will I sing. ' 

a Psalm cii. 10. Thou hast lifted me up, and cast me down. Psalm cix. 
23. I am tossed up and dov/n as the locust. 

e Hab. iii. 17, 18. Although the rig-tree shall not blossom, neither shall 
fruit be in the vines, the labour of the olive shall fail, and the fields shall 
yield no meat, the flocks shall be cut off from the fold, and there shall be 
no herd in the stalls; yet will I rejoice in the Lord, I will joy in the 
God of my salvation. 

1 Isaiah viii. 18. Behold I and the children whom the Lord hath given 
ire, are for signs, and for wonders in Israel ; from the Loid of hosts, which 
dwelleth in mount Zion. Zexh. iii. 8. Hear now, O Joshua the high 
priest, thou and thv fellows that sit before thee : for they are men wondered 
at, &c. Psal- lxxi. 7. I am as a wonder unto many, but thou art my strong 
refuge. 

8 Gen. i. 1. In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth. 
V. o. xi. 3. Through faith we understand that the worlds were framed by 
jfchc word of God, so that things which are seen were not made oi things 
which do appear. 

b Isa. xl. 17. All nations before him are as nothing, and they arc 
accounted to him lesc than nothing, and vanity* Dai>» iv. 35. All lH' 
Inhabitants of the earth are reputed as nothing* 



THE BELIEVER.'^ RIDDLE. 11$) 

Once was I dead, and blind, and lame', 
Yea, 1 continue still the sanie k ; 
STet wkat I was, I am no more 1 , 
Nor ever shall be as before™ 

My Father lives n , my father's gone*, 
My vital head both lost and won p . 
My parents cruel are and kind 1 ", 
Of one, and of a diff 'rent mind s . 

My father poison'd me to death 1 , 

My mother's hand will stop my breath u ; 

1 Ephes. ii. i. And ycu hath he quickened who were dead in trespasses 
2nd sins. Rev. iii. 17. Because thou sayest, I am rich, and increased In 
.gojds, and have need of nothing; and knowest not that thou art wretched, 
and miserable, and poor, and blind, and naked. Isa. xxxv. 6. Then shall 
the lame man leap as an hart, and the tongue of the dumb sing ; tor in the 
wilderness shal waters break out, and streams in the desert. 

k Rom. vii. 14. For we know that the law is spiritual: but I am 
-carnal, sold under sin. Ver. 24. O wretched man that I am, who shall 
deliver me from the body of thi^ death ? 

1 Rom. vii. 17. Now thf-n, ; t i> no more I that do it, but sin that 
dwelleth in me. Ver. 20. Now, if I do that I would net, it is no more I 
that do it, kit sin that dweilcth in me. John ix. 25. He (the blind man) 
answered and said, Whether he be a dinner, or no, I know not ; one thing 
•I know, that whereas I was blind, now I see. 

m Rom. xi. 29. For the gifts and calling of God are without repentance, 
Jer. xxxii. 40. And I will make an everlasting covenant with them, that 
I will not turn away from them, to do them good ; but I will put my fear 
in their hearts, that they shall not depart from me. 

n Isa. ix. 6. His name shall be called— The everlasting Father. Rev 
i. 18. lam he that livcth, and was dead; and behold, I am alive for 
evermore. Amen. 

Hos. xiv. 3. In thee the fatherless fmdeth mercy. Zech. i. 5. 
Your fathers, where are they ? and the prophets, do they live for ever ? 

p 1 Cor. xv. 45. It is written, The first man Adam was made a living 
toul, the last Adam was made a quickening spirit. 

r Psalm ciil. 13. Like as a father pitieth his children, so the Lord 
pitieth them that fear him. Isa. xliii. 27, Thy first father hath sinned, 
and thy teachers have transgressed against me. 

b Job xxiii. 13. But he is in one mind, and who can turn him? and 
what his soul desireth even that he doth. Rom. viii. 5- For they that are 
after the rlesh, do mind the things of the flesh ; but they that are after the 
Spirit, the things of the Spirit. Ver. 7. Because the carnal mind is enmity'* 
against God : for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can bej 

r Rom. v. 12. Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and 
•4eath by sin ; and so death passed upon ail men, for that all have sinned. 

41 Gen. iii. 16. Unto the woman he said ; I will greatly multiply rhy 



IQ0 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

Her womb, that once my substance gave, 
Will very quickly be my grave*. 

My sisters all my flesh will eat^, 
My brethren tread me under feet 2 ; 
My nearest friends are most unkind % 
My greatest foe's my greatest friend b . 

He could from feud to friendship pass, 
Yet never change from what he \vas c . 
He is my Father, he alone 
Who is my Father's only Son d . 

sorrow, and thy conception : in sorrow thou shalt bring forth children, 
&c. 

x Psalm cxlvi. 4. His breath goeth forth, he returneth to his earth; in 
that very day his thoughts perish. Eccles. iii. 20. All go unto one place, 
all are of the dust, and all turn to dust again. 

} ' Jobxvii. 14. I have said to corruption, Thou art my father; to the 
worm, Thou art my mother, and my sister. Chap. xix. 26. And though 
after my skin worms destroy this b*>dy, yet in my flesh shall I see God. 

a Even in a moral sense, Jer. xii. 10. Many pastors have destroyed 
my vineyard, they have trodden my portion under foot, they have made 
my pleasant portion a desolate wilderness. Ezek. xxxiv. 18. Seemeth it a 
small thing unto you, to have eaten up the good pasture, but ye must tread 
down with your feet the residue of vour pasfures ? and to have drunk of the 
deep waters, but ye must foul the residue with your feet ? 

a Psalm lv. 12, 13, For it was not an enemy that reproached me, then 
1 could have borne it ; neither was it he that hated me, that did magnify 
himself against me, then I would have hid myself from him. But it was 
thou, a man, mine equal, my guide, and mine acquaintance. Mic. vii. -, 
6. Trust ye not in a friend, put ye not confidence in a guide : keep the 
doors of thy mouth from her that lieth in thy bosom. For the son dis- 
honoured the father, the daughter riscth up against the mother, and the 
daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law ; a man's enemies are the mea 
of his own house. 

b Psa m vii. 11. God is angry with the wicked every day. 2 Cor. 
v. 19. God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto himself, not imputing 
their trespasses unto them. 

c Mai. iii. 16. For I am the Lord, I change not : therefore ye sons of 
Jacob are not consumed. Hos. xiv. 4. 1 will heal their backsliding, I 
will love them freely ; for mine anger is turned away from him. 

41 John xx. 17. Jesus taith unto her [Mary], Touch me not, for I am 
♦iot yet ascended to my Father : but go to my brethren, and say unto 
them, I ascend unto my Father and your Father, and to my God and your 
God. Isa. ix. 6. Unto us a Son is given : and his name shall be called — 
The everlasting Father. John i. 14. And the word was made flesh, and 
dwelt among ui (and we beln-ld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten 
of tnc Father) full of £iace auu truth, 



THE BELIEVER'S RIDDLE. 121 

I am his mother's son c , yet more, 
A son his mother f never bore, 
But bom of him*, and yet aver 
His Father's son my mother's were*. 

I am divorc'd, yet marry'd still *, 
With full consent, against my will*. 
l\ly husband present is 1 , yet gone*, 
AVe diiVer much, yet still are one \ 

He is the first, the last, the all °, 
Yet number'd up with insects small ? . 
The first of all things 1 ", yet atone 
The second of the great Three-one 5 . 

e S ng III- 4. It was but a little that I passed from them, hut T foond 
him whom my soul loveth : I held him and would not let him go, until I 
had brought him into my mother's house, and into the chamber of her that 
conceived me. Ver. 11. Go forth, O ye daughters of Ziou, and behold 
king Solomon with the crown wherewith his mother crowned him in the 
day of his espousal-, and in the day of the gladness of hi^> heart. 

f Viz. his natural mother according to thejteshm 

B John i. 13. Which were born not of blood, nor of the will of the 
flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God. 

h Gal. iv. 26. But Jerusalem which is above, is free, which is the mother 
of us all. 

1 Rom.vii. 4. Wh«reforc, my brethren, ye also are become dead to th« 
law by the body of Christ ; and that ye should be married to anv*lieF, 
even to him who is raised from the dead. 

k Psalm ex. 3. Thy people ^hall b» willing in the dav of thy power. 

1 Matt, xxviii. 20. Lo, 1 am with you alway, even unto the end of lite 
world. 

m John xiv. 2. I go to prepare a place for you. 

n John xvii. 21. Thac they all may be on'-, as thoii, Father, art in nc, 
flnd I in thee ; that they al>o may be one in us. 

Rev. i. 1 1. I am Alpha and Omega; the fir^t and the last. C I 
II. Christ is all, and in all. 

p Psalm xxii. 6. But I am a worm, and no man. 

r Col. i. 15, 16. Who is the image or" the invisible God, *'.. 
uf every creature: for by him were all things created that are in 
and that are in earth, risible cau\ invisible, whether they be throne*, or 
dominions, or principalities, or power- : all things wore created by him, 
and for him. 

v 1 John v. 7. For there are three that bear record in heaven, the 
Father, the Word, and the Holy Gho-t : and these three are one. 
xxriii. 19. Go ye therefore and tench all nations, baptizing them in tae 
name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Hoi- Gacr*. 



l ( 2Q GOSPEL SONNETS 

A creature? never could he be! 
Yet is a creature strange I see*; 
And own this uncreated one, 
The son of man, yet no man's son u . 

He's omnipresent, all may know*, 
Yet never could be wholly so>\ 
His manhood is not here and there 2 , 
Yet he is God-man ev'ry where \ 

He comes and goes, none can him trace b , 
Yet never could he change his place c . 
But though he's good d , and ev'ry where, 
No good's in hell, yet he is there . 

* John i. 2, 3. Tn the beginning was the Word, and the Wor3 was with 
God, and the Word was God. The same was in the beginning with God. 
All things were made by him ; and without him was not any thing made 
that was made. Ver. 14. And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt 
among us (ami we beheld nis glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the 
Father) full of grace and truth. 

11 Matt. i. 23. Behold a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth 
a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted, 
is, God with us. Luke i. 34, 35. Then said Mary unto the angel, How 
shall this be, seeing I know not a man ? And the angel answered and 
said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the 
"highest shall overshadow thee : therefore also that holy thing which shall 
be born of thee shall be called the Son of God, 

x Psal. exxxix. 7 — 10. Whither shall I go from thy Spirit ? or, whither 
shall I rlee from thy presence ? If I ascend up into heaven, thou art there : 
if I make my bed in hell, behold, thou art there. If I take the wings of 
the morning, and dwell in the uttermost parts of the sea, even there shall 
thv hand lead me, and thy right hand shall hold me. 

• v Luke xxiv. 6. He is not here, but is 'risen. 

7 lohn xvi. 16. A little while anil ye shall not see mc ; and, again, a 
little while and ye shall see me, because I go to the Father. 

■ Matt. i. 23 See letter : . Chap, xwiii. 10. Lo, 1 am with you 
al'.vav, even unto the end of the work!. 

b John iii. 8. The wind blowcth where it listcth, and thou nearest the 
sound thereof, but canst not tell whence it comcth and whither it goeth : 
50 IS every one that is born of the Spirit. 

c Ta. Ixvi. 1. Thus saith the Lord, The heaven is my throne, and the 
earth is my footstool: where is the house that ye build unto me r and 

where is the place of my rest ? 

<! Psalm c. 5. The Lord is good, his mercy is everlastings 

• Psalm exxxtx. 8. If I maLc my bed in hell, behold, thou art there. 



THE BELIEVER'S RIDDLE. 1 c 2o 

him 1 , in him B chosen was h , 
v - ( i of the choice he's not the cause' : 
Tor Boi^reign mercy ne'er was bought k , 
Yet through his blood a vent it sought J . 
In him concentered at his death 
His Father's Iove m , his Father's wrath.": 
Even he whom passion never seiz'd , 
Was then most angry, when most pleas'd p . 
Justice requir'd that he should die r 
Who yet was slain unrighteously 5 , 

f As God. 6 As Mediator. 

h Ephes. i. 4. According as he hath chosen us in him, before the 
foundation of the world, that we should be holy, and without blame before 
him in l.ve. 

1 But himself the Father's first elect. Isa. xlii. 1. Behold my servant, 
whom I uphold ; mine elect, in whom my soul delightetn. Matt.xii. 18. 
Behold my servant, whom I have chosen, my beloved, in whom my soul 
is well pleased. 

in iii. 16. God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten 
Son, &c. Rom. ix. 11. For the children being not yet born, neither-having 
c'onc any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might 
stand, not of works, but of him that calleth. Ver. 13. It is written, Jacob 
have I ioved, but Esau have I hated. Ver. 15. God saith to Moses, I 
will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compas- 
sion on whom I will have compassion. 

J Rom. iii. 24, 2y Being justified freely by his graee, through the 
redemption that is in Jesus Christ : whom God hath set forth to be a pro- 
\ itiation, through faith in his blood, to declare hi^ righteousness for the 
remission of sins, &.c. Chap. v. 9. Being justified by his blood, we shall 
be saved from wrath through him. Ver. 21. That as bin hath reigned 
unto death, even ^o might grace reign, through righteousness, unto eternal 
life, by Jesus Christ our Lord. 

m John x 17. Therefore doth my Father love me, because I lay du\vn 
my life, that I might take it again. 

■ Isa. liii. 10. 1 et it pleased the Lord to bruise him, he hath put him 
to grief. 

Isa. xxvii. 4. Fury is not in me. 

p Rom. vi i. 23. He spired not his own Son, but delivered him 1 
us all. Eph. v. 2. Christ hath given himself for us, an offering and a 
sacrifice to God for a sweet-smelling savour. 

iicb. vi:. 22. By so much was Jesus made the surety of a better te>ta- 
meat. Chap. ix. 16. For where a testament is, there must also of 
Slty be the death of the testator Ver* 22, 23. And almoit all things 
are by the law purged with blood ; and without .shedding of blood is no 
i n. It was therefore necessary that the patterns of things in the 
heaven? should be purified with these j but the heavenly things then 
etter sacrifices than these. 
Matt . Lvii. 4 . 1 | Judas] have sinned, in that I have betrayed th i 



124 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

.And dy'd in mercy and in wrath, 
A lawful and a lawless death 1 . 
With him I neither liv'd nor dy'd, 
A rut yet with him was crucify'd". 
Law-eurses stopt his breath, that he 
Might stop its mouth from cursing me\ 
'Tis now a thousand years and moe 
Since heav'n receiv'd him, yet I know, 
When he ascended up on high, 
To mount the throne, ev'n so did I?. 
Hence though earth's dunghill I embrace, 
I sit with him in heav'nly place 2 . 
In divers distant orbs I move, 
liithrail'd below, inthron'd above. 

SECT. II. 

The Mystery of the Saint's Life, State, and Frame* 

My life's a pleasure a and a pain b ; 
A real loss, a real gain c ; 

cent blood. Ver. 23. And the governor said, Why, what evil hath he done ? 
But they cried out the more, saying, Let him be crucified. 

I Acts ii. 23. Jeias of Nazareth being delivered by the determinate 
CQUBbel and foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked hands 
have crucified and shin. Chap, iv. 27. For of a truth against thy holy 
child Jc^us, whom thou hast anointed, both Herod and Pontius Pilate, with 
the Gentiles and the people of Israel, were gathered together, Sec, 

II Gal, ii. 20. 1 am crucified with Christ- 

x Gal. iii. 13. Christ hath redeemed us from the cur-e of the law, 
being made a curse for us : for it is written, Curbed is every one that hangeth 
on a tree, 

y Col. iii. 1. If ye then be risen with Christ, Ice* H<b. vi. 20. Whither 
the forerunner is for ns entered, even Jesus, 5cc. 

1 Ephes. ii. c, 6, Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us 
together with Christ ; and hath raised us <-p together, and made us sit 
together in heavenly places in Christ Jesus. 

u Prov. iii. 17. Her ways are ways of pleasantness, and all her paths are 
pence. 

b Pral. cxx. 7. Woe is me, that I sojourn in Mesechj that I dwell in the. 
tmtsofKedar. 

L Phil. iii. 7. Bur what things were gain to me, those I counted loss for 
Christ. Chap.i. 21—24. Fortomelo fivcis Christ, and to die is gain. But 



THE fiELIEVEIi'.s HIDDLL. 12i 

A glorious paradise ofjoys d ; 
A grievous prison of annoys . 

I daily joy, and daily mourn f , 
^ et daily wait the. tide's retard 8 : 
Then sorrow deep my spirit cheers, 
Tin joyful in a Hood of tear**. 



•. I Hi e in the flesh, this is the fruit of my labour : yet what I shall choose I 
wot not, for I am in a strait betwixt two, having a desire to depart andto be 
with Christ, which is far better : nevertheless, to abide in the flesh is more 
needful for you. 

i Pet, i. 8. Whom having not seen, ye love ; in whom though now 
ye see him not, yet believing, ye rejoice with joy unspeakable, and lull ot 
glory. 

c Psalm cxlii. 7. Bring my soul out of prison, that I may praise thy name. 
f 1 Pet. i. 6 Wherein ve greatly rejoice, though now for a season (if 
need be) ye are in through manifold temptations. 2 Cor. i. 4. 

Who corafortetfa us in ail our tribulation, that we may be able to comfort 
them which an- in any trouble, bv the comfort wherewith we ourselves are 
comforted of God, fob • . z . I went mourning without the sen, &c. 
B Isa viii. 17. And I will wait upon the Lord that hideth his face irom 
. sc of Jacob, and I will look, for him. 
Zech. iii. 10. Ana I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the 
inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications; and they 
shall k». k upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him 
a- one mourn et fa for his only son, and >hal be in bitter.-. 
that 1- in bitterness for his first-born E/.ek. x\xvi. 31, 32. Then shall ye 
Bttneml .. evil wa) s, and your doings that were not good, and shall 

yourselves in your own sight, for your iniquities, and for your aboxm- 
1 this, saith the Lord God, be it known 
unto yon : be ashamed and confounded for your own ways, O house ol 
Israel. I . ... He [ ] icob] took hi r brother bv the heel in the womb, 

be had power with v->od : yea, he had power ovi 
md prevailed : he wept, and made supplication unto him : he round 
h:m in Bethel, and there he spake with us. Luke vii. 3S. And [a woman 
which ■ faind him weeping; and began t 

hiv fqet with tears, and did w :,. ; hem with the hairs of her head, and kissed 
t, and anointed them with the ointment. John xx. 15, 16. Jems 
saith unto her, Woman, why weepest thou? whom seckest thou? She, 
: . saith unto him, Sir, if thou have borne 
him hence, te'l me • hast laiu him, and I will take him . 

1 - 8 tith unto her, Mary She turned herself, and saith unto him, Rahbonij . 
which i I ister. V«r. ao. I hen were the disciple r,lad when they 

sav/ T ihe Lord/ 

G 3 



12£ GOSPEL SONNETS. 

Good cause I have still to be sad 1 , 
Goo I reason always to be glad k . 
Hence still my joys with sorrows meet 1 , 
And still my tears are bitter sweet rn . 
I'm cross'd, and yet have all my will" ; 
I'm always empty, always full . 

I hunger now, and thirst no more p , 
Yet do more eager than before r . 

With meat and drink indeed I'm blest s , 
Yet feed on hunger, drink on thirst L . 

' Rom. vii. 24. O wretehed man that I am, who shall deliver me from 
the body of this death > 

k 2 Cor, ii. 14. Thanks be unto God, which alway* causeth us to triumph 
?n Chri-t. 

2 Cor vi. 20. As sorrowful, yet always rejoicing. 

m Zech.xii. 10. See letter ;i Psalm cxxvi. 5. They that sow in tears, 
sftall reap in joy. Isa. lxi. 2, 3. The Lord hath sent rae to comfort all that 
mourn ; to appoint unto them that mourn in Zion ; to give unt them 
beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment oi~ praise, for the 
spiritof heaviness, &c. Mat. v. 4. Blessed are they that mourn, for they 
shall be comforted. 

II Lukexxii. 42. Father, if thou he willing, remove this cup from me : 
rtheless, not my will but thine be done. Acts xxi. 14. And when 

b< [Paul] would not be persuaded, we ceased, saying, The will of the Lord 
be vione. 

2 Cor. vi. 10. As having nothing, and yet possessing all things, 
P John vi. 3 s> And Jesus said unto them, 1 am the bread of life ; he that 
cometh to me .shall never hunger ; and 1 « that believeth on me shall never 
. 
: P^rn xlii. 1, 2. As the hart panteth after the water-brooks, so panteth 
my soul after thee, O God. My soul thir>teth for God, for the living God : 
when shall I come and appear before God ? ,nd kiii. 1. O God, thou art 
God, early will I seek thee : my soul thjrstesth for thee, my flesh 
th for thee in a dry and thirsty land, where no water is. And lxxiii. 25. 
Whom have 1 in heaven but thee; and there is none upon earth that I 
< r bin besides thee ? Ka. xxvi. 8, 9. Yea, in the way of thy judgments, O 
Lord, have we waited for thee : the desire of our soul is to thy name, ami 
to the remembrance of thee. With my soul have I desired thee in the 
night, yea, with my spirit within me will I seek thee early. 

1 John vi. 55. For my llesh is meat indeed, and my blood is drink indeed. 

1 Job xxix. 2, 3, 4. O that I were as in inonthsj)ast, as in the days when 

G«>d preserved me, when his candle shines upon my head, and when by his 

fight 1 walked through darkness : as 1 was in the days of my youth, when 

;ret of God was upon my tabernacle. Psalm lxxvii. io, 1 1 > 12. 1 



THE BELIEVER'S RIDDLE. 127 

My hunger brings a plenteous store", 
My plenty makes me hunger more \ 

Strange is the place of my abode* 
I dwell at home, I dwell abroad 7 . 
I am not where all men may see, 
But where T never yet could be*. 

I'm full of hell % yet full dfheav'n b ; 
I'm still upright , yet still unev'n d ; 
Imperfect 6 , yet a perfect saint f ; 
I'm ever poor 2 , yet never want h . 

will remember the years of the right hand of the Most High, I will remem- 
ber the works of the Lord : surely I will remember thy wonders of old. I 
will meditate also of all thy work, and talk of thy doings. Song v. 8. I 
charge you, O daughters of Jerusalem, if ye rind my Beloved, that ye tell 
him that I am sick of love. Chap viii. r. O that thou welt as my brother 
that sucked the breasts of my mother ! when I should rind thee without, I 
would kiss thee, yea, I should not be despised. 

u Mat. v. 6. Blts.ed are they which do hunger and thirst after righteous- 
ness, for they shall be filh-d. 

2 Cor. v. ». For in this we groan earnestly, desiring to be clothed upon 
with our house which is from heaven. Phil. i. 23. Fori am in a strait 
betwixt two, having a desire to depart, and to be with Christ, which is far 
better, kc. Song ii. 3,4, 5. I sat down, under his shadow with great delight, 
and his fruit was swettto my taste. He brought me to the ban^juetting- 
house, and bis banner over me was love. Stay me with flaggons, comfort 
me with apples ; for I am sick of love. 

y Job iv. 19. How much less them that dwell in houses of clay, whose 
foundation is in the dust, which are crushed before the moth r Psalm xc. i. 
Lord thou hast been our dwelling-place in all generations. And xci. r. He 
that dwelleth in the secret place of the Most High, shall abide under the 
shadow of the Almighty. 1 John iv. 16. God is love; and he that 
dwelleth in love, dwelleth in God, and God in him. 

z Isa. xxxiii. 16. He shall dwell on high : his place of defence shall be 
the munition of rocks. Eph. ii. 6. And has raised us up together, and made 
us sit togeth.r in heavenly places in Christ Jesus. 

a Ecc. ix. 3. The heart of the sons of men is full of evil, and madness 
is in their heart while they live, and after that they go to the dead. 

b Eph. iii. 19. And to know the love of Christ, which passeth knowledge 
that ye might be rilled with all thefulnes^ of God. 

K Psalm xviii. 23. I was also upright before him: and I kept mvself 
from mine iniquity. 

u Ezek. xviii. 25. JJear now, O house of Israel, are not ycur ways 
ungual. 

e Rev. iii. 2. Be watchful, and strengthen the things which r-main, tha: 
are ready to die : for I have not found thy works perfect before God. 

1 1 Cor. ii. 6. How ben we speak wisdom among them that ire pejfect, feci 



128 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

No mortal eye sees God and lives', 
Yet sight of him my soul revives k . 
I live best wh^n I see most bright 1 , 
Yet live by faith and not by sight" 1 . 

I'm lib'ral n , yet have nought to spare ; 
Most richly cloth'd p , yetstript and bare 
My stock is risen by my fall 5 ; 
For, having nothing, I have all K 



8 Psalm xl. 17. I am poor and needy, yet the Lord thinketh upon me. 

h Psalm xxiii. 1. The Lord is my Shepherd) I shall not want. And 
xxxiv. ig. The young lions do lack, and suffer hunger ; but they that seek, 
the Lord shall not want any good thing, 

J Exod.xxxiii. 20. And he said, Thou canst not see my my face : for 
there shall no man see me and live. 

k John vi. 40. And this is the will of him that sent me. that every one 
which seeth the Son, and believeth on him, may have everlasting life. Chap, 
xx, io. Then were the disciple* glad when they saw the Lord, 

2 Cor. iii. 18. But we all, with open lace, beholding as in a glass the 
glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory, even 
as by the Spirit of the Lord, Chap. iv. 6. For God who commanded the 
light to shin.- out of darkness, hath siuned in our heart-, to give the light of 
the knowledge of the glory of God, in the face of fesus Christ. 

m Gal.ii.20. lam crucified with Christ: nevertheless 1 live ; yet not 
I, but Christ liveth in me : and the life which 1 now live in the flesh, 1 live 
by the faith of the S> D of Godj who loved me, and gave himself ior me, 
2 Cor. v. 7. For we walk by faith, not by sight. 

n Psalm xxvii. 21. The wicked borroweth, and payeth not again: but 
the righteous sheweth mercy, and giverh. 

Zeph.iii. 12. I -will also leave in the midst of thee an afflicted and 
poor people, and they shall trust in the name of the Lord. 

}) Is., lxi. 10. 1 will greatly rejoice in the Lord, mv soul shall be joyful 
in my God, for he hath clothed me with the garments of salvation, he hath 
covered me with the robe of righteousness, a> a bridegroom decketh himself 
with ornaments, and as a bride a^orneth heiself with hex jewels. 

Iv/ek. xvi. 7. 1 have caused thee to multiply as the bud of the field, and 
thou hast increased and waxen great, and thou art come to excellent orna- 
ments : thy breasts are fashioned, and thine hair is grown, whereas thou 
wast naked and bare. Rev. iii. 17. Because thou sayest, 1 am rich, and 
increased with goods, ar.d have need of nothing ; and knowest not that 
thou art wretched, and miserable, and poor, and blind, o\\d naked* 

'• Rom. viii. 28. And we know that all things work together f i r good to 
.at love God, and to them w mo ar- the calk cl according to lus purpose, 

* z Cor, vi. 10. As having nothing, and yet pWS&siitg all things. 



the BELIEVERS riddle. 129 

Pm sinful u , yet T have no sin * ; 
All spotted o'er y , yet wholly clean*. 
Blackness and beauty both I share, 
A hellish black, a heavenly fair*. 

They're of the dev'l, who sin amain b , 
But I'm of God, yet sin retain ! 
This traitor vile the throne assumes d , 
Prevails, yet never overcomes e . 

I'm without guile an Israelite f , 
Yet like a guileful hypocrite 2 ; 
Maintaining truth in th' inward part h , 
With falsehood stirring in my heart 1 . 

n Rom, vii. 14. For we know that the law is spiritual ; but I am carnal,, 
sold under sin. Ver. 24. O wretched man that I am, who shall deliver me 
from the body of this death ? 

1 Num. xxiii. 21. He hath not beheld iniquity in Jacob, neither hath he 
seen perverseness in Israel. 1 John iii. 9. Whosoever is born of God, doth 
not commit sin ; for his se«d remaineth in him : and he cannot sin, 
because he is born of God. 

y Psalm xiv. 3. They are all gone a<ide, they are altogether become 
filthy : there is none thatdoeth good, no not one. 

z Song iv. 7. Thou art all fair, my love, there is no spot in thee. 

a Songi. 5. I am black, but comely, O ye daughters of Jerusalem, as the 
tents of Kedar, as the curtains of Solomon. Ver. 15. Behold thou art fair, 
my love ; behold thou art fair, thou hast dove's eyes. 

b 1 John iii. 8. He that committeth sin is of the devil; for the devii 
sinneth from the beginning. 

c 1 John i.S. If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and 
tUe truth is not in us. 

d Rom. vii. 23. But I see another law in my members, warring against 
tin- law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin, which 
is in my members. 

e Psalm lxv. 3. Iniquities prevail against me : a> for our transgressions, 
thou -halt purge them away. Rom. vi.. 14. For sin shall not have dominion 
over you ; for ye are not under the law, out under grace. 

t J"hn i. 47. Je-u> saw Nathariael coming to him,andsaith of him, 
Behold an Israelite indeed in whom is no guile. Psalm xxxii. 2. Bl 
is the man unto whom the Lord imoutcth not iniquity, and in whose spirit 
there is no guile. 

lira six, 12. Who can understand his errors ? Cleanse thou me from 
faults. 

11 Psalm li. 6. Behold thou desirest truth inthe inward parts; and in the 
hjdden part thou shalt make me to know wisdom. 

1 Mat. xv. 19. For out of the heart proceed evil thought*, murders,. 
adulteries, fornications, thefts, fahc-wit mica. 



130 HOSTEL SONNETS. 

Two masters, sure, I cannot serve k , 
But must from one regardless swerve; 
Yet self is for my master known \ 
And Jesus is my Lord alone ln . 
I seek myself incessantly n 
Yet daily do myself deny °. 
To me 'tis lawful, evermore, 
Myself to love and to abhor p. 
In this vain world I live, yet see 
I'm dead to it, and it to me r . 
My joy is endless \ yet at best 
Does hardly for a moment last'. 

k Mat. vi. 24. No man can serve two master*: for either he will hate 
the one and love the other ; or else he will hold to the one and despise the 
other. Ye cannot serve God and mammon. 

• Hos. x. i. Israel is an empty vine, he bringeth forth fruit unto 
him -eh: according to the multitude of his fruit, he hath increased the altars; 
according to the g odness of his land, they have made goodly images. Matt, 
xvi, 24. Then said Jesus unto his' disciples, If any man will come after 
me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow me. 

m Isa. xxvi. 13,0 Lord our God, other lords beside thee, have had domi- 
nion over us : Eut by thee only will we make mention of thy name. John 
XX. 28. And Thomas answered and said unto him, My Lord and my God. 

11 James iv. 2. Ye ask, and receive not, because ye ask amiss, that ye 
may consume it upon your lusts, Jcr. xlv. 2,5. Thus saith the Lord, the 
God of Israel unto thee ; O Baruch, And meekest thou great things for thy- 
self? Seek them not ; for behold, I will bring evil upon all tiesh, saith the 
Lord : but thy lite will I give unto thee for a prey in all places whither thou 
goest. 

Mat. xvi. 24. See letter 1 . 

p Lev. xix. 18. Thou -halt not avenge, nor bear any grudge against the 
children of thy people, but thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself: I am 
tin: Lord. Eph. v. 20. For no man ever yet hated his own flesh; but 
nourisheth and cherisheth it, even as the Lord the church. Jihnxii. 25. 
He that loveth his life, .shall lose it : and he that loseth his life in this 
world, >ha!l keep it unto life eternal. Job xlii. 6. Wherefore I abhor my- 
self, and repent in dubt and ashes. 

' Col. iii. 3. For ve are dead, and your life is hid with Christ in God. 
Gal. vi. 14. But God forbid that I should glory save in the Cross of our 
Lord Jesus Christ, by whom the world is crucified unto me, and 1 unto the 
world. 

John xvi. 22. And ye now therefore have sorrow : but I will see you 
again, and your heart shall rejoice, and your joy no man Cakcth from you. 
2 The.ss. ii. j6. Now our Lord Jesus Christ himself, and God the Fatheifc. 
which hath loved us, and hath given us everlasting consolation, and good 
hope through grace, fcft 



thg believer's riddle, 131 



SECT. III. 

jftjysteries about the Saint's Work and Warfare ; their Sins, 
Sorrows, and Joys. 

The work is great, I'm calTd unto 3 , 
Yet nothing's left for me to do b : 
Hence for my work Heav'n has prepared 
No wages c , yet a great reward*. 

To works but not to working dead e ; 
From sin, but not from sinning freed f , 

; Psalm xxx. 7. Lord, bv thy favour thou hast made my mountain to 
„tand strong : thou didst hide thy face, and I was troubled. I^a. xlix. 13. 14. 
Sing, O heavens, and be joyful, O earth ; and break forth into singing, O 
mountains : For the Lord hath comforted his people, and will have mercy 
upon his afflicted. But Zion said, The Lord hath forsaken me, and my 
Lord hath forgotten me. 

a Phil. ii. 12. Wherefore, my beloved, as ye have always obeyed, not as 
in my presence only, but now much more in my absence ; work out your 
-own salvation with fear and trembling. 

b Phil. ii. 13. For it is God which worketh in you, both to will and to 
<b of his good pleasure. Lev. xx. 7, S. Sanctify yourselves therefore, 
and be ye holy r For I am the Lord your God. And ye shall keep my 
statutes, and do them : I am the Lord which sanctify you. 

c Rom. vi. 23. For the wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is 
eternal life, through jesu- Christ our Lord. Chap. xi. 6. And if by grace, 
then is it no more of works ; otherwise grace is no more grace. But if it 
b^ of works, then is it no more grace : otherwise work is no more work. 

d Psalm xix. 1 1. Moreover, by them [the judgments of the Lord] i^ rhy 
servant warned 1 And in keeping of them there is great reward. Psalm lviu. 
' 1 . Verily there is a reward for the righteous ; verily he is a God that 

g th in the earth. 

e Rom. vii. 4. Wherefore, my brethren, ye also are become dead to the 
law fey the body of Christ; that ye should be married to another, even to 
him who is rai-eU from the dead, that we should bring fonh fruit unto 
God. Gal. ii. 19. For I through the law am dead to the law, that I might 
live unto God. 

f 1 John i. 8. If we sav that we have no r >in, we deceive ourselves and 
ihe truth is not in us. Chap. iii. 9. Whosoever is bom of God, doth not 
commit >in ; for his seed remaineth in him : and he cannot sin, beta 
is bom of God. 



152 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

I clear myself from no offence g , 
Yet wash mine hands in innocence h . 

My Father's anger burns like fire 1 , 
Without a spark of furious ire k : 
Though still my sins displeasing be 1 , 
Yet still I know he's pleas' d w T ith me ra . 

Triumphing is my constant trade 11 , 
Who yet am oft a captive led . 
My bloody war does never cease p , 
Yet I maintain a stable peace r . 

8 Rom. vii. 1 8. For I know, that in me (that is, in my flesh) dwelleth 
no good thing; for to will is present with me; but how to perform that 
Avhich is good, I find not. 

h Psalm xxvi. 6. I will wash mine hands in innocency ; so will I 
compass thine altars, O Lord. 

1 i Kings, xi. 9. And the Lord was angrv with Solomon, because his 
heart was turned from the Lord God of Israel, which had appeared unto 
him twice. 

k Isa. xxvii. 4. Fury is not in me. Chap. liv. 9, 10 For this is as the 
waters of Noah unto me : for as I have sworn that the waters of N<>ah 
should no more go over the earth j so have I sworn that I would not be 
wroth with thee, nor rebuke thee. For the mountains shall depart, and 
the hills be removed, but my kindness shall not depart from thee, neither 
shall the covenant of my peace be removed, saith the Lord, that hath 
mercy on thte. 

1 Hab. i. 13. Thou art of purer eyes tlian to behold evil, and canst not 
look on iniquity. Jer. xliv. 4. Howbeit I sent unto you all my servants 
the prophet^ rising early and sending them, saying, Oh do not this abomi- 
nable thing that I hate. 

m Matt. iii. 17. And lo, a voice from heaven, saying, This is my 
beloved Son, in whom I am well pleaded. Rom. v. to. When we were 
enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son. 

n 2 Cor. ii. 14. Now thanks be unto God which always causeth us to 
triumph in Chri-t. 

Rom. vii. 2 3. But I see another law in my members, warring against 
the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin, 
Which is in my members. 

' See letter . 1 Tim. vi. r2- Fight the good fight of faith, Sec. Gal. 
v. 17. For the ilc*h lu^teth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the 
flesh: and these are Contrary the one to the other; so that ye cannot do 
the things that ye would. 

' Rom. v. r. Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God, 
through our Lord Jesus Christ. Isa* liv. 10. See tetter k . 



the believer's riddle. 

vaulting conquer me, 
^ el ne'er obtaio the victoi 

For all m\ battles, lost pr won. 
Were gain'd before they were begi 

I'm still at ease, and still opprest ; 
Have constant trouble, constant r( 
Both clear and cloudy x , tree and hound v ; 
"Both dead and riving 2 , lost and found*. 

Sin for my good does work and win*; 
Yet 'tis not good for me to sin c . 

tn. Til. 23. See letter \ Chap. viii. 3-. Nay in all these things 
M": are more than c nqj.erors, through him that loved u-. 

1 1 Cor. xv. 57, But thanks be to God, which giveth us the v. 
through our Lord Jesus Christ. 

1 Cor. iv. 8. We are troubled on every side, yet n .'. : we 

., but not in despair. John xvi, 33. These things have I 
. ;'.:at in me ve might have peace. In the wind y 

t be of good cheer, I have overcome the world. Hcb, 
iich have believed do enter into r'*t. 
h. xiv. 6, 7. And it shall come to pa.-s in that day, that the light 
shall not be clear, nor dark. But it shall be one day, which - 

. not day nor night: but it shall come to pa--, I 
evening-time it sh-ill be light. Mic. vii S. Rejoice not agaiu-t me, O 
tiemv ; when I fall, I shall arise; when I sit in darkness, the Lord 
" a light unto me. 
n viii. 36. If the Son therefore shall make you free, ve shall be 
free indeed. Acts •:... 13. The Holy Ghost witnessed) in every city, say- 
.. it bonds and a Hictions abide me. 

2 CoTi vi. 9. As dying, and behold we live. Col. iii. 3. For ve are 
and your life is hid with Christ in God. 

It itt. xviii. 11. For the Son of man is come to save that which was 
• , . .1 have gone astray like a lost sheep, .»eek thy 

; . Phil. iii. 9. And be found in him, not having mine own righte- 
-, which is of the law, but that which is through the faith of( 
the righteousness which is of God by faith, 

l ' Rom. viii. 28. And we know that all things work together for good, 
in that love God, to them who air- the called according to his pur- 
pose. Chap. xi. 11. I say then, Have they stumbled thai 
fill ? God forbid ; but rather through th ■.:':on. is come unto 

the Gentiles, for to provoke them to jealousy. 

. ji, 3;.. If they break my statutes, and keep not my 
tndments, then will I visit their transgression with tht rod, and 
rith stripes, 

II 



134 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

My pleasure issues from my pain d ; 
My losses stilt increase my gain*. 

I'm healVI, ev'n when my plagues abound 1 ', 
CoverM with dust, ev'n when I'm crowu'd 2 : 
As low as death, when living Wgh*, 
Nor shall I live, yet cannot die ?. 

For all my sins my heart is sad, 
Since God's dishonour' d £, yet I'm glad; 
Though once I was a slave to sin 1 , 
Since God does thereby honour win m . 

d P:>alm cxix. 67. Before I was -afflicted, I went astray: but now haw 
I kept thy word. Ver. 71. It is good for me that I have been aihicted 
that I might learn thy statutes. James i. 2. My brethren, count it all joy 
when you fall into divers temptations. 

e Matt. x. 39. He that loseth his life, for my sake, shall find it. Mark 
x. 29, 30. And Jesus answered and said, Verily I say unto you, There 
is no man that hath left house, or brethren, or sisters, or father, or mother, 
or wife, or children, or lands for my sake and the gospel's, but he shall 
receive an hundredfold now, in this time; hou-e*, and brethren, an<l 
sifters, and mothers, and children, and lands, with persecutions; and in the 
-world to come eternal life. 

f Rom. vii. 24, 25. O wretched man that I am, who shall deliver me 
from the body of this death ? I thank God, through Jesus Chri>t our Lord. 

E Viz. with mercy* Job xlii. 5, 6. I have heard of thee by the hearing 
of the ear; but now mine eye seeth thee. Wherefore I abhor myself, 
and repent in du^t and ashes. Ezek. xvi. 63. That thou mayest remember 
and be confounded, and never open thy mouth any more, because of thy 
shame ; when I am pacified toward thee, for all that thou hast done, saith 
the Lord God. 

h 2 Cor. vi. 9. As dying, and behold, we live. 

1 Heb. ix. 27. It is appointed unto men once to die. John v 
Verily, verily I say unto you, He that heareth my word, and believeth on 
him that sent me, hath everlasting life, and shall not come into condem- 
nation ; but is passed from death unto life. Chap. vi. 40. And this is the 
will of him that sent me, that every one which seeth the Son, and belicveth 
on him, may have everlasting life. Ver. 50, Jl. This is the bread which 
comelh down from heaven, that a man may cat thereof and not die. 1 am 
the living bread, which came down from heaven: if any man eat of this 
bread, he shall live for ererj and the bread that I will give, is my flesh, 
which I will give for the life of the world. 

- Psalm li. 4. Against thee, thee only have I sinned; and done this evil 
i'.\ thy sight. 

1 Rom. vi. 17. But God be thanked, that ye were the Mivants ofsin, 
have obeyed, from the heart, that form of doctrine which was deli- 
vered unto you. 

la, /.li. 24. Sing, O ye heavens; for the Lord hath done it: shout, 



.Hi; BEIrlEVERS RIDDLE. l3o 

are ever in his eye*, 

4 > et he beholds no sin in me : 

His mind that* keeps theni all in store, 

u ill yet remember them no more*. 

ft < a use my sina are great, I feel 
Great fears of heavy wrath r ; yet still 
For mercy seek, for pardon wait, 
Because my sins are very great 5 . 

I hope, when plung'd into despair 1 ; 
I tremble, when I have no fear". 

ye lower parts of the earth: break, forth into singing, ye mountains, O 
'forests, and every tree therein : for the Lord hath redeemed Jacob, and 
glorified himself in Israel. Eph. i. 6. To the praise of the glory of his 
grace. Ver. 12. That we should be to the praise of his glory. 

n Rev. iii. 1. I know thy works, that thou hast a name, that thou livest, 
and an dead. Ver. 15. I know thy works, that thou art neither coid nor 
hot. 

Numb, xxiii. 21. He hath not beheld iniquity in Jacob, neither hath 
he seen perverseness in Israel. Song iv. 7. Thou art all fair, my love, 
ihere is no spot in thee. Ezek. xvi. 14.. And thy renown went forth 
among the heathen, for thy beauty : for it was perfect through my come- 
lirn^s which 1 had put upon thee, saith the Lord God. 

* Isa. xliii. 25. I, even I am he that blotteth out thy transgressions for 
mine own sake, and will not remember thy sins, Jer. xxxi- 34. I will 
forgive their iniqoiry, and I* will remember their sin no more. Heb.vhi. 
12. I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their 
iniquities will I remember no more. 

r Ezra ix. 13, 14. And after all that is come upon us for our evil deeds, 
and for our great trespass, seeing that thou our God hast punished us le-s 
than our iniquities deserve, and hast given us such deliverance as this, 
should we again break thy commandments, and join in arhnity with the 
people of these abominations ? would-t not thou be angry with us till 
thou hadst consumed us, so that there should be no remnant nor escaping ? 
Psalm xxxviii. 1. O Lord, rebuke me not in thy wrath ; neither chasten 
me in thy hot displeasure. 

s Psalm xxv. 1 1. For thy name's sake, O L^id, pardon mine iniquity } 
for it is great. Jer. xiv. 7. O Lord, though our iniquities testify against 
us, do. thou it for thy name's sake: for our backslidings arc many, we 
have sinned against thee. 

1 Rom. iv. 18. Who [Abraham] against hope believed in hope. 1 Cor. 
1.8, 9. For we would not, brethren, have you ignorant of our trouble 
which came to us in Asia, that we were pressed out of measure, above 
strength, insomuch that we despaired even of iife : but we had the sentence 
of death in ourselves, that wc should not trust in ourselves, but in God 
which raiseth the <icad. 

u PbliiL i:- Wherefore, mv b -loved, as ye have always obeyed, not 

' II 8 



GOSPEL SfONKl 

Pardons dispel my griefs and fears*, 
And yet dissolve my heart in tears*. 

SECT. IV. 

Mysteries in FaitRs Extractions, Way and Walk. Presets 
and Answers, Heights Und Depths, Fear and Love* 

With wasps and bees my busy bill 
Sucks ill from good, and good from ill a : 
Humil'ty makes my pride to grow, 
And pride aspiring lays me low b . 

as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence; work out 
your own salvation with fear and trembling. Luke i. 74, That he would 
rrant unto us, that we being delivered out of the hands of our enemies, 
might serve him without fear. 

x Matt, ix. 2. Jesus said unto the sick of the palsy, Son, be of good 
Cheer, thy sin 4 : be forgiven thee. 

> Ezek. xxxvi.25. 2 ^* Then will I sprinkle clean water upon you, and 
ye shall he clean : irom all your filthiness, and from all your idols will I 
cleanse you. A new heart also will I give you, and a hew spirit will I 
puc within yon, and 1 will take away the stony heart out of your fleshy 
and I will give you an heart of flesh, Ver. 31. Then shall ve remember 
your own evil ways, and your doings that were not good, and shall loath 
yourselves in your own sight for your iniquities, and for your abominations. 
Chap. xvi. 63. That thou mayest remember and be confounded, and never 
open thy mouth any more because of thy shame, when I am pacified toward 
thee for all that thou hast d ne, saith the Lord God. 

a Rom, ii. 4. Ordespisest thou the riches of his goodness and forbear- 
ance, and long-suffering; not knowing that the goodness of God ieadeth 
thee to repentance? Chap. vi. 1, 2. What shall we say then ? shall we 
continue in sin, that grace may abound ? God forbid : how shall we that 
are dead to sin live any longer therein ? Ver. 15, What then, shall we 
sin, because we are not under the law, but under grace ? God forbid. 
Chap. viii. 28. And we know that all things work together for good, to 
them that love God, to them who are the called according to hi* purpose. 
Phil. i. 12. But 1 would ye should understand, brethren, that the things 
which happened unto me have fallen out unto the furtherance of the gospel. 
Psalm < xix. 71. It is good for me that I have been aillieted; that I 
might learn thy statutes. 

lJ 2 Cor. xii. 7. And lest I should be exalted above measure, through 
the abundance of the revelations, there was given to me a thorn in tin 
flesh, the messenger of Satan, to buffet me, lest I should be exalted 
measure. Prov. xxix. 23. A man's pride shall bring him low ; but honour 
*hall uphold the humble in spirit. 2 Chron. xxxii. 26. He/.ekiah hum- 
bled himself for the pride of his heart (both he and the inhabitants 
[< rusalem), so that the wrath of the Lord came not upon them in th 
■♦» Hf?ekkh. 



THE BELrBTEK'a RIDDLE. 137 

My standing does my fall procure c , 
My falling makes me stand more sure d . 
My poison does my physic prove , 
My enmity provokes my love f . 

My poverty infers my wealth g , 
My sickness issues in my health 1 *: 

My hardness tends to make me soft 1 , 
And killing tilings do cure me oft k . 

"While high attainments cast me down, . 
My deep abasements raise me soon ] : 

c Psalm xxx. 6, 7. And in my prosperity I said, I shall never be moved. 
Lord, by thy favour thou hast made my mountain to stand strong : thou 
didst hide thy face, and I was troubled. . 

d Prov. xxiv. 16. For a just man falleth seven times, and riseth up 
again* Psalm xxxvii. 24., Though he fall, he shall not be utterly cast 
down ; for the Lord upholdeth him with his hand. 

e 2 Cor. xii. 7, 8. And lest I should be exalted above measure through 
the abundance of the revelations, there was given to me a thorn in the flesh, 
th- mesv/nru-r of Sal;... .0 buffet me, lest I should be exalted above measure. 
For this thing I bes »i ght the Lord thrice, that it might depart from me. 
Isa. xxvii. 8,9. In measure when it shooteth forth, th >u wilt debate with 
it ; he stayeth his rough wind in the day of his east-wind. By this 
therefore -hall the iniquity of Jacob be purged, and this is all the fruit, < to 
take away his sin. 

f Gal. v. 27. The flesh lustcth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against 
the flesh. Ver 24. And they that are Christ's, have crucified the rlesh, 
with the affections and lusts. 

8 Rev. ii. 9. I know thy poverty, but thou art rich. 2 Cor. vi. 10, 
As having nothing* and yet possessing all things. 

b Matt i\. 12. They that be whole need not a physician, but they that 
are sick. . Isa. lvii. 17, iS. For the iniquity of his covetousness was 1 
wroth and smote him : I hid me and was wroth, and he went on froward.y 
in the way of his heart. 1 have seen his ways, and will heal him : 1 will 
ledd him also, and restore comforts unto him, and to his mourners. 

1 Isa. h«ii. 1 7. O Lord, why hast thou made us to err from thy ways ? 
and hardened our heart from thy fear r Return, for thy servant's sake, the 
tribes of thine inheritance. 

k 2 Cor. j, 9. But we had the sentence of death in ourselves, that we 
should not trust in ourselves, but in God which raiseth the lW\\<\. H<>- # 
v. 15. I will go and return to my place, till they acknowledge their 
offence, and seek my face : in their affliction they will seek me early. 
Chap. vi. |« Come and let us letuxn unto the Lord; for he hath torn, 
and he will heal us ; he hath smitten, and he will bind us up. 

1 1 Pet. v. 6. Be subject one to another, and be clothed with humility; 
for Goxl rcsistcth the proud;, and giveth grace to the humble. Humble 

ii a 



138 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

My best things oft have evil brood m , 

ISIy worst things work my greatest good \ 

My inward foes that me alarm, 
Breed me much hurt, yet little harm . 
I get no good by them *, yet see, 
To my chief good, they cause me flee p . 

They reach to me a deadly stroke", 
Yet send me to a living rock s . 
They make me long for Canaan's banks % 
Yet sure I owe them little thanks. 

yourselves therefore under the mighty hand of God, that he may exalt you 
»rx due, time. Psalm cxvi. 6. I was brought low, and he helped me. 

m P>»alm xxx, 6, 7. And in my prosperity I said, I shall never be moved. 
Lord, by thy favour thou hast made my mountain to stand strong: thou 
<hdst hide thy face, and I \v?s troubled. Deut. xxxii. 14, 15. Butter of kine, 
end milk of sheep, with fat of lambs and rams of the breed of Bashan ; and 
goats, with the fat of kidneys, of wheat : and thou didst drink the pure 
blood of the grape. But jeshurun waxed fat, and kicked : thou art waxen 
fat, thou art grown thick, thou art covered with fatness 1 then he forsook 
the God which made him, and lightly esteemed the rock of his salvation.. 
V>\ 1 cvi. 7. Our fathers understood not thy wonders in Egypt, they 
remembered not the multitude of thy mercies, but provoked him at the sea, 
even at the Red Sea. 

. !m xx. 1 1, Thou hast turned for me my mourning into dancing; 
•thou hast put off my sackcloth, and girded me with gladness., Rom. viii. 
-;.S. See letter . 

Jer. x. 19. Woe is me for my hurt, my wound is grievous ! But I 
aid, rruly this is a grief, and I must bear it. 1 Pet.iii. 13. Who is he that 
will harm you, if ye be followers of that which is good ? 

* Viz. in themselves^ but jnuch evil. 1 Pet. ii. 12. Dearly beloved, I 

"fceseech you, as strangers and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts, which 

v. at" a gainst the soul. Tames i. 14, 15. But every man is tempted, when he 

.en away by his own lust, and enticed, Then, when lust hath con- 

.., it bringeth forth sin; and sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth 

>'' Psalm cxliij. 9. Deliver me, O Lord, from mine enemies; I flee unto 
thee t<> hide me. 

•n. viii. 13. If ye live after the. flesh, ye shall die. 
V ialm xviii. 46, 47. The Lord livcth, and blessed be my rock : and 
f nay salvation be exalted. It is God that avengeth me, and 
Stibdueth th« r me. 

1 Psalm lv. 6. And i said, O that I had wings like a dove ! for then 

would 1 flee away and be at n t, Andcxx. c. Woe is me that I sojourn, 

in Mcscch, and dwell in the tents of Kedar. Rom. viii. 20—23. For the 

made subject to vanity, not willingly, but by reason of him who 

'hath subjeued the same in hope : because the creatine itself also shall be 



CHE BLLIEVLIi'a KIDDLE. 139 

I travel 1 ', yet stand firm ami fast*: 
I ruu y , but yet I make no baste ■'. 

1 take away, both old and new J , 
Within my sight' , yet out of view \ 

My way directs me, in the way - , 
And will not suffer me to stray c : 
Though high and out of sight it be, 
I'm in the way ; the way's in me . 

delivered from the bondage of corruption, into the glorious liberty of' the 
children of God. For we know the whole creation groaneth, and travaileth 
in pain together until now : and not only they, but ourselves also, which 
have the first-fruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, 
waiting for the adoption, to wit, the redemption of our body. 

u Heb. xi. 13. And confessed that they wore strangers and pilgrims on 
the earth. 

x 1 Cor. xvi. 13. Watch ye, Hand fast in the faith ; quit you like men 5 
be strong. 

y Heb. xii. 1. Let us run with patience the race that is set before us. 

2 Isa. xxviii. 16. He that believeth shall not make haste. 

a Jer. vi. 16. Thus saith the Lord, Stand ye in the ways and sec, and 
ask for the old paths, where is the good way, and walk therein, and ye shall 
find rest for vour souls. Heb. x. 19, 20. Having therefore, brethren, 
baldness to enter into the holiest by the blood ot Jesus, by a new and 
living way, which he hath consecrated for us, through the veil that is u 
say, his flesh. 

u 1 Cor. xiii. 12. For we now see through a gla^s, darkly; but then 
face to face : now I know in part ; but then shall I know even as 1 aLo am 
known. 

c John xvi. 10. I go to my Father, and ye see me no more. 

d John xvi. 6. Jesus saith unto him, I am the way : no man cormth 
unto the Father, but by me. 

ML. xlii. 16. And I will bring the blind by a way that they knew not; 
I will lead them in paths that they have not known : I will make darkness 
light before them, and crooked things straight. These things will I do 
unto them, and not forsake them. Chap, v. 4. Behold 1 have given him 
to be a leader and commander to the people. 

r Isa. xxxv. 8. And an high- way shall be there, and a way ; and it shal) 
he called the way of holiness, the unclean shall not pass overall ; but it shall 
be for those, The wayfaring men, though fools, shall not err therein. John 
xv. 14. Abide in me and I in you. Chap. xvii. 23. I in them and thou ia 
me, that they may be made perfect in one, and that the world may know> 
that thou hast sent me, and hast loved them, as thou hast loved me. Ver. 

. And I have declared unto them thy name, and will declare it : that the 
Herewith thou hast loYCd mc ; m m ; aud I in them, 



140 GOSPEL SONNET?. 

'Tis straight g , yet full of heights and depths h ; 
I keep the way 1 , the way nie keeps k . 
And being that to which I tend, 
My very way's my journey's end K 

When I'm in company I groan, 
Because I, then am most alone 1 "; 
Yet, in my closet secrecy, 
Tin joyful in my company". 

I'm heard afar , without a noise; 
I cry without a lifted voice : 

g Matt. iii. 3. This is he that was spoken of bv the prophet Esaias, 
saying, The voice of one crying in the wilderness, prepare ye the way of 
the Lord, make his paths straight. 

b Isa. xL 3, 4. The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness, prepare, 
ye the way of the Lord, make straight in the desert a highway fcr our God. 
Every va ley shall be exalted, and every mountain and hill shall be made 
low: and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rouch places plain. 
Chap. xlii. 16. See letter ". Psalm lxxvii. 13. Thy way, O God, is in the 
sanctuary. Yer. 19. Thy way is in the sea, and thy path in the great 
waters, and thy footsteps are not known. 

1 Psalm xxxvii. 34. Wait on the Lord, and keep his way, and he shall 
exalt thee to inherit the land. 

k Psalm exxi. 3, 4. He will not suflfer thy foot to be moved : he that 
keepetn thee will not slumber. Behold he that keepeth Israel, shall neither 
slumber nor s.eep. 

1 Heb. xii. 22, 23, 24. But ye are come unto mount Sion, and unto the 
city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable com- 
pany of angels, to the general assembly and church of the first-born, which 
are written in heaven ; and to God the judge of all, and to the spirits of just 
men made perfect, and to Jesus the Mediator of the new covenant, and to 
the blood of sprinkling, that speaketh better ihings than the blood of Abel. 
I Thess. iv. 17. Then we which are alive and remain, shall be caught up 
together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air : and so shall 
we ever be with the Iy>rd. 

m Song i. 3. Tell me, O thou whom my soul loveth, where thou feedest, 
where thou makest thy flock to rest at noon ? For why should 1 be a* one 
th.it turneth aside by the ilocks of thy companions ? 

" Song vii. 1 1, T2. Come, my beloved, let us go forth into the field, let 
us lodge in the villages. Let us get up early to the vineyards, let us see if 
the vine iiourish ; whether the tender grape appear, and the pomegranates 
bud f rth ; for there will 1 give thee my loves. 

" Psalm xx. 6. Now know 1, that the Lord saveth his anointed : he 
will luar him from his holy heaven, with the saving ^rength of his 
right-hand. 

r 1 Sam. i, 13, 14, 15. New Hannah, she spake in hei beitf, only 



THE BELIEVERS UIDDLE. 141 

!l moving in devotion's sphere 1 ", 

,* et suMuiii steady persevere 8 . 

Pin heard when answer'd soon or late. 1 ; 
And heard when I no answer get ' : 
iTea, kindly answered when refus'd x , 
And friendly treat when harshly usVU. 

My fervent pray'rs ne'er did prevail *> 
: e'er of pre valency fail a . 

• J, but her voice was not heard : therefore Eli thought she had 

been drunken. And Eli said unto her, How long wilt thou be drunken ? 

wine from thee. And Hannah answered and said, No, my 

Lord, I am a woman of a sorrowful spirit ; I have drunk, neither wine nor 

strong drink, but have poured out my soul, before the Lord-. 

r i Thess. v. 17. Prav without ceasing. 

s Hos.vi.4. O Ephraim, what shall I do unto thee ? O Judah, what 
shall I do unto thee ? for your goodness is as a morning-cloud, and as the 
earlv dew it goeth v 

r In. xlix. 8. Thus saith the Lord, In an acceptable time have I heard 
thee, and in a day of salvation have I helped thee. 

Mr/t.xxvi. 39. And Jesus went a little further, and fell on his face, 
and praved, saying, O my Father, if it is possible, let this cup pass from me; 
nevertheless, not a: 1 will, but as thou wilt. 

v Psalm xxii. t, a, 3. My God, my GoJ, why hast thou forsaken me ? 
wiry art thou so tar from helping me, and from the words of my roaring ? O 
my God, I cry in the day-time, but thou hearest not ; and in the night sea- 
son, and am not silent. But thou art holy, O thou that inhabitest the 
praises of Israel. 

> Heb. xii. 5, 6, 7, 3, 9, 10. And ye have forgotten the exhortation 
which ^peaketh unto you as children, My son, despise not thou the cha-tening 
of the Lord, nor faint when thou art rebuked of him. For whom the Lord 
loveth he chasteneth, and scourgeth every son whom he receiveth : if ye 
endure chastening, God deakth with you as with sons; for what son is he: 
whom the father chasteneth not ? But if yc be without chastisement, whereof 
all are partaker:, then are ye bastards, and not sons. Furthermore, we 
have had fathers of our flesh, which corrected us, and we gave them 
: nail we not, much rather, be in subjection to the Father of 
spirits, and live ? For they verily fal ^ha-tencd us, after their 

own pleasure ; but he for our profit, that we might be- partakers of his 
holiness. 

z Dan. ix. 8, 19. O my God, incline thine ear, and hear; open thine 

eyes, and behold our desolations, and the city which is called by thy name ; 

do not present our supplications befbn ihee foroui righteousness, but 

great mercies, OLord, hear; O Lord, forgive; O Lord) hearken 

and do ; deter not, for thine own sake ; O my God : for thy city, and thy 

tiled by thy name. 

16. The erl.ctual fervent prayer of >. j man availcth 



Mfi GOSPEL SONNETS. 

I wrestle till my strength be spent b , 
Yet yield when strong recruits are sent**. 

I languish for my Husband's charms \ 
Yet faint away when in his arms c : 
My sweetest health does sickness prove; 
When love me heals, Tin sick of love f . 

I am most merry when I'm sad g ; 
Most full of sorrow when I'm glad h : 
Most precious when I am most vile 1 , 
And most at home when in exile k . 

b Gen.xxxii. 24, 25. And Jacob was left alone ; and there wrestled a 
man with him until the breaking of the day. And when he saw that he 
prevailed not against him, he touched the hollow of his thigh ; and the 
hollow of Jacob's thigh was out of joint as he wrestled with him. 

c Psalm cxxxviii. 3. In the day when I cried, thou answeredst me : and 
strengthenedst me with strength in my soul. Gen. xviii. 32, 33. And he 
said, Oh let not the Lord be angry, and I will speak but this once. Perad- 
venture ten shall be found there. And the Lord went his way, as soon as 
he had left communing with Abraham : and Abraham returned unto his 
place. 

d Psalm lxiii. 2. My flesh longeth to see thy power and thy glory, so as 
1 have seen thee in the sanctuary. And xxvii. 4. One thing have I desired 
of the Lord, that will I seek after ; that I may dwell in the house of the 
Lord all the days of my life, to behold the beauty of the Lord, and to inquire 
in his temple, 

e Rev. i. 17. And when I saw him, I fell at his feet as dead ; and he 
laid his right hand upon me, saying unto me, fear not ; I am the first and 
the last . 

f Song ii. 4, 5, He brought me to the banquetting house, and his banner 
over me was love. Stay me w r ith flaggons, comfort me with apples: fori 
am sick of love. . 

B 1 Cor. vii. 10. For godly sorrow worketh repentance unto salvation, 
not to be repented of. Eccl. vii. 3. Sorrow is better than laughter; for by 
the sadness of the countenance, the heart is made better. 

h Prov. xiv. 13. Even in laughter the heart is sorrowful, aud the end of 
that mirth is heaviness. 

1 Job xl. 4. Behold, I am vile, what shall I answer thee ? I will lay mine 
hand upon my mouth. Chap. xlii. c; f 6. I have heard of thee by the hearing 
of the ear ; but now mine eve seeth thee. Wherefoie 1 abhor myself, and 
repent in dust and ashe*. Jer. xxxi. 18, 19, 20. I have surely heard 
Ephraim bemoaning lumsch thus. Thou hast chastised me, and I was 
1 bastUed, as a bullock unaccustomed to the yoke : turn th >u me, and I shall 
tied ; for thou art the Lord my God. Surely after that 1 was turned, 
ftted ; and after that I was instructed, I smote upon my thigh : I was 
i»] uned j yea, even, confounded, because I did bear the reproach oi my 



THE BELIEVER'S RIDDLE, 1 l3 

My base and honourable birth 
Excites my mourning, and my mirth 1 ; 
I'm poor, yet stock'd with untold rent m j 
Most weak, and yet omnipotent". 

On earth there's none so great and high , 
Nor yet so low and mean as I?: 



youth. Is Ephraim my dear son J Is he a pleasant child ? for «ince I *pakc 
- him, I do earnestly remember him still. Therefore my bowels are 
troubled for him ; I will surely have mercy upon him, saith the Lord. 

k Ezvk. i. i. Now it came to pass in the thirtieth year, in the fourth 
month, in the fifth day of the month, (as I was among the captive:? by the 
river of Chebar), that the heavens were opened, and I saw visions oi I 
Rev. i. 9, 10. I, John, who also am your brother, and companion in triou- 
htion, and in the kingdom and patience of Jesus Christ, was in the isle 
that i< cal'ed Patmos, for the word of God, and for the testimony of Jesus 
Christ. I was in the Spirit on the Lord's day, and heard behind me a great 
voice, as of a trumpet, &c. John xvi. 32. Behold, the hour cometh, yea, 
is now come, that ye shall be scattered, every man to his own, and shall 
leave me alone : and yet I am not alone, because the Father is with me- 

Esek. xvi. 3, 4. Thus saith the Lord God unto Jerusalem, Thy birth 
\nd thy nativity is of the land of Canaan ; thy father was an Amorite, and 
thy mother an Hittitc. And as for thy nativity, in the day thou wast born, 
thy navel was not cut, neither wast thou washed in water to supple thee : 
thou wast not salted at all, nor swaddled at all. John i. 13. Which were 
born not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of 
G cl. Psal. li. 5. Behold I was shapen in iniquity, and in sin did my mother 
conceive me. 2 Pet. i. 3, Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Je*u3 
Christ, which, according to his abundant mercy, hath begotten us again 
unto a lively hope, by the resurrection of Je>us Christ from the dead. 

Cl Rev. iii. 17. Because thousayeM, I am rich, and increased with goods, 
and have need of nothing ; and knowest not that thou art wretched, and 
miserable, and poor, and blind, and naked. I counsel thee to buy of me gold 
tried in. the fire, that thou may est be rich: and white raiment, that thou 
mayrst be clothed, and that the shame of thv nakedness do not appeal 
anoint thine eyes with eye-salve, that thou mayest see. Eph. iii. 8. la. to 
me, who am less than the least of all saints, is this grace given, that I should 
preach among the Gentiles the unsearchable riches of Christ. 

D John xv. 5. Without mc ye can do nothing. Phil, iv. I j. 1 can do all 
things, through Christ w huh strengthened! me. 

Psalm xvi. 3. But to the saints that are in the earth, and to the excel- 
lent in whom is all my delight. I&a. xliii. 4. Since thou wa>t precious in 
my sight, thou hast been honourable, and I have loved thee : therefore will 
I give men for thee, and people for thv life 

• Eph, iii. 8. See letter ". 1 Tim. i. 15. This is a faithful saying, 
and worthy of all acceptation, that Christ Jc^, came into the world to 
^ave si.mers ; of whom I am chief. 



I 14 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

None or so foolish 1 ", or so wise 8 , 
So often fall, so often rise *. 

I seeing him I never saw u , 
Serve without fear, and yet with awe*. 
Though love when perfect, fear remove y ; 
Yet most I fear when when most I love z . 

All things are lawful unto me% 
Yet many things unlawful be b ; 

r Psalm Ixxiii. 22. So foolish was I, and ignorant: I was as a r*ast 
before thee. Prov. XXX. 2, 3. Surely I am more brutish than any man, and 
have not the understanding of a man. I neither learned wisdom, nor 
have the knowledge of the holy. 

s 1 Cor. i. 30. But of him arc vein Christ Jesu c , who of God is made 
unto lis wisdom, Sec. Matt. xi. 25, 26. At that time Jesus answered 
and said, I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and carth> because thou 
hast hid these things from the wise and prudent, and hast revealed them 
unto babes. Even so, Father, for so it seemed good in thy sight. Chap, 
xiii. 11. Jesus answered and said unto them, Because it is given unto 
you to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it is 
not given. 

r Prov. xxiv. 16. A just man falleth seven times, and liseth up again. 

u 1 Pet. i. S. Whom having not seen, ye love; in whom though now 
x ye see him not, yet believing, ye rejoice with joy unspeakable, and full 
of glory. Heb. xi. /. Now faith is the substance of things hoped for, 
the evidence of things not seen. 

x Luke i. 74. That he would grant unto us, that we being delivered 
out of the hands of our enemies, might serve him without fear. Heb. \;i. 
2^. Wherefore we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved, let us 
frave grace, whereby we may serve God acceptably, with reverence and 
godly fear. 

y 1 johniv.iS. There is no fear in lover but perfect love castcth out 
fear, because fear hath torment : he that feareth is not made pel I 
love. 

Fer. xxxiii. 9. And it shall be to me a name and joy, a praise and 
an honour, before all the nations of the earth, which shall hear all the 
good that I do unto them; and they shall fear and tumble for all the 
aess, and for all the prosperity that I procure unto it. Hos. iii. 5. 
Afterwards shall the children of Israel return, and seek the Lord their 
God, and Davd their king, and .-hall fear the Lord, and his gooc: 
latter days. 

■ r Cor. vi. 12. All things are lawful unto me, but all things are not 
expedient. All thing> are lawful for me but 1 will not be brought under 
the power of any. 

'' Exod. xx. 1,2, 3, kc. And God spake all these words, saying, 1 am 
the Lord thy God, which have brought thee out of the land 01 ; 
out of the house of bondage, rhou bhalt have no other gods beiore me, 



THE BELIEVERS RIDDLE. 145 

To some I perfect hatred bear c , 
Yet keep the law of love entire d . 

I'm bound to love my friends , but yet 

I sin unless I do them hate 1 : 

J am oblig'd to hate my foes 5 , 

Yet bound to love and pray for those \ 

Heart-love to men I'm calfd t' impart, 
Yet God still calls for all my heart 3 . 
I do him and his service both 
By nature love k , by nature lothe 1 . 

c Psalm exxxix. 21, 22. Do not I hate them, O Lord, that hate thee ? 
and am not I grieved with those that rise up against thee ? I hate them with 
perfect hatred : I count them mine enemies. 

* 2 Chron. xix. 2, And Jehu, the son of Hanani the seer, went out to 
meet him, and said to king Jehoshaphat, Shouldst thou help the ungodly, 
and love them that hate the Lord ; therefore is wrath upon thee from before 
the Lord. 

e Lev. xix 18. Thou shalt not avenge, nor bear any grudge against the 
children of thy people, but thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself: I am 
the Lord. 

1 Luke xiv. 26. If any man come to me, and hate not his father, and 
mother, and wife, and children, and brethren, and si&ters, yea, and his own 
life aUo, he cannot be my disciple. 

B As they are the foes of God, Judgesv. 3 1. So let all thine enemies perish, 
O Lord ; but let them that love him, be as the sun when he goeth faith in 
his might. Psalm xvii. 13, 14. Arise, O Lord, disappoint him, cast him 
down : deliver my soul from the wicked, which is thy sword; from men 
which are thy hand ; O Lord, from m n of the world, which have th :ir por- 
tion in this life, and whose belly thou fittest with thy hiu treasure : they are 
full of children, and leave the rest of their substance to their bab . 

M.ut. v. 44.. But I say unto you, love your enemies, bless them that 
curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despite* 
fully use you, and persecute you. 

1 Matt. xix. 19. Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt love thv neighbour as 
thyself. Chap. xxii. 37. Thou shah love the Lord thy God with all thy 
heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind. 

K 1 John v. 2. By thU wc know that we love the children of God, when 
we love God and keep his commandments. 

* Rom. viii. 7. The carnal mind is enmity against God: for it i 

I to the law of God, neither indeed can be. Col. i. 2 1. And you that 
mctimes alienated, and enemies in vour rniud by wicked WOft 
»ih he reconciled. 



14l) GOSPEL SONNETS, 



SECT. V. 



Mysteries about Flesh and Spirit, Liberty and Bondage, 
Life and Death. 

Much like my heart, both false and true% 
I have a name, both old and ne\v b . 
No new thing is beneath the sun c ; 
Yet all is new, and old things gone d . 

Though in my flesh dwells no good thing , 
Yet Christ in me I joyful sing'. 
Sih I confess, and] deny: 
For though I sin, it is not IX 

a Jer. xvii. 9. The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately 
wicked ; who can know it ? Heb. x. 22. Let us draw near with a true 
hearr, in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil 
Conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water. 

b Rom ix. 25, 26. As he saith also in Osee. I will call them mv people, 
which were not my people : and her beloved, which was not my beloved. 
And it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, 
Ye are not my people ; there shall they be called, The children of the living 
God. Rev. ii. 17. He that hath an ear, let him hear what ihe Spirit sairh 
unto the churches.. To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the hidden 
manna ; and will give him a white stone, and in the stone a new name 
written, which no man knoweth, saving he that receiveth it. Chap. iii. 12. 
Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of my God, and he 
shall go no more out : and I will wnte upon him the name of my God, the 
name of the city of my God. which is New Jerusalem, which curmth down 
out of heaven from my God, and I will write upon him my new name. 

c Ecc. i. 9. The thing that hath been, it is that which shall be 1 and 
t'hat which is done, is that which shall be done : and there is no new thing 
■under the sun.. 

u 2 Cor. v. 17. If any man be in Christ he is a new creature : old things 
are past away, behold all things are become new. Rev. xxi. 5. And he that 
cat upon the throne, said, Behold I make all things new. 

e Rom. vii. 18. For I know, that in me (that is, in mv flesh) dwelleth 
no good thing : for to will is present with me, but how to perform that 
whicb is good, I find not. 

1 Col. i. 27. To whom G >d would make known what is the riches of the 
gWy of this mystery among the Gentiles, which is, Christ in you the hope 
of glory. 

B Rom. vii. 14— IO For we know that the 'aw IS spiritual; hut 1 am 
carnal, sold under sin. For that which 1. do, I allow not ; for what 1 
thai do 1 not ; but what 1 hate, that do 1. If then 1 do that which 1 would 



T/IL BELIBVER S RIDDLE* 11/ 

1 sin against and with ray will h ; 
I'm innocent, yetgurlty still 1 . 
Though fain I'd be the greatest saint k , 
To be the leasl I'd becontent 1 . 

My lowness may my height evince m , 
I'm bo:li a beggar and a prince n . 

With meanest subjects I appear , 

With kings a royal sceptre bear*. 

not, I consent unto the law that it is good. Now then, it is no more I that do 
it, but sin that dwelleth in me. For I know, that in me (that is, in my 
floh) dwelleth no rood thing ; for to will is present with me, but how to 
perform that which i> good, I find not For the good chat I would, I do 
not ; but the evil which 1 would not, that I do. Now if I do that I would 
not, it ib no more I that do it, but bin that dwelleth in me. i Johniii. 9. 
Whos ever is born of God, doth not commit bin ; for his seed remaiueth in 
him : and he cannot bin, because he is born of God. 

h Rom. vii. 21 — 25. I find then a law, that when I would do good, evil 
is present with me. For 1 delight in the law c f God, after the inward man. 
But I see another law in my members, warring againbt the law of my mind, 
and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin, which is in my members. 
O wretched man that I am ! who shall deliver me from the body of this 
death ? I thank God through ]c-.a> Chribt our Lord. So then with the 
mind I myself serve the law of G^;d, but with the flesh the law of sin. 

' Psalm xix. 13. Keep back thy servant also from presumptuous M nS) 
let them not have dominion over me : then shall I be upright, and I shall 
be innocent from the great transgression. And cxx,3. If thou, Lord, shouldst 
mark iniquuicb ; O Lord, who shall stand r 

- Psalm xxvii. 4. One thing have 1 desired of the Lord, that will I seek 
after, that I may dwell in the hou-e of the Lord all the days of my life, to 
behold the beauty of the L'>rd, and to inquire in his temple. 

Psa]m Uxxiv, 10, For a day in thy courts ib better than a thousand : I 
had rather be a door-keeper in the house of my God, than to dwell in the 
tents of wickedness. 

,n Job v. 11. To set up on high those that be low; that those which 
mourn may be exalted to safety. 

S .m. ii. S. The Lord raised) up the poor out of the du^, and lifteth up 
the beggar from the dung hill, to set them among princes, and to make 
them inherit the throne of.glory : for tlv pillars of the earth are the Lord's, 
and he hath set the world upon them. G u :xxii. 28. Andtheang 
Thy name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel ; ce thou 

■ver with God and with men, and ha I • . i. ;, 6. Unto 

him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood, and hath 
made us kings and priests unto God and his father; to him be glory and 
dominion, for ever and ever. Amen, 

Phil. ii. 10. That at the name of fesus every knee should bow, of 
things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth. I I 
6. And again when he bringeth in the m rid, he 

saith, And kt all the angels of God worship him. 



148 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

I'm both unfettered and involv'cK 
By taw condemn'd, by law absolv'd*. 
My guilt condignly punish'd see, 
Yet I the guilty wretch go free*. 
My gain did by my loss begin u ; 
Mj righteousness commenced by sin*; 
My perfect peace by bloody strife 7 ; 
Life is my death, and death my life z . 

I'm (in this present life I know) 
A captive and a freeman too 2 ; 

r Rev. ii. 26, 27. And be that overcometh and keepeth my works unto 
the end, to him will I give power over the nations : and he shall rule them 
as with a rod of iron ; as the vessels of a potter shall they be broken to 
shivers : even as I received of my Father. 

r Psalm cxvi. 16. O Lord, truly I am thy servant, I am thy servant, 
and the son of thy handmaid : thou hast loosed my bonds. Rom. vii. 23. 
But I see another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind > 
and bringing ire into captivity to the law of sin, which is in my members. 

s r John iii. 20. For if our heart condemn us, God is greater than our heart, 
and knoweth all things. Rom. viii. r . There is therefore now no condemna- 
tion to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but 
after the Spirit. Ver, 33»34* Who shall lay any thing to the charge of 
God's elect ? It is God that justifieth : who is he that condemneth ? It is 
Christ that died, yea, rather that-is risen again, who is even at the right hand 
of God, who also maketh intercession for us. 

Gal. iii. 13. Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being 
made a curse for us : for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on 
a tree. 

" Rom. iii. 23, 24. ^or all have sinned and come short of the glory of 
God : being justified freely by his grace, through the redemption that is in 
Jesus Christ, 

Rom. iii. 5. But if our unrighteousness commend the righteousness of 
God, what shall we say ? Chap. v. 20, 21. But where sin abounded, grace 
did much more abound : that as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might 
grace reign through righteousness, unto eternal life, by Jesus Christ our 
Lord. 

J Col. i. 20. And (having made peace through the blood of his cross) 
by him to reconcile all things unto himself, by him, I say, whether they be 
things in earth, or things in heaven. 

■ The life of sin is our duith. 1 Tim. v. 6. But she that liveth in 
pleasure is dead while she liveth. The death of Christ our life. 2 Cor. v. 
i.|, [5. For the love of Christ constraineth us, because we thus judge, that 
if one died f -r all, 1 a all di ad : and tl -it he died for all, that they 

which live should not henceforth &YC unto themselves, but unto him which 
died for them, and rot ar\iin,. 



THE BELIEVER'S RIDDLE. 1 19 

And though my death can't set me free, 

It will perfect my liberty \ 

I am not worth one dust;/ grain, 

Yet more than worlds of golden gain ; 

Though worthless Im; lite, 

I shall as worthy walk in white . 

SECT. VI. 

The Mystery of free Justification through ChrisPs 
Obedience and Satisfaction. 

Xo creature ever could or will 
For sni yield satisfaction full*;. 
Yet from rhe creature's hand 

Both sou y\\t and got its full demand 5 . 
Hence though I am, as well I know, 
A debtor , yet I nothing o\ve d . 

rn.yli.^. See letter . Chap. viii. 2, For rhc law of the spirit of 

the law or" sin and • 
shall make you free, ye shall be free 
Rev. xiv. 13. And I heard a voice 

in the Lon!, from 
sa th the Spirit, that /hey may re t from tfei rks v.1 

them. 2 Cor. v. 4. for we that ar 2T lj;,: -> 

. ..i be unclothed, bat clothed up tt : 
:rc. 
c Geh.XxKH. 10. lam : >f the least 06- all the mercies) ; 

for with :r. 
1 [or dan, and now 1 am bee me two bands. Rev. iii. 4, 

. n in Sardis, which ] iled their, garments; 

k with me in white" : for r\ y are worthy. 
. For the red >, *\u\ it 

. forever. Isa. xl. 16. And Lebanon is not Sufficient to burn, nor 
:ient for a burnt-offering. 

and offering thou didst not deshr . * thou 

ig and sin-offering hast thou not required. 
. 7. Wherefore, when hecometh into I, he saith, S.. 

nnr thou wouldst not, hut a body ha-t thou prepared for ra 
bjint-orVcnngs and sacrifices for sin, thou hast had : 

Lo, I come (in the volume of thj book it :-> •.- f to do rhy will, O 

God. Eph. v. 2. Christ hath loved us, and hath given himself for us, 
an orVering and a sacr'hec to God, tor a sweet-smelling savour. 

vi. 12. And forgive us ourdebt^, as we torsive our debtors. 
rt Rom. iii. 24, 25. Being justified frcclv bv his grate, through life 

13 



150 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

My creditor has nought to say % 
Yet never had I aught to pay*. 

He freely panloif d ev'ry mites, 
Yet would no single farthing quit 11 , 
Hence ev'ry bliss that falls to me 
Is dearly bought, yet wholly free 1 *. 

All pardon that I need I have, 
Yet daily pardon need to crave*. 
The law's arrest keeps me in awe 1 , 
But yet 'gainst me there is no law ra . 

redemption that is in Jesus Christ : whom God hath set Forth to be a pro- 
pitiation, through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness tor the 
remission of sins that are past through the forbearance of God, Heb. x. 14, 
For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified. 

e Rom.viii. 33, 34. Who shall lay any thing to the charge of God's 
ekct: it is God that justifieth ; who is he that condemneth ? It is Christ 
that died, yea rather, that is risen again, who is ever at the right hand of 
God, who also makcth intercession for us. 

f Rom. v. 6. For when we were yet without strength, in due time Christ 
died f r the ungodly* Ver. 8. But God commendeth his love towards us, 
in that while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us, 

B Acts xiii. 3S, 39. Re it known unto you, therefore, men and brethren, 
through this man is preached unto you the forgiveness of sins : and by him 
all that believe arejustified from all things, from which ye could not be jus- 
tified by the law of Moses. 

11 Rom. iii. 24, 25, See letter d . Chap. viii. 22. He spared not his 
c a n Son, but delivered him up for us all. 

1 1 Pet. i. 18, 19. For as much as ye know that ye were not redeemed 
with corruptible thing:, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation 
received by tradition from your fathers ; but with the precious blood of 
Christ, as of a Larnb without blemish and without spot, Fph. i. 7. In 
whom we have redemption, through his blood, the forgiveness cl sins, 
according to the riches of his grace. 2 Tim. i. 9. Who hath saved us 
and called us with an holy calling; not according to our works, but 
according to his owq purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ 
Jesus before the world began. 

► Psalm ciii. 3. Who forgiveth all thine iniquities; who healeth all 
thy diseases. And xxv- 11, For thy name's sake, O Lord, pardon mine 
iniquity j for il is very great, Luke xi, 4. And forgive us our sins; for 
we also forgive everyone that is indebted to us. Dan. ix. 19, O Lord 
hear; O Lord, forgive ; O Lord, hearken and do; defer not, for thine 
own v akc ; O my God ; for thy city, and thy people are called by thy 
name. 

Psalm cxix. 120. My flesh trcmbleth for fear of thee, and I am afraid 
of thy judgments, Rom.vii. 9, 1 was alive without the law once: but 
when the commandment camej sin revived, and I died. Ver. 13, Wa-> 



THE BELIEVERS RIDDLT. 151 

Though truth my just damnation crave n , 
Yet truth's engag'd my soul to save . 
My whole salvation conies by this, 
Fair truth and mercy's mutual kiss p . 

Law-breakers ne'er its curse have miss'd; 
But I ne'er kept it, yet am bless'cK 
I can't be justify M by it% 
And yet it can't but me acquit 1 . 

il.cn that which is good made death unto me ? God forbid. But sin, that 
it might appear sin, working death unto me by that which is good; tha; 
sin by the commandment might become exceeding sinful. 

■ Gal. v. 23. The fruit of the spirit is- — meekness, temperance ; against 
such there is no law. 1 Tim. i. 9. Knowing this, that the law is not 
made for a righteous man, but for the lawless and disobedient, &c. 

n Ezek. xviii. 4. The soul that sinneth, it shall die. 

1 Tim. i. 15. This is a faithful saying, and worthy of all acceptation, 
that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners; of whom 1 am 
chief. 

p Psalm lxxxv. 10. Mercy and truth are met together ; righteousness 
and peace have kissed each other. 

r Gal. iii. 10. As many as are of the works of the law are under the 
cur^e : for it is written, Cursed is every one that continueth not in all 
things which are written in the book of the law to do them. Ver. 13, 14. 
Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for 
us : for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree : that the 
blessing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles, through Jesus Christ ; 
that we might receive the promise of the Spirit, through faith. 

b Rom. iii. 20. Therefore by the deeds of the Jaw, there shall no flesh 
be justihed in his sight : for by the law is the knowledge of sin. Gal. ii. 
16. Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by 
the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ; that we 
might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the work of the law : 
for, by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified. Chap. iii. 1 1. But 
that no man is justified by the law in the sight of God, it is evident ; for, 
the iust shall live by faith. 

: Rom. viii. 1. There is therefore now no condemnation to them which 
are in Christ Jesus. Ver. 3,4. For what the law could not do, in that it 
was weak through the rlesh, God sending his own Son, in the likenes.s of 
sinful ilesh, and for sin condemned si n in the flesh ; that the righteousness 
<>f the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the rle>h, but after 
the Spirit. 2 Cor. v. 21. For he hath made him to be sin for us, who 
knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of G"d in him. 
Jtlom. iii. 26. To declare, I say, at this time his righteousness j vh^t he 
might be just, and tbejustificr A him which bdievcth in J*tu:> 



1,V3 GOSPEL SONNET?* 

I'm not obliged to keep it more 11 , 
Yet more oblig'd than e'er before w . 
By perfect doing life I find*, 

Yet do and live no more me bind y . 

These terms no change can undergo, 
Yet sweetly chang'd they r z : for lo, 
]\Iy doing caused my Mte a , but now 
My life's the cause that makes me do h > 

■ Rom. vi. 14. Sin shall not have dominion over you : for ye are not 
under the law, but undej grace. Gal. v. 1 — 4.. Stand fast, therefore, in 
the liberty wherewith Christ has made us free ; and be not ntangled again 
with the yoki of bondage. Behold,! Paul say unto you^ that if ye be 
circumcised; Jhri- t shall profit you nothing. For I testify again, to every man 
that is circumcised, that he is a debtor to do the whole law. Chrl t is become 
of no effect unto you, whosoever of you arc justified by the lav; ; ye are 
fallen from grace. 

. w Rom. vi. 1,2. What shall I say then ? shall we continue in sin, 
that grace may abound ? God forbid : hew shall we that are (.k?.d to 
sin live any longer therein ? Ver. 1 £. What then ? shall we sin, because 
we are not under the law, but under grace r God f ,rhid. 

* Rom. v. i", x8, 19. They which receive abundance of grace, and of 
the gift of righteousness, shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ — By the 
righteousne sof one. the free gift came upon all men unto justification ot liie. 
—By the obedience ofoneshalj many be made righteous. 

y Rom, x. 5 — .9. For Moses descriheth the righteousness which is of 
the law, 'I hat the man which doth those things, shall live by them. 
But the righteousness which is of faith speaketh on this wise; Say not 
in thine heart, Who shall ascend into heaven ? (that is, to bring Christ 
down from above ;) or, who shall descend into the deep ? (that is, to bring 
up Christ again from the dead ;) but what saith it ? The word is nigh 
thee, even in thy mouth and in thy heart : that is, the word of faith which 
we. preach ; That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and 
Shalt believe in thine heart, that God hath raised him from the dead, thou 
shalt be saved. 

' Rom. iii. 31. Do we then make void the law through faith: God 
forbid : yea, we establish the law. 

a Rom. x. 5, See letter-. 

h John xiv. 10. Because 1 live, ve shall live also. Chap. xv. 5, I am 
the vine, ye are the branches. He that abideth in me, and 1 in him, the 
same bringeth forth much fruit ; for without me ye can do nothing. Rom. 
vii. 4. Where foro, my brethren, ye also are become dead to the law by the 
body of Christ J that ye should he married to another, even to him who is 
rais; d from the dead, that we should bring forth fruit unt God, Y./ek. 
. 27. And 1 will put my Spirit within you, and cause you to walk, fa 

my statutes, and ye shall keep my judgments and do them. 



THE BELIEVER'S RIDDLE. 1j3 

Though works of righteousness I store c , 
5 et righteousness of works abhor d ; 

Tor righteousness without a flaw 
Is righteousness without the law e . 

In duties way I'm bound to lie f , 
Yet out of duties bound to fly 8 : 
Hence merit I renounce witli shame \ 
Yet right to life by merit claim i# 

Merit of perfect righteousness 
I never had k , yet never miss 1 ; 

c Phil. i. ii. Being filled with the fruits of righteousness which are 
by Jesus Christ unto the glory and praise of God. 

■ Phil. iii. 9. And be found in him x not having mine own righteous- 
ness which is of the law, but that which is through the faith of Christ, 
the righteousness which is of God by faith. Isa. lxiv. 6. All our righte- 
ousnesses are as filthy rags. Rom. iv. 6, Even as David also describeth 
the blessedness of the man unto whom God imputeth righteousness without, 
works. 

c Rom iii. 2^, 21, 22. Therefor? by the deeds of the law there shall 
no flesh he justified in his sight : for by the law is the knowledge of sin. 
But now the righteousness of God without the law is manifested, being 
witnessed by the law and the prophets; even the righteousness of God 
which is by faith of Jesus Christ, unto all, and upon all them that believe j 
for there is no difference. 

1 Prov. viii, 34. Blessed is the man that hearcth me, watching daily 
at my gates, waiting at the posts of my doors. 

u Isa. lvii, 12. I will declare thy righteousness, and thv works, for they 
shall not profit thee. Luke xvii. 10. When ye shall have done all those 
things which are commanded you, say, We are unprofitable servants : 
we have done that which was our duty to do. 

h Psal. xvi. 2. O my soul, thou hast said unto the Lord, Thou art 
my Lord ; my goodness extendi th not to thee. Ezek. xxxvi. 32. Not for 
your sakes do I this, saith the Lord God, be it known unto you : be 
ashamed and confounded for your own ways, O house of Israel. 

1 Rom. v. 1^, 19. By the righteousness of one, the free gift came upon all 
men unto justification of life. By the obedience of one shall many be 
made righteous. Isa, xlv, 24, 25. Surely, shall one say, In the Lord have 
I righteou>ncs> and strength : even to him shall men come, and all that 
arc incensed against him shall he ashamed. In the Lord ihall all the seed 
of Israel be justified, and shall glorv. 

k Rom. iii. 9, 10. What then ? are we better than they ? No, in no 
wi>e : for we have proved both Jews and Gentiles, that they are all under 
bin ; as it is written, There Is none righteous, n 1 not one. \\r. 19. Now 
we know, that what things soever the lav.' saith, it saith to them who are 
under the law j that every mouth may be stopped, and a 1 : the world may 
become guilty before God. 



154 GOSTEL SONNETS* 

On this condition I have all m , 
Yet all is unconditional 11 . 

Though freest mercy I implore , 
Yet i am safe on justice score 1 '; 
Which never could the guilty free*, 
Yet fully clears most guilty me s . 

1 i Cor. i. 30. But cf him are ye in Christ Jesus ; who of God is made 
\into us righteousness, La. xlv. 24. See letter 1 . Jer. xxiii. 6. In his 
days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safelv : and this is his 
name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUS- 
NESS. 

m Isa. xlii. 21. The Lord is well pleased for his righteousness sake, he 
will magnify the law, and make it honourable. Matt. iii. 15. Thus it 
becometh us to fulfil all righteousness. Vcr. 17. And lo, a voice from 
heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. 

■ Isa. lv. 1. Ho, every one that thirsteth, come ye to the waters, and 
he that hath no money ; come ye, buy and eat, yea come, buy wine and 
milk, without money and without price. Rev. xxii. 17. Whosoever will, 
le;. him take the water of life freely. 

Psal. li. 1. Have mercy upon me, O God, according to thy loving 
kindness ; according unto the multitude of thy tender mercies blot out my 
transgressions. 

p Rom. iii. 24, 25, 26. Being justified freely by his grace, through the 
redemption that is in Jesus Christ : whom God hath set forth to be a propi- 
tiation, through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the 
remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God ; to declare, 
I say, at this time his righteousness : that he might be just, and the 
justificr of him which believeth in Jesus. 1 John, i. 9. If we confess 
our sins, he is faithful, and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us 
from all unrighteousness. 

r Exod. xxxiv. 6, 7. And the Lord passed by before him, and pro- 
claimed—The Lord, The Lord God,— -that will by no means clear the 
guilty. 

8 Rom. iv. $, To him that worketh not, but believeth on him thai; 
Justified! the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness. 



tiil believer's riddle* 153 



SECT. VII. 

The Mystery of God th$ Justifier, Rom. iii. 26. Justi- 
fitd both in his justifying and condemning ; wr Soul-just** 
Jication and Self-condemnation, 

My J^sus needs not save \ yet must u ; 
He is my hope w , I am his trust \ 

He paid the double debt, well known 
To be all mine, yet all his own 7 . 

Hence, though I ne'er had more or less 
Of justice-pleasing" righteousness 2 , 
Yet here is one wrought to my hand, 
As full as justice can demand a . 

: Rom. ix. 5. Christ is overall, God blessed for ever. 
M John x. 16, And other sheep I have, which are not of this fold t 
them aNo I must bring, and they shall hear mv voice : and there shall be 
one fold, and one shepherd. Vet. iS. No man taketh it [mv life] from 
me, but I lay it down of myself: I have power to lay it down, and I have 
power to take it again. This commandment have 1 received of my Father. 
Luke ii. 49. And Je<us said unto them [Joseph and his mother], How is it 
that ye sought me ? wist ye not that I must be about my Father's business ? 
w Jer. xiv. 8. O the hope of Israel, the Saviour thereof in time of 
trouble, &c. Chap. xvii. 17. Be not a terror unto me, th >u art my hope 
in the day of evil. 1 Tim. i, 1. Paul an apostle of Jesus Christ, by the 
commandment of God our Saviour, and the Lord Jesus Christ, which is 
our hope. 

" John xvii. 6. I have manifested thy name unto the men which thou 
gavest me out of the world: thine they were, and thou gavest them me, 
2 Tin. i. 12. I know whom I have believed; and I am persuaded that 
he is able to keep that which I have committed unto him against that day. 
Esa. liii. 4, 5,6. Surely he hath borne our griefs and carried our 
* mows : vet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and a:!,icted. 
But he vaa wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for onr iniqui- 
ties : the chastisement of our peace was upon him, and with his stripes wc 
are healed. All we like sheep have gone a-trav : we have turned every 
one to his own way, and the Lord hath laid on him the iniquity of us 
all. Ver. 8- For the transgression of my people was he stricken. Heb. 
vii. 22. By so much was Jesus made a surety of a better testament. 
• Rom. iii. 9, 10, 19. See letter forecited. 

a Dan. ix. 24. Seventy weeks arc determined upon thy people, and upon 
thy holv city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of tins and 
to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteous- 
jics-Sj See. Zechi siii. 7. Awake, O sword, against my Shepherd, and 



15(7 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

By this my Judge is more appeasM 
Than e'er my sin his honour leas'd b . 
Yea, justice can't be plens'd so well 
By all the torments borne in heir. 

Full satisfaction here is such, 
As hell can never yield so much d ; 
Though justice therefore might me damn, 
Yet by more justice sav'd I am c . 

against the man that is my fellow, saith the Lord of hosts : smite the 
Shepherd, and the sheep shall be scattered j and 1 will turn mine hand 
upon the little ones. 

b Rom. v. 8 — ii. But God commendeth his love towards us, In that 
"while we were sinners, Christ died for us. Much more then being now 
justified by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath through him. For if 
when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his 
Son ; much more being reconciled, we shall be saved by his life. And not 
only so, but we also joy in God, through our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom 
we have now received the atonement. Heb. ix. 14. How much moie 
shall the blood of Christ, who, through the eternal Spirit, offered himself 
without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the 
living God ? 

c Heb. x. 5, 6. Wherefore when he cometh into the world, he saith, 
Saciifice and offering thou wouldest not, but a body hast thou prepared for 
me : in burnt-offerings and sacrifices for sin thou hast had no pleasure. Ver. 
j 4. By one offering he hath perfected forever them that are sanctified. 
Ver. 49. Of how much sorer punishment siipp se ye, shall he be thought 
worthy, who have trudden under foot the Son of God, and hath counted 
the blood of the covenant, wherewith he was sanctified, an unholy thing, 
and hath done despite unto the Spirit of grace ? 

d Rom. v. 11. See letter \ Eph. v. 2. Christ hath given himself for 
us, an offering and a sacrifice to God for a sweet-smelling savour. 1 Pet. 
i. Jf8, 19. Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corrup- 
tible things, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation, received by 
tradition from your fathers; but with the precious blood of Christ, as of a 
Lamb without blemish and without spot. Gal. iii. 13. Christ hath re- 
deemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us. 

e 1 Pet. iii. 18. Christ hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust 
(that he might bring us lo God), being put to death in the flesh, but 
quickened by the Spirit, Rom. iii. 26. To declare, I say, at this time his 
righteousness; that he might be just, and the juatfticr of him which believtth 
in Jesus. 1 John ii. 2. And he is the propitiation for our sins ; and not for 
ours only but also for the sins of the whole world. Chap* IV. 10. Jrlercin is 
love, not that we loved God. but that he iosed us, and lent his feon, to 
be the propitiation for our sin*. 



THE BELIEVERS RIDDLE. 107 

Here ev'ry divine property 
Is to the highest set on high*; 
Hence God Ins glory would injure, 

It' my salvation were not sure \ 

My peace and safety lie in this, 
My Creditor my Surety is , 
The judgment-day I dread the less, 
My Judge is made my righteousness p . 

He paid out for a bankrupt crew 
The debt that to himself was due ; 
And satisfy'd himself for me, 
"When he did justice satisfy r . 

m Rom. iii. 2 v Whom God hnth set forth to be a propitiation, through 
faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that 
are pa>t, through the forbearance of God. Psalm lxxxv. 10. \!ercy and 
truth are met together ; righteousness rod peace have kissed ejeh other. 
i C >r. v. iS, 19. And all things are of God, who hath reconciled us to 
himself by Jesus Christ, and hath gi\ en to us the ministry of rcconcinati >n, 
to wit, that God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto himself, not 
imputing their trespasses unto them ; and hath commuted unto us the word 
of reconciliation. Ver. 21. For he hath made him to be sin for us, who 
knew no sin : that we might be made the righteousness of God in him. 
Luke ii. 14. Glory to God m the highest, and on earth peace, good-will 
tQWctrd^ men. 

I-.i. xiiv. 23. Sing, O ye heavens; for the Lord "hath done it; shout, 
vc lower paths of the'eanh : break forth into singing ye mountain--, O forest, 
and every tree therein ; for the Lord hath redeemed Jacob, and glorified 
himself in Israel. Eph. i. 6. To the praise of the glory or' his grace, wherein 
he h:uh made us accepted in the beloved. Ver. 12. That we should be to 
the praise of his glory who first trusted in Christ, 

" Psalm cxix. 122. Be surety for thy servant for good; let not the 
proud oppress me. Heb. vii. 22. By so much was Jesus made a surety of a 
1 : testament. 

!> 1 Cor. i. 30. But of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God, is made 
unto us righteousness. Chap. xv. ^5, 56, 57. O death, where is thy sting ? 
O grave, where is thy victory ? The sting of death is sin ", and the strength 
of ua is the law : but thanks be to God, which giveth us die victory, 
through our Lord Jesus Christ. 

1 'A eh. xiii. 7, See letter r . Rom. ix. 5. Christ is over all, God 
foe ever. Phil. iii. 6, 7, 8. Christ Jesus being in the form of God, 
il no robbery to be equal with God : but made himself of no reputa- 
tion, and tcok upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the like- 
ot men: and being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, aad 
became obedient unto death, even the death of thecrosa, 

K 



158 GOSPEL SONNETS, 

He to the law, though Lord of it, 
Did most obediently submit s . 
What he ne'er broke, and yet must die, 
I never kept, yet live must I\ 

The law, which him its keeper kill'd, 
In me its breaker is fulfilPd u ; 
Yea magnify' d and honour' d more 
Than sin defac'd it e'er before w . 

Hence though the law condemn at large* 
It can lay nothing to my charge*; 

Nor find such ground to challenge me, 
As heaven hath found tojustify y . 

s Ibid. Gal. iv. 4, 5, But when the fulness of the time was come, Goei 
■sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under t\je law, to redeem them 
that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons. 

c 1 Pet. iii 18. See letter '. 2 Cor. v. 21. See letter In . 1 John iv. 9. Tn 
this was manifested the love of God towards us, because that God sent his 
only begotten Son into the world, that we might live through him, 

u Rom. viii. 3,4. For what the law could not do, in that it was weak 
through the flesh, God did, sending his own Son, in the likeness of sinful 
flesh, and for sin condemned sin in the Mesh : that the righteousness of the 
law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after the 
Spirit. 

* Isa. xlii. 21. The Lord is well pleaded for his righteousness sake; 
he will magnify the law, andmake it honourable. Rom. v. iS— 21. There- 
fore, as by the c rfence of one, judgment came upon all men to condemnation; 
even so, by the righteousness of one, the free gift came upon all men unto 
justification of life. P'or, as by one man's disobedience manv were made 
sinners ; so, by the obedience of one, shall many be made righteous* 
Moreover, the law entered, that the offence might abound ; but where sin 
abounded, grace did much more abound : that as sin hath reigned unto death, 
even so, might grace reign, through rlghteousncsss, unto eternal life, by 
Jesus Christ our Lord. 

* Rom. viii. 1. There is therefore now no condemnation to them which 
are in Christ Jesus. Ver« 3, 4. See letter '. Vet. 33, 34. AN ho shall lay 
any thing to the charge of God's elect ? It is God that justifieth : who is 
he that condemned ? It is Christ that died, yea, rather that is risen again, 
who is even at the right" hand of God, who also maketh intercession for us. 

y Job xxxiii. 24. Then he is gracious unto him, and saith, Deliver him 
from going down to the pit, I have found a ransom. Rom* iii. 2^ 26. 
Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation, through faith in his blood, 
to dv< larc his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through 
the forbearance of God ; to declare, L say, at this time his righteous 
that he might be justj and the justiikr of him which believed) in Jesus. 



THE RELIEVERS RIDDLE. 14S 

•• l th >ugh he freely me remit, 

1 never can myself acquit 2 . 

My Judge condemns me nut, I grant; 

Yet justify myself, I can't \ 

From him I have a pardon got, 
But yet myself I pardon not 5 . 
His rich forgiveness still I have, 
Yet never can myself forgive . 

The more he's toward me appeas'd, 
The more I'm with myself displeas'd d . 
The 'more I am absolv'd by him, 
The more I do myself condemn . 

1 2 Sam. xii. 13. And David said unto Nathan, I have sinned against the 
Lord. And Nathan said unto David, The Lord also hath put away thy sin, 
thou shalt not die. Psalm li. 2, 3. Wash me throughly from mine iniquity, 
and cleanse me from my sin. Fori acknowleege my transgressions ; and 
my sin is ever before me. 

• Rom.viii. 1, 33. See letter \ Job ix. 20. If I justify myself, mine 
own mouth shall condemn me j if I say I am perfect, it shall also prove m^ 
perverse. 

b 2 Cor. vii. 11. For behold, this self-same thing, that ye sorrowed after 
a godly sort ; what carefulness it wrought in you, yea, what clearing of 
yourselves, yea, what indignation, yea, what fear, yea, what vehement 
desire, yea, what zeal, yea, what revenge ? 

c I -a. xxxviii. 15. What shall I say ? he hath both spoken unto me, 
and himself hath done it : I shall go softly all my years in the bitterness of 
my soul. 

rt Ezek. xvi. 63. That thou mayest remember and be confounded, and 
never open thy mouth any more, because of thy shame, when I am pacified 
toward thee, for all that thou hast done, saith the Lord God. 

e Luke xvii. 13, 14, And the publican standing afar off, would not lift 
up ^0 much as his eyes unto heaven, but smote upon his breast, saying, G d 
be merciful to me a sinner. I tell you, this man went down to his house 
justified, rather than the other : for every one that exalteth himself, shall 
be abased ; and he that humbleth himself, shall be exalted. Ezek. xxxvj. 
31, 32. Then shall ye remember your own evil ways, and your d >ings 
that were not good, and shall loath yourselves in your own sight, for your 
Iniquities, and for your abominations. Not for vour sake-> do I do this, 
saith the Lord God, be ii known unto you ; be ashamed and confounded tor 
your own ways, O house of Israel. Jer. xxxi. 19. Surely after that I was 
turned, I repented ; and after that I was instructed, 1 smote upon mv thigh : 
I was ashamed, yea, even confounded, because I did bear the reproach yf my 
youth. 

K2 



Iv'U GOSPEL SONNETS. 

When he in heav'n dooms me to dwell, 
Then I adjudge myself to heli f ; 
Yet still I to his judgment 'gree, 
And clear him for obsolving me&. 

Thys he clears me, and I him clear, 
1 justify my Justifier h , 
Let him condemn or justify, 
From all injustice I am free 1 . 

f Matt. xxv. 34 — 39. Then shall the King say unto them on his righj 
hand. Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for yon, 
from the foundation of the world. For I was an hungred, and ye gave me 
meat ; I was thirsty, and ye gave me drink ; I was a stranger, and ye took 
me in ; naked, and ye clothed me : 1 was sick, and ye visited me ; I was 
in prison, and ye came unto mc. Then shall the righteous answer him, 
saving, Lord, when saw we thee an hungrcd, and fed thee : or thirsty, an.d 
gave thee drink ? When saw we thee a stranger, and took thee in ? or 
naked, and clothed thee ? Or when saw we thee sick, or in prison, and came 
into thee ? 1 Cor. xi. 31. If we would judge ourselves, we should not be 
judged. Luke xv. 20, 21. And he [the prodigal sonj arose and came to 
hi: u.ther. Eut when he was yet a great way oil, his father saw him-, and 
had compassion, and ran, and fell an his neck, and kissed him. And the 
son said unto him, Father, I have sinned, against heaven, and in thy sight, 
and am no more worthy to be enl'ed thy son. Gen. xxxii. 9, 10. And 
Jacob said, O God of my father Abraham, and God of my lather Isaac, the 
Lord which -aids;, unto me Return unt > thy country, and to to thy kindred, 
and I will deal well with thee : 1 am not wolthy of the least of all the mer- 
cies, and of all the truth which thou hast shewn unto thy servant; for 
with my staff I passed over this Jordan, and now I am become two bands. 

: Psalm li. 4. Against thee, thee only have 1 sinned, and done this evU 
in thy sight : that thou mightest be justified when thou spcakest, and be 
clear when thou judgest. And xi. 7. The righteous Lord loveth righteous- 
, his countenance doth behold the upright. And clxv. 16, 17, Thou 
openest thine hand, and satisfiest the desire of every living thing. The Lord 
i ii 1 teous in all his ways, and holy in all his works. Rev. xv. 3, And 
th« v &Sng the song of Moses the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, 
v .in: — .Great and marvellous arc thy works, Lord God Almighty; just 
and true are thy ways, thou King of saints. 

Rom iii. 26. To declare, I sav, at this time his righteousness ; that he 
might be just, and the justifierof him that believeth in Jesus, lsa. xlv. 21. 
There is no God else beside me, a just God and a Saviour. Ver. 24. Surely, 
shall one say, in the Lord have 1 righteousness and strength. Chap, lxiii. 
I. Who is he thatcometh from Edom, with dyed garments from Bozrah ? 
Thisthat is glorious in his apparel, travelling in the greatness of his strength - 
I that speak in righteousness, mighty to save. Zech. ix. 9. Rejoice gr 
O daughter of Zion ; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold thy King 
Cometh unto thee; he is jusr, and having salvation, &e. 

1 Job .\.\v. 4, 5j 6. Uoyv then can man be justified with God ? or lv>w 



THE BELIEVERS RIDDLE. 161 



SECT. VIII. 

Tlie ^Mystery of Sanctification imperfect in this Life; or 
the Believer doing ail, and doing nothing. 

Mine arms embrace my God a , yet I 
Had never arms to reach so high b ; 
His arms alone me ho!d c , yet lo 
1 hofd, and will not let him go d . 

I do according to his call, 
And yet not I, but he does all ^ ; 

can he be clean that is born of a woman ? Behold even to the moon, and it 
shineth not; vea, the stars are not pure in his sight. How much lew 
man that is a worm ; and the son of man that is a worm ? Psa m txxxix. 
14. Justice and judgment are the habitation of thy throne : mercy and truth 
shall go before thy face. And : cvii. 2. Cloud- and darkness are around 
about him : righteousness and judgment are the habitation of his throne 
Rom. iii. 19, 20. Npw we know? that what things soever the law saith, 
it saitb to them who are and 1 the law ; that every mouth may be stopped, 
and all the world may become g lilty before God. Therefore by the 
of the law iherc shall no flesh he justified in hi? sight : for bv the lew is 
the kn -in. Ver. 23, 24, 25. For all have sinned and come 

short of the glory of God : being justified freely by his grace, through the 
Aon that is in Je*.us Chirst : whom Cod hath set forth to be a pro^ 
pitiation, through faith in his blood, to u.-ciare his righteousness for the 
sine that are past, through the forbearance of God. Psalm xxii. 
2, 3. O my God, I crv in the day -time, but thou hearest nor; and in the 
. and am not silent* But thou art holy, O thou that in habi test 
the praises or Israel. 

■ Song iii. 4. It was but a little thatl passed from them, but I found 

him whom my soul loveth ; i held him, and would not let him go, until I 

had brought lum into my mother's house* and into the chamber of her 

d me. 

Im lxi. 2. From the end of the earth will I cry unto thee, when 

my heart is overwhelmed : lead me to the rock that is higher than I. 

c Psalm L\ iii S My ttoul followeth bard after thee: thy right hand 
npholdeth me. ha. xfi. 10. Fear thou not, fori am with thee: be not 
ed, for I am thy God : I will strengthen thee, yea, I will he'p thee, 
yea, I will uphold thee with tin right hand of my righteousn< ss. 

1 Gen. itxxii. 26 And he [the angel J said, Lit me go, for the cay 

breaketh : and he [Jacob] said, 1 will not let the . . ;hou bless me. 

e 1 Cor. xv. to. But by the grace of God I am what I am. And his 

l bkh was bestowed up n nn, was not in vain ; but I laboured more 

Lhafl they all : yet not I, but the grace of God which \vw wilV 

K 3 



gosfe: SOmET! 

- to will and i 
I withe . . freely U 

II and n g e full well \ 

Yei iisagre* ike heav'n and hell 1 , 
El - itu e's ac k , ind mine is h - . 
s - ..ever that nor tfa - 

I know him and his nar irn 

He and his name can ne'er be known'. 

r dkmiscc ming makes me do ; 
1 i 5, yet know not hov. 

■■ 

xs ye toe 

- L 

md to d» 

i c . . ; 

f - . - - 

- 

! 

- 
1 

: 
■ 

i 

■ - 
- 
! 

. ■ - 

i 

i • | 



THE DLLIEV£k'- k 

I hare no iood but what be e 
be commends th 
. 
Mj w to him 

Bi 

I'm bound r p it \ yet '( 

i whither 1: '• one that h> bora 

- 
i C '- 

people, that we should be l >ort : for all 

Tme of thee, and of thine own ha*.*: 

mmendeth. ,, therefore, 

, that ye present your bodies a living sacri 

. rentable unto God, which is your reasonable service. And 

- : . ■ 

'':.:■ ■':. . hot . : I \ 

.^nse; and the lifting c: 

vith confidence by the faith of h.tn. Heb. 
to enter into the holier by th - 

■ 
- I - 

. stranger that join ther 
L 
. . • . 

'/. ..ich I com mane 

J they not take hold of your : ; they 

< thought to do unto us, accofd- 

; to our doings, so hath he deak with us 

t ashamet 

to every one that 

believeth ; t • : To the 

• .. : ■•'■■-. ::• r.-.t -.',._:;: . : : _.-.:;, ..:".. A..- .. .: :. .r.. .:.::' .- : . ... 



. - :' 



164 GOSPLL SONNETS* 

The frond on my part cannot last % 
Yet on both sides stands firm and fastV 

1 break my bands at ev'ry shock, 
Yet never is the bargain broke h 

Daily, alas! I disobey , 
Yet yield obedience ev'ry day d . 
I'm an imperfect perfect man c , 
That can do all, yet nothing con f . 

everlasting up n them that fear him ; and his righteousness unto children 1 * 
chiklrtn : to such as keep his covenant, and to those that remember his 
commandments to do them. John xvii. 6. I have manifested thy name 
unto the men which thou gavest me out of the world : thine they were, 
and thou gavest them me; and they have kept thy word. 

y Psalm Ixxxix. 33—36 Nevertheless, my loving-kindness will I not 
utterly take from him, nor suffer my faithfulness to fail. My covenant 
will I not break, nor altei the thing that i.-> gone out of my lips. Once 
have I sworn, by my holiness, that I will not lie unto David. His seed . 
shall endure for ever, and his throne as the sun before me. 

2 Psalm ixxxix. 30, 31, 32. If his children forsake my lav.-, and walk, 
not in my judgments ; if they break my *ta<.ute^, and keep not my com- 
mandment^ ; then will I visit their transgressions with the rod, and their 
iniquity with stripes. 

•' P-alm Ixxxix. 2, 3,4. Fori have said, Mercy shall be built up for 
ever ; thy faithfulness shalt thou establish in the very heavens. I have 
made a covenant with my Chosen, 1 have sworn unto Da - id my servant. 
Thy seed will 1 establish for ever, and btiild up thy throne to all genera- 
tions. Ver. 28, 29. My mere)' will 1 keep for evermore and my covenant 
sha ! l .^tand fast with him. His seed also will 1 make to endure for ever, 
and his throne as the days of heaven. Jer. xxxii. 40 /• nd I will make 
an everlasting covenant with them, that I will not turn away from them 
to do them good, but I will put my fear in their hearts, that they shall 
not depart from me. 
. b Psalm Ixxviii 37. Their heart was not right with him, neither were 
they stedfast in his covenant. Isa. liv, 10. The mountains shall depart, 
and the hills be removed, but my kindne.-s shall not depart from thee, 
neither shall the covenant of my peace be removed, saith the Lord, that 
hath mercy on thee. 

c James iii. 2. In many things we offend all. 

d Psalm lxi. 8. So will I sing praise unto thv name for ever, that I may 
daily perform my vows. Heb. iii. 13. But exhort one another daily, while 
it is called To-day ; lest any of you be hardened through the dcccitfulness • 
ef sin. 

e Psalm xxxaU. 37. Mark the perfect man, and behold the upright; for 
the cud of that man is peace. Rev. iii. 1. Be watchful, and strengthen 
the things which remain, that are reaeiy to die: fori have not found thy 
works perfect before' God. 

' Phil. iv. 13. I can do all things through Christ which strengthenuh 



THE BELIEVERS RIDDLE. 

I'm from beneath g , and from above h , 

A child of wrath ', a child of love k . 
A stranger e'en where all may know; 
A pilgrim, yet 1 nowhere go 1 . 

I trade abroad, yet stay at home m ; 

My tabernacle is my tomb n . 

I can be prison'd, yet abroad ; 

Bound hand and foot, yet walk with God . 

me. John xv. 5. I am the vine, ye are the branches. He that abldeth 
in me, and I in him, the same bringeth forth much fruit; for without 
me ye can do nothing. 

8 John viii. 23. And Jesus said unto the Jews, Ye are from beneath— 
ye are of this world, &c. 

h Gal. iv. 16. Jerusalem which is above, is free, which is the mother 
of us all. Ver. 28. Now we, brethren, as Isaac was, are the children of 
promise. John i. 13. Which were born, not of blood, nor of the will of 
the ilesh, nor of the will of :nan, but of God. And iii. 5, 6. Jesus answered, 
Verily, verily, I say unto thee [Nicodemus], Except a man be born of 
water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God,— That 
which is born of the Spirit, is spirit. 

1 Ephes. ii. 3. We — were by nature the children of wrath, even as 
others. 

k Rom. iv. 8. The children of the promise are counted for the seed. 

1 Heb. xi- 13. These all — confessed that they were strangers and pilgrims 
on the earth. 1 Pet. ii. 11. Deariy beloved, I beseech you as strangers- 
and pilgrims, &c. 

m Phil. iii. 20. For our conversation is in heaven, from whence also 
we look for the Saviour, the Lord Jesus Christ. 

■ 2 Cor* v. 1, 2. For we know, that if our earthly house of this taber- 
nacle were dissolved, we have a building of God, an house not made with 
hand.*, eternal in the heavens. For in this we groan earnestly, desiring 
to be clothed upon with our house which is from heaven. Ver. 4. For we 
that are in this tabernacle do groan, being burdened ; not for that we 
would he unclothed, but clothed upon, that mortality might be swallowed up 
of life. 

" Acts xvi. 24, 25, The jailor having received such a charge, thrusr 
them into the inner prison, and made their feet fast in the stocks. And 
at midnight Paul and Sila> prayed, and sang praises unto God. 2 Tim. 
ii. 9. Wherein I suffer trouble as an evil doer, e\en unto bonds ; but the 
Word of God is not bound. 2 Cor. vi. 4, $. But in all things approving 
iurwlvts as the ministers of God, in much patience, in afflictions, in neces- 
in distresses, in stripes, in imprisonments, in tumults, In UbaurU) \% 
fin fastings. 



10(> GOSPEL SONNETS* 



SECT. IX. 

77><y Mystery of various Names given to Saints and Church 
of Christ; or, The Flesh and Spirit described from hair 
vimated Things, Vegetables and Sensitives. 

To tell the world my proper name, 
Is both my glory and my shame p ; 
For like my black but comely face, 
My name is Sin, my name is Grace'* 

Most fitly I'm assimilate 
To various things inanimate ; 
A standing lake 8 , a running flood ^ 
A fixed star u , a passing cloud w . 

P Hos. i. 9. Then said God, Call his name Lo-ammi : for ye are not 
my people, and I will not be your God. And ii. 1. Say ye unto your 
brethren, Ammi, and to your sisters, Ruhamah. Ver. 23. And I -will 
have mercy upon her that had not obtained mercy, and I will say to them 
which were not my people, Thou art my people ; and they shall say, Thou 
art my God. 

r Song i. 5. I am black, but comely, O ye daughters of Jerusalem, as 
the tents of Kedar, as the curtains of Solomon. 1 Tim. i. 15. 1 his is a 
faithful saying, and worthy of all acceptation, that Christ Jesna came in» 
the world to save sinners ; of whom I am chief. Isa. lxii. 2, 3- And ths 
Gentiles shall see thy righteousness, and all kings thy glory. And thou 
shalt be called by a new name, which the mouth of the Lord shall name. 
Thou shalt also be a crown of glory in the band of the Lord, and a royal 
diadem in the hand of thy God. 

s Jer. xlviii. n. Moab has been at ease from his youth, and he hath 
settlt d on his lees, and hath not been emptied from vessel to vessel, neither 
hath he gone into captivity : therefore his taste remained in him, and his 
scent is not changed. 

I Isa. xliv. 3. I will pour water upon him that is thirsty, and floods 
upon the dry ground ; I wall pour my Spirit upon thy seed, and my blessing 
upon thine offspring. 

II Dan. xii. 3. And they that be wise, shall shine as the brightness of 
the firmament; and they that turn many to righteousness, as the stars 
for ever and ever. And in opposition to those culled wandering stars, 
Jude 13. 

f Hosv'1.4. O Ephraim, what shall I do unto thee? O Judah, what, 
shall I do unto thee ? for your goodness is a> a morning cloud, and as the 
early dew it goeth away. 



the believer's riddle. 1o7 

A cake unturnM, nor cold, nor hot x ; 
A vessel sound >', a broken pot z : 
A rising sun % a drooping \ving b ; 
A flinty rock c , a [lowing spring d , 

A rotten beam e , a virid stem f ; 

A menstruous cloth*, a royal gem h ; 

A garden bair'd 1 , an open field k ; 

A gliding stream 1 , a fountain seal'd m . 

x Hos. vii. 8. Ephraim, he hath mixed himself among the people, 
Ephraim is a cake not turned. Rev. iii. 15. I know thy works, that thou 
art neither cold nor hot : I would thou wcrl cold or hot. 

* Rom. ix. 21. Hath not the potter power over the clay, of the same 
lump to make one vessel unto honour, and another unto dishonour ? 

z Psa'm xxxi. 12. lam forgotten as a dead man out of mind: I am 
like a broken vessel. 

Matt. xiii. 43. Then shall the righteous shine forth as the sun in 
the kingdom of their Father. 

h Psaim lv. 6. And I snid, O that I had wing< like a c\o\t ! for then 
\yould I fly away, and be at rest. 

c Zech. \ii. 12. They made their hearts as an adamant stone, lest they 
should hear the law, and the words which the Lord of hosts hath sent in, 
"his Spirit by the former prophets. 

d John iv. 13, J4. Jcsu> answered and -aid unto her,Whosoever drinketh 
of the water that I c hall give him shall never thirst : but the water that I 
shall give him, shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting 
life. 

e Isa. xvii. 9, 10, In that dav shall his strong cities be as a forsaken 
bough, and an uppermost branch, which thev left, because of the children 
of Israel: and there shall be desolation. Because thou hast forgotton the 
God of thy salvation, and hast not been mindful of the rock of thy strength : 
therefore shalt thou plant pleasant plants, and shah set it with strange slips. 
Chap, xxvii. n. When the boughs thereof arc withered, thev shall be 
broken off. The women came and set them on fire ; for it is a people of 
no understanding, Sec. 

f Prov. xL 28. The righteous shall flourish as a branch. Psalm xcii. 
12, 13. The righteous shall flourish like the palm-tree: he shall grow like 
the cedar in Lebanon. Those that be planted in the house of the Lord, 
shall flourish in the courts of our God. 

f Isa. xxx. 22. Ye shall defile also the covering of thy graven images 
of silver, and the ornament of thy molten images of gold. Thou shalt cast 
them away as a menstruous cloth; shalt say unto it, Get thee hence. 
Chap. lxiv. 6. But we are all as an unclean thing, and all uur righteous- 
I - - ire as filth y 

h Isa. Ixii. 3. Thou shalt also be a crown of glory in the Land of the 
Lord, and a royal diadem in the hand of thy God. 

1 Song i\. 12. A garden inclosed is mv sister, my spo\ 

* Matt. xiii. 24, 25. Another parable put he forth unto them, Baying 



168 t;ospll sonnets. 

Of various vegetables see 

A fair, a lively map in me. 

A fragrant rose n , a noisome weed °; 

A rotting p , yet immortal seed '. 

Fm withering grass % and growing corn r ; 
A pleasant plant u , an irksome thorn w ; 
An empty vine*, a fruitful tree y ; 
An humble shrub 2 , a cedar high a . 

The kingdom of heaven is likened unto a man which sowed good seed in 
his field ; hut while men slept, his enemy came and sowed tares among th« 
wheat, and went his way. 

1 Song iv. 5. [My sister is] a fountain of gardens, a well of living 
waters, and streams from Lebanon. 

n) Song iv. 12. A spring shut up, a fountain sealed is my sister, my 
spouse. 

n Isa. xxxv. 1. The wilderness and the solitary place shall be glad for 
them ; and the desert shall rejoice, and blossom as the rose. 

Isa. v. 4. What could have been done more to my vineyard, that I 
ha-\e not done in it ? wherefore when I looked that it should bring forth 
grapes, it brought forth wild grapes. 

p Gen. iii. 19. In the sweat < f thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou 
return unto the ground ; for out of it wast thou taken : for dust thou art, 
and unto dust shalt thou return. 

r 1 Pet. i. 23. Being born again, not of corruptible seed, but of incorrup- 
tible, by the word of God which liveth and abideth for ever. 

s Isa. xl. 7. The grass withereth, the flower fadeth ; because the Spirit 
of the Lord bloweth upon it : surely the people is grass. 

r H s. >;iv. 7. They that dwell under his shadow shall return, they 
shall revive as the corn, and grow as the vine: the scent thereof shall be 
as the wine of Lebanon. 

u Isa. v. 7* The vineyard of the Lord of hosts Is the house of Israel, and 
the men of Judah his pleasant plant. 

w Mic. vii. 4. The best of them is a brier : the most upright is sharper 
than a thorn- hedge. 

* Hos. x. t . Israel is an empty vine, he bringeth forth fruit unto himself. 

y P^alm i, 3. And lie shall be like a tree planted by the rivers of water, 
that bringeth forth his fruit in his season ; his leaf also shall not wither, 
and whatsoever he doth shall prosper. 

7 Ezek. xvii. 5, 6. He [a great eagle] took also of the seed of the land, 
and planted it in a fruitful field, he placed it by great waters, and set it as a 
willow-tree. And it grew, and became a spreading vine of low stature, 
who r ><* branches turned toward him, and the roots thereof were under him ; 
£0 it became a vine, and brought forth branches ar> ^ snot forth sprigs. 
Ver. 24. And all the trees of the field shall know that 1 the Lord have 
brought down the hi^h tret-, have exalted the low tree, have, dried up th« 
green tree, and have made the dry tree to flourish : I the Lord have spoken 
iiiul have done it, Mark iv. 30, 31. And Jesus said, Whcreu.nto shall w- 



THE BELIEVERS RIDDLL. 16§ 

A noxious brier h , a harmless pine*; 
A gapless t\vig d , a bleeding viue c : 
A stable fir f ,a pliant bush*; 
A noble oak h , a naughty rush \ 

With sensitives I may compare, 
Wliile I their various natures share : 
Their distinct names may justly suit 
A strange, a reasonable brute k . 



liken the kingdom of God ? or, with what comparison shall we comp.ire k * 
It is a like a grain of mustard-seed, which when it is sown in the cam 1 ., i? 
less than all the seeds that be in the earth. 

d Psalm xcii. 12. The righteous shall grow like a cedar in Lebanon. 
b Mie. vii, 4, See letter x . 

c Isa. xli. 12. I will set in the desert the fir-tree, and the pine, and the 
box -tree together. 

]o\\i\ xv. 4. Abide in me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear 
fruit of itself, except it abide in the vine ; no more can ye, except ve aoiue 
in me. Vcr. 6. If a man abide not in me, he is cast forth as a branch, and 13 
wit he reel. 

c John xv. 5. I am the vine, ye are the branches : he that abideth in me, 
and 1 in him, the same bringeth forth much fruit; for without me ye can. 
do nothing. Song ii. 13. The rig-tree putteth forth her green rig-, and the 
vines with the tender grape give a good smelh Ver. 1 ^, Take us the foxes, 
the little foxes that spoil the vines ; for our vines have tender grapes. 

1 Isa.tr. 13. Instead of the thorn shall come up the fir-tree, and instead 
of the briar shall tome up the myrtle-tree : and it shall be to the Lord for a 
name, for an everlasting sign tint shall not be cut off. And Ix. 13. i he 
r-^.'irv of Lebanon shall come unto thee, the fir-tree, the pine-tree, and the 
box together, to beautify the \ lace of my sanctuary, and I will make the place 
of my feet glorious. 

t- Matt. xi. 7. And as they departed) Jesus began to sav unto the multi- 
tudes concerning John, What went ye out into the wilderness to see r A 
reed shaken with the wind ? 

h Isa. vi. 1 3. But yet in it shall be a tenth, and it shall return, and shall 
be eaun : as a teil-tree, and as an oak, whose subscanee is in them when 
they cast their leaves : so the holy seed shall be the substance thereof. 

' Isa. lviii. 5. Is it such a ta>t that I have chosen ? a day for a ma 1 to 
afflict his soul r is it to bow d uvn his head as a bulrush, and to spread sa_k- 
cloth and ashes under him ? wilt thou call this a fast, and an acceptable d.\y 
to theLord - 

oin lxxiii. 22. So foolish was I ("Asaph] and ignorant, I was a beast 
before thee. Prov. xxx. z. Surely I [AgurJ am more uiuush than any nidn, 
and have not the understanding of a man. 



17$ <€OSPEL SONNETS. 

The sacred page my state describes 
From volatile and reptile tribes; 
From ugly vipers 1 , beauteous birds™ ; 
From soaring hosts », and swinish herds . 

Fni rank'd with beasts of difT rent kinds, 

"With -spiteful tigers p , loving hinds'; 
And creatures of distinguish' d forms, 
With mounting eagles % creeping worms 1 * 

A mixture of each sort I am; 

A hurtful snake", a harmless lamb*; 

A tardy ass y , a speedy roe 2 ; 

A lion bold a , a timorous doe b . 

1 Matt. iii. 7. But when John saw many of the Pharisees and Saclducees 
come to his baptism, he said unto them, O generation of vipers, &c. 

m Song ii. 12. The time of the singing of birds is come, and the voice of 
the turtle is heard in our land. 

n Isa. lx. 8. Who are-these that fly as a cloud, and as the doves to their 
■windows ? 

Matt. vii. 6. Give not that which is holy unto the dogs, neither cast 
ve your pearls before swine, lest they trample them under their feet, and turn 
again and rent you. 2 Pet. ii: 22. But it is happened to them according to 
-the true proverb, The dog is turned to his owu vomit again : and the sow 
that was washed to her wallowing in the mire. 

p Psalm xxii. 16. For dogs have compassed me, the assembly of the 
wicked have inclosed me : they pierced my hands and my feet. Phil. iii. 1, 
'Beware of dogs, beware of evil-workers, beware of the concision. 

r Psalm xviii. 33. God maketh my feet like hind's feet, and setteth me 
\ipon my high places. Prov. v. 19. Let her [the wife of thy youth | be as 
the loving hind, and pleasant roe ; let her breasts satisfy thee, at all times, 
and be thou ravished always with her love. 

s Isa xl. 31. — They shall mount up with wings as eagles. 
* Psalm xxii. 6. But I am a worm and n > man. Isa. xli. 14. Fear not 
thou worm of Jacob, and ye men of Israel, &x. 

" Psalm lviii. 5. Their poison is like the poison of a serpent; thev are 
like the deaf adder that ttopptth her < ST. 

v f Jin xxi. 1^. So when they had dined, Jesus saith to Simon Peter, 
Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me more than these f lie saith unto him, 
Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. He saith unto him, Feed my 
lambs. 

y Jobxi. 12. Vain man would be wise, though man be born like a wild 

cok. 
1 Prov. vi. 5. Deliver thyself [my son] as a roe from the hand of the 
hunter. 

a Prov. xxviii. r. The righteous arc bolda* a lion. 

b lid. ii. 10. And they Jull go into the holes of the rocks and into the 



THE HEMEVEu's RIDDLE. ]?l 



A slothful owl'*, :i busy ant d ; 
A dove to mourn , a lark to chant. f ; 
And with h m i quale to compare, 
Au ugly toad g , an attgel lair . 



SECT. X. 

The Mystery of the Saints old and new Man further 
described; and the Means of their spiritual Life* 

Temptations breed me much annoy % 

Yet divers such I count all joy b . 

On eartlr I see confusion reel c . 

Yet wisdom ordering all things well d . 

caves of the earth, for fear of the Lord, and for the glory of his Majesty 
when he ariseth to shake terribly the earth. 

c Psalm cii. 6. I am like ati owl of the desert. 

d Prov. vi. 6. Go to the ant thou sluggard, consider her ways and be 
wis ■, &c. 

e Isa. xxxviii. 14. Like a crane or a swallow, so did I chatter: I did 

mourn as a dove; mine eyes fail with looking upward: O Lord, I am 

ed, undertake forme. Ezek. vii. 16. But they that escape of them 

TLrael j, -hall escape, and ^-hall be on the mountains like doves of the valleys, 

allot" them mourning, every one for his iniquity, 

' Song ii. 12. The time of t lie singing of birds is come, and the voice of 
the turtle i> heard in our land. 

! Rom iii. 13. — The poison of asps is under their lips. Job. xl. 4. 
Behold, I am vile, what shall I answer thee : I will lay mine hand upon 
my mouth. 

11 Acts vi. 1 5. And all that sit in the council, looking stedfastly on him 
[Stephen], siw his face as it had been the face of an angel. 2 Cor. iii. 18. 
Bat we all with open face beholding a^ in a glass, the glory of the Lord, are 
changed into the same image, from glory to gl »ry, even as by the Spirit of the 
Lord. 

1 Heb xii. 11. Now rro chastening f>r the present seemeth to be jovous, 
but grievous, &c. 1 Pet. i. 6. Wherein ye greatly rejoice, though now for a 
season (ii need be) ye are in heavme>s through manifold temptations. 

b Janes i. 2. My brethren, count it ail joy when ye fall into divers 
temptations. 

c Psalm lxxxii 5. They know not. neither will they understand ; they 
walk on in darkness : all the foundations of the earth are out of course. 

1 P.^alm xxix. 10. The Lord sitteth upon the ll><>d ; yea, the L'>rd silteth 

king for ever. And lxxxix. 9. Thou rudest the raging sea: when the 

waves (hereof arise, thou stillest them. Rom viii. 28. And we know that 

all things work v- d, to them that love Gjd, to them who arc 

iljed according to his purpose- 

L S 



172 GQSTEL SONNETS. 

I sleep, yet have a waking ear 6 ; 
Fm blind and deaf, yet see and hear* : 
Dumb, yet cry, Abba, Father, plain \ 
Born only once, yet born again \ 

My heart's a mirror dim and bright 1 *, 
A compound strange of day and night* : 
Of dung and diamonds, dross and gold 1 ; 
Of summer heat and winter cold m . 

e Song v. 2. I sleep, but my heart waketh : it is the voice of my beloved 
that knocktth, saying, Open to me, my sister, my iove, my dove, my 
unclehlec! ; for my head is rilled with dew, and my locks with the drops of 
the night. 

f Isa. xlni. 18, 19. Hear, ye deaf, and look, ye blind, that ye may see. 
Who is blind, but my servant ; or deaf, as my messenger tiiat I sent ? Who 
is blind as he that is perfect, and blind as the Lord's servant ? And xxxv. 
5. 7 hen the eyes of the blind shall be opened, and the ears of the deaf shall 
b? unstopped. 

u Ioa. xxxv. 6. Then shall — the tongue of the dumb sing: for in the 
wilderness shall waters break out, and streams in the desert. Rom. viii. 1 5. 
For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye ha\c 
received the spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father. 

h John iii. 3—6. Jesus answered and said unto him [NicodemusJ, Verily, 
verilv I say unto thee, except a man be born again, he cannot see the king- 
dom of God. 'Nicodemus saith unto him, How can a man be born when 
he is old ? can he enter the second time into his mother's womb, and be born ? 
Je-us answered, Verily, verily I say unto thee, Except a man be born of 
water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God. That 
which is born of the flesh, is rlesh : and that which is born of the Spirit, is 
Spirit. 

1 Lam. v. 17. For this our heart is faint, for these things our eyes are 
dim. Isa- xxxii. 3. And the eyes of them that see, shall not be dim, &c. 

k Zech. xiv. 7. But it shall be one day, which shall be. known to the 
Lord, not day, nor night : but it shall come to pa;S, that at evening-time it 
shall be light. 

1 Mai. ii. -3. Behold, I will corrupt your seed, and spread dung upon your 
face r ., even the dung of your solemn feasts, ami one shall take you away 
with it. Phil. iii. 8. Yea, dou'ntless, and I count all things but lo^s, for the 
excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my L rd : for whom I have 
suffered the lo-s of all things, and do count them but dung that I may win 
Christ. Isa. Ixii. 3. Thou shalt also be a crown of glory in the hand of the 
Lord, and a royal diadem in the hand of thy God. Fa. i. 2^. And I wiil 
turn my hand upon thee, and purelv purge away thy dros-j, and take away all 
thy tin. Job xxiii. 10. God knoweth the way that I take : when he hath 
tried me, 1 shall come forth as gold. 

m P-^alm xxxix. ^. My heart was hot within me, while I was muring 
the fire burned. Luke xxiv. ^2. And they said one to another, Did not 
our hearts burn within lis, while he talked with us by the way, and while 



THE BELTCVEU'S RIDDLE. 173 

Down like a stone I sink and dive 11 , 
Yet daily upward soar and thrive . 
T<> heav'n I fly, to eartb I tend*; 

>Stiil better grow but never mend r . 

My heav'n and glory's sure to me, 
Though therefore seldom sure I be s : 



u c the scripture ? Matt. xxiv. 12. And because Iniquity shall 
love of many shall wax cold. Rev. ii. 4. Nevertheless, 1 
against thee because thou hast left thy rir>t love. 
n Psalm \lii. 67. O my God, my soul is cast down within me : there- 
fore will 1 remember thee from the land of Jordan, and of the Hermonites, 
from the hill Mizar. Deep calleth unto deep, at the noise of thy water- 
spouts : allthv waves and thy billows are gone over me. 

P aim xlii. 8, 9." Yet the Lord will command his loving-kindness in 
the day-time, and in the night his song shall be with me, and my prayer 
unto the God of my lire. I will say unto God my rock, Why hast thou 
forgotten me ? why g I mourning because of the oppression of the enemy ? 
Ver 1 1 . W hv art thou ca-t down, O my soul ? and why art thou disquieted 
within me ? 1 lope thou in God, for I will yet praise him, who is the health 
of my countenance, and my God. 

C I. iii. 1, 2. If ye then be risen with Christ, seek those things which 
are above, where Christ sitteth on the right hand of God. Set your affections 
Olf filings above, not on things on the earth. Psalm >:liv. 25. Our soul 
is bowed down to the dust : out belly eleaveth unto the earth. 

'" Hos. xiv. c. I will be as the dew unto Israel: he shall grow as the 
lily, ?\u\ cast forth hi- rpots as Lebanon. Ver. 7. They that dwell under 
his shadow -hall return, they shall r v ':• e as the corn, and grow as the vine : 
the scent thereof, shall be as the wine of Lebanon. Phil. iii. 12, 13, 14. 
Not as though I had already attuned, either were already perfect 1 but t 
fntlow aft r, if that 1 mav apprehend t. at tor which also 1 am appr. ' 
of Chrfct Je« n 1 count not myself to have apprehended: but 

this one thing I do, forgetting those things which are behind, and reaching 
forth unto rh which are before, I press toward the mark, for the 

prize of the high calling of God in Chri : [1 5. Rom. vii. 2;, 24. But I 
see another law in 1 rs, warring against the law of my mind, 

me intocaptivity to the law of sin, which is in mv mei 
l bed man that 1 am ! who shall deliver me from the body of this 

s John ::vi. 2, 3. In mv Father's house are many mansions ; if it • 
not -o, I would ha\ e told you : I go to prepare a place for you. And if I 
go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and - 1 Bi to 

. that where I am, there ye may be also, 2 Pet. i. 10. X A 
:<cr, brethren, give diligence to make your calling and election 
Feb. rv. r. Let us therefore fear, lest a promise being left us of err 
rest) any of you should seem to come short of it. 

L3 



174 ffOSTEL SONNETS, 

Yet what makes me the surer is, 
God is my glory *, I am Ins u . 

My life's exposed to open view w ; 
Yet closely hid and known to few x . 
Some know my place, and whence I came, 
Yet neither whence, nor where I am \ 

I live in earth, which is not odd: 

But, lo, I also live in God z : 

A spirit without flesh and blood, 

Yet with them both to yield me food*. 

I leave what others live upon, 
Yet live I not on bread alone; 
But food adapted to my mind, 
Bare words, yet not on empty wind b . 

* Psal. iii. 3. But thou, O Lord, art a shield for me ; my glory, and the 
lifter up of mine head Isa. lx« 19. The sun shall be no more thy light by 
day, neither for brightness shall the moon give li&ht unto thee, but the Loid 
shall be unto t kce an everlasting light and thy God thy glory. 

u Isa. xivi. 13-! will place salvation in Zion tor Israel my glory. 2 Cor. 
viii. 23. Vi hot her any do inquire of Titus, he is my partner and fellow- 
helper concerning jox : or our brethren be inquired of, they are the mes- 
sengers of the churches, and the glory of Christ. 

* Psalm xliv. 23. Thou makest us a reproach to our neighbours, a scorn 
and a derision to them that are round about us. 

x Col. iii. 3. Your life is hid with Christ in God. 

> John iii. 9, 10. Ni cod emus answered and said unto him, How can 
these things be r Jesus answered and said uuto him, Art thou a master of 
Israel, and know est net these things ? Prov. xiv. 10. The heart knoweth 
his own bitterness; and a stranger doth not intermeddle with his joy. 1 
John iv. 16. And we have known and believed the love that God hath to 
us. God is love ; and he that dwelleth in love, dwelleth in God, and God 
in him. 

* Gal. ii 20. I am crucified with Christ : nevertheless I live, yet not 
I. but Christ liseth in me ; and the life which I now live in the flesh, I live 
by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me. 

a John iv. 24. God is a Spirit, and they that worship him, must worship 
liim in spirit and in truth. And vi. 53, 54, 55. Then said Jesus unto them, 
[the Jews |, Verily, verily I say unto you, Except ye cat the rlesh of the Son 
of man, and drink his blood, ye have no life in you. Whoso eateih my flesh, 
and drinketh my blood, hath eternal life, and 1 will raise him up at the labt 
day. For my flesh is meat indeed) and my blood is drink indeed. 

b Mat. iv. 4. But Jesus answered and said [unto the tempter J, Itjis written 
man shall not Uve by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of 
the mouth of Oou. jer. xv. 16. 1 hy words were found, and 1 did eat them 4 



THE nLLIEVEIt's lilDDLi;. 1 7 .> 

I'm no Anthropophagite hide, 

Though fed with human flesh and blood; 

But live superlatively fine, 
My food's all spirit, all divine c . 
1 feast on fulness night and dav d , 
Yet pinch'd for want, I pine away c , 
My leanness, leanness, ah! I ery f ; 
Yet lat and full of sap am I g . 

As all amphibious creatures do, 
I live in land and water too h : 
To good and evil equal bent', 
Tin both a devil k , and a saint 1 . 

and thy word was unto me the joy and rejoicing of mine heart, for I am- 
i ailed by thv name, O Lord God of host*. 

' John vi. 57, 58. As the living Father hath sent me, and I live bv the 
Father ; 90 he that eateth me, even he shall live by me. This is that bread 
which came down from heaven : no" as your fathers did eat manna, and 
M€ dead : he that eateth of this bread shall live for ever. Ver. 63. It is 
the Spirit that quickeneth, the rle-h proriteth nothing : the words that I 
speak unto you, they are spirit, and they are life. 

' Isa. xxx. 6. And in this mountain shall the Lord of Hosts make 
unto all people a feast of fat things, a feast of wines on the lees, of fat 
thing* full of marrow, of wines on the lees well rehned. Psal. i. 2. But 
his delight is in the law of the Lord, and in his law doth he meditate day 
and night. 

e Isa. xli. f 7. When the poor and needy seek water, and there is none, 
and their tongue faileth for thirst, 1 the Lord will hear them, 1 the God of 
Israel will not forsake them. P^alm xl. 17. But I am poor and needy, yet 
the Lord thinketh upon me : thou art my help and my dciherer, make no 
tarrying, O my God. 

1 Isa. xxiv. 16. From the uttermost parts of the earth have we heard 
song<, even glory to the righteous. But I said, My leanness, my leanness, 
woe unto me. The treacherous dealers have dealt treacherously ; yea, the 
treacherous dealer> have dealt very treacherously. 

1 Psalm xcii. 13, 14. Those that be planted in the house of the Lord, 
khall nourish in the courts of our God, They shall still bring forth fruit in 
old a^e : they shall be fat and llouri-hing. And civ. 16. 1 he trees of the 
Lord are full of sap ; the cedars of Lebanon which he hath planted. 

b Psalm cxvi. 9. I will walk before the Lord in the land of the living. 
And Ixix. 1, 2, Save me, O God, for the waters arc come in unto mv soul. 
I sink in deep mire, where there is no standing; I am come into deep 
waters, where the floods overfl ow me. Psalm lxxxviii. rj, Thv terrors 
come round about mc daily like water, they compassed me about together. 
1 Rom. vii. 21. 1 hnd then a law, that when I would do good, evil is 
ll with mc. 



17(3 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

While some men who on earth are gods'% 
Are with the Go t of heaven at odds' 1 , 
My heart, where hellish legions are , 
Is with the hosts of lie IL at warjP, 

My will fulfils what's hard to tell, 
The counsel both of heav'u r , and hell 8 ; 
Heav'n, without sin, vvilj'd sin to be^ 
Yet will to sin, is sin in me u , 

k John vi. 70. Jesus answered them, Have not I chosen you twelve, 
and one of you is a devil ? And viii. 44. Ye are of your fa;h< r the devil, 
and the lusts of your father ye will do. James iii. i =;. This wisdom dc- 
scendeth not from above, but i earthlv, sens, al, devilish'. 

1 1 Cor. vi. 11. And such were some of you : but ye are washed, but 
ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and 
by the Spirit of our God. 

111 Psalm ) :xxii 6. I have said, Ye are gods : and all of you are chil* 
dren of the Most High. 

,! P^alm lxxxii. 1, 2 God standeth in the congregation of the mighty; 
he judgeth among the gods. How long will ye judge unjustly, and accept 
the persons of the wicked r Selah. Ver. 5. They know not, neither will 
they understand ; they walk on in darkness : ail the foundations of the 
earth are out of course. 

Matt. XV- 19. For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murder?, 
adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, blasphemies. Luke viii. 30, 
And Jesus asked him, saving, What is thy name ? and he said, Legion ; 
because many devils were entered into him. 

: Eph. vi. r2. For we wrestle n t against flesh and blood, but against 
principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this 
world, against spiritual wickednos, in high places. 

■ Rev. xvii. 17. For God hath put in their hearts to fulfil his will, and 
to agree, and give their kingdom unto the beast, until the words of God shall 
be fulfilled. 

s E|)h. ii. 3. Among whom also we ail had our conversation in times 
past, in the lests of our ilesh ; fulfilling the desires of the flesh, and of the 
mind ; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others. 

1 James i. 13. Let no man say when he is tempted, 1 am tempted of 
God: for G d cannot be tempted with evil, neither tempteth he any man. 
Acts vi. 1,. 5, 16. And in those days Peter Stood up in the midst of the 
disciples, and said, Men and brethren, this scripture must needs have been 
fulfilled, which the Holy Ghost by the mouth of David spake before con* 
cerning Judas, which wa> gr.ideto them that look Jesus. And ii. 23. Jesus 
of Nazareth, being d< liv< red by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge 
of God, ye have taken, and by wicked hands have ciueiliedand slain. And 
iv. 27, 28. For of a truth, against thy holy child Jesus, whom thou bast 
anointed, boih Herod and Pontius Pilate, with the Gentiles, and the people. 
-.,'<' [srael, were gathered together, for to d% whatsoever thy hand and thy 
counsel determined be lure 10 be done. 



rHE ijkliever's riddll, 177 

To duty seldom I adhere w , 
\ et to the end I persevere x . 
I die and rot beneath the elod y 9 
Vet live and reign as long as God*. 



SECT. XI. 

The Mystery of Christ, his Names, Natures, and Offices. 

My Lord appears; awake my soul, 
Admire his name, the Wonderful % 
An infinite and finite mind b , 
Eternity and time conjoin'd c . 

The everlasting Father stvTd, 
Yet lately born the virgin's child ^ 

Hos. v. ti. Ephraim is oppressed, and broken in judgment, because he 
willingly walked after the commandment. 2 Cor. viii. 11, 12. Now there- 
fore, perform the doing of it ; that as there was a readiness to will, so there 
may be a performance also out of that which you have. For if there be 
first a willing mind, it is accepted according to that a man hath, and not 
according to that he hath not. 

w Psalm exix. 176. I have gone astray like a lost sheep, seek thy ser- 
vant ; for I do not forget thy commandments. 

* Hcb. >:. 39. But we are not of them who draw back unto perdition ; 
but of them that brlieve to the saving of the soul. 

>' Psalm >.c. 3. Thou tamest man to destruction ; and sayest, Return, ye 
children of men. 

1 John v. 24. Verily, verily I say unto you, He that heareth my word, 
and bclieveth on him that sent me, hath everlasting life, and -hall not come 
into condemnation ; but is passed from death unto life. Rev. iii. 21. To 
him that overcometh will I grant to sit with me in my throne, even as I 
also overcame and am set down with my Father in his throne. And xxii. 
5. There shall be no night there, and they need no candle, neither light of 
the sun; for the Lord God giveth them light: and they shall reign for 
e\er and ever. 

a Isa. ix. 6. For unto as a child i>* b >rn, unto us a son is given, and the 
government shall be upon his shoulder : and his name shall be called Won- 
derful. 

b Psalm cxlvii. 5. Great is our Lord, and of great power : his under- 
standing is infinite. Luke ii. ^1. And Jesus increased in wisdom and 
stature, and in favour with G d and man. 

c Gal. iv. 4. But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth 
his Son made of a woman, made under the law. 

rt Isa. ix. 6. For unto us a child is born : and his name shall b; j 1 
The everlasting Father. Matt, i, 23. Behold, a virgin shall be v. ith child* 



1?S GOSPEL SONNETS. 

Nor father he nor mother had, 

Yet full with both relations clad . 

His titles differ and accord, 

As David's son, and David's lord \ 

Through earth and hell how conqu'ring rode 

The dying man, the rising God g ! 

My nature is corruption doom'd h ; 
Yet when my nature he assuni'd, 
He nor on him (to drink the brook) 1 
My person nor corruption took k . 

and shall bring forth a Son, and they shall call his name Emanuel, which 
being interpreted, is, God with us. 

e Heb. vii. 3. For this Melchisedec — without father, without mother, 
without descent, having neither beginning of days nor end of life ; but 
made like unto the Son of God, abideth a priest continually. Luke ii. 48, 
49. And when they saw him, they were amazed ; and his mother said unto 
him, Son, why hast thou so dealt with us ? behold, thy father and I have 
sought thee sorrowing. And he said unto them, How is it that ye bought 
me ? wist ye not that I must be about my Father's business ? 

f Matt. xxii. 41—45. While the pharisees were gathered together, Jesus 
asked them, saying, What think ye of Christ ? whose son is he? They 
say unto him, the Son of David. He saith unto them, How then doth 
David in spirit call him Lord, saying, The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit 
ihou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool r If David 
then call him Lord, how is hs his son ? 8cc« 

B Matt. xxi. 5. Tell ye the daughter of Zion, behold, thy King 
cometh unto thee, meek, and sitting upon an ass. Ver. 8, 9. And a very 
great multitude spread their garments in the way : others cut down branches 
from the trees, and strewed them in the way. And the multitude that 
went before, and that followed, cried, saying, Hosanna to the Son of David ; 
blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord, Hosanna in the highest. 
Ver. 12. And Jesus went into the temple of God, and cast out all them 
that sold and bought in the temple, and overthrew the tables ot the money- 
changers, and the seats of them that sold doves. Col. ii. 15. And having 
spoiled principalities and powers, he made a show of them openly, triumph- 
ing over them in it [his cross]. Rom.iv. 25- Jesus our Lcrd was delivered 
for our offences, and was raised again for our justification. Eph. iv. 8. 
Wherefore he [Davidj saitbj V\ hen he ascended up on high, he led capti- 
vity captive, and gave gifts unto men. Rom. i. 4. Jesus Christ our Lord 
was declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the spirit of holi- 
ness, by the resurrection from the dead. 

h Eph. iv. 22. Put off concerning the former conversation, the old man 
which is corrupt, according to the- deceitful lusts. 

1 Psalm ex. 7. He shall dunk of the brook in the way, thereof shall he 
lift up the h 

k Rom. viii. 3. God sent his own Son, in the likeness of sinful flesh* 



THE EELIEY'£u\s RIDDLE- 179 

Yet he assumM my sin and guilt 1 . 
For which the noble blood was spilt, 
Great was the guilto'erflowing Hood, 
The creature's and Creator's blood m ! 

'idle Chief of chiefs amazing came n , 
r ro bear the glory and the shame ; 
Anointed Chief With oil ofjoy p , 
CrownM Chief with thorns of sharp annoy r . 

and Fat sin condemned sin in the flesh. John i. 14. And the Word was 
made aesh, and dwelt among us (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of 
the only begotten of the Father) full of grace and truth. Luke i. 35. And 
the angel answered and said unto Mary, The Holy Ghost shall come upon 
thee, and the- power' of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also 
that holy thing which shall be born of thee, shall be called the Son of Go;!. 
Heb.li. 16. For verily he took not on him the nature <>f angels; but he 
>n him the seed of Abraham. And vii. 26, 27. For such an high 
priest became us, who is h ly, harmless, updeflled, separate from sinners* 
and made higher than the heavens ; who needeth not daily, as those high 
priest-, to offer up sacrifice, first for his own sins, and then for the people's : 
for this j when he < ffered up himself. 

1 Isa. liii. 5, 6. All we Iikf sheep have gone a«tray : we have turned 

one to his own way, and the Lord hath laid on him the iniquity of 

. 2 Cor. v. 21. God hath made Christ to be sin for us, who knew 

no sin ; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him. Matt. 

:-,x. 2^. The Son of man came to give his life a random for many- 

m Rom. iii. 25. Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation, through 

faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that 

t, through the forbearance of God. .Acts xx. 28. Feed the church of 

God, which he hath purchased with his own blood. 1 Pet, i. 18, 19. For 

as much as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as 

silver and gold, from your vain conversation received by tradition from your 

fathers ; but with the p» --cioui blood of Christ as of a Lamb without blemish 

and without spot. 1 John iii. 16. Hereby percehe we the love of God, 

e lie laid down hi', life for US. 

J1 Rev. i. 4, 5 Grace be unto you, and peace from Jesus Christ, wh<> is 

the faithful witness, and the rlrst begotten of the dead, and the prince of the 

kings of the 

Zech.vi. 12, i". Behold the man whose name is the BRANCH— 
he shall build the temple of the. Lord, and he shall bear the glorv. Heb. 
xii. 2. Jesvu, for the joy thai was set before him, endured the truss, du-pis- 
ing the shanp 

I'lji. - i\ - Thou lovest righteousness, and hates: wickedness : there- 
fore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy 
fell 

r Mat. rxvli, 20. When they had platted a crown of thorn-, thev put it 
or his head, and a reed in his right hand : and they bowed the kuec beforjc 
Jtun, and tracked him, saying, Hail, king of the J 



ISO GOSPEL SONNETS. 

Lo, in his white and ruddy face 
Roses and lilies strive for place 5 ; 
The morning star, the rising sun, 
With equal speed and splendour ran*. 

How glorious is the church's head. 
The Son of God, the woman's seed u ! 
How searchless is his noble clan w , 
The first, the last, the second man x ! 

With equal brightness in his face, 
Shines divine justice, divine grace y ; 
The jarring glories kindly meet, 
Stern vengeance and compassion sweet 2 . 

s Song ii. i. I am the rose of Sharon, and the lily of the \ alleys. Chap. 
V. 10 My heloved is white and ruddy, the chiefest among ten thousand. 

1 Rev. xxii. 16. I [Jesus] am the root and the offspring of David, and 
the bright and morning-star. Mai. iv. 2. But unto you that fear my name, 
shall the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his wings ; and ye 
shall go forth and grow Op as calves of the stall. 

u Col.i. iS. And Christ is the head of the body, the church : who is the 
beginning, the first-born from the dead: that in all things he might have 
the pre-eminence. John iii. 16. God so loved the world, that he g.ive his 
only begottten Son, that whosoever believeth on him, should not perish, but 
have everlasting life. Gen. iii. 1 5, And I [the Lord GodJ will put enmity 
between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed 5 it shall 
bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel. 

. w Isa. liii. 3. He was taken from prison and from judgment : and who 
shall declare his generation ? Proe. xxx. 4. Who hath ascended up into 
fieaven, or descended ? who hath gathered the wind in his rists ? who hath 
bound the waters in a garment ? who hath established all the end> of the 
earth ? what is his name, and what is his Son's name, if thou canst tell r 

* Rev. i. 1 r. I am Alpha an Omega, the first and the last. 1 Cor xv. 
:«. The last Adam was made a quickening spirit. Ver. 47. The second 
man is the Lord from heaven. 

y 2 Cor. i . 6. For God who commanded the light to shine out of dark- 
r.ess, h4th shined in our beans, to give the light of the knowledge of the 
of God, in the face of Jesus Christ. Rom. iii. 24, 2:5,26. Being 
justified freely by his grace, through the redemption that i^ in Jesus Christ. 
Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation, through faith in his blood, 
to declare his righteousness for the lvmi^sion of sins that are past, through 
>rbearance of God ; to declare, 1 sav, at this time his righteousness : 
that he might be just, and the justirier of him which believeth in Jesus. 
fiph. i. 6, 7. To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein be hath made 
us accepted in the beloved: in whom we have redemption through his 
blood, the forgiveness of sins according to tin iicb.es ot his grace, 

* Rom. v. 20, 21. But where tin abound* d, grace did much mure aboundj 



TlfC EALIKTE&'fl RIDDLE. 181 

God is Spirit, seems iL odd 
To sing aloud the blood of God 7 ? 
Yea, hence my peace and joy result, 
And here my lasting hope is built*. 

Love through his blood a vent has sought, 
\ et divine love was never bought; 
Mercy could never purchas'd be, 
Yet ev'ry mercy purchas'd he b . 

His triple station brought my peace, 
The Altar, Priest, and Sacriiice c ; 
His triple office ev'ry thing, 
My Priest, my Prophet is, and King*. 

that as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might grace reign thr ^ugh righte- 
ousness unto eternal lire, by Jesus Cnrist our Lord. P>aim 1 .-. 
M I cy and truth are met together : righteousness and peace have kis-ed each 
other. 

z Jolin iv. 24. God is a Spirit, and they that worship him must worship 
him in spirit and in truth. Acts >:x. 2S. Feed the church of God, which 
he hath purchased with his own blood. 

* Rom. v. 1. Therefore being justified hy frith, we have peace with God, 
through our Lord Jesus Christ. Ver. 10. For if when we were enemies, we 
wnt- reconciled to God by the death of his Son : much more b- ing recon- 
ciled, we shall be ^aved by his life. 1 Pet. iii. 15. Be ready always to give 
an answer to every man that asketh you a reason of the hope that is in you, 
with meekness and fear. Ver. 18. For Christ hath also once offered for 
sin-, the just for the unjust (that he might bring us to Gud), being put to 
death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirt. 

D Rom v. 9. Much more then being now justified by his blood, we shall 
be ^aved fr >in wrath through him. Ver. 21. See Lttcr >'. JVm\ iii. 16. 
God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever 
bfelieveth in him, should not perish, but have everlasting life. Rom. i 
God saith to Muses, I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I 
will have compassion on whom I will have compassion. Eph.i, 3. B ' 
God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath b'.e>sed us with 
all spiritual blessings in heavenly p!ac< s in C 

c Heb. xiii. 10. We have an altar whereof they have no right t 1 ear, 
which serve the tabernacle. Chap. ii. 17. Wherefore in all things it be- 
hoved him to be made like unto his brethren : that he might be- a :. 
and faithful high priest, in things pertaining to God, to make reconci 
for the sins of the people. Chap. i\. 26. Jjut now 
world, hath Christ appeared to put away >in by the 

(1 Acts vii. 37. This is that Moses which -:iid onto the children of 
Israel, A prophet shall the Lord your God raise 1 p unto you ofyourbn thn n, 
• me; him shall ye hear, I-a. XX xiii. 22. 'I he Lord is ourjud^Cj 
the Lord is our lawgiver, the Lord i;> our kin;,, he will save Ua. 

M 



182 GOSPEL SONNET*. 

This King, who only man became, 
Is both the Lion and the Lamb c ; 
A King of kings, and kingdoms broad ■ ; 
A servant both to man and God s . 

This Prophet kind himself has set 
To be my book and alphabet, 
And ev'ry needful letter plain, 
Alpha, Omega, and Amen h . 

e i Tim. iii..r6. And without controversy, great is the mysterv of god- 
liness : Gud was manifest in the flesh, Sec. Rev. v. 5, 6. And one of 
the elders saith unto me [John], Weep not.: behold, the Lion of the tribe 
of Judah, the root of David, hath prevailed 10 open the book, and to loo>e 
the seven seals thereof. And I beheld, and lo, in the midst of the throne, 
and of the four beasts, and in the midst of the elders, stood a Lamb as it 
had been slain, having seven horns, and seven eves, which are the seven 
Spirits of God sent forth into ail the earth. Ver. 12. Worthy is the Lamb 
that was slain, to receive power, and riches, and wisdom, and strength, and 
honour, and glory, and blessing. 

* Rev. xix. 16. And he [the Word of God] hath on his venture, and on 
his thigh, a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF 
JvORDS. Isa. xxxvii. 1 <;, 16. And Hezekiah prayed unto the Lord, 
raying, O Lord of hosts, God of Israel, that dwelleth between the cherubims, 
thou art the God, even thou alone, of all the kingdoms of the earth, thou hast 
made heaven and earth. Rev. xi. 15. And the seventh angel sounded, and 
there were great voices in heaven, saying, The kingdoms of this world are 
become the kingdoms of our Lord, and of his Christ, and he shall reign tor 
ever and ever. 

g Matt. xv. 28- The Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to 
minister, and to give his life a ransom for many. Phil. ii. 7. Christ 
Jesus made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a ser- 
vant, and was made in the likeness of men. Isa. xhi. 1. Behold my 
servant whom I uphold, mine elect in whom my soul delighteth. Chap, 
liii. 11. By his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many. 

h Rev. i. 8. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith 
the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty. 
Ver. ir. T am Alpha and Omega, the rirst and the last: and, what thou 
[John] secr>t, write in a book, and send it unto the seven churches which are 
in A^ia. Chap. xxi. 6- I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end : 
I will give unto him that is athirst, of the fountain of the water of life 
freely. And xxii. 1 3 . 7 am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and th 
the first ;^d tfce last. Chap. iii. 14. V.wi unto the angel of the church of 
Laodtceans write, These things saith the Amen, the faithful and true 
witness, the beginning of the creation of God, &c. 



THE BELIEVERS RIDDLE. 1*3 



SFCT. XII. 

The Mystery of the BeKever'sjifred State [further enlarged; 
and his getting forth out of Evil. 

Behold, I'm all defil'd with sin 3 , 
\Vt !o, all glorious am within b , 
In Egypt and in Goshen dwell c ; 
Still moveless, and in motion still ^ . 

Unto the name that most I dread, 
I flee with joyful wings and speed e . 
My daily hope does most depend 
On him I daily most offend f . 

All things against me are combined, 
Yet working tor my good I find-. 
I'm rich in midst of poverties h , 
And happy in my miseries 1 . 

a Isa. lxiv. 6. But we are all as an unclean thing, and all our righteous- 
B€9Se* are as filthy rags. 

* P^alm xlv. 13. 'I he King's daughter is all glorious within : her cloth- 
ing is of wrought gold. 

L Psalm cxx. 5, 6. Wo is me that I sojourn in Mesech, that I dwell in 
the tents of Kedar. My soul hath long dwelt with him that hateth peace. 
Psalm xvi. 5, 6. The L>rdis the portion of mine inheritance, and of my 
cup : thou maintained my lot. The lines are fallen unto me in plea-rut 
places ; yea, I ha\e a goodly heritage. 

rt 1 Cor. xv. 58. Therefore, my beloved brethren, be ye stedfast, im- 
moveable, always abounding in the work of the Lord, forasmuch as ye know- 
that your labour is not in vain in the Lord. 

e Psalm cxliii. 2. O L< id, enter not into judgment with thy servant: 
for in thy sight shall no man living be jusiifced. Ver. 9. Deliver me, O 
Lord, from mine enemies ; I flee unto thee to hide me. 

1 Psalm xxv. 11. For thy name's >ake, O Lord, pardon mine iniquity ; 
for it i.i great. Jt.r. xiv. 7. O Lord, though our iniquities testify against us, 
do thou it for thy name's sake : for our backslidings are many ; we have 
sinned agaimt thee. 

• Gen. xlii. 36. And Jacob their Father said unto them, Me have ye 
bereaved of my children : Joseph i- not, and Simeon is not, and ye will take 
Pcnjamin away : all these things . re against me. Rom. ^ ii I - £&. And we 
know that all things work together for good, to them that love Clod, to them 
who arc the called according to his purpose. 

1 Rev. ii. 8, 9. And unto the angel of the church in Smyrna write, 
things saith the first- and the la>t, which was dead and is alive; I 
know thy work-, and tribulation, and poverty (but thou art rich), 

M 9 



184 GOSPEL SONNET*. 



Oft my Comforter sends me grief, 
My Helper sends pa'e uo reliet*. 
Yet herein my advantage lies, 
That help and comfort lie denies 1 . 

As seamsters into pieces cut 
The cloth they into form would put, 
He cuts me down to make me up, 
And empties me to fill my cup ra . 

I never can myself enjoy, 
Till he my woeful self destroy; 
And most of all myself I am, 
When most I do myself disclaim a . 



1 Rom. v. 3, 4, 5. And not only so, but we glory in tribulations also, 
knowing that tribulation workcth patience; and patience experience; and 
experience, hope; and hope maketh not ashamed, because the love of God 
is shed abroad in our hearts, by ihe Holy Ghost which is ghvn unto us* 
2 Cor. j ii. 10. Therefore I [Paul | take pleasure in inrhmitiesin reproaches, 
in necessities, in persecutions, in distresses fox Christ's sake: for when 1 am 
weak, then am I strong. 

Lam- i. 16. For these things I weep, mine eye, mine eye runneth 
down with water, because the comforter, that should relieve my soul is far 
from me. isa. xlv. 15. Verily thou art a God that hidest thyself, O God 
of Israel the Saviour. 

Isa. xxx- 18. And therefore will the Lord wait, that he may be graci- 
ou • unto you, and therefore will he be exalted, that he may have mercy apod 
you ; t ••;■ the Lord is a God of judgment; blessed are all they that wait for 
him. 

- HoSf v. 15. 1 will go and return unto my place, till they acknowledge 
their < ftence, and &eek my face. In their aiiiiction they will seek me early. 
Clap vi. i,?.. Come and let us return unto the Lord ; for he hath torn, 
and in will heal is; he hath smitten, and he will bind us up. After two 
days will he revive us, in the third day he will raise us up, and we shall 
live in his sight. Psalm cvii. 9. God satisfietb the longing soul, and hlleth 
the hungry soul with g<odness. Luke i. 53. And Mary said — He hath 
filled the hungry with good thing-, and the rich he hath sent empty 
away. 

Luke ix. 23, 24. And Jesus said to them all, If any man will come 
after me-, Let him deny himself, and take, up his cfOSS daily and follow me. 
For whosoever will save his life, shall lore it; but whosoever will lose his life 
for my sake, the same shall save it. Rom. \iii. 13. If ye live after the 
ftesh, ve: shall die ; but if vi through the Spirit do mortify the deeds of the 
Vody, ye shall live. 2 Cor. xii. 10. See letter '. 



THE BELIEVER^ RIDDLE. 185' 

I glory in infirmities , 

\ et daily am asbatn'd of these p ; 

Yea, all my pride gives up the ghost, 

When once 1 but begin to boast r . 

My chemistry is most exact, 
Heav'n out of hell I do extract 8 : 
This art to me a tribute brings 
Of useful out of hurtful things*. 

I learn to draw well out of woe, 
And thus to disappoint the foe u ; 

° 2 Cor. xii. o. Most gladly therefore will I rather glory in my infirm:- 
tie:, that the power of Christ may rest upon me. 

p Psalm Lxiii. i-:, 16. If I say, I will speak thus; behold, I should 
offend against the generation of thy children. When I thought to know 
this, it was too painful for me Psalm lxxvii. 8, 9, ro Is his mercy cleari 
gone for ever? doth his promise fail for evermore ? hath God forgotten to 
be gracious r hath he in anger shut up hi^ tender mercies ? Seiah. And 
I said, This is mv infirmity : but I will remember the years of the right 
hand of the Most High. 

1 a. ■ lv. 24, 25 Sutcly shall one say, In the Lord have I righteous- 
ness and strength : even to him shall men come, and all that are incensed 
again c t him shall be ashamed. In the Lord shall all the seed of Israel be 
; , and shall glory. Psalm xliv. 6. I will Dot trust in mv bow-, 
neither shall my sword save me. Ver. 8. In God we boast all the d:rr 
long : and praise thy name for ever. Selah. 

1 Jonah ii. 1, 2. Then Jonah prayed unto the Lord his God out* of the 
n^h'<« belly, and said, I cried by reason of mine affliction unto the Lord, and 
he heard mej out • f the belly of hell cried 1, and thou heardst my voice, 
Ver. 3. Then I said, I am cast out of thy sight ; yet 1 will look again 
toward thy holy temple. Matt, xv. 26,27,28. I inswered and 

said [unto the woman ofCanaanJ, It is not meet to take the children's bread 
and cast it to dogs. And she s;ud, Truth, Lord; vet the dogs rat of the 
crumbs which fali from their master's tab!e. Then jesus answered and ^oid 

r, O woman, great is thy fa th : be it unto thee even as the. 
And her daughter \va> made whole from that very hoer. Psalm xlii. I . 7. 
£. O my God, my & ul i> cast down within me : then fore will I r» n 
. ma the land oi Jordan, and of the Hermonites, from the hi!! • 
, at the noise of the water-spouts : 2 
and tl v . gone over me. Yet the Lord willcommani 

kindness in the day-time, and in the night his song shall be with me, and 
my prayer unto the God of my life. 

k Rom. . See letter . 

1 M;c. vii. 8. Rejoice not against me, O mine rnemv : when I faF ; 
] U arise ; when I sit in darkness, the Lord .«hall be a light tf*ti w- 

M 3 



1SS GOSPEL SONNETS. 

The thorns that in my flesh abide, 
Do prick the tympany of pride". 

By wounding foils the field I win. 
And sin itself destroys my sin*: 
My lusts break one another's pate, 
And each corruption kills its mate?. 

I smell the bait, I feel the harm 
Of corrupt ways, and take th' alarm. 

v 2 Cor. xii. 7. Lest I should be exalted above measure, through the 
abundance of the revelations, there was given to me a thorn in the flesh, 
the messenger of Satan to buffet me, lest I should be exalted above measure. 

Rom. viii. 35, 37. Who shall separate us from the love of Christ ? 
Shall tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or 
peril, or sword ? Nay, in all these things, we are more than conquerors, 
through him that loved us. Psa'.m lxv. 3. Iniquities prevail against me ; 
as for our transgre:>sir.ns, thou shalt purge them away, z Chron. xxxii. 
2.4, 2£j, 26. In those days Hezekiah was sick to death, and prayed unto the 
Lord: and he spake unto him and gave him a sign. But Hezekiah ren- 
dered not again, according to the benefit done unto him : for his heart was 
lifted up : therefore there was wrath upon him, and upon Judah and Jeru- 
salem. Notwithstanding, Hezekiah humbled himself for the pride of his 
heart (both he and the inhabitants of Jerusalem), so that the wrath of the 
Lord came not upon them in thedavs of Hezekiah. 

y Rom. vii. 7, 8, 9. What shall we say then ? Is the law sin ? God 
forbid. Nay, I had not known sin but by the law : for I had n ^t known 
Just, exo it the law had said, Thou shalt not covet. But sin, taking occa- 
sion by the commandment 1 wrought in me all manner of concupiscence. 
For without the law sin was dead. For I was ali\e without the law once ; 
but when the commandment came, sin revived, and I died. Ver. 11. For 
sin taking occasion by the commandment, deceived me, and by it slew me. 
Ver. i 3. Was then that which is good made death unto me ? God forbid. 
But sin, that it might appear sin, working death in me by that which is 
that sin, by the commandment, might become exceeding sinful. 
Where you see the sight und feeting of sin killed self . John ix. 39, 40, 
41. And Jesus said, For judgment I am come into this world; that they 
which see not, might see ; and that they which see might be made blind. 
And some oi the Pharisees which were with him, heard these woid>, and 
tad 1 nto him, Are we blind also ? Je>us said unto them, If ye were blind, 
ye sh< e.id have no sin; but now ye sav, We see; therefore) your sin 
rtinaintth. Psalm lix. it. Slay them not, lest my people f rget : scatter 
them by thy power; and bring them down, O Lord, our shield. Matt. 
X: i- :-., 54 i'eter answered and said unto him, Though all men should 
be offended because of thee, yet will 1 never be offended. }esus said unto 
him, \ eriJv I sav unto thee, that this ni^ht, befere the cock crow, thou shall 
ujeny me thrice. And he went out, and wept bitterly. 



THE BELlEVLIl\s RIDDLE, IS? 

I taste the bitterness of sin, 
And then to relish grace begin r . 

I hear the fools profanely talk, 
Thence wisdom learn in word and walk 8 : 
I see them throng the passage broad, 
And learn to take the narrow road b . 



SECT. XIII. 

The ?tly$lcry of the Saints' Adversaries and Adversities. 

A lump of woe affliction is, 

Yet thence I borrow lumps of bliss a ; 

2 Rom. vi. 21. What fruit had ye then in those things, whereof ye are 
now a-hamed ? for the end of those things is death. Psalm >:ix. n. 
M< lvwwr by them [the judgments of the Lord J is thy .servant warned : 
and in keeping o: them there is great reward. Psalm lxxiii 17, .18, 19. 
Until I went into the sanctuary of God ; then understood I their end. 
Surely thou didst set them in slippery places; thou castedst them down 
into destruction. How are they brought into desolation, as in a moment ! 
they an- utterly consumed with teir rs. Jcr. ii. 19. Thine own wicked- 
ness shall correct thee, and thy backslidings shall reprove thee. Know 
therefore and see, that it is an evil thing and bitter, that thou hast for aken 
the Lord thy God, and that my fear is not in thee, saith the Lord God 
of hosts. 

a Job >:xi. 13, 14, 15. They spend their days in wealth, and in a moment 
go down to the grave. Therefore they say unto God, Depart from us ; for 
we desire nor the knowledge of thy ways. What is the Almighty, that we 
should serve him ? and what profit should we have if we pray un o him ? 
Eph. iv. 2C, II, 22. But ye have not so learned Christ; if so be that ve 
have heard him, and have been taught by him, as the treth is in Jesus : that 
ye put off concerning the former conversation, the old man, which is corrupt 
according to the deceitful lusts. Chap. v. 6, 7, 8. Let no man deceive you 
with vain words : for because of these things comtth the wrjth of God upon 
the children of disobedience. Be not ye therefore partakers with them. 
For ye were sometimes darkness, but now are ye light in the Lord ; walk 
as children of the light, Ver. 11. And have no fellowship with the un- 
fruitful works of darkness, but rather reprove them. 

b Matt. vn. 13, 14. Enter ye in at the straight gate; for wide is the 
gate, and broad is the way that leadcth to destruction, and many there be 
which go in thereat; because strait is the gate, and narrow is the way which 
leadeth unto life, and few there be that rind it. 

a Heb xii. 1 t. Now no chastening for the present scemeth to be joyous* 
but grievous: nc\ eriheless, afterward it yielded) the peaceable :. 
righteousr.es?, unto them v, hkh are exercised thereby. James i. 1 z . BU s;cd 



188 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

Though few can see a blessing in't, 
It is my furnace and my niint b . 

Its sharpness does my lusts dispatch ; 
Its suddenness alarms my watch d , 
Its bitterness refines my taste, 
And weans me from the creature's breast 8 . 
Its weight iness doth try my back, 
That faith and patience be not slack f : 
It is a fawning wind, w lie re by 
I am unchalf 'd of vanity g . 

A furnace to refine my grace h , 
A wing to lift my soul apace*: 
Hence still the more I sob distrest, 
The more 1 sing my endless rest k . 

is the man that endureth temptation : for when he is tried he shall receive 
the ciown of life, which the Lord hath promised to them that love them. 

b Isa. xxxi. 9. And he j~the Assyrian] shall pass over to his strong hold 
for fear, and his princes shall be atraid of the: ensign, saith the Lord, whose 
fire is in Zio.i, and his furnace in Jerusalem. 

c Psalm xlv. 5. Thine arrows are shaip in the heart of the king's ene- 
mies : whereby the people fall under thee. 

d Mark > iii. 35, 36, 37. Watch ye, therefore, (for ye know not when 
the master of the house Cometh : at even, or at midnight, or at the cock- 
crowing, or in the morning), lest coming suddenly, lie find you sleeping. 
And what I say unto you, I say unto all, Watch. 

c Jer. ii. 19. Sec letrer foiecitcd. Jer. iv. 18. Thy way and thy doing* 
have procured these things unto thee, this is thy wickedness, because it is 
bitter, because it reacheih unto thine heart. 

f James i. 2, 3, 4. My brethren, count it all joy when ye fall into diveFS 
temptations : knowing this, that the trying of your faith worketh pati< nee. 
But let patience have her perfect work, that ye may be perfect and entire, 
wanting nothing. 

1 Isa. xxvii. 8,9. In measure when it shootcth forth, thou wilt debate 
with it ; he stayeth his rough wind in the day of his east wind. }\\ this 
therefore shall the iniquity of Jacob be purged, and this is all the fruit to 
take away his sin. 

h Mai iii- 2. And he [the messenger of the covenant] shall sit as a re- 
finer and purifier of silver: and he shall purity the sons ol Leu, and purge 
them a<- rold and silver, that they may orkr unto the Lord an offering in 
righteousness. 

' Psalm cxliii. 9. Deliver me, O J ord, from mine enemies : I flee unto 
thee to hide 

k 2 Cor.iv. 16, T7. For which cause we faint not, hi t though our outward 
ir.rn perish, jet the inward man is renewed day by day. For cor light 



THE BELIEVER'S RIDDLE. 1 £9 

Mine enemies that seek my hurt, 
Of all their bad designs come short 1 : 
They serve mc duly to my mind, 
With favours which they ne'er designM™. 

The fury of my foes makes me 
Fast to my peaceful refuge flee n : 
And every persecuting elf 

Does make me understand myself . 

Their slanders cannot work my shame p, 
Their vile reproaches raise my name r ; 

affliction, which is but for a moment, worketh for us a far more exceed;.*^ 
and eternal weight of glory. 

1 Psalm xxxiii. 10. The L-rd bringeth the counsel of the heathen to 
nought : he maketh the devices of the people of none effect. 

r Gen. 1. 20. And Joseph said unto his brethren — As for you, ye thought 
evil against me ; but God meant it unto good, to bring to pass, as it is this 
day, to save much people alive. 

: Psalm lv. 23. But thou, O God, shall bring them down into the pit of 
destruction : bloody and deceitful men shall not live out half their days ; but 
I will trust in thee, 

, rift, Iseu xlii. 24. Who gave Jacob for a spoil, and Israel to the 
robbers ? did not the Lord, he against whom we have sinned ? for they 
would not walk in his ways, neither were they obedient unto his law. I\ly 
duty, 2 Sam. xvi. 11, 12. And David said to \bi>hai, and to all his ser- 
vants, Behold, my son which came forth of my bowels sceketh my life j how 
much more now may this Benjamite do it ? let him alone, and let him curse ; 
for the Lord hath bidden him. It may be that the Lord may look on mine 
affliction, and that the Lord will requite me good for his cursing this day. 
Mic. vii. 8, 9. Rejoice not against me, O mine enemy : when 1 fall, I shall 
arise ; when I sit in darkness, the Lord shall be a light unto me. I will 
bear the indignation of the Lord, because 1 have sinned against him, until 
he plead my cause, and execute judgment for me : he will bring mc forth to 
the light, and I shall behold his righteousness. 3/y safety, Psalm xix, 9* 
10. The Lord also will be a refuge for the oppressed, a refuge in times of 
trouble. And they that know thy name, will put their trust in thee. Ver. 
16. The Lord is known by the judgment which he executeth : the wicked 
is snared in the work of his own hands. Higgaion, Selah. 

1 Psalm xxxi. 13, 14. For I have heard the slander of many, fear was 
ry side, while they took counsel together against me they devised to 
take away my life. But I trusted in thee, O Lord : I said, Thou art my 
God. 

' 1 Pet. iv, 14. If ye be reproached for the name of Christ, happy are ye ; 
for the Spirit of glory and of God resteth upon you : on their pan, lv is c\ if 
spoken of, but on your part he h glorified* 



190 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

In peace with heav'n my soul can dwell, 
Ev'u when they damn me down to hell 5 . 

Their fujy can't the treaty harm *, 
Their passion does my pity warm u ; 
Their madness only calms my blood"': 
By doing hurt they do me good x . 

They are my sordid slaves I wot; 

My drudges, though they know it not^: 

s Num. xxiii. 7, 8. And Balaam took up his parable,ar,d said, Balak the 
k: ng of Moab hath brought me from Aram, out of the mountains of the ea^t, 
saying, Come, curse me Jacbb, and come, defy me Lrael. How shall I 
curse, whom God hath not cursed ? or how shall I defy, whom the Lord hath 
n^t defied ? Ver. 23. Surely there is no enchantment against Jacob, neither' 
is there any divination against Israel : according to this time it shall be said 
of Jacob, and of Israel, What hath God wrought ! 

1 Prov. xxvi. 2. As the bird by wandering, as the swallow by ilying, so 
the curse causeless shall not come. 

u 1 Pet. iii. 8, 9. Finally, be ye all of one mind, having compassion one 
of another, love as brethren, be pitiful, be courteous j not rendering evil for 
evil, or railing for railing; but contrariwise, blessing ; knowing that ye are 
thereunto called, that ye should inherit a blessing. 

w Psalm lxix. 12, 13. They that sit in the gate speak against me ; and I 
was the song of the drunkards. But as for me, my prayer is unto thee, O 
Lord, in an acceptable time: O God, in the multitude of thy mercy hear 
me, in the truth of thy salvation, 

x Gen. I. 20. See letter rr forecited. Esther ix. 2c — 25. And Mordecai 
wrote these things, and sent letters unto all the Jews that were in all the pro- 
vinces of the king Ahasuerus, both nigh and far, to establish this among- 
them, that they slv uld keep the fourteenth day of the month Adar, and the 
fifteenth day of the same yearly : as the days wherein the Jews rested fr< m 
their enemies, and the month which was turned unto them from sorrow to 
joy, and from mourning into a good day : that they should make them clays 
of feasting and joy, and of sending portions one to another, and gifts to the 
poor. And the Jews undertook to do as they had begun, and as Mordecai 
had written unto them. Because Haman, the son of Hamedatha the Aga- 
gite, the enemy of all the Jews, had devised against the Jews to destroy them, 
and had ca'-t Pur (that is, the lot), to consume them, and to destroy the m : but 
when Esther came before the king, he commanded by letters, that his wicked 
device which be devised against the Jews, should return upon his own head, 
and that he and his sons should be hanged on the gallows. 

' Jer. xxv. 8, 9. Therefore thus saith the Lord of hosts. Because yc have 
not heard my words, behold I will bend and take all the families of the north, 
saith the Lord, and Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon, my servant, and 
will bring them against this land, and against the inhabitants thereot, and 
against alls these nations round about, ^n<\ will utterly destroy them, anet 
make them an astonishment, and an hissing, and perpetual desolation* 



THE BELIEVER^ RIDDLE. 191 

They act to me a kindly part, 
With little kindness in their heart*. 

They sweep my outer-house when foul, 
Yea, wash my inner filth of soul*: 
They help to purge away my blot, 
For Moab is my washing pot b . 

Ver. ti. It shal! come to pi^s, when seventy years are aecomplM\ed, that 1 
will punish the king of Babylon and that nation, saith the Lord, fur their 
iniquity, and the land of the Chaldeans, and will make it perpetual desola- 
tions. La. x. <, 6. O Assyrian, the rod of mine anger, and the staff in 
their hand is m : ne indignation. I will send him against an hypocritical 
nation ; and against the people of my wrath will I give him a charge to take 
the spoil, and to take the prey, and to tread them down like the mire of the 
streets. Ver. 12. Wherefore it shall come to pass, "that when the Lord 
hath performed his whole work upon mount Zion, and on Jerusalem-, I will 
punish the fruit of the stout heart of the king of Assyria, and the glory of his 
high 1 oks. Chap. xliv. 24, 28. Thus .saith the Lord thy Redeemer, and 
he that formed thee from the womb, I am the Lord — that saith of Cyrus, he 
!-> my shepherd, and shall perform all my pleasure, even saying to Jerusalem, 
Thou shak be built ,• and to the temple, Thy foundations shall be laid. 
Chap. xlv. i. Thus saith the Lord to his anointed, to Cyrus, whose right 
hand I have holden, to subdue nations before him ; and I will loose the loins 
of kings to open before him fhe two-leaved gates, and the gates shall not be 
shut Ver. 4. For Jacob my servant's sake, and Israel mine elect, I have 
even called thee by thy name ; 1 have sirnamed thee, though thou hast not 
known me. 

'• Matt. v. 10, 11, T2. Blessed are they which are persecuted for righte- 
ousness sake ; for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Blessed are ye when 
men ^haii revile you, and persecute you, and shall sav all manner of evil 
for my sake. Rejoice, and be exceeding glad ; for great 
is your reward in heaven: for .so persecuted they the prophets which were 
before you. Luke vi. 22, 23. Blessed are ye when men shall hate you, and 
when they shall separate you from their company, and shall repreaeh vi u, 
and cast out your name as evil, for the Son of man's sake. Rejoice ye in 
that ci.r. • ; for behold your reward is great in heaven ; for 

in the like manner did their fathers unto the prophets. 

:. iv. 3,4, =;. And it shall come to pass, that he that 19 left in Zion, 
and he that remainah in Jerusalem, shall be called holy, even every on»- that 
is -written among the living in Jerusalem ; when the Lord shall have washed 
the filth of the daughters of Zion, and shall have purged the blood of 
Jerusalem from the mid>t thereof, by the spirit of judgment, and by the spirit 
of burning* The Lord w.il create upon every dwelling-place of mount Zion, 

a cloud, and smoke by day, and the shin:; 
flaming fire by night ; for upon all the glory shall be a defenee. Chap. 
xxvii. cj. Ry this therefore shall the iniquity of Jacob be purged, and 
all Lne Luit to-takc away his tin ; when lie ir.aketh all the stones of the altar 



l£)2 GOSPEL SONNETS. 



SECT. XIV. 

The Mystery of the Believers Pardon and Security frqyt 
revenging Wrath* notwithstanding his Sins Dwelt. 

I, though from condemnations free, 
Find such condemnables in me, 
As makes more heavy wrath my due 
Than falls on all the damned crew c . 

But though my crimes deserve the pit, 

I'm no more liable to it ; 

Remission seai'd with blood and death 

Secures us from deserved wrath d . 

And having now a pardon free, 

To hell obnoxious cannot be, 

Nor to a threat, except anent * * about. 

Paternal wrath and chastisements 

as chalk, stones that are beaten in sunder, the groves and images shall nor 
stand up 

b Psalm lxviii. 8. Moab is my wash pot, Sec. 

c Rom. viii. i- There is therefore now no condemnation to them which 
are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh bnt after the Spirit. Chap, 
vii. 1 8. For I know, that in me (that is, in my flesh) dwelleth no good 
thing ; for to will is present with me, but how to pc rform that which is good, 
1 find not. I Tim. i. 15, 16. This is a faithful saying, and worthy of all 
acceptation, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners ; of whom 
I am chief. Howbeit, for this cause I obtained mercy, that in me first Jesus 
Christ might shew forth all long-suffering, for a pattern to them which 
should hereafter believe on him to life everlasting. 

" Gal. iii- 13. Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being 
made a curse tot us ; for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on 
a tree. Rom. v. 9. Much more then being now justified by his blood, we 
.shall be saved from wrath through him. Eph. i. 7. In whom we have 
redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins according to the riches 
of his grace. 

e 1 Xhess. i. 10. And to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised 
from the dead* even Jesus- which delivered us from the wrath to come. Jsa. 
li\ .9, 10. For this is as the waters of Noah unto me ; for as 1 have sworn 
that the waters of Noah should no more go over the earth ; so have I sworn 
that I would not be wroth with thee nor rebuke thee. For the mountains 
Fhall depart, and the hills be removed | but my kindness shall not depart 
from thee, neither shall the covenant of my peace be removed, saith the Lord, 
that bath mercy on thee. Psalm lxxxix. 3c — 33. If his children i . 
jus laWj and walk not in my judgments ; iFthey break my statutes, and ktcf 



THE BliLIEVEliVs PIDDLE. Ip3 

My soul may oft be filPri indeed 
With slavish tear and hellish dread f : 
This from my unbelief does spring 5 , 
My faith speaks out some better thing : 

Faith sees no legal guilt again, 
Though sin and its desert remain h : 
Some hidden wonders hence result; 
I'm full of sin, yet free of guilt 1 : 

Guilt is the legal bond or knot, 
That binds to wrath or vengeance hot k : 
But sin may be where guilt's away, 
And guilt where sin could never stay. 

Guilt without any sin has been, 
As in my Surety may be seen : 
The elect's guilt upon him came, 
Yet still he was the holy Law!) 1 . 

not my commandments ; then wi.l I visit their transgression with the rod*, 
and tlu-ir iniquity with stripes. Nevertheless my loving-kindness wili i not 
utterly take from him, nor sutler my faithfulness to tail. 

1 Matt.xfv. 26. And when the disciples saw |esus walking on rheseaf 
they Were troubled, saying. It is a spirit ; and they cried out for fear. 

rk iv. 40. fe us said unto his disciples, Why are ye so fearful : how 
i^ it that ye have no faith ? 

b Rom.vii. 6. But now we are delivered from the law, that bein 
wherein we were held ; that we should serve m newness ol Spirit, and not in 
the oldness of the letter. Chap. viii. ;, 4. For what the law could not <\o f 
in that it was weak through the flesh, G >ct sending his own Sou in the like- 
ness of sinful flesh, and for sin condemned sin in tl 1 t the righte- 
ousness of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but 
after the Spirit. 

1 Rom. iv. 14. For we know that the law ft spiritual ; bet I am carnal, 

sold under sin. Chap, viiii ;:, 54. Who shall lav any thing to the charge 

of God'> elect : it is God that justiheth : who is he that condemn th : I; is 

Christ that died, yea rather, that is risen again, who is even at the right hand 

, who also maketh intercession foru>. 

I at. xwii. 26. Cursed be he that confirmcth not all the words 
do them: and all the people shall say, Amen. Rom. i. H. For the 
wrath ot G<d is revealed from hea* en against all ungodliness, and onrighte- 
9 of men, who hold the- truth in un right 

liii. 6. The Lord hath laid on him the iniquity of as all. Heb. vii« 
16. For such an high*priest became us, who il holy, harmless, un< 
• 

N 



194 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

Sin without gui)t may likewise be, 
As may appear in pardonM me: 
For though my sin, alas ! does stay, 
Yet pardon takes the guilt away ,n . 

Thus free I am, yet still involved; 
A guilty sinner, yet absolv'd n ; 
Tho' pardon leave no guilt behind, 
Yet sin's desert remains I find . 
Guilt and demerit differ here, 
Though oft their names confounded are, 
I'm guilty in myself always, 
Since sin's demerit ever stays p . 

Yet in my head I'm always free 
From proper guilt affecting me ; 

Because my Surety's blood cancelPd 
The bond of curses once me held 1 . 

m Rom. vii. 24. O wretched man that I am ' who shall deliver me from 
the body of this death ? Acts xiii. 38, 39. Be it known unto you therefore, 
men and brethren, that through this man is preached unto you the forgive- 
ness of sins : and by him all that believe are justified from all things from 
v/hich ye could not be justified by the law of Moses. 

" Rom. iii. 19. Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it 

saith to them who are under the law : that every mouth may be stopped, 

and all the world may become guilty before God. Vcr. 23, 24. For all 

tuned and come short of the glory of God ; being justified freely by 

his grace, through the redemption that is in Jesus Christ. 

Rom iv. 6, 7, 8. Even as David also describeth the blessedness of the 
man unto whom God imputeth righteousness without works, saying, Blessed 
;vn: th«y whose iniquities are forgiven, and whose sins are covered. Blessed 
I-, the man to whom the Lord will not impute sin. Psalm li. 3, 4. For I 
acknowledge my transgressions; and my sin is ever before me. Against 
thee, thee only have I sinned, and done this evil in thy sight: that thou 
xnightest be justified when thou speakest, and be clear when thou judgest. 
1 1 cxliii. 2. O Lord, enter not into judgment with thy servant; for 
in thy tight shall no man living be justified. 

Horn. vii. 13, 14. Was then that which is good, made death unto me? 
God forbid. But sin, that it might appeal sin, working death in me by that 
which is good; that sin by the commandment might become exceeding 
fcinful. For we kaow that the law is spiritual; but I am carnal, sold under 
kin. Eph. \ .6. Let no man deceive you with vain words: for because of 
1. th the wrath of God upon the children of disobedience. 

1 Rom. v. Bed p\ faith, ce with God, 
through r Lord [esus CI ri 1 Ver. 9. Much more then being now jus- 
tified by lis blood, we efa I U'oui wrath through Dim. Vcr. u* 



THE BELIEVER'S RIDDLE. IDS 

The guilt that pardon did divorce, 
From legal threat'nings drew its force 4 ; 
But sin's desert that lodges still, 
Is drawn from sin's intrinsic ill* 

Were guilt nought else but sin's desert, 
Of pardon I'd renounce my part: 
For were I now in heav'n to dwell, 
I'd own my sins deserved hell u . 

This does my highest wonder move 
At matchless justifying love, 
That thus secures from endless death 
A wretch deserving double wrath x . 

And not only so, but we also joy in God, through our Lord Jesus Christ, 
by whom we have now received the atonement. 

s Gal. iii. 10. For as many as are of the works of the law are under the 
curse : for it is written, Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things 
which are written in the bo >k of the law to do them. Ver. 13. Christ hath 
redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse f ;r u.> ; for it is. 
written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree. 

I P^alm li. 4. See letter" forecited. Luke xv. iS. I will arise and go 
to my father, and will say unto him, Father, I have sinned against heaven, 
and before thee. 

II Luke xv. 19. — And am no more worthy to be called thy son. Rev. 
v. 4. And I [John] wept much, because no man was found worthy to open 
and to read the book, neither to look thereon, Ver. 9. They suug a new 
song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals 
thereof: for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood, 
out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation. Ver- n, 12, 13. 
I beheld, and I heard the voice of many angels round about the throne, anJ 
the beasts, and the elders ; and the number or them was ten thousand times 
ten thousand, and thousands of thousands ; saying, with a loud voice, Wor- 
thy is the Lamb that was slain, to receive power, and riches, and wisdom, 
and strength, and honour, and glory, and blessing. And every creature 
which is in heaven, and on the earth, and under the earth, and such as are 
in the sea, and all that are in them, heard I, saying, Blessing, and honour, 
and glory, and power, be unto him that sitteth upon the throne, and unto 
the 1 amb for ever and ever. 

* Rom. vii. 24, 25. O wretched man that I am' who shall deliver'mc 
from the body of this death ? I thank God, through Jesus Christ our Lord. 
Chap. viii. 1. There is therefore now no condemnation to them which 
arc in Christ Jesus, wno walk not after the llcsh but after the Spirit. 1 Tim. 
i. 13. Who was before a blasphemer, and a persecutor, and injurious. But 
I obtained mercy, because I did it ignorantly, in unbelief. Ver, 1 >, 16, 17. 
This is a faithful saying, and worthy of all acceptation, thai Chri-t fesus 
carnc into the world to save sinner.; ; of whom I am chief. Huwbeit, for lhl$ 

N 2 



196 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

Though well my black desert I know, 
Yet I'm not liable to woe; 
While full and complete righteousness 
Imputed for my freedom is y . 

Hence my security from wrath, 
As firmly stands on Jesus' deaths 
As does my title unto heav'n 
Upon bis great obedience giv'n a * 

The sentence Heav'n did full pronounce, 
Has pardon'd all my sins at once; 
And ev'n from future crimes acquit, 
Before I could the facts commit b . 

cause I obtained mercy, that in me first Jesus Christ might shew forth ail 
long-suffering, for a pattern to them which should hereafter believe on him 
to life everlasting. Now unto the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only 
wise God, be honour and glory, for ever and ever. Amen. 

y i Cor. i. 30. But of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made 
unto us— righteousness and redemption. 2 Cor. v. 21. God hath made 
Christ to be sin for us, who knew no sin : that we might be made the righte- 
ousness of God in him. Rom. iv. 11. And he [Abraham] received the 
sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which be had yet 
'being uncircumeised : that he might be the father of all them that believe, 
though they be not circumcised ; that righteousness might be imputed unto 
them also. Ver. 22 — 25. And therefore it was imputed to him forrighte- 
uusness. Now it was not written for his sake alone, that it was imputed to 
him ; but for us also, to whom it shall be imputed, it we behe\e on him that 
raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead, who was delivered for our offences, 
and was raised again for our justification. 

2 Rom. v. 9. Much more then being now justified by his blood, we shall 
be saved from wrath through him. 

a Horn. v. 17, 18, lo~— They which receive abundance of grace, and of 
the gifi of righteousness, shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ.— -By tl e 
righteousness of one, the free gift came i^on all men unto justification of 
life. — By the obedience of one shall many be made righteous. Yer. 21.. 
Grace reigns through righteousness unto eternal life, by Jesus Christ cur 
Xiorl 

b Psalm ciii. 3. Bless the Lord, O my soul, — who forgiveth all thine 
iniquities ; who heajeth all thy diseases. 2 Cor. \. 19. God was in Christ, 
reconciling th( world unto himself, not imputing their trespasses unto them, 
Ver. ii* See letter abovecited. Dan. ix. 24. Seventy weeks are deter- 
mim d upon thy people, and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, 
.and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniqaity, and to 
bring in everlasting righteousness. Isa. liv. bo. Forthe mountains shall 
depart, and the hills be removed, but my kindness shall not depart from thee, 
: ©either shalLthc covenant of peace be removed, saithlhe Lord, that ha^h 



THE BELlEV):i:'s RIDDLE. 107 

I'm always in a pardon'd state 
Before and after sin c ; but yet, 
Thar, vainly I presume not hence* 
I'm seldom pardon'd to my sensed 
Sm brings a vengeance on my head, 
Though from avenging wrath I'm freed*. 
And though my sins all pardon'd be, 
Their pardon's not apply'd to me f . 

Thus though I need no pardon more, 
Yet need new pardons ev'ry hour g . 
In point of application free; 
Lord, wash anew, and pardon me. 

mercy on tiiee. Heb. viii. 12. For I will be merciful to their unrighte- 
ousness, and their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more. 

c Rom. viii. 1, There is therefore now no condemnation to them which 
are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the rlesh, but after the Spirit. Ver. 
33' 34» 35j 3"> 3^> 39> "Who shall lay any thing to the charge of God's 
elect ? It is God that justirieth ; who is he that condemneth ? It is Christ 
that died, yea rather, that is risen again, who is even at the right hand of 
God, who also maketh intercession for us. Who shall separate us from the 
love of Christ, shall tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or 
nakedness, or peril, or sword ? Nay in all these things we are more than 
conqueror-;, through him that loved us. For I am persuaded, that neither 
death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present, 
nor things to come, nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be 
able to separate us from the love of God which is in Christ Jesus our Lord. 

d Psalm xxv. 1 r. For thy name sake, O Lord, pardon mine iniquity, tor 
it is great. Psalm li. 8, 9. Make me to hear joy and gladness ; that 1 he 
b nes which thou hast broken may rejoice. Hide thy face from my sins ; 
and blot out all mine iniquities. Vera 12.. Restore unto me the joy of thy 
salvation ; and uphold me with thy tree Spirit. 

L Psalm xcix. 3. Thou ausweredst them,. O Lord our God ; thou wast 
a G. >d that forgavest them, though thou tookest vengeance of their inventions. 
1 Thess. i. 10. And to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised from 
the dead, even Jesus which delivered us from the wrath to come. 

• Psalm xxx*. 3. O L >rd, say unto my soul, lam thy salvation. Psalm 
XXXV. 8. I will hear what God the Lord w ill speak ; for he will speak peace 
unjto his people, and to his saints: bur let them not ium again to folly. 
Matt, i' . 2. And behold they br >ughtto him a m in sick of the palsy, lying 
on a bed : and Jeuis seeing their faith, said unto the sick of the palsy, Son, 
be of good cheer, thy sins be ; >rgiv.Cll 

12. And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors. 1 
John i. 7, 8. If we walk in the light as God is in the light, wc 

, with another* and the blood of fesus Christ his Son cleanseth us 
from all sin. If we say that wc have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and tut 
truth is not in us. 



14)8 GOSPEL SONNETS. 



SECT. XV. 

The Mystery of Faith and Sight, — if which more. Part 
VI. chap. vi. 

Strange contradictions me befal, 

I can't believe unless I see 2 ; 
Yet never can believe at all, 

Till once I shut the seeing eye b . 

When sight of sweet experience 

Can give my faith no helping hand % 

The sight of sound intelligence 

Will give it ample ground to stand d . 

I walk by faith, and not by sight 6 : 

Yet knowledge does my faith resound f , 

Which cannot walk but in the tight*, 
Ev'n when experience runs a ground h . 

* John vi. 40. Artel this is the will of him that sent me, that every one 
which seeth the Son, and bclicvcth on him, may have everlasting" life. 

'- John xx. 29. Jesus saith unto him, Thomas, because thou hast seen 
me, thou hast believed : blessed are they that have not seen, and yet have 
believed. 

1 lsa' viii. 17 I will wait upon the Lord that hideth his face from the 
house of Jacob, and I will look, for him. Chap. 1. 10. Who is among you 
that fcareth the Lord, that obeyeth the voice of his servant, that walkcth in 
darkness, and hath no light ? let him trust in the name of the Lord, and 
stay upon his God. 

Eph i. 15—19. Wherefore I also, after I heard of your faith in the 
X^ord Jesus, and love unto all the saints, cease not to give thanks for you, 
making mention of you in my prayers; that the God of our Lord Jesus 
Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you the Spirit of wisdom and 
revelation, in the knowledge of him. The eyes of your understanding being 
enlightened ; that ye may know what is the hope o{ his calling, and what 
the riches of the glory of his inheritance in the saints, and what is the ex- 
ceeding greatness of his power to os-ward who believe, according to the 
^Working of his mighty power, &c. 2 Cor. iv. 6. For God who commanded 
the light to shine out of darkness, hath shined in our hearts, to give the 
flight of the km glory of God, in the face of Jesus Christ. 

* 2 Cor. v. 7. ! by faith, not by sight. 

i John n. II. This beginning of miracles did jesus in Cana of Galilee, 
and manifested forth his glory ; and his disciples believed on him. 

* Psalm ix, 10. And they that know thy name will put their trust in 

tllCC. 



THE KELIEVEU S RIDDLE. \ n 9 

Bj knowledge I discern and spy 

in divine iiglvt the object shown'; 
By faith I take and close apply 

The glorious object as mine own k . 

My faith thus stands on divine light, 

Believing what it clearly sees 1 ; 
A i et faith is opposite to sight, 

Trusting its ear, and not its eyes m . 
Faith list'ning to a sweet report, 

Still conies by hearing, not by sight"; 
Yet is not faith of saving sort, 

But when it sees in divine light . 

In fears I spend my vital breath, 

In doubts I waste my passing years p ! 

Yet still the life I live is faith, 

The opposite of doubts and fears r . 

h Psalm xxvii. 14. Wait on the Lord ; be of good courage, and he shaH 
strengthen thine heart : wait, I bay, on the Lord. 

1 2 Cor. iii. 18. But we all with open face, beholding as in a glass the 
glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory, 
even as by the Spirit of the Lord. 

k John i. 12. But as many as received him, to them gave he power to 
become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name. 

1 Gal. i. 16. But when it pleased God— to reveal his Son in me, that I 
might preach him among the Heathen ; immediately I conterred not with 
flesh and blood. 

,r Ephes. i. 13. In Chri>t ye also trusted after that ye heard the word of 
truth, the go:pel of your salvation. 

■ Rom. x. 17, So then, faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the 
word of God. 

Psalm xxxvi. 7. How excellent is thy loving-kindness, O God ! 
therefore the children of men put their trust under the shadow of thy 
wings. Ver. 9. For with thee is the fountain of life : in thy light shall 
we see light. 

p Psa. lxxvii 3, 4. I remembered God, and was troubled : I complained, 
and mv spirit was overwhelmed, belah. Thou holder mine eyes waking : 
I am so troubled that 1 cannot speak. J>;hn xx. 25. But Thomas said 
unto the other di>ciples. Except 1 shall see in his hands the print ot the 
nai**> md put my finger into the print of the nails, and thrust my hand int« 
his , ! will not believe, Luke xxiv. zi. We trusted that it had been 
he which should have re.. ; eem:d Israel. 

Gal. ii. 10. 1 am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not 
I, hut Christ liveth in me And the life which 1 now live in the flesh, I 
live by the faith of the Son of God, who Loved me, and gave himself fof int.- 

U 1 



200 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

Tvveen clearing faith and clouding sense, 

I walk in darkness and in light 3 . 
I'm certain oft, when in suspense, 

While sure by faith, and not by sights 

SECT. XVI. 

The Mystery of Faith and Works, and Rewards of Gmct 
and Debt* 

I. Of Faith and Works. 

He that in word ofTendeth not 

Is call'd a perfect man I wot a ; 

Yet he whose thoughts and deeds are bad, 

The law-perfection never had b . 

Mark v, 36, As soon as Jesus heard the word that was spoken, he saith 
unto the ruler of the synagogue, Be not afraid, on y believe. Matt. viii. 26. 
And Jesus saith unto his disciples, Why are ye so fearful, O ye of little 
faith ? Chap. xiv. 31. And Jesus said unto Peter, O thou of little faith, 
wherefore didst thou doubt ? 

* Job xxix. 1,2, 3. Moreover-, Job continued his parable, and said, Oh 
that 1 were a.^ in months past, as in the days when God preserved mc : when 
hi 1 - candle shined upon my head, and when by his light 1 walked through 
darkness. Psalm cxii. 4. Unto the upright there ariseth light in the 
darkness. 

I Pet. i, 8. Whoqa having not seen, ye love; in whom though now 
ye see him not, yet believing, ye rejoice with joy unspeakable, and full of 
glory; Rom. iv. i3— - 21. Abraham against hope, believed in bone, that he 
might become the father of many nations ; according to that which was 
spoken, So shall thy seed - 'be And being not weak in faith, he considered 
not hi- own body now dead, when he was about an hundred years old, neither 
yet the deadnass ol Sarah s womb, lie staggered not at the promise of G<d 
through unbelief; but was strong in faith, giving gH>ry to God; and being 
fully persuaded, that what he had promised, hje was. able also to perform. 
P&al. 1 • >-)-■■• 56 — J9 His seed shall endure for ever, and his throne as tie 
mi:, before me. It shall be established for ever, as tin moon, and as a faith- 
ful witness in heaven. Sclah. ButThou hast cast off and abhorred, thou hast 
been wr< ih witl thine anointed, Thou hast made void ihc covenant of thy 
servant : thou hast profaned his crown, by casting it to the ground. 

James iii. 2. li any man offend not in word, the same is a perfect man, 
and al le also to bridle the whole b >dy. 

b James ii. iq. For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet 1 
■in one jointj he is guilty of all. 



the believer's riddle. 201 

I am designed a perfect soul, 

Ev'n though L never keep the whole, 

Nor any precepts*; for 'tis known, 

He break them all, that breaks but one d . 

By faith I do perfection claim , 
By works I never grasp the name f ; 

Yet without works my faith is nought* 
And thereby no perfection brought. 

Works without faith will never speed*, 
Faith without works is wholly dead 1 : 
Yet I am justify'd by faith, 
Which no law-works adjutant hath k . 

c Rom. Iv. g, 6. To him that worketh not, but believcth on hi- 
jbstiriYth the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness. K 
David also descr,bith the blessedness of the man unto whom God in 
righteousness without works. Job i. i. There, was a man in the land of 
V /. 9 hose name was Job, and that man was perfect and upright, and one 
that feared God, and eschewed evil. Psalm lxxL 16. 1 will go in the 
strength of the Lord G<xl ; I will make mention of thy righteousness ; even 
Eccl. vii 20. For there i> not a just man upon earth, that 
doth good and sinneth not. 
Jame; ii. ic. See letter *. 
c Ph::.jii. 9 I count aj! tilings but dung, that I may win Christ, and be 
bound in him. .not having mine own righteousness which is of the la 1 . 
thai which is through the faith of Christ, the righteousness which ii of 
faith. 
: Gal. ii. 16. Knowing that a man b not justified by the worksofthe 
Jaw, but by the faith | , Christ: even wc 

Christ; that we might be justified by r ( I id not bv the 

tall no ile*h be justified. 
: James ii. 1.}. What c . my brethren, though a man say 

h^tli faith, and have not bim : 

. Wi faith it b ii .lease G(A: for be that 

to God, must believe that he is, and that he is a rewarder of 
that diligently seek him. Rom. xxiv. 13. Whatsoever U nut of faith, is 
sin. 

faith, if it hath nor works, is dead, being alone. 
• For as the budy without the Spirit is dead, so faith without 

m. iii. 21, 22. But now the righteousness of God without the : 
nanifested, being witnessed by thi law amJ the prophets; even the righ- 
God which is by faith of Jesus Christ unto ail, and upon afl 
them 1 1 here is no dim Chap. iv. 4, 5, 6* Nov. t* 

h rketh, is the reward not reckoned of grace, but of debt. Kk 

fc> him d .. not, but believeth on him that iustineth tiie ungodly*, 



202 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

Yea, gospel works no help can lend l , 
Though srill they do my faith attend" 5 : 
Yet faith, by works is perfect made, 
And by their presence justify'd n . 

But works with faith could never vie, 
And only faith can justify ° : 
Yet still my justifying faith 
No justifying value hath p . 

Vis faith is counted for righteousness. Even as David also describeth the 
fcles-edness of the man unto whom God imputeth righteousness without 
works. 

Phil. iii. 4 — 9. If any other man thinketh that he hath whereof he 
might trust in the rlesh, I more ; — touching the righteousness which is in 
the law, blameless. But what things were gain to me, those I counted loss 
for Christ. Yea doubtless, and I count all things but loss, for the excel- 
lency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus mv Lord. For whom I have suf- 
iered the loss of all things, and do count them but dung, that I may win 
Christ, and be found in him, n t having mine own righteousness, which is 
of the law, but that which is through the faith of Christ, the righteousness 
which is of God by faith. Isa. lxiv. 6. But we are all as an unclean thing, 
and ii 11 our righte usnesses are as filthy rags. Hos. xiii. 9. O Israel, thou 
hast destroyed thyself, but in me is thine help. Isa. xlv. 24, 25. Surely, 
shall one say, in the Lord have I righteousness and strength : even to him 
shall men come, and all that are incensed against him shall be ashamed. In 
the Lord shal^ ail the seed of Israel be justified, and shall glory. 

m Tit. i i. 8. This is a faithful saying, and these things I will that thou 
sfrirm constantly, that they which have believed in God, mi^ht be careful 
to maintain good works. These things are good and profitable unto men. 
J.imes ii. iP. Yea, a man may say, Thou hast faith, and 1 have woiks : 
shevs nte tii\ faith without thy works, and I will shew thee my faith by 
my W< 

n James ii. 21, 22. Was net Abraham our father justified by works, 

When he had offered Isaac his son upon the altar ? Seest thou how faith 

wrought with his works, and by works was faith made perfect r \ er. 24. 

Ye see then how that by works a man is justified, and not by faith only. 

' Rom. iv, 16. Therefore it is of faith, that it might be by grace; to 

nd the promise might '»:«• sure to all the seed. Thus iii. 4 — 7. But 

after that the kindness and love of God our Saviour toward man appeared, 

Dot by works of righteousness, which we have done, but according to his 

mercy he saved us by the wishing of regeneration, and renewing ot the 

• : which he shed on us abundantly, through Jesus Christ our 

\t ; i hat being justified by his grace, we should be made heirs according 

hope of eternal life. Acts X. 43. To him ga\e all the prophets 

; ;■] 1 his name, whosoever believeth in him, shall r»ccivr 

remission of sins. 

■ Gal. iii. 21, 22. Is the law then against the promises of God ' 0od 



T<HE BELIEVERS RIDDLE. 



903- 



Lo, justifying grace from heav'n ' 

Is foreign ware, and freely giv'n': 
And saving faith is well content 
To be a mere recipient 5 . 

Faith's active in my sanctity •: 
But here its act it will deny u , 
And frankly own it never went 
Beyond a passive instruments 

forbid : for if there had been a law given which could have given life, verily 
righteousness should have been by the law. But tKe scripture hath con- 
cluded all un 'er sin, thai the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be 
given to them that believe. Luke xxii. 31, 32. And the Lord said, 
Simon, Simon, behold, Satan hath desired to have you, that he may sift you 
as wheat: but I have prayed for thee, that thy faith fail not; and when • 
thou art converted, strengthen thy brethren. 2 Cor. iii. 5. Not that we 
are sufficient of ourselves to think any thing as of ourselves ; but our 
ciencv is of God. Chap. xxii. 5. Of such an one will I gLry ; yet of 
myself I will not glory, but in mine infirmities. 

r Rom. v. 16, 17 The free gift is of many offences unto justification — 
they which receive abundance of grace, and of the gift of righteousness, shall 
reign in life, by one, Jesus Christ. Chap iii. 24. Being justified freely by 
his grace, through the redemption that is in Jesus Christ. 

s Rom. v. n. And not only so, but we also joy in God, through our 
Lord Jlsus Christ, by whom we have now received the atonement. Ver. 
17. See letted . 

r Gal. v. 6. For in Jesus Christ, neither circumcision availeth any 
thing, nor tmtircumcision, but faith which worketh by love. Acts xv. 9. , 
God put no difference between us and them, purifying their hearts by 
faith. Chap. ?:xvi. 18. To open their eyes, and to turn them from dark- 
ness to tight, and from the power of Satan unto God, that they may receive 
a-s- of sins, and inheritance among them which are sanctified by 
faith that is in me, 

R< m. iv. 16. Therefore it is of faith, that it might be grace. Chap, 
xi. 6. And if by grace, then is it no more of works ; otherwise grace is 
no more grace. 

w Eph. ii. 8, 9. For by grace are ye saved, through faith ; and that 
not Of yourselves ; it is the gift of God : not of works, lest anv man should 
1 Cor. iv. 7. For who maketh thee to differ from another? and. 
what hast thou that thou didst not receive ? now if thou didst receive it, 
why dost thou glory as if thou hndst not received it? 1-L b. xi. it. 
Through faith also Sarah herself received strength to conceive veecy and 
Was delivered of a child when she was past age, because she judged him 
faithful who had promised,. x er. 17. By faith Abraham, when he was- 
tried, offered up Isa^c. And he that had received the promises, offered up 
his only begotten x)n Vi r. 19. Accounting that God was able to laise 
him up, cncii fmm the dead ; from whence ai>o he received him in a £gnr<s 
Veju jc. Wcrain recoived their dead raised to life agaiu ; and others wctc. 

n a 



20-1 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

I labour much like holy Paul ; 
And yet not I, but grace does all x ; 
I try to spread my little sails, 
And wait for pow'rful moving gales y . 

When powYs convey VI, I work ; but see, 
'Tis still his pow'r that works in me. 
I am an agent at his call, 
Yet nothing am, for grace is all*. 

II. Of Rewards of Grace and Debt. 

Is all my works I still regard 
The recompense of full reward 5 ; 
Yet such my working is withal, 
I look for no reward at all c . 

tortured, not accepting deliverance ; that they might obtain a better resur- 
rection. 

i Cor. xv. 10. But by the grace of God I am what I am. And his 
grace which was bestowed upon me, was not in vain ; but 1 laboured more 
abundantly than they all: yet not I, but the grace of God which was 
With me. 

• Prolm Ixxi. 16. I will go in the strength of the Lord God ; I will 
make mention of thy righteousness, even of thine only. Song iv. 16. 
Aw ike, O north wind, and come, thou south, blow upon my garden, that 
the vices thereof mav flow out. 

• Phil.ii. 12, 13. Wherefore, mv beloved, as ye have always obeyed, not 
as in my presence onlv, but now much more in my absence ; work out 
y ur own salvation with fear and trembling. For it is God which worketh 
in you both to will and to do of his good pleasure. Gal. ii. 20. I am cruci- 
fied with Christ : nevertheless I live; yet not I,. but Christ liveth in me ; 
and the life which I now live in the flesh, 1 live by the faith of the Son of 
God, who loved me, and gave himself for me. 2 Cor. xii. 9. And the 
Lord said unto me ? My grace is suH cient for thee ; for my strength 16 made 
perfect in weakness. Mo-t gladly therefore will I rather glory in my intir- 

. mitie<, that the power of Christ may rot upon me. / 

b Heb. xi. 24 — 26. By faith Moses, when he was come to years, refused 

lo be called the son of Pharaoh's daughter : choosing rather to suffer aillic- 

tion with the people oi God, than to enjoy the pleasures of sin for a 

n: esteeming the reproach of Christ greater riches than the treasures 

in Egypl : for he had respect unto the recompense ol the reward. 

1 1 Tim. i- 9, God bath saved 11^, and called us with an holy calling, 
not according to . ur works, but according to his own purpose and grace 
which was given us inC . before the world began. Titus iii. e« 

Vol by works of rightCQtteness, which wc ha vp done, but according tolas 



THE BCLIEVEk's RIDDLE. 

Cod's ray reward exceeding great, 
No lesser heav'n than this I wait 4 : 
But where's the earning work so broad, 
To set me up an heir of God c : 

Rewards of debt, rewards of grace, 
Are opposites in ev'ry case f ; 
Yet sure I am they'll both agree, 
Most jointly, in rewarding me g . 

Though belfs my just reward for sin h , 
Heav'n as my just reward I'll win l . 

mercy he saved us by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the 
Holy Ghost. 

■ Gen. xv. r. After these things the word af the Lord came unto Abram 

in a vision, saving, Fear not, Abram : I am thy shield, and thy exceeding 

great reward. Psalm Ixxiii. 2:, 26. Whom have I in heaven but thee ? 
and there is none upon earth that 1 de-ire besides ihee. My flesh and my 
heart raileth :• but God is the strength of my heart,, and my portion for 
ever. 

E/.ek. xxxvi. 32. Not for yoursakes do I this, ^aith the Lord God, 
be it known unto you : be ashamed and confounded lor your own way-, O 
house of Israel. Rom. viii. 16, 17. 'I he Spirit itself beareth witness with 
our >{>int, that we are the children of G d. And if children, then heirs ; 
heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ. 

1 Rom. i\. 4. Now to him that worketh, i^ the reward not reck one J of 
grace, but of debt. 

Psalm hiii. 11. Verily there is a reward for the righteous ; vtrily he 
IS a God that judgeth in the earth. Isa. lxii. 11. Behold the Lotd hath 
proclaimed unto the isnd of the world, say ye to the daughter of Zion, Behold 
thy salvation cometh ; behold, his reward is with him, and his work before 
him. And \1. 10. Behold, the Lord God will come with strong hand, and 
his arm shall rule for him : behold, his reward is with him, and his work 
before him. 

h Rom. vi. 21. What fruit had ye then in tho>c things, whereof ye are 
now ashamed r for the end of those thing- is death. Vei\ 23. The wages 
ot sin is death. Eph. v. 6. Let no man deceive you with vain word- ; for 
because of these thing.- cometh the wrath of God upon the children of dis- 
obedience. Gal. in. 10. For as many a- are of the work- ot" the law, are 
under the curse : for it is written, Cursed is every one that continueth not in 
all things which are written in the book of the law to do them. 

1 Gal. iii. 13, 14. Clirist hath redeemed as from the curse of the law, 
being made a curse for us ! for it is written, Cursed i- every ^w that hang- 
eth on a tree. That the ble-.-ing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles 
through Jesus Christ ; that we might receive the promise of the Spirit 
through faith. Eph. i. 13, 14. In Christ also after that ye belie. 

leakd with the holy Spirit of promise, which is 1 if our 

inheritance, until LheisdcmpUoa of ihe purchased po-e^.ion, unto the praise 



90Q C?OSPEL SONNETS. 

Both these my just rewards I know, 
Yet truly neither of them so *. 

Hell can't injustice be my lot, 
Since justice satisfaction got k ; 
Nor heav'n injustice be my share, 
Since mercy only brings me there 1 . 

Yet heav'n is mine by solemn oath, 
Injustice and in mercy both m : 
And God in Christ is all my trust, 
Because he's merciful and just*; 

ef his glory. Rom. v. 21. Grace reigns through righteousness unto eternal 
lite by Jesus Christ our Lord. And vi. 23. The gift of God is eternal life, 
through fesus Christ our Lord. 

* Through these opposite voices of law and gospel. 

k Rom iii. 25, 26. Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation, through 
faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sin- that 
are past, through the forbearance of God, to declare, 1 say, at this time his 
righteousness; that he might be just, and theju-tirierof him which believeth 
in Jesus. 

' R un. ix is, 16. God -aith to Mo=es, I will have mercy on whom I 
will have mercy, and • will rnve compassion on whom I will have com- 
passion. So then it is not of him that willeth, nor of him that runneth ; but 
of God that sheweth mercy. Titus iii. 4— -7. But after that the kindness 
and love of God our Saviour toward man appeared, not bv works of righte- 
ousness which wc have done, but according to his mercy he saved us bv the 
washing of regeneration, and rem wing of the Holy Ghost : which he shed 
on us abundantly, through Jesus Christ our Saviour; that being justified 
bv his graee, we should be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life. 

■ Psalm btxxiK. 35j }6. Once ha\e I sworn by my holiness, that I will 
not lie unto David. His seed shall endure for ever, and hi- throne as the 
sun before me. Heb. vi. 17^ 18. Wherein G d willing more abundantly 
to shew unto the heirs of promise the immutability of his counsel, confirmed 
it by an oath : that bv two immutable things, in which it was impossible for 
God to lie, we might have a stn ng consolation, who have lied for refuge to 
lay hold upon the hope set before US. Psalm l>x>:i\. 14, Justice and judg- 
ment are the habitation of thy throne ; mercy and truth shall go before thy 
face. Ver. 16. In thy name shall they rejoice all the day: and in thy 
righteousness shall they be exalt d. Ver. 24. Hut my faithfulness and my 
nv rcy shall be with him | David my servant | ; and in my name shall his 
horn be called. V« r. 28. My mercy will I keep for him for evermore, . 
and my covenant shall stand fa^t with him. 

" Hrb. ii. 17. Wherefore in all things it behoved him to be made like 
unto his brethren : that he might be a merciful and faithful high-priest, in 
things pertaining to God, to make reconciliation for the .sins ft the people* 
l John i. 7, X, 0. If we walk in the light, as God is in the light, we have 
fellowship one with another, and the blood of Je.su* Christ his bun ckanseih 



THE BELIEVER* RIDDLE. 7 

C O N C L U S I O X. 

Here is the riddle, where' s the mat) 
Of judgment to expound ? 

For masters fam'd that cannot scan, 
In Isra'l may be found . 

We justly those in wisdom's list 

Efttablish'd saints may call, 
Whose bitter-sweet experience blest 

Can clearly grasp it all ? 

Some babes in grace may mint* and mar, * essay. 

•Yet aiming right succeed'; 
But strangers they in Isra'l are, 

Who not at all can read s . 

vis from all sin. If we sav that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and 
the trutli is not in us. If we confess our Bins, he i> raithful and just to 
forgive us our >ins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness. 

John iii. 10. Jesus answered and said unto Nicodemu^, Art thou a 
master of Israel, and knowe^t not these things ? 

p Matt. xi. 25. At that time Je>us answered and said, I thank thee, O 
Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because thou hast hid the>e things from 
the wise and prudent, and hast revealed them unto babes. Chap. iii. ri. 
Jesus answered and said unto his disciples, Because it i> given unto vou to 
know the m y s t e ries of the kingdom of heaven- but to them it is not given. 

r 1 Cor. i. 2. And I, brethren, co. Id not spenk unto you a^ unto spiritual, 
but as unto carnal, even as unto babes in Christ. I ha\e i\:d you with milk, 
and not with meat ; for hitherto ye were not able to bear it, neither vet 
now are ye able. Heb. v. 12, 13, 1 4.. For when for the time ve ought to 
.hers, ye have need that one teach you again which he the rir-t prin- 
ciples of the oracles of God ; and are become such as have need of milk, and 
not of string meat. For every one that uscth milk is unskilful in the word 
of righteousness : for he is a babe. But strong meat belongeth t them that 
are of full age, even those who, by_rea-on of use, have their sense> e>erci«rcd 
■rn good and evil. Chap.vi. 1. Therefore leaving the princi] f 

the doctrine of Christ, let us go on unto perfection; Dot laving again tl e 
foundation of repentance trom dead work-, and of faith toward- G ri, &c. 1 
John ii. 12, 13. I write unto, little children, becau.se your sins are forgiven 
you for his name's sake.— I write unto you, little children, because ye ha\e 
known the Father. 

1 2 Cor. iv. 3, 4. But if our gospel be hid, it is him to them that are lost ; 
in whom the god of" this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe 
not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the imac,e of God, 
ihoukl shine unto them, 



GOSFEIL SONNETS. 

PART IV. 

THE BELIEVER'S LODGING AND INN 
WHILE OX EARTH: 

OR, A PARAPHRASE ON PSALM LXXX1V. 

Ver, I. How aimable are thy Tabernacles, Lord of 
Hosts ! 

JEHOVAH, Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, 
*• Sole Monarch of the universal host, 
Whom the attendant jarmies still revere, 
Winch in bright robes surround the higher sphere; 
Whose sovereign empire sways the hellish band 
Oi ranked legions, m til' infernal land ; 
Who hold'stthe earth at thy unrivai\i beck, 
And stay'st proud forces with an humbling cheek ; 
Ev'n thou whose name commands an awful dread, 
Yet d( ign> to dwelt with man in very deed ; 
O what refreshment fills the dwelling-place 
Of thine exuberant unbounded grace! 
Which with sweet pow r docs joy and praise extort 
In /ion's tents, thine ever-lov'd resort: 
Where glad'aing streams of mercy from above 
Make souls brim-fall of warm seraphic love. 
Of sweetest odours all thy garments smells; ^ 

Thy dismal absence proves a thousand hells, \> 

But heav'nsof joy are where thine honour d we- Is. J 

A er. 2. Mi/ soul longeth, yea, even fazrit4th Jbr the courts 

of tlu Lord ; mij heart and flesh crieth out Jbr the living- 
Cod. 

Therefore on thee I centre my desire, 
Which veh'inently bursts out in ardent fire. 
Deprived, ah! 1 languish in my plaint, 
My bones are feeble, and my spirits faint.. 



the believer's lodging. 200 

My longing soul pants to behold again 
Thy temple fill'd with thy majestic train; 
Those palaces with heav'nly odour strew'd, 
And regal courts, where Zion's King is view'd: 
To see the beauty of the highest One, 
Upon his holy mount, his lofty throne : 
Whence virtue running from the living Head 
Kestores the dying, and revives the dead. 
For him my heart with cries repeated sounds, 
To which my flesh with echoes loud rebounds 
For him, for him, who life in death can give, ") 

Tor him, for him, whose sole prerogative 
Is from aud to eternity to live. 



) 



A er. 3. Yea, the sparrow hath found an house, and the 
swallow a nest fur herself, where she may lay Iter youngs 
even thine altars, Lord of hosts, my King and \my Goth 

Alas! how from thy lovely dwellings I, 
Long batiish'd, do the happy birds envy; 
WttkA, choosing thy high altars for their nest, 
On rafters of thy tabernacle rest! 
Here dwells the sparrow of a chirping tongue, 
And here the swallow lays her tender young: 
Faint sacrilege! they seize the sacred spot, 
And seem to glory o'er my absent lot. 
Yi t sure 1 have more special right to thee 
Than all the brutal hosts of earth and sea : 
That Sovereign, at whose government they bow, 
1^ wholly mine by his eternal vow ; 
My King to rule my heart and queil my foes, "| 

My God t' extract my well from present woes, 
And crown with endless glory at the close. 



/ 



Ver, 4. Blessed arr tiny that dwell in thy house : they wi/i 
be st i II p ra is i ng thee* 

O happy they that haunt thy house below, 
And to thy royal sanctuary tlow ; 



210 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

Not for itself, but for the glorious One, 
Who there inhabits his erected throne; 
Others pass by, but here their dwelling is T 
O hnppy people, crown VI with bays of bliss ! 
Bless'd with the splendid lustre of his face, 
Bless'd with the high melodious sound of grace,. 
That wakens souls into a sweet amaze, 
And turns their spirits to a harp of praise i t 
Which loudly makes the lower temple ring 
With hallelujahs, to the mighty King: 
And thus they antidate the nobler song ^ 

Of that celestial and triumphant throng, V- 

Who warble notes of praise eternity along. J 

Ver. 5. Blessed is the man whose strength is in thee : — 
What weights of bliss their happy shoulders load, 
Whose strength lies treasur'd in a potent God? 
Self-drained souls, yet flowing to the brim, 
Because void in themselves, but full in him. 
Adam the tirst discuss' d their stock of strength, 
The second well retrieved the sum at length; 
Who keeps 't himself, a surer hand indeed, 
To give not as they list, but as they need. 
When raging furies threaten sudden harms, 
He then extends his everlasting arms; 
When Satan drives his pointed fiery darts, 
He gives them courage and undaunted hearts 
To quell his deadly ioree with divine skill, 
And adds new strength to do their Sovereign's will: 
When sore hanass'd by some outrageous lust, "| 
He levelling its power unto the dust } 

Makes saints to own him worthy of their trust. J 

Ver. G. In whose Hearts are the Ways of them, who passing 
through II' Vttiiey (j huca, make it a well: tin rain 
also jillcth the pools. 

Such heav'n-born souls are not to earth confni'd/J 
Truth's high-way tills their elevated mind ; 



THE BELIEVERS LODGING*. Cll 

They bound for Zion, press with forward aim, 

As fsraTs males to old Jerusalem. 

Their holy path lies through a parched land, 

Through oppositions numerous and grand. 

Traversing scorched deserts, ragged rocks, 

And Baca's withered vale, like thirsty flocks: 

Yet with unshaken vigour homeward go, 

Not mov'd by all opposing harms below. 

They digging wells on this Gilboa top, 

The vale of Achor yields a door of hope : 

For heav'n in plenty does their labour crown, 

By making silver show'rs to trickle down; 

Till empty pools imbibe a pleasant fill, "j 

And weary souls are heart'ned up the hill, } 

By massy drops of joy which down distil. J 

Ver. 7. They go from strength to strength, every one of them 
in Zion appear eth before God. 

Thus they refreshed by superior aid, 
Are not defatigated nor dismay'd ; 
Because they are, O truth of awful dread! 
As potent as J ehovah in their Head. 
Hence they shall travel with triumphant minds, 
In spite of rugged paths and boisterous winds. 
The roughest ways their vigour ne'er abates, 
Each new assault their strength redintegrates. 
When they through mortal blows seem to give o'er, 
Their strength by intermitting gathers more. 
And thus they, with unweary'd zealendu'd, 
Still as they journey, have their strength renewed. 
8 1 glorious is the race, that once begun 
Each one contends his fellow to outrun; 
Till ail uniting in a glorious band, 
jBefore the Lamb's high throne adoring stand, 
And harp his lofty praise in Zion land. 

\ er. 8. O Lord God of hosts, hear my prayer : give car, 
O God if Jacob, 
Great God of nunfrous hosts, who reigns alone 
The sole possessor of th 1 imperial throne; 



■■ } 



$U5 gospll sonn:;ts. 

Since mental tastes of thy delicious grace 

So sweetly relish in thy holy place, 

This is the subject of my tabled prayV, 

To have the vision of thy glory there 

O let my cry pierce the ethereal frame, 

And mercy's echo follow clown the same. 

Omniscient Being, favour my desire, 

Hide not thy goodness in paternal ire : 

Why, thou hast giv'n in an eternal band, 

To Jacob and bis seed thy royal hand, 

And promised by thy sacred Deity, "j 

His King and covenanted God to be : > 

Therefore my hopes are centered all in thee. J 

Yer. 9. Behold, O Cod, our shield; and look upon the 
face, of thine anointed. 

Omnipotent, whose armour none can wield, 
Zion's great buckler and defensive shield, 
Thy pure untainted eyes cannot behold 
Deformed mortals in their sinful mould, 
Unless their names be graved on the breast 
Of Zion's holy, consecrated Priest. 
When they his white and glorious garment wear. 
Then sin and guill both wholly disappear: 
Because o'er whelmed in the crimson Hood, 
And ocean of a dying Surety's bk>6 I : 
They also, vested with ins radiant grace, 

lect the lustre of his hoi face. 
They're not themselves now, but divinely trim, 
lor wholly what they are, they are in him : 
And hence Jj ikv/au's all-discerning i ~\ 

Cannot ip them - fortuity* f 

Then look on him, Lord; and in him on me. J 

Vi . 10. For a da// in flu/ courU is letter than n thousand t 
J had rat her be a dobr-heeper in the house of my (»<;<(, 
than to dwell in the tents of wickedness* 
May 1 possess, as thy down stic child, 

The ; lat by Jbhoyau's mime is styVd ; 



} 



the believer's lodging. 

For royal glories deck these courts of thine, 
Which with majestic rays so brightly shine, 
That should my mind present an earth of gold, 
As full of worldly joys as earth can hold : 
Sweet grace so fills thy house, I'd grudge to spare 
One moment here, for thousand ages there. 
No earthly object shall my love Confine, 
That Being which possesses all, is mine; 
Iffy spirit, therefore rather would embrace 
The meanest office in his holy place, 
And by the threshold of his house within, 
Than sit in splendour on a throne of sin. 
In Jesus 1 cburtsl'd choose the lowest place 
At his saints feet, so I might see his face. 
Yeajtbo 1 ray lamp of outward peace should burn 
Most brightly, yet I would incessant mourn, 
While in a wicked Mesech 1 sojourn. 

A » er, l 1. F6r the Lord God is a sun unci sJti< !>I : iJtc Lord 
will gia § no good thing wiL fa with- 

hold from them that walk uprightly* 

Tor God the Lord, whose co irts I lov< to haunt, 

Is ev'ry thing that empty souls can want; 
; \ sun for light, a shield for strength; yea, more, 
On earth he gives his grace, in heav'n ins giore. 
This radiant sun, of life and light the BOW 
Scatters the shades by's circumambient course ; 

- bemisted souls with heartsome beams, 
A id gloriously irradiating glean - 
This massy shield is polish'd bright with pow*r, 
For helping weaklings in a per'lous hour. 
IK re's all that weary travellers would have, 

sun to cherish and a shield to save. 
Grace also lure is giv'n f adorn the soul, 
And yield to -lory in the heav'uly pole. 
All divine treasure to the saint is due; 
Nothing's deuj \l, if truth itself be true. 
'i he treasure is so vast it can't be told; 
N jibing that God can give, will <Jod withhold. 



£14 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

To whom he doth his saving grace impart, 
To them he gives himself, his hand, his heart : 
Uprightness too of heart, and life, does fall 
Unto their share, who having him, have all. 
In them the grace he gives, he still regards; 
Gives holiness, and then his gift rewards. 
For to his own upright and divine brood *% 

He's bound to grant ev'n all that's great and good, > 
By 'sown sure word, firm oath, and sacred blood. J 

Ver. 12. O Lord of hosts, blessed is the man that trusteth 
in thee. 

O then, Jehovah, God of armies strong, 
To whom the pow'rs of earth and heav'n belong; 
How vastly blessed is the fixed man, 
Who by a firm fiducial boldness can, 
Thro' grace and strength dispensed from above, 
So sweetly scan the height 01 divine love, 
As to derive his comfort wholly thence, 
And on this rock to found his confidence? 
Whose faith has rear'd up for a firm abode 
A stable building on a living God ? 
Who, spoif d of human props, both great and small, 
Does choose a triune Deity for all ? 
What scrolls of bliss are in this All jnroll'd, 
Is too sublime for seraphs to unfold. 
Sist, human wisdom, in a deep amaze! ^ 

Let rapid floods of life his glory raise, > 

Till time be drown d in his eternal pra J 



THE BELIEVER'S LODGING. %H 



A FOURFOLD EXERCISE FOR THE BELIEVER IX HIS 
LODGIXG OX EARTH. 



I. The HOLY LAW; 



The Ten Commandments, Exod. xx. 3 — 17. 

i. No God but me thou shalt adore. 
'J. No image frame to bow before. 

3. My holy name take not in vain. 

4. My sacred Sabbath don't profane. 

5. To parents render due respect. 

6. All murder shun, and malice check. 

?. From filth and whoredom base abstain. 

8. From theft and all unlawful gain. 

<). False witness flee, and slaud'ring spite. ' 

10. Nor covet what's thy neighbour's right. 

II. The UNHOLY HEART, the direct opposite to 
Gad's holy and righteous Law, Rom. vii. 14. 



The Knowledge of Sin by the Law, Rom. iii. 20, 

1. My heart's to many gods a slave. 
g. Of imag'ry an hideous cave. 

3. An hoard of God-dishon'ring crimes. 

4. A waster base of holy times. 

o. A throne of pride and self-conceit, 

(i. A slaughter-house of wrath and hate. 

7. A cage of birds and thoughts unclean. 

8. A den of thieves and frauds unseen. 
Q. An heap cf calumnies unspent. 

10. A gulph of greed and discontent. 



21(3 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

III. The GLORIOUS GOSPEL: 



Christ the EndoftheLnwforRiqhfeoKsness, Horn. x. 4* 

And the absolute Need of this Remedy inferred from 

the Premises. 

Hence I conclude and clearly see, 
There's by the law no life for me ; 
Which damns each soul to endless thrall) 
Whose heart and life fulfils not all. 
What shall I do, unless for bail 
I from the law to grace appeal ? 
She reigns through Jesu's righteousness, 
Which giving justice full redress, 
On grace's door this motto grav'd, 
Let sin be damn'd, and sinners sav'd. 
O wisdom's deep mysterious way ! ^ 

Lo, at this door I'll waiting sta}% > 

Till sin and hell both pass away. J 

But in this bliss to shew my part, -j 

Grant, through thy law grav'd in my heart, > 

j\Iy life may shew thy graving art. J 



IV. The PRAYER of 1A1T1L 

%Vbicb may be conceived in the following- words of a certain author: 

SIM tuus in vita, tua sunt mca funera, Christc: 
Da, precor, imperii sceptra teuerc tut. 

Cttr etenim, moriens, tut vulnera sin- a tulistiy 
Si non sum regni portio parv/a tui? 

Cur rigido latuit tua vi&a inclusa sepulchre^ 
Si non est med mors morte fugata tua f 

Ergo mihi certain prcestes, O Christe, salutcm, 
Meque tuo lotum sanguine, Christe, jwn% 



THE BELIEVER^ LODGING. 21T 

Which may be thus Englished: 

Jesus, I'm thine in life and death, 

Oh let me conqu'ring hold thy throne, 
Why shar'd the cross thy vital breath, 

It' not to make me share thy crown ? 
"Why laid in jail of cruel grave, 

If not thy death from death me free ? 
Then, Lord, insure the bliss I crave, 

beal'd with thy blood, and succour me. 



GOSPEL SONIfBTS. 

PART V. 

THE BELIEVER'S SOLILOQUY; 

ESPECIALLY IX TIMES OF DESERTION, 
TEMPTATION, AFFLICTION, &c. 

SECT. I. 
The deserted Believer longing for perfect Freedom from Sin. 



A 1 



H mournful case! what can afford 
Contentment, when an absent Lord 
Will now his kindness neither prove 
By smiles of grace, nor lines of love! 

What heart can joy, what soul can sing, 
While winter over-runs the spring? 
I die, yet can't my death condole; 
Lord, save a dying, drooping soul. 

In pain, yet uncencern'd I live, 
And languish when I should believe. 
Lord, if thou cease to come and stay, 
My soul in sin will pine away. 

In sin, whose ill no tongue can tell, 
To live is death, to die is hell ; 
O save, if not from thrall's arrest, 
Yet save me, Lord, from sin at least. 

This for his merit's sake I seek, 
Whose blood and wounds do mercy speak; 
Who left the rank of glorious choirs, 
And heav'nly ilow'rs for earthly briers. 

Our Samson took an holy nap 
Upon our feeble nature's lap: 
He wand'ring in a pilgrim's weed, 
l)id taste our griefs to help our need* 



the believer's soliloquy. Qi9 

th's fury did upon him light: 

v black was Herod's cruel spite ! 
Who, to be sure of murd'ring one, 
Lest he be spar'd, did pity none ! 

IL'il bunts the !3abe; a few days old, 

That came to rifle Satan's ibid ; 

All hands pursu'd him, ev'n to death, 

That came to save from sin and wrath. 

O mercy! ignorant of bounds! 

Which all created thought confounds; 

lie ran outright a saving race 

For them that unto death him chase. 

O sin ! how heavy is thy weight, 
That press'd the glorious God of might, 
Till prostrate on the freezing ground, 
He sweat his clotted blood around ! 

His hand the pond'rous globe does prop, 
This weight ne'er made him sweat a drop: 
But when sin's load upon him lies, 
He falls, and sweats, and groans, and dies. 

Alas! if God sink under sin, 
How shall the man that dies therein? 
How deeply down, when to the load 
He adds the slighted blood of God ? 

Lord r let thy fall my rise obtain, 
Thy grievous shame my glory gain ; 
Thy cross my lasting crown procure, 
Thy death my endless life insure. 

O send me down a draught of love, 
Or take me hence to drink above: 

v Marah's water (ills my cup, 
But there all griefs are swaliow'd up. 

Love here is scarce a faint desire ; 
But there the spark's a flaming I 
Joys here are drops that passing flee^ 
i But there an ever-flowing sea. 

O 2 



GOSPEL SONNETS. 

My faith, that sees so darkly here. 
Will there resign to vision clear; 
My hope, that here's a weary groan, 
Will to fruition yield the throne. 

Here fetters hamper freedom's wing, 
But there the captive is a king: 
And grace is like a bury'd seed, 
But sinners there. are saints indeed. 

Thy portion's here a crumb at best, 
But there the Lamb's eternal feast: 
My praise is now a smother' d fire, 
But then I'llsing and.never tire. 

Kow dusky shadows cloud my day, 
But then the shades will tlee away: 
My Lord will break the dimming glass, 
And shew his glory face to face. 

My num'rous foes now beat me down, 
But then I'll wear the victor's crown; 
Yet all the revenues Til bring 
To Ziqn's everlasting King. 

SECT. II. 

.The deserted Believer $ Prayer under Coynplaints of Unbe- 
lief, Darkness, Deadness, and Hardness. 

What means this wicked, wand'ring heart? 

This trembling ague of my soul? 
Would Jesus but a look impart, 

One look from him would make me whole. 

But will he turn to me his face, 

From whom he justly did withdraw? 

To me who slighted all that grace 
I in my past experience saw? 

Lord, for thy promise sake return, 
Apply thy pardoning, cleansing blood; 

Look down with pity on a worm, 
With cov'nant mercy do me good. 



TIIC BELIEVER'S LODi.lv ,. Q ( 2l 

When thy free Sp'rit the word applies, 
And kindly tells me thou art mine, 

faithless sinking heart replies, 
All, Lord! L w**t) I could oe thine, 

My faith's so 'nighted in my doubts, 

I cast the otter' d good away; 
And lose, by raising vain disputes, 

The wonted blessings of the day. 

Was e'er one press' d with such a load, 
Or pierc'd with such an unseen dart! 

To tind at once an absent God, 
And yet, alas! a careless heart? 

Such grief as mine, a griefless grief, 

Did ever any mortal share? 
An hopeless hope, a lifeless life, 

Or such unwonted careless care ? 
'Tis sad, Lord ! when for night's solace 

Nor moon, nor starry gleams appear: 
Yet worse, when in this dismal case 

My heart is hardened from thy fear* 

*T was not because noshow'rs did flow 

Of heav'nly manna, at my door; 
But by my folly I'm into 

A worse condition than before. 

Come, Lord, with greater pow'rs, for why? 

Mine, sure, is not a common case : 
Thou otter'st to unvaii; yet I 

Lm scarce incline to see thy face. 

Such languid faint desires I feel 
Within this wicked stupid heart: 

I sh >uld, I would, but that I will 
I hardly dare with truth assert. 

to be free of that vile wrack, 

I base Ij keeps me from my God! 

1 flee from thee, Lord! bring me back 

By tender love, or by thy rod. 
O 3 



322 G1&&VEL SONNETS. 

In paths of righteousness direct, 

w proofs or thy remission give; 
Then of thy name Til mention make 

With grateful praises while I live. 
On banks of mercy's .boundless deep, 

Wil >e I'll soar and sing, 

Than kings oi feather'd hosts, that sweep 

The oozy shore with easy wing. 

But if thy mind omniscient know 
I'm for this absent bliss unlit, 

Give grace to hate my sins, and to 
Their rigbfie&us punishment submit. 

But let me ne'er thy Spirit lack, 

That by his aid my pray'rs may come 

Before him wdio can wisely make 
Ev'n distance lead his people home. 

Deep wisdom can my soul prepare 
present woes for absent bliss. 
By acid griefs that now T share, 

He can convey the joys I miss. 
Who all from nothing's womb disdosM, 

Can make tlf amazing product cease; 
With him our order is confusM, 

By him confusion brings forth peace. 

Then, Lord, ne'er let me baseiy spurn 
Against thy searchless unknown ways; 

But magnify thy work, and turn 

My groans and murmurs into praise. 

Let me submissive, while I live, 
Thy awful justice own with fear: 

Yet pensive let me \hi\cy grieve 
ler mercy by despair. 
h by sin I foully swerv'd 
And h-wdiy iroiH my glory fell, 
Tin chastened here, u\u\ not reserved 
To feel the weight of sin in he!!, 






THE BELIEVERS SOLILOQUY. 

The high right hand's once joyful clays 

in my ; Ml tall to inin I ; 

And own that all thy darkest v 

Will clearly prove thee good and kind. 



SEC r. ni. 

The Believer leading tltrough Deeps of Desertion and 
Corruption, 

Lord, when thy face thou hid'st, 
And leav'st me long to plore, 
I faithless doubt of all thou didst 
And wrought'st for me before. 

No marks of love I find, 

No grains of grace, but wracks; 
o tra ck of heav'n is left behind, 
No groan, nor smoking flax. 

But say, if all the gusts 

And grains of love be spent, 
Say, Farewell Christ, and welcome lusts: 
Stop, stop; I melt, I faint. 

Lord, yet thou hast my heart, 
This bargain black I hate; 
I dare not, cannot, will not part 
With thee at such a rate. 

Once like a father good, 

Thou didst with grace perfume; 
Wast thou a father to conclude 
With dreadful judge's doom? 

Confirm thy former dca], 
R< form what is defil'd ; 
I was, 1 am, I'll still abi< 

Thy choice, thy charge, thy child. . 

O 



S24 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

Love-seals thou didst impart, 
Lock'd up in mind I have; 
Hell cannot rase out of my heart 

What Heav'n did there ingrave. 

Thou once didst make me whole 
By thy almighty hand: 
Thou mad'st me vow, and gift my soul; 
Both vow and gift shall stand. 

But, since my folly gross 
My joyful cup did spill, 
Make me, the captive of thy cross, 
Submissive to thy will. 

Self in myself I hate, 

That's matter of my groan ; 
Nor can I rid me from the mate 
That causes me to moam 

O frail unconstant flesh! 
Soon trapt in ev'ry gin; 
Soon T'jrri'd, o'erturn'd, and so afresh 
Plung'd in the gulph of sin. 

Shall I be slave to sin. 

My Lord's most bloody foe! 
Feel its powerful sway within, 
How long shall it be so? 

How long, Lord, shall I stay ? 
How long in Mesech here? 
DiShon'ring thee from day to day, 
Whose name to me's so dear? 

While sin, Lord, breeds my grief, 
And makes me sadly pine; 
With blinks of grace, O grant, relief, 
r J ill beams of glory shine. 



THE BELIEVER^ SOLILOQUY. 295 

SECT. IV. 
Complaint of Sin , Sorrow, and want of Love . 

If black doom by desert should go, 
Then, Lord, my due desert is death; 

Which robs from souls immortal joy, 
And from their bodies mortal breath. 

But in so great a Saviour, 

Can e'er so base a worm's annoy 
Add any glory to thy pow>, 

Or any gladness to thy joy ? 

Thou justly may'st me doom to death, 

And everlasting flames of fire ; 
But on a wretch to pour thy wrath 

Can never sure be worth thine ire. 

Since Jesus the atonement was, 

Let tender mercy me release; 
Let him be umpire of my cause, 

And pass the gladsome doom of peace. 

Let grace forgive and love forget 

My base, my vile apostasy ; 
And temper thy deserved hate 

W'uh love and mercy toward mev 

The ruffling winds and raging blasts 

Hold me in constant cruel chace; 
They break my anchors, sails, and masts, 

Allowing no reposing place. 

The hoist' rous seas with swelling floods, 

On ev'ry side against me fight. 
Heaven, overcast with stormy clouds, 

Dims all the planets' guiding light. 
The hellish furies lie in wait, 

To win my soul into their pow'r; 
To make me bite at ev'ry bait, 

And thus my killing bans devour. 
O j 



££(5 GOSPEL SONNETS* 

I lie inchain'd in sin and thrall, 
Next L order unto black despair; 

Till grace restore, and of my fall 
The doleful ruins all repair. 

My hov'ring thoughts would flee to giore, 
And nestle safe above the sky; 

Fain would my tumbling ship ashore 
At that sure anchor quiet lie. 

But mounting thoughts are haled down 

With heavy poise of corrupt load ; 
And blust'ring storms deny with frown 

A\\ harbour of secure abode. 
To drown the weight that wakes the blast. 

Thy sin-subduing grace afford; 
The storm might c£nse, could I but cast 

This troublous Jonah over-board. 

Base flesh, with fleshly pleasures gain'd, 
Sweet grace's kindly suit declines ; 

When mercy courts me for its friend, 
Anon my sordid flesh repines. 

Soar up, my soul, to Tabor hill, 

Cast off this loathsome pressing load ; 

Lon<; is the date of thine exile, 

While absent from the Lord, thy God. 

Dote not on earthly weeds and toys, 

Which do not, cannot suit thy taste: 
The flow'rs of everlasting joys 

Grow up apace for thy repast. 
Sith that the glorious God above 

In Jcmis bears a love to thee, 
How base, how brutish is thy love 

Of any being less than he? 

Who for thy love did chuse thy grief, 
Content m love to live and die: 

Who lov'd thy love more than his life, 
And with his life thy love did buy. 




And every one thai heaxeth. these sayings of pained dotb 

them not shall be likcn.d unto a foolish :.«;»u which built His 
iiousc upon the sand 






M 



THE BELIEVER'S SOLILOQUY. 2^7 

Since then the God of richest love 

With thy poor love enamour'd is; 
How high a crime will thee reprove 

If not enamour'd deep with his? 

Since on the verdant field of grace 
His love does thine so hot pursue : 

Let love meet love with chaste embrace, . 
Thy mire a thousand-fold is due. 

Rise love, thou early heav'n, and sing*, 

Young little dawn of endless day : 
I'll on thy mounting fiery wing 

In joyful raptures melt away. 



sect. v. 

The deserted SouVs Prayer for the Lord's gracious 
s i n -s u btlu l /ii> L J rt sen ce . 

Kind Jesus, come in love to me, 

And make no longer stay; 
Or else receive mv soul to thee, 

That breathes to be away. 

A Lazar at thy gate I lie, 
well it me becomes, 
For children's bread asham'd to cry ; 
O grant a dog the crumbs. 

My wounds and rags my need proclaim, , 

Thy needful help insure : 
My wounds bear witness that I'm lame, 

My rags that I am poor. 

Thou many at thy door dost feed 

With mercy when distrest; 
O wilt thou not shew an alms-deed ■ 

To nie among the rest ? 
O 8 



988 GOSPEL !ONNE-, 

None else can give my soul relief, 
None else can ease my moan, 

But he whose absence is mv grief; 
All other joys be gone. 

How can I cease from sad complaint, 

How c ;n I be at rest? 
My mind can never be content 

To want my noble guest. 

Drop down, mine eyes, and never tire, 

Cease not on any terms, 
Until I have my heart's desire. 

My Lord within mine arms. 
My heart, my hand, my spirits fail, 

When hiding cff he goes; 
tlesh, my foes, my lusts prevail, 

And work my daily woes. 

Wl en shall I see that glorious sight 

all my sins destroy : 
The Lord of love, that lamp of light, 
Will banish all annoy ? 

O could I but from sinning cease, 

And wait on Pisgah's hill, 
Until I see him face to face, 

d should my soul be still. 

But since corruption cleaves to me 

e I in Kedar dwell ; 
O Live me leave to long for thee, 
lor absence is a hell. 

Thy glory should be dear to me, 
Who me bo dear hast bought: 
s .ve from rendering ill to thee 
For good which thou hast wrought. 

With fear I crave, with hope I cry, 

Oli promis'd favour send , 
Be tl , tl yself, though changeling I 
jratefuHV oiTend. 



THE BELIEVER I lOEIIWQUY. 

Out of thy way remove the lets, 

Cleanse this polluted Am; 
Tender my suits, cancel my cb 

Sweet Jesus, say, Amen. 

SECT VI. 

TL ■ S - ' / / ■ L 

Aurora veils her rosy face 

When brighter Phoebus takes her place; 

II g - . her r*>om 

To glory in the heav'nly home, 

Happy the company tl it's gone 

From cross to crown, from thrall to throne; 

How loud they si g o the shore, 

To which they sail'd in heart 

Bless'd are the dead, yea, saith the word, 
That die in Christ the luring Lord, 
And on the other side of dc 
Thus joyful spend their praisii ;h: 

'• Death from all d i has set us icee, 

od will our gain for ever I t : 
" Death loos'd the massy chain- of woe, 
" To let the mournful 

M Death is to us a sweet repose ; 

14 Th< bud. was op'd to - 

11 T;u i ._ w is broke to let 

11 And build our happy nest on higl . 

11 Lo, here we do triumphant reign, 
M And joyful sing in lofty strain: 
11 Lo, hen Bt, and love to be, 

" Enjoying more than faith could see* 

u The thousandth part we now t^efa 

,4 By mortal long 

u WV got a tfrste, but now above 

" Wc forage in the fields k:i l< 



230 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

" Faith once stole down a distant kiss, 
" Now love cleaves to the check of bliss . 
" Beyond the fears of more mishap 
" We gladly rest in glory's lap. 

u Earth was to us a seat of war, 

" In thrones of triumph now we are. 

" We. long'd to see our Jesus dear, 

" And sought him there, but find him here. 

" We walk in white without annoy, 
" In glorious galleries of joy : 
" And crown'd with everlasting bays, 
u We rival cherubs in their praise. 

" No longer we complain of wants, 
" We see the glorious King of saints, . 
" Amidst his joyful hosts around, 
" With all the divine giory crown'd. 

" We see him at his table head 
" With living water, living bread, 
" His cheerful guests incessant load 
" With all the plenitude of God. 

"We see the holy flaming (ires, 

" Cherubic and seraphic choirs; 

" And gladly join with those on high,. 

" To warble praise eternally. 

" Glory to God that here we came, 
" And glory to the glorious Lamb. 
" Our light, our life, our joy, our all 
" Is in our arms, and ever shall. 

11 Our Lord is ours, and we are his; 
<{ Yea, now we see him as he is: 
" And hence we like unto him are, 
M And full his glorious image share. 

" No darkness now, no dismal night, 
M No vapour intercepts the light; 
" We see for ever face to face, 
" The highest Prince in highest place. 



THE BELIEVERS SOLTLOQL^, 931 

u ThiS| this docs heav'n enough a fiord, 
" We are for ever with the Lord : 
11 We want no more, for all isgiv'it; 
M His presence is the heart of heav'n. v 

While thus I laid my listening ear 
Close to tin? door of heav'n to hear; 
And then the sacred page did view, 
Which told nie all I heard was true; 

1 . I shew'd me that the heav'nly song 
Surpasses ev'ry mortal tongue, 
With such unutterable strains 
As none in fett'ring flesh attains : 

Then said I, " O to mount away, 
" And leave this clog of heavy clay ! 
" Let wings of time more hasty fly, 
" That I may join the songs on high." 



GOSP.EJL SONNETS. 

PART VI. 

THE BELIEVER'S PRINCIPLES, 

CONCERNING 



I. CREATION AND REDEMPTION. 
II. LAVS A\D GOSPEL. 

III. JUSirFICATION AND SANCTIFICATION, 

IV. FAITH \M> SENSE. 
V. HEAVEN AND EARTH. 



g iMUiyioiiiiimicg-' 

CHAP. I. 

The Believer s Principles concerning Creation and 
Redemption', or some of the first Principles of the 
Oracles of God. 

sect. i. 

Of Creation. 

The first Chapter of Genesis compendised ; or, the first 

Seven Days' Work, from the following Latin Lines, 
Englished. 

PRIM/1 dies caelum, et terrain, lucemque crearit. 
Altera distendit spatium, discrimen aquarum. 
Tertia secernens undas, dot gramina terris. 
Quarta creat solem ct lunam, ciclestiaque astra. 
Quinta dedit pieces, eadem genus bmne volantum. 
Sexta tulit pecudes, hominem quoque quern Deus ipse 
Gondidit; inde opens rcquics, lux septimafulsit. 



THE BELIEVERS PRINCIPLES. ^33 

In English thus : 

1. The first day heav'n, earth, light, Jehovah sent. 
9. The next, a water-sund'ring firmament. 

3. The third made dry landspnng with flow* ry pride. 

4. The fourth set up bright lamps times to divide. 

5. The fifth brought swimming fish and flyingfowl. 
(j. The sixth, earth's herds, and man to bear the rule, 

7. The seventh brought forth no more, yet brought 

8. The laboring creatures and Creator's rest, [the best. 

Or thus : 

The first day, at Jehovah's word, 
Did heav'n and earth, and light afford. 

The next a firmament so wide 

As might the water's course divide.. 

The third, severing land from seas, 

Made earth produce herbs, grass, and trees. 

The fourth, sun, moon, and stars of light, 
Set up to rule the day and night* 

The fifth made fish in deeps to move, 
And fowls to fly in air above. 

The sixth all earthly beasts did hling, 
And man to be the creatures' king. 

The seventh, of all these days the best, 
Was made for God and man to rest. 

Redemption-work doth bring again 
The first of these to be the main. 

Fetching new heavens and earth in sight, 
And immortality to light. 

Since then the first is now the beat* 
Keep well this pledge of endless rest. 



834 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

Tut Sinn of Creation. 

All things from nothing to tl r'reigjn Lord 

Obedient rose at his commanding word. 
Fair in his eye the whole creation stood ; 
He saw the building and pronoune'd it goo*!. 

And now each work (while nature's fabric stand*} 
Loud for its wise and mighty Lord demands 
A rent of praise, a loud and lofty song, 
From ev'ry rational beholder's tongue. 

SECT. II. 

Of Redemption* 

The Mystery of the Redeemer's Incarnation ; or, God 
manifested in the Flesh. 1 Tim. iii. 16. John i. 14. 

What though the waters, struck with dread, 
Rise up and form a pyramid ! 
Though floods should gush from rocks and stones, 
Or living souls from withered bones 1 

To hear of an incarnate God, 
Is yet most wonderful and odd ; 
Or to behold how God most high 
Gould in our nature breathe and die. 

What though the bright angelic forms 
Degraded were to crawling worms! 
These creatures were but creatures still, 
Transformed at their Creator's will. 
Though creatures change a thousand w^s,. 
It cannot such amazement raise, 
Nor such a scene as this display, 
Th' eternal Word a piece of clay. 

God-man a strange contexture fix*d, 
Yi t not confused nor commix'd ; 

Ya I still a mysu ry great and fresh, 
A Spirit infinite made Le.sh. 



THE BELlEVEll's PRINCIPLES, 

{ though when nothing heard his call, 
Nothing obeyM and brougl i all! 

►ugh he nothing's brood maintain, 
Or all annihilate again ! 

Let nothing into being pass, 
Ojc back again to what it was! 
But io ! the God uf being's here, 
As turn'd to nothing doth appear, 

All heavVs astonis'd athislbrm, 
'ldie mighty God became a -worm. 
Down Arian pride to him shall bow, 
He's Jesus and Jehovah too. 

The Sum of Redemption. 

With haughty mind to Godhead man aspir'd, 
With loving mind our manhood God desir'd : 
Man was by pride from piace of pleasure chas'dj 
God man by love in greater pleasure plac'd. 

Man seeking to ascend procured our fall, 
God yielding to descend remov'd our thrall: 
The Judge was cast, the guilty to acquit, 
The Sun defae'd to lend the shades the light. 



SECT. III. 

THE REDEEMER'S WORK. 

OH, 

Christ all in a//, and our complete Redemption* 
A Gospel-Catechism for young Christians, 

Question. 

Kind teacher, may I come to learn 

In this abrupt address, 
By framing questions that concern. 

My endless happiness; 



^0 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

Answer. 

Yen, child ; but if you'd learn to run 

The great salvation-race, 
Know that the name of Christ alone 

Can answer ev'ry- case. 

Q. By sin my God and all is lost, 

O where may God befouud ? 
A. In Christ; for so the Holy Ghost 

Shews by the joyful sound. 

Q. But how will God with sinful me 

Again be reconcil'd ? 
A, In Christ, in whom his grace to thee 

And favour is reveai'd, 

Q. O how shall I a sharer prove, 

And see his glorious grace? 
A. In Christ the image of his love, 

And brightness of his face. 

Q. Where shall I seek all divine store, ' 

And without fail obtain ? 
A. In Christ, in whom for evermore 

His fulness does remain. 

Q. But how shall I escape and flee 
Th' avenging wrath of God? 

A. In Christ, who bore upon the tree 
That whole amazing load. 

Q. Alas! I'm daily apt to stray, 
How shall I heav'nward make? 

A. Through Christ, the consecrated ivay, 
Design' d for thee to take. 

Q. Ah ; where's my title, right, or claim 

To that eternal bliss ? 
A. In Christ alone, that glorious name. 

The Lord our righteousness* 



THE BELIEVERS PRINCIPLES. 

Q. But who unfit can enter there, 

Or with such nasty i 
A. Christ by his blood presents thee fa irj 

His Spirit makes tliee meet. 

Q. But mayn't my spirit, weak as grass, 

Fail ere it reach the length? 
A. Jesus the Lord thy righteousness 

Will be the Lord thy strength. 
Q. Mayn't hellish hosts, and wicked foes, 

Sore by the way molest? 
A. Christ is a friend to bridle those, 

And give the weary rest. 
Q. Mayn't guilty conscience loudly brand, 

And all my comfort chase? 
A. Cbrist with a. pardon in his hand 

Can shew his smiling face. 

"^Q. But how can divine mercy vent, 
Where sins are great and throng? 
\. Christ is the channel with descent 
That mercy runs along. 

Q. But may not justice interpose, 

A nd stand in mercy's way ? 
A. Jesus did all the debt thou owes 

To divine justice pay. 

Q. Where shall mine eyes the pardon spy. 

Unto my saving good ? 
A. In Christ's free promise see it lie, 

In his atoning blood. 

Q. What ground have T to trust and say, 

The promise is not vain ? 
A. In Christ the promises are Yea, 

In him they are Amen. 

Q. But where is Christ himself, O where 

With promises so sweet? 
A. Christ's in the promises, and there 

Thy faith and he may meet. 



$38 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

Q. Is Christ in them, and they in Christ: 

How shall I this descrv? 
A. His blood and Spirit therein list 

To seal and to appiy. 

Q. 'Gainst legal fiery threats of wrath, 

Pray, what defence is best ? 
A. Christ's full obedience ey'd by faith; 

There should the guilty rest. 

Q. But how shai! faith be had ? Alas! 

I find I can't believe. 
A. Christ is the author of that grace, 

And faith is his to give. 

Q. Ah! when may faithless I expect 

He'll such a bliss bequeath ? 
A. He will of unbelief convict, 

And pave the way for faith. 

Q. Repentance must attend, but whence 

Shall I this grace receive? 
A. Christ is exalted as a prince 

All needful grace to give. 
Q. How can so vile a lump of dust 

Heart-holiness expect ? 
A. Christ by his holy Spirit must 

This gradual change effect. 
Q. How shall I do the works aright, 

I'm daily bound unto? 
A. Christ in thee by his Spirit's might, 

Works both tow r ill and do. 

Q. How shall my maladies be hcal'd, 

So sore molesting me ? 
A. Christ is the great physician seal'd, 

The Lord that healeth thee. 

Q. l>y prayer I ought to seek his face, 
This course how shall I drive ? 

A. 'Tis Christ alone that has the grace 
And Bp'rit of pray'r to give. 



SHE BELIEVER fl PRINCIPLES, C39 

Q. Salvation-work is great and high, 

Alas! what shall I do? 
A. Christ as the Alpha, hereof eye, 

And the Omega too. 

Q. What pillar then is most secure 

To build my hope upon? 
A. Christ only the foundation sure, 

The living corner-stone. 

Q. When I'm with black pollution stainM, 

How shall I cleansed be? 
A. Christ is a fountain for that end 

Set open wide for thee. 
Q. What shall I do when plagues abound. 

With sorrows, griefs, and fears? 
A. Christ has a balsam for thy wounds 

A bottle for thy tears. 
Q. But is there any help for one 

That utterly is lost? 
A. Christ saves from sin, and he alone. 

Even to the uttermost. 

Q. But where shall I be safe at last 

From hell and endless death ? 
A. Christ is a refuge from the blast 

Of everlasting wrath. 

Q. But mayn't ev'n natural death to me 

Become a dreadful thing ? 
A. Christ by his death and love to thee 

Did ev'ry death unsting. 

•Q. Why, sir, is Christ the whole you say ? 

Xo answer else I find. 
A. Because were Christ our all away, 

There's nothing left behind. 

Q. How can he answer ev'ry case, 

And help in ev'ry thrall ? 
A. Because he is the Lord of grace, 

Jeuovah all iu all. 



240 GOSPEL SONNETS, 

Q. How is he present to supply, 

And to relieve us thus? 
A. Because his glorious name is nigh, 

1m manuel, God with ns. 

Q. Has he alone all pow'r to save, 

Is nothing left to man ? 
A. Yea, without Christ we nothing have, 

Without him nothing can. 

Q. Mayn't some from hence take latitude 

And room their lusts to please? 
If Christ do all, then very good, 

Let us take carnal ease. 

A. Christ will in flaming vengeance come, 

With fury in his face, 
To damn his foes that dare presume, 

And thus abuse his grace. 

SECT. IV. 

Faith and Works both excluded from the Matter of Justifi- 
cation before God, that Redemption mat/ appear to be 
only in Christ, 

Who dare an holy God address, 
With an unholy righteousness? 
Who can endure his awful probe, 
Without perfection for their robe? 

None could his great tribunal face, 
Were faith itself their fairest dress: 
Faith takes the robe, but never brags 
Itself has ought but filthy rags. 

Faith claims no share and works far less, 
Injustice pleasing righteousness; 
The servant were to be abhorrM, 
Would claim the glory of his lord. 

Blasphemous unbelief may claim 
The praises of the worthy Lamb : 



THE BEIiIEYER's PRINCIPLES. 241 

But faith disclaiming all its best, 
Not on itself, but Christ, will rest. 

I'm s;ivYl and justifyM by faith, 
Which yet no saving value hath ; 
Nor e'er pretends to save from thrall, 
But in its object has its all. 

'Tis Christ alone saves guilty me, 
And makes my right to lifi so free, 
That in himself it stands alone: 

Faith takes the right, but gives me none. 
I dare not act with this intent, 
For acts of mine to draw the rent; 
Nor do good works with this design, 
To win the crown by works of mine. 

I'd thus the promis'd grace forsake, 
Nor Jesus for my Saviour take ; 
Yea, thus would dreadfully presume, 
And work mine own eternal doom. 

Presumption cannot rise more high, 
I'd make the truth of God a lie, 
The God of truth a liar too ; 
What more mishief could Satan do? 

Why, I'd discredit God's record 
Concerning Jesus Christ the Lord, 
His glorious and eternal Son, 
Whose blood has life eternal won. 
In him, says God, this life I give, 
In him shall therefore men believe, 
.My gift embracing in their arms : 
None shall be sav'd on other terms. 
Vain man must stoop and freely take, 
Or else embrace a burning lake : 
Proud nature must submit to grace, 
And to the divine righteousness. 

In vain on works our hope is built, 
Our actions nothing are but guilt: 



942 COsl'EL SONNETS* 

The best obedience of our own 
Dare not appear before his throne. 

What finite worm can bear the load., 
The fury of an angry God? 
What mortal vigour can withstand 
The vengeance of his lifted hand? 

The law can ne'er save us now, 
To damn is all that it can do. 
Heav'n casts all righteousness of ours; 
The law of works is out of doors. 

No merit, money, more or less, 
Can buy the gift of righteousness. 
O may I take what heav'n does give: 
Jehovah help me to believe; 

And in that righteousness to trust 
Which only makes a sinner just. 
And then the truth of faith to prove, 
JLord make my faith to work by love. 



STIiE BELIEVERS PRINCIPLES. 2!3 



CHAP. II. 

The Believer's Principles concerning the taw and 
Gospel* 

PARTICULARLY, 



1. The Mystery 

2. The Diflerende 

3. The Harmony 

4. The Place and Station 



• ofLirv and GosxieL 



SECT. I* 

The Mystery of Law and Gospel 

npHOUGH law commands and gospel- 
Agree in mutual joint embraced 
Yet law and gospel in a shoe!; 
Can never draw an equal yoke b . 

The law of works, the law of grace, 
Can't stand together in one place ; 
The brighter scene destroys the dark, 
As Dagon fell before the ark c . 

a Rom. iii. 31. Do we then make void the law through faith : God fc r- 
bid: yea we establish the law. Ga!. iii. 2 ; . Is the law then against t - 
promises of God? God forbid: for if then- hid been a lav,- . . 
could have given life, verily righteousness should have been by the I 

h Psalm exxx. 3,4. If thou, Lord, shouldst mark iniquities; () 
who shall stand ? But there is forgiveness with thee ; that thou may 
feared. Ver. 7, S. Let 1-rael hope in th.: Lord, for with the I 
mercy, and with him is plenteous redemption. And he shall red . m 
from all his iniquities. And cxliii. 2. O Lord, enter n t into jud 
with thy servant; for in thy sight shall no man living be 
Cause me to hear thy living kindm s in the morning, f< r in tl I 

Cause me to know the way wherein 1 should w?lk, for 1 lift up my s <ul unto 
thee. 

L Rom.vi. 14, 15. Sin shall not have domini h t 

under the law, hut under grace. What then r Shall we sin, b< 
not under the law, but under grace? God forbid. Chap. vii. 4,5, (a 



244 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

They harmonize like marry'd pairs d , 

Yet are at odds, and keep not square?*:: 

As mercy stands from merit far, 

The letter and the spirit jar f . 

The law does gospel-comforts harm; 

The gospel breaks the legal arm*; 

Yet both exalt each other's horn, 

And garlands bring their heads t'adorn*. 

I through the law am dead to it, 

To legal works and self-conceit j ; 

Yet lo! through gospel-grace I live, 

And to the law due honour give k . 

"Wherefore, my brethren, ye also are become dead to the law hv the body of 
Christ ; that ye should be married to another, even to him who is raised 
from the dead, that we should bring forth fruit unto Cod. For when we 
were in the flesh, the motions of sin which were by the law, rid work in our 
members to bring forth fruit unto death. But now we are delivered from the 
law, that being dead wherein we were held; that we should serve in new- 
ness of spirit, and not in the oldness of the letter. 2 Cor. iii. 7- — 10. But 
it" the ministration of death written and engraven in stones was glorious, m> 
that the children of Israel could not stedfastly behold the face of Moses, for 
the glory of his countenance, which glory was to be done away ; how shall 
not the ministration of the Spirit be rather glorious ? 'For if the ministra- 
tion of condemnation be glory, much more doth the ministration or* righte- 
ousness exceed in glory. For even that which was made glorious, had 110 
glory in this respect, by reason of the glory that excelled. 

u Gal. iii. 24. Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto 
Christ, that we might be justified by faith. 

e Rom xi. 6. And if [election be] by grace, then is it no more of works : 
otherwise grace is no more grace. But if it be of works, then is it no more 
p;race : otherwise work is no more work. 

f 2 Cor. iii. 6. The kttcr killoth, but the spirit givcth life. 

g Heb. ii. 115.— And deliver them Who through fear of death were all 
their life-lime subject to bondage. Phil. iii. 7, 8l, 9. But what things were 
gain to me, those I counted loss for Christ. Yea doubtless, and 1 count all 
things but loss, for the excellency of the knowledge of Christ testis my 
Lord. For whom 1 have sn tiered the loss of all things, and do count them 
but dung, that I may win Christ, and be found in him, not having mine 
mvn righteousn< as, which is of the law, but that which is through the faith 
of Christ, 1' rteas which is of God by faith. 

h Gal. ii. to,. For 1 through the law am dead to the law, that 1 might live 
unto God. 

1 Rom vii. 6. But now we are delivered from the law, that being dead 
wherein we were held : that v I rt in newness of spirit) and not 

in the 'bMness of th< 1 ti r. Ver, o. Foj I va alive without the law once, 
tyut when the commandment C3iue ; .in revived, and 1 died. 



E B E L I L V EJc*S Pfc I N C I P L LS. 

Th( eat room for boasting mak< 

But grace my pride and boosting breaks ; 
Yn all ray boasts the law does kill 1 *, 
And grace makes room to boast my fill". 
The gospel makes me keep the law , 
Yet from its painful service draw p ; 
It does all law-demands fulfil r , 
Yet makes them wholly void and null 9 . 
The gospel gives me no command 1 , 
Yet by obeying it I stand u , 
To strict obedience though it call w , 
Does bind to none but promise ail x . 

k Rom- vii. 4. Wherefore, my brethren, ye also are become dead to the 
law by the body of Christ: that ye should be married to another, even to 
him who is raised from the dead, that we should bring forth fruit unto God. 
And x. 4. Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to every one that 
beiieveth. 

1 Rom. iii. 27. Where is boasting then ? It is excluded. By what law > 
of works ? Nay ; but by the law of faith. 

m Rom. iii. 19. Now we know that what things soever the lawsaith,It 
saith to them who are under the law : that every mouth may be stopped, and 
a\\ the world may become guilty before God. 

■ 1 Cor. i. 29, 30, 31. That no flesh should glory in his presence. But of 
him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, righteous- 
ness, sanctincation, and redemption : that, according as it is written, He 
that glorieth, let him glory in the Lord. 

u Titus ii. 11, 12. For the grace of God that bringeth salvation hath 
appeared to all men ; teaching us that, denying ungodliness and worldly 
lust-, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly in this present world. 

p Gal. v. 1. Standfast, therefore, in the liberty wherewith Christ hath 
made us five, and be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage. 

r Rom. viii. 3, 4. For what the law could not do, in that it was weak 
through the flesh, God did* sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful 
flesh, and for sin condemned sin in the flesh ; that the righteousness of the 
law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit. 
Rom. vi. 14. Sin shall not have dominion over you ; for yc are not 
under the law, but under grace. Gal. iv. 4, 5. But when the fulness of the 
time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the 
law, to redeem them that v. ere under the law. 

: Gal. iii. i. And the scripture foreseeing that God would justify the 
Heathen through faith, preened before the gospel unto Abraham, saying, 
In til i. all nations be blessed. 

1 i eth and is baptised, shall be saved. 

>. i. 7, 3« The Loi led from heaven, with 

his might; on them that know 

.!, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ. 

3 



2-16 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

The law does strict commandment giv*, 
That I the gospel-news believe > ; 
But yet it teaches no such thing, 
Nor e'er coukl gospel tidings bring *. 

When I the gospel truth believe, 
Obedience to the law I give*, 
And when I don't the law* observe, 
1 from the gospel-method swerve b * 

Yet, if I do- the lawf obey, 
I am not in the gospel-way % 
Which does to new obedience draw d , 
Yet is the gospel no new law e . 

x John iii. 1 7. God sent not his Son Into the world to condemn tne world * 
but that the world through him might he saved. And xii. 47. And if any 
man hear my word-/ and believe not, I judge him not : for I came not to 
judge ike world, but to save the world. Heb viii. 10, 11, 12. For this is 
the covenant that I will make with the house ot Israel after those days, saith 
the Lord ; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their 
hearts : and I will be to -them a God, and they shall be to me a people. 
And they sn all not teach every man his neighbour, and every man his 
brother, saying^ Know the Lord: for all shall know me from the least to 
the greatest. For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their s;ns 
and their iniquities will I remember no more. 

-' Jonn iii. i3. He that believeth on him, is not condemned : but he that 
believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the 
name of the only begotten Son of God. 

z Rom. x. 5., For Moses descfibeth the righteousness which is of the 
law, that the man which doech those things, shall live by them. And iii. 
I ). Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them 
who are under the law ; that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world 
may become guilty before God. 

a John iii. 18. He that believeth on him, is not condemned. 

* Viz. A .? it is a ride. 

b Titus ii. n, 12. See letter % forqeited. 

f Viz As it is a covenant. 

c Gal. v. 3, 4. For I testify again to every man that is circumcised, that 
He is a debtor to do the whole law. Christ 18 became of no effect unto you, 
who oc er of you are justified by the law, ye are fallen from grace. 

( Rom. \vi. 25, 26.^-The mystery which vas kept secret since the 
world began — now i> made manifest, and bv the scriptures of the prophets, 
according to the commandment of the everlasting God, made known to all 
natl n. for the obedienceol faith 

' Gal. iii. 21. Is the law then against the promises of God ? God forbid -"- 
For if i here had be< n a law givne which could have given life, verily ri 
pusness should have been by the law. 



the believer's pkixciples. 247 

- preqeptsto the law belongs 

Yet in the gospel Held are throng f . 

irs'd ev'ry gospel-slighter is 8 , 
1 et all its ollice is to bless h , 

If from the law has power to kill \ 
Yet savin ; tfo - its pow'r fulfil*: 
No savour but of lite it hath J , 
5Tet most the savour is of death "V 

Weakness perfection doth exclude, 
Trie law is perfect, just, and good n : 

f Matt. v. 17, 48. Think, not that I am come to destroy the law or the 
prophets : I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil. For verily I say unto 
you, Tilt heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in nowise pass 
from the law, till all be fulfilled, Sec, Psalm cxix. 96. I have seen an end of 
all perfection ; but thy commandment is exceeding broad. 

fe Heb. x. 26—29 For if we sin wilfully after that we have received the 
knowledge of the truth, there remaineth no more sacrifice for sins, but 
a certain fearful looking for of judgment and fiery indignation, which 
shall devour the adversaries. He that despised Moses' law, died without 
mercy, under two or three witnesses: of how much sorer punishment sup- 
pose ye, shall he be thought worthy, who hath trodden under foot the Son of 
God, and hath counted the blood of the covenant, wherewith he was sancti- 
fied, an unholy thing, and hath done despite unto the Spirit of grace ? Chap, 
xii. 25. See that ye refuse not him that speakcth -• for if they escaped not 
who refused him that spake on earth, much more shall not we escape, if we 
turn away from him that speaketh fr >m heaven. 

Rom. xv. 29. And I am sure that when I come unto you, I shall come 
in the fulness of the blessing of the gospel of Christ. Acts iii. 26. Unto vou 
first, God having raided up his Son Jesus, sent him to ble^s you, in turning 
very one of you from his iniquities. 

1 John iii. i3. — He that belie\eth not, is condemned already, because he 
hath not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God. Mark xvi. 
16. He that believcth not, shall be damned. Heb. ii. 3. How shall we 
escape, if we neglect so great salvation ? 

k Eph. i. 13. In Christ ye also trusted after that ye heard the word ot 
truth, the gospel of your salvation. 1 Tim. i. 15. This is a faithful saying, 
and worthy of all acceptation, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save 
sinners ; of whom 1 am chief. 

' Phil. ii. 16. Holding forth the woid of life, Sec, 2 Tim. i. 1. Paul, an 
of Jesu^ Christ, by the will of God according to the promise of life, 
which is in Christ Je-us. Ver. 10. Our Saviour Jesus Christ hath abolished 
4eath, and bath brought life and immortality to light through the g< 

1,1 2 Cor. ii. 16. To the one we arc the &a • . unto death, &c. 

;!m exix. 96. Ih.t\e Been an end of all perfection ; but thy com- 
ding broad. Rom. vii. 12. Wherefore the law is holy. 

t> A 



SMS GOSPEL SONNETS. 

Yet can it nothing perfect make, 
But all the comers to it break . 
Strength to the gospel does belong, 
Mighty through God it is, and strong p : 
It to the law does strength emit, 
Vet 'tis the law gives strength to it. 

The gospel gives the law, I see, 
Sufficient strength to justify r ; 
Yet may I say, in truth it is 
The law that gives the gospel this 5 ; 

For as the law no sinner clears, 
But who the gospel garment wears; 
So none are justify'd by grace, 
Unless the law-demand have placed 

and the commandment holy, and just, and good. Heb. vii« 19. For the law 
made nothing perfect, but the bringing in of a better hope did j by the which 
We draw nigh unto God, 

v; Heb. vii. 19. See letter n . Chap. i. 1. For the law having a shadow 
of good things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with 
those sacrifices which they offered year by year continually, make the 
comers thereunto perfect. 

P Rom. i. 1 6. For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ : for it is the 
power of God unto salvatiun, to every one that believeth, to the Jew first, 
and also to the Greek. 2 Cor, x. 4, 5. For the weapons of our warfare are 
not carnal, but mighty through God to the pulling down of strong holds ; 
casting down imagination.-;, and every high thing that exalteth itself against 
the knowledge of God, and bringing into captivity every thought to the obed;* 
ence of Christ. 

1 Rom. viii. 1. There is therefore now no condemnation to them which 
are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit. Ver. 
3, 4. For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, 
God did, sending his own Son, in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for 
sin, condemned sin in the flesh : that the righteousness of the law might be 
fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit. 

s Rom. iii. 31. Do we then make void the law through faith ? God for- 
bid : yea, we establish the law. Chap. x. 4. For Christ is the end of the 
law for righteousness to every one that believeth. 

t Rom. iii. 19-^22. Now we know that what things soever the law saith, 

it saith to them who are under the law ; that every mouth may he stopped, 

uilty before God. Therefore by the deeds of 

1 . there shall no flesh be justified in his sight : for by the law is thc^ 

: sin. But now the righteousness of God without the law is* 

manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets j even the r^gh- 

. hich is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all, and upon aU 

them that believe j for there is no difference. Chan. V. 19. By the 



THE BELIEVER^ PRINCIPLES. 219 

Again the law, which yet seems worse, 
Sives gospel news condemning force u ; 
\ el they are news that never can, 
Nor never will condemn a man w . 
Dread threatnings to the law pertain x . 
Not to the gospel's golden chain Y : 
Yet all law-threats and Sinai's ire 
To gospel-grace arq walls of lire 2 . 
The righteous law assoiieth none 
Of Adam's guilty race, save one 2 ; 
Av ho being guilty, for this cause 
By God's just law condemned was b . 
Yet free of guilt it did him see ; 
Hence fully clear'd, and set him free c . 

obedience of one shall many be made righteous. Ver. 2 r Grace reigns 
through righteousness unto eternal lite, by Je>us Christ our Lord. 

11 John iii, 18. He that believeth on him, is not condemned: but he 
that believeth not is condemned ..iuse he hath not believed in the 

name of the only begotten Son of God. 

• Lukeii. 10, 11. And the angel said unto them [the shepherdsj, Fear 
not; for behold I bring you good tidings of greatjoy, which shall be to all peo- 

r unto you is born this dav in the city ofDa\id, a Saviour, which is 
Christ the Lord. John iii. 17. For God sent not his Son into the world to 
condemn the world; but that the world through him might be - 
Chap. xii. 47. And if any man hear my words, and believe not, I judge 
him n'>: : for I came not to judge the world, but to save the world. 

* Gal. iii. 10. For as many as are of the works of the law, are under 
the curse : for it is written, Cur-ed is every one that continueth not in all 
things which are written in the book of the law to do them. 

J Acts xiii. 26. Men and brethren, children of the stock of Abraham, 
and whosoever among you feareth God, to you is the word of this sal 
seat. 

1 Mark xvi. 16. He that believeth not shall be damned. Heb. ii. 3. 
How shall we escape if we neglect so great salvation. Chap. x. 26 — 29. 
See letter forecited. 

a Rom. v. 19. For as by one man's disobedience many were made sin- 
ners : so bv the obedience of one shall many be made righteousness. J ha 
xvii. 4. I have glorihed thee on the earth : I have finished the work which 
thou gave*t me to do. 

b lsa. liii. 6. The Lord hath laid on him the iniquity of us all. Gal. iii. 
1 ;. Christ hath redeemed us from the curse or the law, being m.%c ■ 
a curse for us s for it is written, Cursed is e\ery one that hangeth on a tree; 
b. vii. 26. For such an high-priest became us, who is holy, ham 
irate from sinners, and made higher than the heaven-. 
•%.^4. Seventy weeks aic *.kv. rmmed upon thy }*.'v)r>.e, and up 

r 6 



250 GOSPEL SONNETS* 

Yet had not guilt his soul involved, 
By law he could not been absolv'd d . 

But he withal condemn'd and spoil'd 
The law of works which him a.^soifd f r 
And now the law is (in these views) 
The marrow of the gospel r>ews g . 

The law can justify no man 
That is a sinner h , yet it can 
Thus favour sinful men, and free 
The chief of sinners, guilty me 1 . 

fcity, ttr-feush the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make 
reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to 
?eal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most holy, i Tim. 
16. And without controversy, great is the mystery of godliness : God was 
manifest in the fle.-h, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto 
the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory. Rom. ii. 13. 
For not the hearers of the law are just before God, but the doers of the law 
shall be justified. I-a. 1. 8. He is near that justifieth me,, who will contend 
with me ? Let us stand together: who is mine adversary r Let him come 
r< >• to me. 

v! 2 Cor. v. 21. God hath made Christ to be sin for us, who knew no sin ; 
that we might be made the righteousness of God in him 1 Pet. iii. i8» 
Christ hath once suffered for .sins, the just for the unjust (that he might 
bring us to Goo), being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit. 

1 Col. ii. 14, 15, Blotting out the hand-writing of ordinances that was 
against us, which was contrary to us, and took it out of the way, nailing it 
to his cross- : and having spoiled principalities and powers, he made a show 
of them openly, triumphing oyer them in it. Rom. viii. 3. For what the 
law could not do, in that was weak through the flesh, God did, sending his- 
own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the 

; Pom. x. 4. For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness, to every 

one that believeth. Isa. xlv. 24. Surely, shall one say, In the Lord have I 

righteousness and strength, jer. xxiii. 6. In his days Judah shall be saved, 

and I^r.ul shall dwell safelv : and this is his name whereby he shall be 

d, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS, 

'• Rom. iii. 19. 20. Now we know that what things soever the law saith, 

1 to them who art under the law ; th it every mouth may be M 

and all the world may become guilty before God. Therefore by the deeds 

of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight ; for by the law is the 

pi sin. 

1 '/'/."- lute pflVorks as fulfilled by Christ, can and does >o, Rom. viii. 3. 

...it the law could not do, in that it was weak through the tle-h, God 

m nding his own Son, in the lifcenesse of sinful flesh, aud for sin condemned 

sin inthe flesh: that the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us, who 

walk not after t lie jtfeshj bit alter the Spirit, Vcr. 33, 34. Who shall lay 




Ko man also sewetri a pi^ceof new clotnpn anold grarment: 
else the new piece that filled L1 up.tak?»th Hway tromtlie 
oWt .arid l ii oiade worse 



THE BELIEVER'S PRINCIPLES. c 25l 

The gospel tooacquitteth none 
That have not put perfection on k . 
Aii'i yet it cleuieth none (i grant) 
But those who all perfection want 1 . 
Those that with gospel-clearance meet, 
Must by the law be found complete" 1 ; 
Yet never could (again I grant) 
The gospel justify a saint". 

All perfect persons it controls , 
And justifies ungodly souls p ; 

any thing to the charge of God's elect ? It is God that justiheth ; who is 
he that condemncth ? It is Christ that died, yea rather, that is risen again, 
who is e\en at the right hand of God," who also maketh intercession for us. 
k Rom. iii 21, 22. But now ihe righteousness of God without the law is 
manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets ; even the righteous- 
ness of God which is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all, and upon all them 
that believe, for there is no difference. 

* Rom. iv. 5. To him that worketh not, hut believeth on him that justi- 
fieth the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness. 

n - 1 Cor. i- 30. But of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made 
unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctificatioh , and redemption. 
And ye are complete in him, which is the head of ail princi- 
pality :uu\ . 

M'tr. !:•:. 13. lam c ime not to call the righteous, but sinners to repent- 
ance. Rom. iii. 10. There is none righteous, no not one. Chap. ix. 50, 
31, 32. What -hall we say then ? That the Gentile-, which followed not 
attained to righteousness, even the righteousness 
which is of faith : but Israel, which followed after the law of righteousness, 
hath □ to the law of rigHteou nes«. Wherefore, because they 

sought: >y the works of the law. Chap. x. 3. 

Israel being ignorant of ( 5, and going about to establish 

their own righteousness, lyvc not submitted themselves unto the righteous- 
1 Tim. i. k. This is a faithful .saying, and worthy of all 
hlist Jesus came into the world to save sinners ; of whom • 
1 

t. xm. 31. Jesus saith unto them ("the Pharisees], Verily I say 
I ublrcans and the harlots go into the kingdom of God ' 
b you, Luke xviir. 9 — 14. And Jesus spake this parable unto certain 

es that they Were righteous, and despised others a 
I : up into the temple to pray ; the one a Pharisee and the other % 

The Pharisee stood and prayed thus with himself: God, I - 
(hank thec that I am n"t as other men are, extortioners^ unjust, adul- 
U • : his publican. I fvt twice in the week, i giveiitbes 

•f all t And the publican Standing afar olf, would not lift 

«p so much as his eyes onto heaven, but smcte uj>on his breast, saying, • 
€*d b~ merciful to me a MUACr. I tell you this man went down to lus- 



*<32 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

Yet still no man its grace partakes, 
But whom it truly godly makes r . 

The law withstands the gospel path*, 
Which yet its approbation hath*; 
The gospel thwarts the legal way", 
Yet will approve the law for ay x . 

nouse justified rather than the other: for everyone that exalteth himself 
shall be abased ; and he that hnmbleth himself shall be exalted. Ver» 
21, 22. And he fthe ruler] said, All these things have I kept from my 
youth up. Now when Jesus heard these things, he said unto him, Yet 
lackest thou one thing; Sell all that thou hast, and distribute unto the poor, 
■and thou shah have treasure in heaven ; and come, follow me. 

p Rom.iv. 5, 6. To him that workcth not, but believeth on him that 
Justifieth the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness. Even as David 
also describeth the blessedness of the man unto whom God imputeth righte- 
ousness without wrks. 

r Titus ii. 11 — 14. The grace of God that bringeth salvation, hath 
appeared to all men ; teaching us, that denying ungodliness, and worldly 
lusfs, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly in this present world ; 
looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God, 
even our Saviour Jesus Christ: who gave himself for us, that he might 
redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, 
zealous of good works- Chap. iii. 4, 5. After that the kindness and love 
of God our Saviour toward man appeared, not by works of righteoumess, 
which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the wash- 
ing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost. Ver. 8. This is a 
faithful saying, and these things 1 will that thou affirm constantly, that they 
which have believed in God, might be careful to maintain good works : these 
things are gcod and profitable unto men. 

3 1 Cor. xv. ^6. The strength of sin is the law. Rom. vi. 14. Sin shall 
not have dominion over you ; for ye are not under the law, but under grace. 
Chap. x. 3. Israel being ignorant of God's righteousness, and going about 
to establish their own righteousness, have not submitted themselves unto the 
righteousness of God. 

: Isa.xliii. 21. The Lord is well pleased for his righteousness sake, he 
•will magnify the law, and make it honourable. Matt. iii. 17. And lo, a 
voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well 
pl< as. d. 

u Rom. ix. 31, 32,33. But Israel, which followed after the law of 
righteousness, hath n< t attained to the law of righteousness. Wherefore ? 
B< cau-e they sought it not by faith, but as it were by the works of the law; 
for they stumbled at that stumbling-stone; as it is written, Behold, 1 lay in 
Zion a stumbling stone, and rock of offence; and whosoever believeth on 
him shall not be ashamed. 

x Rom.vii.7. What shall we say then ? Is the law sin ? God forbid, 

Nay. 1 had not known Bin but by the law : for 1 had known lust, except 

said, Th.»\i shalt not covet. Ver. 10. And the commandment 

ordained to life, 1 found to be unto death. Ver. 12. Whudoic 

i he l.iw is holy ; and the commandment holy, and just, and good. 



THE HELIEV Eli's PRINCIPLED. tSi 

Hence though the gospel's comely frame 
Doth openly the law condemn y : 
Yet they are blind, who never saw 
Tbe gospel justify the law'. 

Thus gospel-grace and law-commands, 
Both bind and loose each other's hands: 
They can't agree on any terms 3 . 
Yet hug each other in their arnis b . 

Those that divide them cannot he 
The friends of truth and verity c ; 

y Rom. v. ; — 9. For Moses dcscribeth the righteousness which Is of the 
law, that the man which doth those things, shall live by them. But the 
righteousness which is of raith speaker h on this wise: Say not in thine 
heart, Who shall ascend into heaven ? (that is, to bring Christ down 
from above) : or, Who shall descend into the deep? (that is, to bring up 
Christ again from the dead.) But what saith it ? The word is nigh thee, 
e\en in thy mouth, and in thy heart; that is the word of faith which we 
preach, That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shait 
believe in thine heart, that God hath raised him from the dead thou shalt 
be saved. 

z Rom. iii. 31. Do we then make void the law through faith? God 
forbid : yea, we establish the law. 

a Gal. iv. 21 — *zb. Tell me, ye that desire to be under the law, do ve not 
hear the law ? For it is written, that Abraham had two sons ; the one by 
a bond-maid, the ether by a free -woman- But he who was of the bond- 
1 was born after the flesh : but he of the free-woman was by promise. 
Which things are an allegory ; for those are the two covenants; the one 
from the m unt Sinai, which gendereth to bondage, which is Agar. For 
this \gar is mount Sinai in Arabia, and answereth to Jerusalem which n w 
is, and is in bondage with her children. But Jerusalem which is above is 
free, which is ihe mother of us all. 

b Psalm lxx ix. ro. Mercy and truth are met together; righteousness 
and peace have kissed each other. 

;c. \i:i. 23. Wo unto you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites; for 
ye pay tithe of mint, and annise, and cummin, and have omitted the 
tier matters of the law, judgment, mercy, and faith: these ought ve 
to have done, and not to leave the other undone. Rom. ii. 23. Thou that 
makest thy boast of tbe law, through breaking the law dishonourest thou 
God ? \ cr. 25, 26. For circumcision verily prohtcth, if thou keep the h w ; 
but it thou be a breaker of the law, thy circumcision is made uncircumci- 
sioii. Therefore, it the uncircumcision keep the righteousness of th 
shall not his uncircumcision be counted for circumcision ? Matt. xix. 6. 
What God hath joined together, let no man put asunder. Chap. iii. iy 
And Jesus answering, said unto him [ John], Surfer it to be so no* 
thui it becometh us to fulfil all righteousness. Then he suffered him. 
< .. 17. Think not that 1 am come 10 destroy the law and the prophets t 



♦oi GOSPEL SONNETS. 

Yet those that dare confound the two, 
Destroy them both, and gender \voe d . 
This paradox none can decipher, 
That plow not with the gospel-heifer. 



SECT. II. 

The Difference betwixt the Law and the Gospel. - 

The law, supposing I have all, 
Does ever foi perfection call : 

The gospel suits my total want, 
And all the law can seek does grant.. 

The law could promise life to me, 
If my obedience perfect be: 
But grace does promise life upon 
My Lord's obedience alone. 

I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil. Ver. i 9, 2Q.Whosoever therefore shall 
break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be* 
called the least in the kingdom of heaven : but whosoever shall do and teach 
them, the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven. For I say 
unto you, That except your rrghteousn ess shall exceed the righteousness- 
of the Scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in no case enter into the kingdom of 
heaven, r John v. 6. This is he that came by water and blood, even Jesus 
Christ; not by water only, but by water and blood: and it is the Spirit 
that bearcth witness, because the Spirit is truth. 

e Ga . i. 6, 7,8 I marvel that ye are so soon removed from him'that called 
you into the grace of Christ, untoanother gospel : which is not another ; but 
there be some that trouble youj and would pervert the-gospel of Christ. But 
though we or an angel from heaven, preach any other gospel unto you, tha.r 
that which we hjvc preached unto you, let him be accursed. Zeph. i. 4. 
I will cut off — Ver. 5, — them that worship, and that swear by the Lord, 
and that swear by Malcham. Acis xv. 7. And when there had bren much 
disputing, Peter rose up and said unto them, Men and brethren, ye know 
how that a good while ago, God made choice among us, that the Gentiles 
by my mouth should hear the word of the Gospel, and believe. Ver. 
ic, 1 1. Now therefore why tempt ye God to put a yoke upon the neck of 
the disciples, which neither our fathers nor we were able to bear? But 
we believe that through the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, we shall be 
ntved even as they. Gal. v. I. Stand fast therefore in the liberty wherewith 
Christ hath made us free, and he not entangled again with the yoke of bon- 
dage. Ver. 4. Christ is become of no effect unto you, whosoever of yon/ 
arc" justified by the law ; yc are fallen from grace. 



THE JSELIEVERS PKINC I PEES, 363 

The law says, Do, ami life you'll win : 
But grace says, Live, for all is done ; 
The former cannot ease my grief, 
The latter yields me full relief. 

By law convinced of sinful breach, 
l)V gospel-grace I comfort reach: 
The one my condemnation bears, 
The other justifies and clears. 

The law shews my arrears are greats 
The gospel freely pays my debt : 
The first dots me the bankrupt curse, 
The last does bless, and fill my purse* 
The law will not abate a mite, 
The gospel all the sum will quite: 
There God in threat'nings is array'd, 
But here in promises displayed. 

The law and gospel (disagree, 
Like Hagar, Sarah, bond and free: 
The former's Hagar's servitude, 
The latter Sarah's happy brood. 

To Sinai black, and Zion fair, 
The word does law and grace compare.. 
Their cursing and their blessing vie 
With Ebal and Gerizzim high. 

The law excludes not boasting vain, 
But rather feeds it to my bane: 

But gospel-grace allows no boasts, 
Save in the King the Lord of hosts. 

The law still irritates my sin, 
And hardens my proud heart therein : 
But grace's melting pow'r renews, 
And my corruption strong subdues. 

The law with thunder, Sinai-like, 
Does always dread and tenor speak: 
The gospel make- a joyful noise, 
And charms me with a still, small voice* 



256 GOSPEL SONNETS* 

The legal trumpet war proclaims, 
In wrathful threats, and lire, and flames: 
The gospel-pipe a peaceful sound, 
Which spreads a kindly breath around. 
The law is weak through sinful flesh, 
The gospel brings recruits afresh : 
The first a killing letter wears, 
The last a quick'ning spirit bears. 

The law that seeks perfection's height, 
Yet gives no strength, nor offers might: 
But precious gospel-tidings glad, 
Declare where all is to be had. 

From me alone the law does crave, 
What grace aiiinns in Christ I have: 
When therefore law-pursuits inthral, 
I send the law to grace for all. 

The law brings terror to molest, 
The gospel gives the weary rest : 
The one does Hags of death display, 
The other shews the living way. 

The law by xMoses was expresf, 
The glorious Gospel came by Christ: 
The first dim nature's light may trace, 
The last is only known by grace. 

The law may rouse me from my sloth, 
To faith and to repentance both : 
And though the law commandeth each, 
Yet neither of them can it teach; 

Nor will accept for current coin 
The duties which it does mjoin; 
It seeks all, but accepts no less 
Than constant, perfect righteousness. 

The gospel, on the other hand, 
Although it issue no command, 
But, strictly viewM, does whole consist 
h\ promises and oilers blest; 



THE BELILVERS PRINCIPLES. 25 / 

Yet does it many duties teach, 
Which legal light could nevei reach : 
Thu8 faith, repentance, and the like, 
Are fire that gospel-engines strike. 

They have acceptance here, through grace, 
The law affords them no such place: 
Yet still they come through both their hands, 
Through gospel teaching, law commands. 

The law's a house of bondage sore, 
The gospel opts the prison door: 
The first me hamper'd in its net, 
The last at freedom kindly set. 

The precept craves, Ihe gospel gives; 
"While that me presses this relieves; 
And or affords the strength I lack, 
Or takes the burden oil' my back. 

The law requires on pain of death ; 
The gospel courts with loving breath : 
While that conveys a deadly wound, 
This makes me perfect, whole, and sound* 

There viewing how diseas'd I am, 
I here perceive the healing balm : 
Afflicted there with sense of need, 
But here refreshed with meet remede. 

The law's a charge for what I owe; 
The gospel my discharge to show : 
The one a scene of fears doth ope ; 
The other is the door of hope. 

\n angry God the law reveal'd; 
The gospel shews him reconcile : 

By that 1 know lie was displeas'd; 
By this I see his wrath appeasM. 
The law thus shews the divine ire, 
And nothing but consuming fire: 
The gospel brings the olive-branch, 
A 'id blood the burning lire to quench.. 



%5S GOSPEL SONWET3. 

The law still shows a fiery face; 
The gospel shows a throne of grace: 
There justice rides alone in state; 
But here she takes the mercy- seat* 

In Sinn : 

Lo! in the law Jehovah dwells, 

But Jesus is concealM ! 
Whereas the gospel's nothing else 

But Jesus Christ revcafd. 



SECT. III. 

The Harmony betwixt the Law and the Gospefc 

The law's a tutor much in vogue, 
To gospel-grace a pedagogue ; 
The gospel to the law no less 
Than its full end for righteousness. 

When once the fiery law of God 
Has chas'd me to the gospel road ; 
Then back unto the holy law 
Most kindly gospel grace will draw. 

When by the law to grace I'm schooled; 
Grace by the law will have me rui'd: 
Hence, if I don't the law obey, 
I cannot keep the gospel-way. 

When I the gospel news believe, 
Obedience to the law I give: 
And that both in his fed'ral dress,. 
And as a rule of holiness. 

Lo! in my Head I render all 
Tor which the iiery law can call : 
His blood unto its tire was fuel, 
His Spirit shapes me to its rule* 



the belieyl:k% frinciim 239 

When law and gospel kindly meet, 
To serve each Other both unite : 
Sweet promises, and stem commands, 
Do work to one another's bands. 
The divine law demands no less 
Than human perfect righteousness: 
The gospel gives it this and more, 
Ev'n divine righteousness in store, 
Whate'er the righteous law require, 
The gospel grants its whole desire. 
Are law-commands exceeding broad? 
So is the righteousness of God. 

How great soe'er the legal charge, 
The gospel-payment's equal large: 
No less by man the Law can bray, 
When grace provides a God to pay. 

The law makes gospel-banquets sweety 
The gospel makes the law complete: 
Law-suits to grace's storehouse draw; 
Grace decks and magnifies the law. 

Both law 7 and gospel close combine, 
To make each other's lustre shine; 
The gospel all law-breakers shames; 
The law all gospel-slighters- damns. 

The law is holy, just, and good; 
All this the gospel seals with blood, 
And clears the royal laws just dues 
"With dearly purchas'd revenues. 

The law commands me to believe; 
The gospel saving faith does give : 
The law injoins me to repent; 
The gospel gives my tears a vent. 

What in the gospel mint is eoin'd, 
Hie same is in the law injoin'd: 
Whatever gospeUtidings teach, 
The law's authority doth reach,. 



260 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

Here join the law and gospel hands, 
What this me teaches, that commands} 
"What virtuous forms the gospel please, 
The same the law doth authorise. 

And thus the law-commandment seals 
Whatever gospel-grace reveals : 
The gospel also for my good 
Seals all the law-demands with blood. 

The law most perfect still remains, 
And ev'ry duty full contains : 
The gospel its perfection speaks, 
And therefore gives whate'er it seeks. 

Next, what by law I'm bound unto, 
The same the gospel makes me do : 
What preceptively that can crave : 
This effectively can ingrave. 

All that by precepts Heav'n expects, 
Free grace by promises effects: 
To what the law by fear may move, 
To that the gospel leads by love. 

To run to work, the law commands; 
The gospel gives me feet and hands: 
The one requires that I obey; 
The other does the pow'r convey. 

What in the law has duty's place, 
The gospel changes to a grace : 
Hence legal duties therein nam'd, 
Are herein gospel graces fam'd. 

The precept checks me when I stray; 
The promise holds me in the way : 
That shews my folly when I roam ; 
And this most kindly brings me home. 

Law-threats and precepts both I see, 
With gospel promises agree; 
They to the gospel are a fence, 
Ami it to them a maintenance. 



the believer's piiincipll*. 2ol 

The law will justify all those 
Who with the gospel-ransom close; 
The gospel too approves for ay 
All those that do the haw obey. 

The righteous law condemns each man 
That dare reject the gospel plan ; 
The holy gospel none will save, 
On whom it won't the law ingrave. 

\Hien Christ the tree of life I climb, 
1 see both law and grace in him: 
In him the law its end does gain ; 
In him the promise is Amen, 

The law makes grace's pasture sweet, 
Grace makes the law my sav'ry meat; 

a, sweeter than the honey-comb, 
When grace and mercy brings it home. 

The precepts of the law me show 
What fruits of gratitude I owe; 
But gospel-grace begets the brood, 
And moves me to the gratitude. 

Law-terrors pain the putrid sore ; 
And gospel grace applies the cure : 
The one plows up the fallow-ground; 
The other sows the seed around, 

A rigid master was the law, 
Demanding brick, denying straw ; 
But when with gospel-tongue it sings, 
It bids me fly, and gives mc wings. 

In Sum : 

Both law and gospel close unite, 

Are seen with more solace, 
Where truth and mercy kindly meet, 

In fair Immanuers face. 



3G2 GOSPEL SONNETS. 



SECT. IV. 
The proper Place and Station of the Law and tht GpspeL 

Note, That in the four following Paragraph?, as well as in the three 
preceding Sections, hy La w, is mostly understood the Doctrine 
of the Covenant of Works j and hy Gospel, the Doctrine of 
the Covenant oe Grace. 

Paragraph I. 
The Place and Station of Law and Gospel in general. 

When we the sacred record view, 
Or divine Testaments old and new; 
The matter in most pages fix'd, 
Is law and gospel intermixed, 

Yet few, ev'n in a learned age, 
Can so resoive the sacred page, 
As to discern with equal eye, 
Where law, where gospel sever' d lie. 

One divine text with double clause 
May speak the gospel's voice and law's* : 
Hence men to blend them both are apt, 
Should in one sentence both be wrapt. 

But that we may the truth pursue, 
And give both law and grace their due, 

* Ex. gr. Lev. xx. 7, 8. Sanctify yourselves therefore, and be yc holy! 
for I am the Lord your God. And ye shall keep my statutes, and do them ; 
I am the Lord which sanctify you. 1 John iv. 7. Beloved, let us love one 
another: for love is of God; and every one that loveth, is born of God, 
and knoweth God. Rom. v. 21. That as sin hath reigned unto death, 
even so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life, by Jesus 
Christ our Lord. Chap. vi. 23. For the wages of sin is death: but the gift 
of God is eternal life, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Mark xvi. 1 q, 16. 
And he said unto them, Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to 
<;ery creature. He that belicveth and is baptized, shall be saved; but he 
that believeth not shall be damned. John iii. 18. He that belicveth on 
him, is not condemned: but he that believeth not, is condemned already, 
• he hath not believed on the name of the only begotten Sou ot 
God ; &c. 



THE BELIEVER* S PRINCIPLES* 2oJ 

Anil God the glory there displayed ; 
The ioU'wing rules will give us aid; 

Where'er in sacred writ we see 

A word of grace or promise free, 
With blessings dropt for Jesus' sake; 
We these for gospel-news may take. 

But where a precept strict we find 
With promise to our doing join'd, 
Or threatening with a wrathful frown; 
This as the law we justly own. 

Paragraph IT. 

The Place and Station of Law and Gospel in particular* 
Where the Difference is noted betwixt the Gospel largely 
viewed in its Dispensation, and strictti/ in its<lj: 
betwixt the Gospel, and Faith receiving it, 

Wouldst thou distinctly know the sound 
Of law 7 and grace, then don't confound 
The dispensation with the grace: 
For these two have a distinct place. 

The gospel thus dispensed we see, 
Believe, and thou shall saved be ; 
If not, thou shalt be damn'd to hell, 
And in eternal torments dwell. 

Here precepts in it are dispensed, 
With threat'nings of damnation fene'd ; 
The legal sanction here takes place, 
That none may dare abuse free grace. 
Yet nor does that command of faith, 
Nor this tremendous threat of wrath, 
Belong to gospel, strictly so; 
But to its dispensation do. 

The method of dispensing here 
Does law and gospel jointly bear; 

Because the law's subservient 

Unto the gospel's blessVl intent. 



5G4 GOSPEL SONNETS, 

Precepts and threat'nings both make way. 

The gospel blessings to convey ; 

Which differs much (though thus dispensed) 

From laws and threats whereby ^tis fenc'd. 

Believe, and thou shalt saved be, 

Is gospel, but improperly; 

Yet safely men may call it thus, 

Because 'tis so dispensed to us. 

But sure, the gospel-news we sing, 
Must be some other glorious thing, 
Than precepts to believe the same, 
Whatever way we blend their name. 

The gospel-treasure's something more 
Than means that do apply the store : 
Believing is the method pav'd, 
The gospel is the thing believ'd. 

The precious thing is tidings sweet 
Of Christ a Saviour most complete, 
To save from sin, and death, and wrath; 
Which tidings tend to gender faith. 

Faith comes by hearing God's record 
Concerning Jesus Christ the Lord; 
And is the method Heav'n has blest 
For bringing to the gospel-rest. 

The joyful sound is news of grace, 
And life to Adam's guilty race, 
Through Jesus' righteousness divine, 
Which bright from faith to faith does shine. 

The promise of immortal bliss 
Is made to this full righteousness: 
By this our right to life is bought ; 
I aitli begs the right, but buys it not. 

True faith receives (he offer' d good, 
And promise st-al'd with precious blood: 
It gives no title to the bliss, 
J3ut takes th' mtitling righteousness. 



THE BELIEVERS PRINCIPLES. 205 

This object great of saving faith, 
And tins alone the promise hath ; 
Tor 'tis not made to faith's poor act, 
But is the prize that faith does take ; 

And only as it takes the same, 

It bears a great and iamous name; 

For self, and all its grandeur, down 

It throws, that Chri>t may wear the crown. 

But if new laws and threats were all 

That gospel properly we call, 

Then were the precept 10 believe, 

No better news than do and live. 

If then we won't distinguish here, 
We cloud, but don't the gospel clear; 
We blend it with the fie.iy law, 
And all into confusion draw. 

The law of works we introduce, 
\- if old merit were in use, 
When man could iife by doing won, 
Ev f n though the work by grace were done. 

Old Adam in his innocence 
Deriv'd his power of doing hence: 
As all he could was wholly due; 
So all the working strength he knew, 

Was only from the grace of God, 
Who with such favour did him load : 
Yet was the promise to his act, 
That he might merit by compact. 

No merit but of paction could 

Of men or angels e'er be told ; 

The God-man only was so high 

To merit by condignity. 

Were life now promis'd to our act, 

Or to our works by paction tack d ; 

Though God should his assistance gran^ 

'Tis still a doing covenant. 



906 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

Though Heav'n its helping grace should yidcj, 
Yet merit's still upon the, field; 
We cast the name, yet still 'tis fourrd 
Disclaim'd but with a verbal sound. 

If one should borrow tools from you, 
That he some famous work might do; 
When once his work is well prepar'd, 
He sure deserves his due reward ; 

Yea, justly may he claim his due, 
Although he borrowed tools from you : 
Ev'n thus the borrow'd strength of grace 
Can't hinder merit to take place. 

From whence soe'er we borrow pow'rs, 
If life depend on works of ours ; 
Or if we make the gospel thus 
In any sort depend on us ; 

We give the law the gospel-place, 
Rewards of debt the room of grace; 
We mix Heav'iis treasures with our trash, 
And magnify corrupted flesh. 

The new and gospel covenant 
No promise to our works will grant; 
But to the doing of our Head, 
And in him to each gospel-deed. 

To godliness, which is great gain, 
Promise is said to appertain : 
But know, lest you the gospel mar, 
;In whom it is we godly are. 

To him and to his righteousness 
Still primarily the promise is; 
And not ev'n to the gracious deed, 
Save in and tli rough the glorious Head* 

Pray let us here observe the odds 
How law and grace take counter roads^ 
The law of works no promise spake 
Uato the agent, but the act. 



THE BELILTEIt's PRINCIPLES. 2(37 

It primarily no promise made 
Unto the person, but the deed: 
Whatever the doing person shar'd, 
'Twas for his deed he had reward. 

The law of grace overturns the scale, 
And makes the quite reverse prevail: 
Its promise lights not on the deed, 
But on the doing person's head ; 

Not for his doing, but for this, 
Because in Christ his person is; 
Which union to the living Prince, 
His living works and deeds evince. 

Good fruits have promise in this view, 
As union to the Branch they shew; 
To whom the promises pertain, 
In him all Yea, and all Amen. 

Observe, pray ; for if here we err, 
And do not Christ alone prefer, 
But think the promise partly stands 
On our obeying new commands; 

Th* old cov'nant-place to works we give f 
Or mingle grace with do and live ; 
We overcloud the gospel-charms, 
And also break our working arms. 

More honour to the law profess, 
But giving more, we give it less. 
Its heavy yoke in vain we draw, 
By turning gospel into law. 

We rob grace of its joyful sound, 
And bury Christ in Moses' ground: 
At best we run a legal race 
Upon the field of gospel-grace. 



Q c 



f88 GOSPEL SONNETS, 



Paragraph III. 

The Gospel no new Law, but a joyful Sound of Qraot 
and Mercy. 

LAw-precepts in a gospel-mould, 
We may as gospel-doctrine hold ; 
But gospel-calls in legal dress, 
The joyful sound of grace suppress. 
Faith and repentance may be taught, 
And yet no gospel-tidings brought.; 
If as mere duties these we press, 
And not as parts of promis'd bliss. 

If only precepts we present, 
Though urg'd with strongest argument, 
We leave the wak'ned sinner's hope 
In darkness of despair to grope. 

The man whom legal precepts chase, 
As yet estranged to sov'reign grace, 
Mistaking evangelic charms, 
As if they stood on legal terms, 

Looks to himself, though dead in sin, 
For grounds of faith and hope within; 
Hence fears and fetters grow and swell, 
Since nought's within but sin and hell, 

But faith, that looks to promis'd grace, 
Clean out of self the soul will chase, 
To Christ for righteousness and strength, 
And finds the joyful rest at length. 

Proud flesh and blood will startle here, 
And hardly such report can bear, 
That Heav'n all saving store will give 
To them that work not, but believe. 

Yet not of works, but 'tis the race 
Qf faith, that it may be of grace : 



THE BELIEVERS PRINCIPLES. g0£ 

For faith Hoes nothing but agree 
To welcome this salvation free* 

" Come down, Zaecheus, quickly come, 
44 Salvation's brought unto thy home: 
11 In vain thou climb's t the legal tree; 
M Salvation freely comes to thee. 

" Thou dream'st of coming up to terms, 
" Come down into my saving arms; 
" Down, down, and get a pardon free, 
" On terms already wrought by me. 

" Behold the blessings of my blood, 
" Bought for thy everlasting good, 
11 And freely all to be convey'cl 
" Upon the price already paid. 

" I know thou hast no good, and see 

u I cannot stand on terms with thee, 

u Whose fall has left thee nought to claim, 

" Nor aught to boast but sin and shame." 

The law of heavy hard commands 
Confirms the wak'ned sinner's bands; 
But grace proclaims relieving news, 
And scenes of matchless mercy shews. 

No precept clogs the gospel-call, 
But wherein grace is all in all; 
No law is here but that of grace, 
Which brings relief in ev'ry case. 

The gospel is the promise fair 
O i g race all r u i n s to re pa i r , 
And leaves no sinner room to say, 
" Alas ! this debt I cannot pay ; 

" '; his grievous yoke I cannot bear, 
" This high demand I cannot deaf* 91 
Grace stops the mouth of such complaints. 
And store of full supply presents. 
Q 3 



*3?0 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

The- glorious gospel is (in brief) 

A sovereign word of sweet relief; 

Not clogg'd with cumbersome commands, 

To bind the soul's receiving hands. 

*Tis joyful news of sovereign grace, 
That reigns in state through righteousness, 
To ransom from all threatening woes, 
And answer all commanding do's: 

This gospel comes with help indeed, 
Adapted unto sinners need : 
These joyful news that suit their case, 
Are chariots of his drawing grace : 

'Tis here the Spirit pow'rful rides, 
The fountains of the deep divides; 
The King of glory's splendour shews, 
And wins the heart with welcome news. 

Paragraph IT. 

The Gospel further described, as a Bundle of good Aews 
and gracious Promises* 

The first grand promise forth did break 
In threats against the tempting snake; 
So may the gospel in commands, 
Yet nor in threats nor precepts stands : 

But 'tis a doctrine office grants 
To sinners, that they may be saints: 
A joyful sound of royal gifts, 
To obviate unbelieving shifts: 

A promise of divine supplies, 
To work all gracious qualities 
In those, who pronest to rebel, 
Are only quality 'd for hell. 

Courting vile sinners, ev'n the chief 
It leaves no cloak for unbelief; 



THE BELIEVERS PRINCIPLES. 

But ev'n on gross Manassehs calls, 
On Mary Magdalens and Sauls*. 

'Tis good news of a fountain ope 
For sin and filth ; a door of hope 
For those that lie in blood and gore. 
And of a salve for ev'ry sore. 

Glad news of sight unto the blind ; 
Of light unto the darkened mind; 
Of healing to the deadly sick; 
And mercy both to Jew and Greek. 

Good news of gold to poor that lack ; 
Of raiment to the naked back; 
Of binding to the wounds that smart; 
And rest unto the weary heart. 

Glad news of freedom to the bound; 
Of store all losses to refound; 
Of endless life unto the dead ; 
And present help in time of need. 

Good news of Heav'n, where angels dwell, 
To those that well deserved hell; 
Of strength too weak for work and war, 
And access near to those afar. 

Glad news of joy to those that weep, 
And tender care of cripple sheep; 
Of shelter to the soul pursu'd, 
And cleansing to the hellish-hu'd : 

Of floods to sap the parched ground, 
And streams to run the desert round; 
Of ransom to the captive caught, 
And harbour to the found' ring yacht: 

Of timely aid to weary groans; 
Of joy restored to broken bones-; 
Of grace divine to graceless preys, 
And glory to the vile and base : 

* Saul, sumamcd Pau!, the apstle. 

Q -1 



c?2 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

Of living water pure, that teems 
On fainting souls refreshing streams ; 
Of gen'rous wine to cheer the strong, 
And milk to feed the tender young; 

Of saving faith to faithless ones ; 
Of soft'nmg grace to flinty stones; 
Of pardon to a guilty crew, 
And mercy free, where wrath was due. 

Good news of welcome kind to all, 
That come to Jesus at his call ; 
Yea, news of drawing pow'r, when scant, 
To those that fain would come, and can't. 

Glad news of rich mysterious grace, 
And mercy meeting ev'ry case; 
Of store immense all voids to till, 
And i'ree to whosoever will : 

Of Christ exalted as a Prince, 
Pardons to give and penitence; 
Of grace overcoming stubhorn wills, 
And leaping over 13ether hills. 

Faith comes by hearing these reports; 
Straight to the court of grace resorts, 
And free of mercenary thought, 
Gets royal bounty all for nought. 

Faith's wing within the clammy sea 
Of legal merit cannot fly ; 
But mounting mercy's air apace, 
Soars in the element of grace. 
But as free love the blessing gives 
To him that works not, but believes; 
So faith, once reaching its desire, 
Works hard by love, but not for hire. 



THE BELIEVEit':* PRINCIPLES. 273 



CHAP. III. 

The Believer s Principles concerning Justification 
and Sanctijication, their Difference and Harmony. 

SECT. I. 

The Difference between Justification and Sand ificat ion ; 
or Righteousness imputed, and Grace imparted; in 
upwards of thirty Particulars*. 

T17"IND Jesus spent his life to spin 

My robe of perfect righteousness; 
But by his Sp'rit's work within 
He forms my gracious holy dress. 

He as a Priest me justifies, 

His blood does roaring conscience still; 
But as a King he sanctities, 

And subjugates my stubborn will. 

He justifying by his merit, 

Imputes to me his righteousness; 
But sanctifying by his Spirit, 

Infuses in me saving grace. 

My justifying righteousness 

Can merit by condign ity ; 
But nothing with my strongest grace 

Can be deserv'd by naughty me. 

This justifying favour sets 

The guilt of all my sin remote ; 
But sanctifying grace delates 

The filth and blackness of its blot. 

* Note. Thru fmetri caumj Justification is here sometimes expiv-~ed 
by the words imputed gncc f justifying grace, righteouso ss. Sec. ; Saucti6ca« 

tion by the names, imparted grace, grace, grace-, holiness, sanctity, &.C 
W^ich the judicious will ea>ily understand. 



574 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

By virtue of this righteousness 

Sin can't condemn nor justly brand? 

By virtue of infused grace 
Anon it ceases to command. 

The righteousness which I enjoy, 

Sin's damning pow'r will wholly stay; 

And grace imparted will destroy 
Its ruling domineering sway. 

The former is my Judge's act 
Of condonation full and free : 

The latter his commenced fact, 
And gradual work advancM in me. 

The former's instantaneous, 

The moment that I first believe: 

This latter is, as Heav'n allows, 
Progressive while on earth I live. 

The first will peace to conscience give, 
The last the filthy heart will cleanse: 

The first effects a relative, 

The last a real inward change. 

The former pardons ev'ry sin, 

And counts me righteous, free, and just; 
The latter quickens grace within, 

And mortifies my sin and lust. 

Imputed grace intitles me 

Unto eternal happiness; 
Imparted grace will qualify 

That heav'nly kingdom to posses?. 

My righteousness is infinite, 
Both subjectively and in kind ; 

My holiness most incomplete, 
And daily wavers like the wind. 

So lasting is my outer dress, 
It never wears nor waxes old ; 

My inner garb of grace decays 

And fades, it IJeav'n do not uphold, 



THE BELIEVER'S PRINCIPLES. 273 

My righteousness and pardon is 

At once most perfect and complete; 
But sanctity admits degrees, 

Does vary, fluctuate, and fleet. 
Ilence.fix'd my righteousness divine 

No real change can undergo: 
But all my graces wax and wane, 

Bv various turnings ebb and tlow. 

I'm by the first as righteous now, 

As e'er hereafter 1 can be : 
The last will to perfection grow, 

Heav'n only is the full degree. 

The first is equal, wholly giv'n, 

And still the same in ev'ry saint : 
The last unequal and unev'n, 

While some enjoy what others want. 

My righteousness divine is fresh, 

For ever pure and heav'nly both; 
My sanctity is partly flesh, 

And justly term'd a menst'rous cloth. 

My righteousness I magnify, 

'Tis my triumphant lofty flag; 
But pois'd with this, my sanctity 

Is nothing but a filthy rag. 

I glory in my righteousness, 

And loud extol it with my tongue : 

But ail my grace compared with this, 
I under-rate as loss and dung. 

By justifying grace I'm apt 

Of divine favour free to boast; 
By holiness I'm partly sliap'J 

Into his image I had lost. 
The first to divine justice pays 

A rent to still the furious storm 
The last to divine holiness 

Instructs me duly to conform. 
Q 6 



276 6 0SPEL SONNETS. 

The first does quench the fiery law, 

Its rigid cov'nant fully stay; 
The last its rule embroider' d draw, 

To deck my heart, and gild my way. 

The subject of my righteousness 

Is Christ himself my glorious Head; •; 

But I the subject am of grace, 
As he supplies my daily need. 

The matter of the former too 
Is only Christ's obedience dear; 

But lo, his helping me to do 

Is all the work and matter here. 

I on my righteousness rely 

For Heav'n's acceptance free, and win; 
But, in this matter, must deny 

My grace, ev'n as I do my sin. 

Though all my graces precious are, 

Yea, perfect also in desire ; 
They cannot stand before the bar 

Where awful justice is umpire: 

But, in the robe that Christ did spin, 
Tbey are of great and high request; 

They have acceptance wrapt within 
My elder Brother's bloody vest. 

My righteousness proclaims me great 
And fair ev'n in the sight of God; 

But sanctity's my main off-set 
Before the gazing world abroad. 

More justify'd I cannot be 

By all my most religious acts; 

But these increase my sanctity, 
That's still attended with defects. 

My righteousness the safest ark 

'Midst ev'ry thivat'mng flood will be; 

Mv graces but a leaking bark 
'Upon a stormy raging sea. 



THE BELIEVERS PRINCIPLES. Q77 

I s :e inju-ufying grace 

God's love to nie does ardent burn ; 
But by imparted holiness 

I grateful love for love return. 

My righteousness is that which draws 

My thankful heart to this respect: 
The former then is first the cause, 

The latter is the sweet effect. 

Christ is in justifying me, 

By name, the Lord my righteousness; 
But, as he comes to sanctify, 

The Lord my strength and help he is. 

In that I have the patient's place, 

For there Jehovah's act is all ; 
But in the other I'm through grace 

An agent working at his call. 
The first does slavish fear forbid, 

For there his wrath revenging ends; 
The last commands my filial dread, 

For here paternal ire attends. 

The former does annul my woe, 

By God's judicial sentence past; 
The latter makes my graces grow, 

Faith, love, repentance, and the rest. 

The first does divine pard'ning love 

Most freely manifest to me; 
The last makes shining graces prove 

Mine int'rest in the pardon free. 

My soul in justifying grace 

Does full and free acceptance g'lin ; 
In sanctity I heavenward press, 

By sweet assistance I obtain. 
The first declares I'm free of debf, 

An I nothing left for me to pay ; 
The last makes me a debtor yet, 

But helps to pay it ev'ry day. 



£7S GOSPEL SONNETS, 

My righteousness with wounds and blood 
Discharge! both law and justice* score ; 

Hence with the debt of gratitude 
I'll charge myself for evermore. 

SECT. II. 
The Harmony between Justification and Sanctification*. 

He who me decks with righteousness, 

With grace will also clothe; 
For glorious Jesus came to bless 

By blood and water both. 

That in his righteousness I trust, 

My sanctity will show; 
Though graces cannot make me just* 

They shew me to be so. 

All those who freely justify'd 

Are of the pardonM race,. 
Anon are also sanctify'd 

And purify 'd by grace. 

Where justice stern does justify, 

There holiness is clear'd ; 
HeavVs equity and sanctity 

Can never be sever'd. 

Hence, when, my soul with pardon deck'd,. 

Perceives no divine ire, 
Then holiness I do affect 

With passionate desire. 

His justifying grace is such 

As wafts my soul to heav'n : 
I cannot choose but love him much, 

Who much has me forgiv'n. 

The Sun of righteousness that brings 

Remission in his rays, 
The healing in his golden wings 

Of light and heat conveys. 



THE BELIEVERS PRINCIPLES. C, 9 

Wherever Jesus is a priest, 

There will he be a king ; 
He that assoils from sin's arrest, 

Won't tolerate its reign. 
The title of a precious grace 

To faith may justly fall, 
Because its open arms embrace 

A precious Christ for all. 

From precious faith a precious strife 

Of precious virtues flow ; 
A precious heart, a precious life. 

And precious duties too* 

Wherever faith does justify, 

It purities the heart; 
The pardon and the purity 

Join hands and never part. 

The happy state of pardon doth 

An holy life infer: 
In subjects capable of both 

They never sunder'd were* 

Yet in defence of truth must we 

Distinctly view the twain ; 
That how they differ, how agree, 

We may in truth maintain. 

Two natures in one person dwell, 
Which no division know, 

In our renown'd Immanuel, 
Without confusion too. 

Those that divide them grossly err, 

Though yet distinct they be: 
Those who confusion hence infer, 

Imagine blasphemy. 

Thus righteousness and grace we must 

Nor sunder nor confound; 
Else holy peace to us is lost, 

And sacred truth we wound. 



280 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

While we their proper place maintain, 
In friendship sweet they dwell ; 

But or to part or blend the twain, 
Are errors hatch'd in hell. 

To separate what God does join, 

Is wicked and profane ; 
To mix and mutilate his coin, 

Is damnable and vain. 

Though plain distinction must take place; 

Yet no division here, 
Nor dark confusion, else the grace 

Of both will disappear. 
Lo! errors gross on ev'ry side, 

Conspire to hurt and wound ; 
Antinomies them divide, 

And legalists confound. 



CHAP. IV. 

The Believer's Principles concerning Faith and Sense. 

1. Of Faith and Sense natural. 

2. Of Faith and Sense spiritual. 

3. The Harmony and Discord between Faith and Sense. 

4. The Valour and Victories of Faith. 
.0. The Heights and Depths of Sense. 

6'. Faith and Frames compared ; or, Faith building 
upon Sense discovered. 

SECT. I. 

Faith and Sense natural, compared and distinguished* 

"^VaiEN Abram's body, Sarah's womb, 

Were ripe for nolhing but the tomb, 
Exceeding old, and wholly dead, 
Unlike to bear the promised seed: 



THE BELIEVER^ PRINCIPLE. 281 

Faith said, M I shall an Isaac see j" 

4i No, no," said Sense, " it cannot be -," 

Blind Reason to augment the strife, 

Adds, " How can death engender life?" 

My heart is like a rotten tomb, 
More dead than ever Sarah'* womb ; 
O ! can the promised seed of grace 
Spring forth from such a barren place? 

Sense gazing but on flinty rocks, 
My hope and expectation chokes: 
But could I skill'd in Abram's art, 
O'erlook my dead and barren heart ; 
And build my hope on nothing less 
Than divine powV and faithfulness ; 
Soon would 1 iind him raise up sons. 
To Abram, out of rocks and stones. 

Faith acts as busy boatmen do, 
Who backward look and forward row; 
It looks intent on things unseen, 
Thinks objects visible too mean. 

Sense thinks it madness thus to steer, 
And only trusts its eye and ear; 
Into faith's boar dare thrust its oar, 
And put it further from the shore. 

Faith does alone the promise eye; 
Sense won't believe m ; , ss | -ee ; 
Nor can it trust the diviqeguide, 
Unless it have both wind and tide. 

Faith thinks the promise sure and good; 
Sense doth depend on likelihood: 

i ev'u in storms believes the seers: 
Sense rails all men, ev'n prophets, liars. 
Faith us. s mean-, but rests on none : 

9C fails when out.uar d means are gone; 
Tru ! on probability s, 

Than all the divine prom - 



982 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

It rests upon the rusty beam 
Of outward things that hopeful seem ; 
Let these its supports sink or cease, 
No promise then can yield it peace. 

True faith that's of a divine brood, 
Consults not with base flesh and blood: 
But carnal sense which ever err^ 
With carnal reason still confers. 

What! my disciples won't believe 
That I am risen from the grave ? 
Why will they pore on dust and death, 
And overlook my quick'ning breath? 

Why do they slight the word I spake ? 
And rather sorry counsel take 
With death, and with a pow'rful grave, 
If they their -captive can relieve ? 

Sense does inquire if tombs of clay 
Can send their guests alive away ; 
But faith will hear Jehovah's word, 
Of life and death the sov'reign Lord. 

Should I give ear to rotten dust, 
Or to the tombs confine my trust; 
No resurrection can I see, 
For dust that flies into mine eye. 

What! Thomas, can't thou trust so much 
To me as to thy sight and touch ? 
Won't thou believe till Sense be guide, 
And thrust its hand into my side? 

Where is thy faith, if it depends 
On nothing but thy finger-ends? 
Butbless'd are they the truth who seat 
By faith, yet neither see nor feel. 



THE BELIEVER'S PRINCIPLES. 5S3 



SECT, II. 

Faith and Sense spiritual, compared and distinguished. 
Where also the Dijj'trenee between the Assurance of 
Faith and the Assurance of Sense, 

The certainty of faith and sense 

Wide differ in experience: 

Faith builds upon, — Thus saith the Lord; 

Sense views his work and not his word. 

God's word without is faith's resort. 

His work within doth sense support. 

By faith we trust him without * pawns, * pledges 

By sense w r e handle with our hands. 

By faith the word of truth's receiv'd, 
By sense we know we have believ'd. 
Faith's certain by fiducial acts, 
Sense by its evidential facts. 

Faith credits the divine report, 
Sense to his breathings makes resort r 
That on his word of grace will hing, 
This on his Spirit witnessing. 

By faith I take the Lord for mine, 
By sense I feel his love divine : 
By that I touch his garment's hem, 
By this find virtue thence to stream. 

By faith I have mine all on band, 
By sense I have some stock in hand: 
By that some vision is begun, 
By this I some fruition win. 

My faith can fend * ev'n in exile, * fee&i 

St nse cannot live without a smile. 
By faith I to his promise fly, 
By sense I in his bosom lie. 

Faith builds upon the truth of God, 
That lies within the promise broad; 



884 fJOSPEL SONNETS. 

But sense upon the truth pf^race 
His hand within my heart did place. 

Thus Christ's the object faith will eye,, 
And faith's the object sense may see: 
Faith keeps the truth of God in view. 
AVhile sense the truth of faith may shew. 

Hence faith's assurance firm can stand, 
When sense's in the deep may strand; 
And faith's persuasion full prevail, 
When comfortable sense may fail. 

I am assur'd when faith's in act, 
Though sense and feeling both I lack; 
And thus mysterious is my lot, 
I'm oft assur'd when I am not; 

Oft piere'd with racking doubts and fears : 
Yet faith these brambles never bears: 
But unbelief that cuts my breath, 
And stops the language of my faith.. 

Clamours of unbelieving fears, 
So frequently disturbs mine ears, 
I cannot hear what faith would say, 
Till once the noisy clamours stay. 

And then will fresh experience find, 
When faith gets leave to speak its mind, 
The native language whereof is, 
My Lord is mine, and I am his. 

Sad doubtings compass me about, 
Yet faith itself could never doubt; 
For, as the sacred volume saith, 
Much doubtings argues little faith. 
The doubts and fears that work my grief, 
Flow not from faith, but unbelief; 
For faith, whene'er it acteth, cures 
The plague of doubts, and me assures. 
But when mine eve of faith's asleep, 
I dream of drowning in the deep: 



*HE BELIEVERS PRINCIPLES. 2S* 

But as befals the sleeping eye, 
Though sight remain it cannot see; 

The seeing faculty abides, 
Though sleep from active seeing hides; 
So faith's assuring pow'rs endure 
Ev'n when it ceases to assure. 

There still persuasion in my faith, 
Ev'n when I'm fitl'd with fears of wrath; 
The trusting habit still remains, 
Though slumbers hold the act in chains. 

The assuring faculty it keeps, 
Ev'n when its eye in darkness sleeps, 
Wrapt up in doubts; but when it wakes, 
It rouses up assuring acts. 

SECT. III. 

The Harmony and Discord between Faith and Sense ; how 
theyhefpi and how they mar each ot/oer. 

Though gallant Faith can keep the field 
When cowardly Sense will fly or yield; 
Yet while I view their usual path, 
Sense often stands and falls with Faith. 

Faith ushers in sweet peace and Joy, 
Which further heartens Faith's employ : 
Faith like the head, and Sense the heart, 
Do mutual vigour fresh impart. 
When lively Faith and Feeling sweet, 
Like dearest darlings, kindly meet, 
They straight each other help and hug 
in loving friendship close and snug. 
Faith gives to Sense both life and breath, 
And S 5 J°y and strength to Faith; 

M O now," says Faith, " how fond do I 
" In S< os< \s glowing bosom lie 1" 

Their mutual kindness then is such, 
That oft they doting too too much, 



288 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

By faith my melting soul repents, 
When pierced Christ appears; 

My heart in grateful praises vents, 
Mine eyes in joyful tears. 

By faith I can the mountains vast 

Of sin and guilt remove; 
And them into the ocean cast, 

The sea of blood and love. 

By faith I see Jehovah high 

Upon a throne of grace ; 
I see him lay his vengeance by, 

And smile in Jesus' face. 

By faith I hope to see the Sun, 
The light of grace that lent: 

His everlasting circles run, 
In glory's firmament. 

By faith I'm more than conqueror, 

Ev'n though I nothing can ; 
Because 1 set Jehovah's povv'r 

Before me in the. van. 

By faith I counterplot my foes, 

Nor need their ambush fear : 
Because my life-guard also goes 

Behind me in the rear. 

By faith I walk, I run, I fly, 

By faith I sulfer thrall; 
By faith I'm fit to live and die, 

By faith lean do all. 

sect. v. 

The Heights and Depths of Sense. 

When Heav'n me grants, at certain time*, 

Amidst a pow'rful gale, 
Sweet liberty to moan my crimes 

And wand' rings to bevvaiU 



THE BELIEVER'S PRINCIPLES, 2S9 

Then do I dream my sinful brood, 

Drown'd in the ocean main 
Of chrystal tears and crimson blood, 

Will never live again. 

I get my foes beneath my feet, 

I bruise the serpent's head ; 
I hope the vict'ry is complete, 

And all my lusts are dead* 

How gladly do I think and say, 

When thus it is with me, 
Sin to my sense is clean away, 

And so shall ever be ? 

But, ah! alas! th' ensuing hour 

My lusts arise and swell, 
They rage and reinforce their pow'r, 

With new recruits from hell. 

Though I resolv'd and swore, through grace. 

In very solemn terms, 
I never should my lusts embrace. 

Nor yield unto their charms; 

Yet such deceitful friends they are, 

While I no danger dream, 
I'm snar'd before 1 am aware, 

And hurry'd down the stream. 

Into the gulpb of sin anon, 

Tm plunged head and ears; 
Grace to my sense is wholly gone, 

And I am chain'd in fears; 

Till straight, my Lord, with sweet surprise f 

Returns to loose my bands, 
With kind compassion in his eyes, 

And pardon in his hands. 

8 



$(J0 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

Yet thus my life is nothing else 
But heav'n and hell by turns; 

My soul that now in Goshen dwells. 
Anon in Egypt mourns. 



SECT. VI. 

Faith and Frames compared: or, Faith building upon 
Sense discovered. 

Faith has for its foundation broad 

A stable rock on which I s^and, 
"The truth and faithfulness of God, 

All other grounds are sinking sand. 

My frames and feel in s ebb and flow; 

And when my faith depends on them, 
It fleets and staggers to and fro, 

And dies amidst the dying frame. 

That faith is surely most uus,:ay'd, 

Its stagg'ring can't be counted strange, 

That builds its hope of lasting aid 
On things that ev'ry moment change. 

But could my faith lay all its load 

On Jesus' everlasting name, 
Upon the righteousness of God, 

And divine truth that's still the same.: 

Could I believe what God has spoke, 

Rely on his unchanging love, 
And cease to grasp at fleeting smoke, 

No changes would my mountain move. 

But when, how soon the frame 's away, 

And comfortable \\ clings fail; 
So soon my faith falls in decay* 

And unbelieving doubts prevail: 



ffllE believer's principles, 291 

This proves the charge of latent vice, 
And plain my faith's defects may show; 

I buiit nje house on thawing ice, 

That tumbles with the melting snow. 

When divine smiles in sight appear, 

Ami I enjoy the heav'niy gale : 
When wind and tide and all is fair, 

I dream my faith shall never fail; 

My he rt will false conclusions draw, 
That strong my mountain shall remain; 

That in my faith there is no flaw, 
1*11 never never doubt again. 

I think the only rest I take, 

Is God's unfading word and name; 

And fancy not my faith so weak, 
As e'er to trust a fading frame. 

But, ah ! hy sudden turns I see 

My lying heart's fallacious guilt, 
And that my faith, not firm in me, 

On sinking sand was partly built: 

For, lo : when warming beams are gone, 

And shadows fall ; alas, 'tis odd, 
I cannot wait the rising Sun, 

I cannot trust a hiding God. 

So much my faith's affiance seems 

Its life from fadingjoys to bring, 
That when I loose the d\ ing streams, 

1 cannot trust the living spring. 

When drops of comfort quickly dry'd, 

And sensible enjoyments fail ; 
When cheering apples are deny'd, 

Then doubts instead of faith prevail. 

R 3 



§92 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

But why, though fruit be snatch'd from me f 
Should I distrust the glorious Root ; 

And still affront the standing tree, 
By trusting more to falling fruit? 

The smallest trials may evince 
My faith unfit to stand the shock, 

That more depends on fleeting sense, 
Than on the fix'd eternal Rock. 

The safest ark when floods arise, 
Is stable truth that changes not ; 

How weak's my faith, that more relies 
On feeble sense's floating boat? 

For when the fleeting frame is gone, 
I straight my state in question call ; 

I droop and sink in deeps anon, 
As if my frame were all in all. 

3?ut though I miss the pleasing gale, 

And heav'n withdraw the charming glance; 

Unless J i rovah's oath can fail, 
My faith may keep its countenance. 

The frame of nature shall decay, 

Time-changes break her rusty chains; 

Yea, heav'n and earth shall pass away; 
But faith's foundation linn remains. 

HeavVs promises so fix'd !y stand, 

Ingrav'd with an immortal pen, 

In great Immanuei's mighty hand, 

All hell's attempts to raze are vain. 

•*- 

Did Faitlp with none but Truth advise, 
ul v quid ijipve no more, 
Than stable hil^s wjiep tempest rise, 

Or solid rocks when billows roar- 



THE BELIEVER'S PRINCIPLES. 80| 

But when my faith the counsel hears 

Of present sense and reason blind, 
My wav'ring spirit then appears 

A featbet toss'd with ev'ry wind. 

Lame legs of faith unequal, crook : 

Thus mine, alas! unevenly stand, 
Else I would trust my stable Rock, 

Xot fading frames and feeble sand. 

I would, when dying comforts fly, 
As much as when they present were, 

Upon my living joy rely. 

Help, Lord, for here I daily err. 



CHAP. V. 



The Believer's Principles concerning Heaven and 
Earth* 



SECT. I. 

The Work and Contention of Heaven. 

TV heav'nly choirs a question rose, 
-^ That stirr'd up strife will never close, 
What rank of all the ransom'd race 
Owes highest praise to sovereign grace? 

Babefl thither caught from womb and breast, 
Claimed right to sing above the rest; 
Because they found the happy shore 
They never saw nor sought before. 

R3 



V91 GOSrKL SONNETS. 

Those that arriv'd at riper age 
Before they left the dusky stage," 
Thought grace deserved yet higher praise, 
That wush'd the blots of numerous days. 

Anon the war more close began, 
What praising harp should lead the van! 
And which of grace's heav'nly peers 
Was deepest run in her arrears? 

%i Tis I (said one), 'bove all my race, 
" Am debtor chef to glorious grace." 
'* Nay (said another), hark, I trow, 
" I'm moreoblig'd to grace than you.'' 

" Stay (said a third), I deepest share 
u In owing praise beyond compare : 
u The chief of sinners you'll allow, 
" Must be the chief of singers now." 

" Hold (said a fourth), I here protest 
" My praises must outvie the best; 
u For I'm of all the human race 
" The highest miracle of grace." 

" Stop (said a fifth), these notes forbear*, 
" Lo, I'm the greatest wonder here ; 
44 For I of all the rice thr.t fell, 
" Deserv'd the lowest place in hell." 

A soul that higher yet aspir'd, 

With equal love to Jesus fir'd, 

u Tifc mine to sing the highest notes 

•« To love, that wash'd the foulest blots.'* 

" TTo (crv'd a mate), 'tis mine I'll prove* 
" Who Hinohd in spite of light and love, 
u To sound his praise with loudest hell, 
11 That sav'd me from the lowest hell." 



THE BELIEVER'S PRINCIPLES. Q[)r> 

" Come, come (said one), I'll hold the plea, 

n That highest praise is due by me; 

11 For mine of all the sav'd by grace, 

" Was the most dreadful, desp'iate case." 

Another, rising at his side, 

As fond to praise, and free of pride, 

CryM, " Pray give place, for I defy 

" That you should owe more praise than I; 

M 1*11 yield to none in this debate; 
" I'm run so deep in grace's debt, 
*' That sure I am, I boldly can 
u Compare with all the heav'nly clan." 

Quick o'er their heads a trump awoke, 
" Your songs my very heart have spoke; 
" But ev'ry note you here propale, 
" Belongs to me beyond you all." 

The list'ning millions round about 
With sweet resentment loudly shout ; 
" What voice is this, comparing notes, 
11 That to their song chief place allots? 

" We can't allow of such a sound, 

" That you alone have highest ground 

u To sing the royalties of grace ; 

* We claim the same adoring place.'* 

What! will no rival-singer yield 
11 has a match upon the iieid ? 
11 Come then and let us all agree 
44 To praise upon the highest key." 

Then jointly all the harpers round 
In utiiMt unite with solemn sound, 
And strokes upon the highest string, 

Made all the heav'nly arches ring; , 

11 ■! 



296 GOSPEL SONNETS* 

Ring loud with hallelujahs high, 
To Hi in that sent his Son to die ; 
And to the worthy Land) of God, 
That lov'd and vvash'd him in his blood. 

Free grace was sovereign empress crown' d 
In pomp with joyful shouts around ; 
Assisting angels clapp'd their wings, 
And sounded grace on all their strings. 

The emulation round the throne 
Made prostrate hosts (who ev'ry one 
The humblest place their right avow) 
Strive who shall give the lowest bow. 

The next contention without vice 
Among the birds of paradise, 
Made ev'ry glorious warbling throat 
Strive who should raise the highest note. 

Thus in sweet, holy, humble strife, 
Along their endless, joyful life, 
Of Jesus all the harpers rove, 
And sing the wonders of his love* 

Their discord makes them all unite 
In raptures most divinely sweet: 
So great the song, so grave the base, 
Melodious music tills the place. 






SECT. II. 
Earth despicable, Heaven desirable. 

There's nothing round the spacious earth 

To suit my vast desires ; 
To more retin'd and solid mirth 

My boundless thought aspires. 



THE BELIEVER'S PRINCIPLES. £97 

Fain would I leave this mournful place, 

This music dull, where none 
But heavy notes have any grace, 

And mirth accents the moan: 

re troubles tread upon reliefs, 
New woes with older blend; 
Where rolling storms and circling griefs 
Run round without an end : 

Where waters wrestling with the stones 

Do fight themselves and foam, 
And hollow clouds with thundering groans 

Discharge their pregnant womb: 

Where eagles mounting meet with rubs 

That dash them from the sky: 
And cedars, shrinking into shrubs, 

In rum prostrate tie: 

Where sin, the author of turmoils, 

The cause of death and hell, 
The one thing foul that all things soils, 

Does most befriended dwell. 

The purchaser of night and woe* 

The forfeiture of day, 
The debt that ev'ry man did owe, 

But only God could pay. 

Bewitching ill, indorsVl with hope; 

Subscribed with despair: 
Ugly in death, when eyes are ope, 

Through life may paint it fair. 

Small wonder that I droop alone 

In such a doleful place : 
When lo, my dearest friend is gone, 

My Father hides his face. 

And though in words I seem to show 
The fawning poet's style, 



9&6 C0SPEL SONNETS. 

Yet is my plaint no feigned woe ; 
I languish in exile. 

I long to share the happiness 

Of that triumphant throng, 
That swim in seas of boundless bliss 

Eternity along. 

When but in drops here by the way 

Free love distils itself, 
I pour contempt on hills of prey, 

And heaps of worldly pelf. 

To be amidst my little joys, 

Thrones, sceptres, crowns, and kings, 
Are nothing else but little toys, 

And despicable things. 

Down with disdain earth's pomp I thrust, 

Bid tempting wealth away: 
Heav'n is not made of yellow dust, 

Nor bliss of glitt'ring clay. 

Sweet was the hour I freedom felt 

To call my Jesus mine : 
To see his smiling face, and melt 

In pleasures all divine. 

Let fools an heav'n of shades pursue, 

But 1 for substance am : 
The heav'n I seek is likeness to, 

And vision of the Lamb : 

The worthy Lamb with glory crown'd 

In his august abode ; 
Inthron'd sublime, and deek'd around 

With all the pomp of God. 

I long to join the saints above, 
Who crown'd with glorious bays, 

Through radiant hies of angels move, 
And rival them in praise : 



the believer's principi^I: 299 

In praise to JAII, the God of love, 

The fair incarnate Son, 
The holy co-eternal Dove, 

The good, the great Three-one, 

In hope to sing without a sob 

The anthem ever new, 
I gladly bid the dusty globe, 

And vain delights, Adieu. 



MEDITATION ON SMOKING. 

PART L 

HPHIS Indian weed now wither'd quite, 
-*■ Thcf green at noon, cut down at night, 
Shows thy decay; 
All tlesh is hay. 
Thus think, and smoke tobacco. 

The pipe so lily-like and weak, 
Does thus thy mortal state bespeak. 
Thou art ev'n such, 
Gone with a touch. 
Thus think, and smoke tobacco. 

And when the smoke ascends on high. 
Then thou behpld'sf the vanity 
Of worldly stuff, 
Gone with a puff. 
Thus think, anil smoke tobacco, 

And when the pipe grows foul within, 
Think on thy soul detii'd with sin; 
For tlu-n the fire 
It does require. 
Thus think, and smoke tobacco. 



300 GOSPEL SONNETS. 

And seest the ashes cast away : 
Then to thyself thou mayest say, 

That to the dust 

Return thou must. 
Thus think, and smoke tobacco. 

PART II. 

Was this small plant for thee cut down ? 
So was the Plant of great renown ; 
Which mercy sends 
For nobler ends. 
Thus think, and smoke tobacco, 

Doth juice medicinal proceed 
From such a naughty foreign weed ? 

Then what's the pow'r 

Of Jesse's flow'r? 
Thus think, and smoke tobacco* 

The promise, like the pipe, inlays, 
And by the mouth of faith conveys 
What virtue flows 
From Sharon's Rose, 
Thus think, and smoke tobacco. 

In vain, th* unlighted pipe you blow; 
Your pains in outward means are so, 
Till heav'nly fire 
Your heart inspire. 
Thus think, and smoke tobacco. 

The smoke, like burning incense, tow'ra.; 
So should a praying heart of yours 

With ardent cries 

Surmount the skies. 
Thus thiukj and smoke tobacco. 



301 



A POEM, 

By a Lady of New England, on reading Mr. ErsMnea 
Gospel Sonnets. 

I^RSKIXE, thou blessed herald, sound 
-^ Til! sin's black empire totter to the ground. 
Well hast thou Sinai's awful flames display'd, 
And rebels doom before their conscience laid^ 
From sin, from self, from trust in duty fly, 
Commit thy naked soul to Christ, or die. 
Go on and prosper in the name of God, 
Seraphic preacher, through the thorny road; 
The gracious Christ thy labours will reward : 
His angel bands be thy perpetual guard ; 
Though hell's dark regions at the present hiss, 
The God of glory thy strong refuge is. 
Mere moral preachers have no power to charm, 
Thy lines are such my nobler passions warm ; 
These glorious truths have set my soul on lire, 
And while I read, I'm love and pure desire. 
May the black train of errors hatch'd in hell 
No longer on this globe in quiet dwell; 
May more like you be rais'd to show their shame, 
And call them by their diabolic name. 
Exalt the Lamb in lovely white and red, 
Angels and saints his lasting honours spread; 
My trembling soul shall bear her feeble part, 
'Tis he hath charm'd my soul and won my heart, 
Bless'd be the Father for electing love, 
Bless'd be the Son who does my guilt remove, 
Bless'd be th^ Dove who does his grace apply. 
Oh! may 1 praising live, and praising die! 



302 



ACROSTIC. 



M UCH fam'd on earth, renownVl for piety; 
A midst bright seraphs nows sings cheerfully* 
S acred thine ampins yield much pleasure here: 
T hese songs of thine do truly charm tne ear*, 
E ach line thou wrot'st 'oth admiration raise; 
R ouse up the soul to true seraphic praise. 



R eligiously thy life below was spent: 
A mazing pleasures now thy soul content. 
L ong didst thou labour in the church below; 
P ointingoutChrist, the Lamb who saves from wo 
// eavVs blessedness on sinners to bestow. 



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E rskine the great! whose pen spread far abroad, 

/? edeeming love; the sole device of God; 

S ubstantial themes thy thoughts did much pursue; 

Kept pure the truth, espous'd but by a few. 

J ntegrity of heart, of soul serene; «% 

A r o friend to vice, no cloke to the profane: > 

E mploy'd thy talents to reclaim the vain. J 

* Alluding to his poetical pieces. 



riNis. 



Printed by S. Jackson, Romsey. 



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